Abstract

A novel adaptive watermarking algorithm in discrete wavelet transform (DWT) based on quantization index modulation (QIM) technique is presented. The host image is decomposed into wavelet subbands, and then the approximation subband is divided into non-overlapping small embedding blocks. The secret watermark bit is embedded into singular value vector of each embedding block by applying QIM. To improve the invisibility and robustness of watermarking system, the quantization step for each embedding block is set by combining statistical model with particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm not only preserves the high perceptual quality, but also effectively stands against joint photographic experts group (JPEG) compression, low-pass filtering, noise addition, scaling, and cropping attacks, etc. The comparison analysis demonstrates that our scheme has better performance than the previously reported watermarking algorithms.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

P. Bao and X. Ma, IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. 15, 96 (2005).

2004 (1)

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, IEEE Trans. Signal Processing 13, 600 (2004).

2000 (1)

G. Langelaar, I. Setyawan, and R. L. Lagendijk, IEEE Signal Processing Mag. 17, (5) 20 (2000).

Bao, P.

P. Bao and X. Ma, IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. 15, 96 (2005).

Bovik, A. C.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, IEEE Trans. Signal Processing 13, 600 (2004).

Guo, B.

Hu, Y.

Y. Hu and S. Zhu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1691 (2008).

Ji, Z.

Jiang, J.

Lagendijk, R. L.

G. Langelaar, I. Setyawan, and R. L. Lagendijk, IEEE Signal Processing Mag. 17, (5) 20 (2000).

Langelaar, G.

G. Langelaar, I. Setyawan, and R. L. Lagendijk, IEEE Signal Processing Mag. 17, (5) 20 (2000).

Li, L.

Li, Z.

Liu, T.

Ma, X.

P. Bao and X. Ma, IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. 15, 96 (2005).

Qian, G.

Setyawan, I.

G. Langelaar, I. Setyawan, and R. L. Lagendijk, IEEE Signal Processing Mag. 17, (5) 20 (2000).

Shao, K.

Sheikh, H. R.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, IEEE Trans. Signal Processing 13, 600 (2004).

Simoncelli, E. P.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, IEEE Trans. Signal Processing 13, 600 (2004).

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, IEEE Trans. Signal Processing 13, 600 (2004).

Xia, F.

Xiao, W.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zheng, G.

Zhu, S.

Y. Hu and S. Zhu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1691 (2008).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

Y. Hu and S. Zhu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1691 (2008).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (4)

IEEE Signal Processing Mag. (1)

G. Langelaar, I. Setyawan, and R. L. Lagendijk, IEEE Signal Processing Mag. 17, (5) 20 (2000).

IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. (1)

P. Bao and X. Ma, IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. 15, 96 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Signal Processing (1)

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, IEEE Trans. Signal Processing 13, 600 (2004).

Other (7)

V. Aslantas, A. L. Dogan, and S. Ozturk, in Proceedings of 2008 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo 241 (2008).

S. Zhu and J. Liu, in Proceedings of 2008 International Symposium on Knowledge Acquisition and Modeling 668 (2008).

K.-S. Kim, M.-J. Lee, and H.-K. Lee, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Intelligent Information Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing 477 (2007).

E. Ganic and A. M. Eskicioglu, in Proceedings of the 2004 Workshop on Multimedia and Security 166 (2004).

R. Eberhart and J. Kennedy, in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science 39 (1995).

Y. Shi and R. C. Eberhart, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation 1945 (1999).

C.-C. Lai, H.-C. Huang, and C.-C. Tsai, in Proceedings of 2008 International Conference on Intelligent Information Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing 469 (2008).

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