Abstract

A series of highly Er^(3+)/Yb^(3+) co-doped fluoroaluminate glasses have been investigated in order to develop a microchip laser at 1.54 ?m under 980 nm excitation. Measurements of absorption, emission and up-conversion spectra have been performed to examine the effect of Er^(3+)/Yb^(3+) concentration quenching on spectroscopic properties. In the glasses with Er^(3+) concentrations below 10 mol%, concentration quenching is very low and the Er^(3+)/Yb^(3+) co-doped fluoroaluminate glasses have stronger fluorescence of 1.54 ?m due to the ^(4)I_(13/2)-->^(4)I_(15/2) transition than that of Er^(3+) singly-doped glasses. As Er^(3+) concentrations above 10 mol% in the Er^(3+)/Yb^(3+) co-doped samples, concentration quenching of 1.54 ?m does obviously occur as a result of the back energy transfer from Er^(3+) to Yb^(3+). To obtain the highest emission efficiency at 1.54 ?m, the optimum doping-concentration ratio of Er^(3+)/Yb^(3+) was found to be approximately 1:1 in mol fraction when the Er^(3+) concentration is less than 10 mol%.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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L. Zhang, H. Hu, and F. Lin, Mater. Lett. 47, 189 (2001).

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M. Tsuda, K. Goga, H. Inoue, S. Inoue, and A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6143 (1999).

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K. Soga, M. Tsuda, and S. Sakuragi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 272 (1997).

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G. H. Frischat, B. Hueber, and B. Rahmdohr, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 105 (2001).

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M. Tsuda, K. Goga, H. Inoue, S. Inoue, and A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6143 (1999).

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M. Tsuda, K. Goga, H. Inoue, S. Inoue, and A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6143 (1999).

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X. Zuo and T. Izumitani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68 (1993).

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V. K. Bogdanow, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 132, 73 (1996).

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L. Zhang, H. Hu, and F. Lin, Mater. Lett. 47, 189 (2001).

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V. K. Bogdanow, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 132, 73 (1996).

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M. Tsuda, K. Goga, H. Inoue, S. Inoue, and A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6143 (1999).

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W. J. Miniscalo, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234 (1991).

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V. K. Bogdanow, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 132, 73 (1996).

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Qiu, M.

Quimby, R. S.

R. S. Quimby, Electron. Lett. 23, 32 (1987).

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G. H. Frischat, B. Hueber, and B. Rahmdohr, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 105 (2001).

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K. Soga, M. Tsuda, and S. Sakuragi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 272 (1997).

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Snmida, D. S.

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K. Soga, M. Tsuda, and S. Sakuragi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 272 (1997).

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Taira, T.

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L. Wetenkam, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 30 (1992).

Tsuda, M.

M. Tsuda, K. Goga, H. Inoue, S. Inoue, and A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6143 (1999).

K. Soga, M. Tsuda, and S. Sakuragi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 272 (1997).

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L. Wetenkam, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 30 (1992).

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L. Wetenkam, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 30 (1992).

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, H. Hu, and F. Lin, Mater. Lett. 47, 189 (2001).

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X. Zuo and T. Izumitani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68 (1993).

Appl. Opt.

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J. Appl. Phys.

M. Tsuda, K. Goga, H. Inoue, S. Inoue, and A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6143 (1999).

J. Chem. Phys.

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W. J. Miniscalo, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234 (1991).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

F. Gan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 9 (1995).

K. Soga, M. Tsuda, and S. Sakuragi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 272 (1997).

X. Zuo and T. Izumitani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68 (1993).

G. H. Frischat, B. Hueber, and B. Rahmdohr, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 105 (2001).

L. Wetenkam, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 30 (1992).

Mater. Lett.

L. Zhang, H. Hu, and F. Lin, Mater. Lett. 47, 189 (2001).

Opt. Commun.

V. K. Bogdanow, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 132, 73 (1996).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

F. E. Auzel, Proc. IEEE 61, 758 (1973).

Other

D. R. MacFarlane, J. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, V. Bogdanov, D. J. Booth, and W. E. K. Gibbs, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213&214, 158 (1997).

F. Lin, H. Hu, G. Yi, and J. Feng, in Proceeding of 8th International Symposium on Non-Oxide Glass 364 (1992).

D. C. Hanna and A. C. Troppier, in Optical Fibers Lasers and Amplifiers P. W. France and Blackie (eds.) (CRC Press, London, 1991) p. 164.

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