Abstract

We propose a new type of Y-branch power splitter and beam expander with scales of microns in two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystals (PCs) by drilling air holes in a silicon slice. Its functionality and performance are numerically investigated and simulated by finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Simulation results show that the splitter can split a TE polarized light beam into two parallel sub-beams and the distance between them is tunable by changing the parameters of the splitter, while the expander can expand a narrow beam into a wider one, which is realized in an integrated optical circuit. The proposed device is based on the avoiding of anomalous reflection effect and the coupling transmission of defect modes of the interfaces.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Yablonovich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
  2. S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
  3. Y. Zhao, Y. Zhang, and B. Li, Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, S196 (2005).
  4. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).
  5. J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246 (2002).
  6. D. N. Chigrin, S. Enoch, C. M. S. Torres, and G. Tayeb, Opt. Express 11, 1203 (2003).
  7. X. Yu and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3251 (2003).
  8. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).
  9. X. Yu and S. Fan, Phys. Rev. E 70, 055601 (2004).
  10. M. Notomi, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696 (2000).
  11. D. M. Pustai, S. Shi, C. Chen, A. Sharkawy, and D. W. Prather, Opt. Express 12, 1823 (2004).
  12. W. Y. Liang, J. W. Dong, and H. Z. Wang, Opt. Express 15, 1234 (2007).
  13. D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).
  14. Y. Shen, J. Sun, X. Shen, J. Wang, L. Sun, K. Han, and G. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 709 (2008).
  15. J. D. Joannopoulous, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (2nd edn.) (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2008) p.67.
  16. A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Boston, 1995) p.36.
  17. C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

W. Y. Liang, J. W. Dong, and H. Z. Wang, Opt. Express 15, 1234 (2007).

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246 (2002).

2000 (1)

M. Notomi, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696 (2000).

1999 (1)

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

1998 (1)

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).

Chen, C.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

D. M. Pustai, S. Shi, C. Chen, A. Sharkawy, and D. W. Prather, Opt. Express 12, 1823 (2004).

Chigrin, D. N.

Dong, J. W.

Enoch, S.

Fan, S.

X. Yu and S. Fan, Phys. Rev. E 70, 055601 (2004).

X. Yu and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3251 (2003).

Han, K.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).

John, S.

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).

Johnson, S. G.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).

Kawakami, S.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Kawashima, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Kosaka, H.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Li, B.

Liang, W. Y.

Loncar, M.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246 (2002).

Luo, C.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).

Martin, R.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

Miao, B.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

Murakowski, J.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696 (2000).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Pendry, J. B.

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).

Prather, D. W.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

D. M. Pustai, S. Shi, C. Chen, A. Sharkawy, and D. W. Prather, Opt. Express 12, 1823 (2004).

Pustai, D. M.

Sato, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Scherer, A.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246 (2002).

Schneider, G. J.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

Sharkawy, A.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

D. M. Pustai, S. Shi, C. Chen, A. Sharkawy, and D. W. Prather, Opt. Express 12, 1823 (2004).

Shen, X.

Shen, Y.

Shi, S.

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

D. M. Pustai, S. Shi, C. Chen, A. Sharkawy, and D. W. Prather, Opt. Express 12, 1823 (2004).

Sun, J.

Sun, L.

Tamamura, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Tayeb, G.

Tomita, A.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Torres, C. M. S.

Wang, G.

Wang, H. Z.

Wang, J.

Witzens, J.

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246 (2002).

Yablonovich, E.

E. Yablonovich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).

Yu, X.

X. Yu and S. Fan, Phys. Rev. E 70, 055601 (2004).

X. Yu and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3251 (2003).

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212 (1999).

X. Yu and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3251 (2003).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Witzens, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1246 (2002).

J. Phys. D (1)

D. W. Prather, S. Shi, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, A. Sharkawy, C. Chen, B. Miao, and R. Martin, J. Phys. D 40, 2635 (2007).

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

M. Notomi, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696 (2000).

C. Luo, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 65, 201104 (2002).

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, Phys. Rev. B 58, R10096 (1998).

Phys. Rev. E (1)

X. Yu and S. Fan, Phys. Rev. E 70, 055601 (2004).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Yablonovich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).

Other (2)

J. D. Joannopoulous, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (2nd edn.) (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2008) p.67.

A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Boston, 1995) p.36.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.