Abstract

Diamonds are wide-gap semiconductors possessing excellent physical and chemical properties; thus, they are regarded as very appropriate materials for optoelectronic devices. Based on the Kerr effect, we introduce a simple and feasible method for measuring the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of synthetic diamonds. In the experiments, synthetic type I diamond samples and transverse electro-optic modulation systems are utilized. As for the laser with the wavelength of 650 nm, the third-order susceptibility and Kerr coefficient of the diamond samples are obtained at ?<sup>(3)</sup><sub>1212</sub>=2:17×10<sup>-23</sup> m<sup>2</sup>=V<sup>2</sup> and S<sub>44</sub>= 1.93×10<sup>-23</sup> m<sup>2</sup>=V<sup>2</sup>, respectively.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).
  2. Z.-C. Dong, A. S. Trifonov, N. V. Suetin, and P. V. Minakov, Surface Science 549, 203 (2004).
  3. S. M. Baker, G. R. Rossman, and J. D. Baldeschwieler, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4015 (1993).
  4. M. I. Eremets, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 439 (1991).
  5. P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).
  6. Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, and M. Imura, Diamond Relat. Mater. 19, 205 (2010).
  7. E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).
  8. Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).
  9. E. Anastassakis and E. Burstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1618 (1971).
  10. K. Arya and S. S. Jha, Phys. Rev. B 20, 1611 (1979).
  11. M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 10, 4447 (1974).
  12. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, (eds.) Optical Waves in Crystals: Propagation and Control of Laser Radiation (John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 1984).
  13. Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).
  14. K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)
  15. J. Li, B. Zhu, and G. Wei, (eds.) Crystal Optics (in Chinese) (Beijing Institute of Technology Press, Beijing, 1989) p.83.
  16. Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).
  17. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).

2010 (1)

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, and M. Imura, Diamond Relat. Mater. 19, 205 (2010).

2009 (4)

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

2008 (1)

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

2005 (1)

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

2004 (1)

Z.-C. Dong, A. S. Trifonov, N. V. Suetin, and P. V. Minakov, Surface Science 549, 203 (2004).

2001 (1)

E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).

1993 (1)

S. M. Baker, G. R. Rossman, and J. D. Baldeschwieler, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4015 (1993).

1991 (1)

M. I. Eremets, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 439 (1991).

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).

1979 (1)

K. Arya and S. S. Jha, Phys. Rev. B 20, 1611 (1979).

1974 (1)

M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 10, 4447 (1974).

1971 (1)

Almaviva, S.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Alvarez, J.

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

Anastassakis, E.

Angelone, M.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Arya, K.

K. Arya and S. S. Jha, Phys. Rev. B 20, 1611 (1979).

Baker, S. M.

S. M. Baker, G. R. Rossman, and J. D. Baldeschwieler, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4015 (1993).

Baldeschwieler, J. D.

S. M. Baker, G. R. Rossman, and J. D. Baldeschwieler, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4015 (1993).

Bennett, B. R.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).

Berdermann, E.

E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).

Blasche, K.

E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).

Bloembergen, N.

M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 10, 4447 (1974).

Burstein, E.

Cao, K.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Chen, Z.

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

Dong, Z.-C.

Z.-C. Dong, A. S. Trifonov, N. V. Suetin, and P. V. Minakov, Surface Science 549, 203 (2004).

Eremets, M. I.

M. I. Eremets, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 439 (1991).

Gibson, B. C.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Greentree, A. D.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Huntingtor, S. T.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Imura, M.

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, and M. Imura, Diamond Relat. Mater. 19, 205 (2010).

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

Jamieson, D. N.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Jha, S. S.

K. Arya and S. S. Jha, Phys. Rev. B 20, 1611 (1979).

Jia, G.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

Koide, Y.

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, and M. Imura, Diamond Relat. Mater. 19, 205 (2010).

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 10, 4447 (1974).

Liao, M. Y.

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, and M. Imura, Diamond Relat. Mater. 19, 205 (2010).

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

Liu, C. Ren. X.

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

Liu, X.

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Marinelli, M.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Milani, E.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Minakov, P. V.

Z.-C. Dong, A. S. Trifonov, N. V. Suetin, and P. V. Minakov, Surface Science 549, 203 (2004).

Moore, D.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Moritz, P.

E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).

Olivero, P.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Pillon, M.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Prawer, S.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Prestopino, G.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Rabeau, J.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Reichart, P.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Ren, C.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Rossman, G. R.

S. M. Baker, G. R. Rossman, and J. D. Baldeschwieler, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4015 (1993).

Rubanov, S.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Salzman, J.

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Shi, B.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).

Stelzer, H.

E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).

Sueishi, K.

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

Suetin, N. V.

Z.-C. Dong, A. S. Trifonov, N. V. Suetin, and P. V. Minakov, Surface Science 549, 203 (2004).

Sun, J.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Trifonov, A. S.

Z.-C. Dong, A. S. Trifonov, N. V. Suetin, and P. V. Minakov, Surface Science 549, 203 (2004).

Tucciarone, A.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Verona, C.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Verona-Rinati, G.

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

Voss, B.

E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).

Wang, S.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Wu, W.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

Yoshifusa, F.

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

Zhang, T.

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Zhang, Y.

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

Zhao, J.

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

Z. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zhang, G. Jia, X. Liu, C. Ren, W. Wu, J. Sun, K. Cao, S. Wang, and B. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1336 (2009).

Advanced Materials (1)

P. Olivero, S. Rubanov, P. Reichart, B. C. Gibson, S. T. Huntingtor, J. Rabeau, A. D. Greentree, J. Salzman, D. Moore, D. N. Jamieson, and S. Prawer, Advanced Materials 17, 2427 (2005).

Diamond Relat. Mater. (3)

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, and M. Imura, Diamond Relat. Mater. 19, 205 (2010).

E. Berdermann, K. Blasche, P. Moritz, H. Stelzer, and B. Voss, Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 1770 (2001).

S. Almaviva, M. Marinelli, E. Milani, G. Prestopino, A. Tucciarone, C. Verona, G. Verona-Rinati, M. Angelone, and M. Pillon, Diamond Relat. Mater. 18, 101 (2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. M. Baker, G. R. Rossman, and J. D. Baldeschwieler, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4015 (1993).

J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) (1)

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, G. Jia, B. Shi, C. Ren. X. Liu, and W. Wu, J. Infrared Millim. Waves (in Chinese) 27, 165 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Microelectronics J. (1)

K. Cao, Z. Chen, C. Ren, G. Jia, T. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Shi, and J. Zhao, Microelectronics J. 40, 70 (2009)

Nano-Micro Lett. (1)

Y. Koide, M. Y. Liao, J. Alvarez, M. Imura, K. Sueishi, and F. Yoshifusa, Nano-Micro Lett. 1, 30 (2009).

Phys. Rev. B (2)

K. Arya and S. S. Jha, Phys. Rev. B 20, 1611 (1979).

M. D. Levenson and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 10, 4447 (1974).

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. I. Eremets, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 439 (1991).

Surface Science (1)

Z.-C. Dong, A. S. Trifonov, N. V. Suetin, and P. V. Minakov, Surface Science 549, 203 (2004).

Other (2)

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, (eds.) Optical Waves in Crystals: Propagation and Control of Laser Radiation (John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 1984).

J. Li, B. Zhu, and G. Wei, (eds.) Crystal Optics (in Chinese) (Beijing Institute of Technology Press, Beijing, 1989) p.83.

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