A design and testing of a cost-effective distributed optical remote sensing methane system, which will help one to detect gas leaks from multi-coal face in mines simultaneously, is presented. The fundamentals of the remote detection are based on frequency-modulation spectroscopy (FMS) and harmonic detection. By utilizing fiber-optic splitting technique and reference-signal restoring circuit, the remote sensing system is feasible to employ single laser source to get multi-spot measurement in the near infrared region so that the system described here shows sufficient sensibility, considerably increased reliability and marketability over the presently available system. The minimum measurable path-integrated concentration is estimated to be about 423 ppb-m by experimentation.
© 2005 Chinese Optics LettersPDF Article