Abstract

Optical design of nested conical Wolter I X-ray telescope covering energy band from 1 to 30 keV is investigated systematically. Recurrence relation of the nested structure is deduced, and the impact of the initial parameters on the performance is analyzed. Due to the need for hard X-ray astronomical observations in China, the initial structure is presented, for which six groups of W/B<sub>4</sub>C aperiodic multilayer coatings between the innermost and the outermost shell of the mirror are designed. The effective area, resolution, and field of view are calculated in the simulation. The results show that the effective area can achieve 71 cm<sup>2</sup> and the field of view can achieve 13' at 30 keV. The resolution is estimated to be ~10" in half-power diameter.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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2011 (2)

F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. Tan, L. Jiang, and Z. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7995, 1 (2011).

F. Wang, W. Li, Q. Huang, J. Zhu, B. Mu, and Z. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 091601(2011).

2010 (2)

J. Bookbinder, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77321B (2010).

T. Takahashi, T. K. Mitsuda, and R. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77320Z (2010).

2005 (1)

W. N. Brandt and G. Hasinger, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 43, 827 (2005).

2004 (2)

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

R. Gilli, Adv. Space Res. 34, 2470 (2004).

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

K. Tamur, K. Yamashita, and Y. Tawara, Proc. SPIE 4138, 111 (2000).

M. C. Weisskopf, H. D. Tananbaum, L. P. Van Speybroeck, and S. L. O'Dell, Proc. SPIE 4012, 1 (2000).

1998 (1)

D. de Chambure, R. Laine, and K. van Katwijk, Proc. SPIE 3444, 313 (1998).

1995 (2)

M. C. Weisskopf, S. L. O'Dell, R. F. Eisner, and L. P. van Speybroeck, Proc. SPIE 2515, 312 (1995).

Y. Tsusaka, H. Suzuki, and K. Yamashita, Appl. Opt. 34, 4848 (1995).

1985 (1)

1972 (1)

1952 (1)

V. H. Wolter, Ann. Phys. 10, 94 (1952).

Bookbinder, J.

J. Bookbinder, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77321B (2010).

Brandt, W. N.

W. N. Brandt and G. Hasinger, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 43, 827 (2005).

Budtz-Jørgensen, C.

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

Chambure, D. de

D. de Chambure, R. Laine, and K. van Katwijk, Proc. SPIE 3444, 313 (1998).

Chase, R. C.

Eisner, R. F.

M. C. Weisskopf, S. L. O'Dell, R. F. Eisner, and L. P. van Speybroeck, Proc. SPIE 2515, 312 (1995).

Endo, T.

Gilli, R.

R. Gilli, Adv. Space Res. 34, 2470 (2004).

Hasinger, G.

W. N. Brandt and G. Hasinger, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 43, 827 (2005).

Holland, A.

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

Huang, Q.

Ishida, M.

Jiang, L.

F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. Tan, L. Jiang, and Z. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7995, 1 (2011).

Katwijk, K. van

D. de Chambure, R. Laine, and K. van Katwijk, Proc. SPIE 3444, 313 (1998).

Kelley, R.

T. Takahashi, T. K. Mitsuda, and R. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77320Z (2010).

Kortef, P. de

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

Kunieda, H.

Kuvvetli, I.

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

Laine, R.

D. de Chambure, R. Laine, and K. van Katwijk, Proc. SPIE 3444, 313 (1998).

Li, W.

Lumb, D.

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

Mitsuda, T. K.

T. Takahashi, T. K. Mitsuda, and R. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77320Z (2010).

Mu, B.

O'Dell, S. L.

M. C. Weisskopf, H. D. Tananbaum, L. P. Van Speybroeck, and S. L. O'Dell, Proc. SPIE 4012, 1 (2000).

M. C. Weisskopf, S. L. O'Dell, R. F. Eisner, and L. P. van Speybroeck, Proc. SPIE 2515, 312 (1995).

Petre, R.

Piro, L.

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

Serlemitsos, P. J.

Speybroeck, L. P. Van

M. C. Weisskopf, H. D. Tananbaum, L. P. Van Speybroeck, and S. L. O'Dell, Proc. SPIE 4012, 1 (2000).

M. C. Weisskopf, S. L. O'Dell, R. F. Eisner, and L. P. van Speybroeck, Proc. SPIE 2515, 312 (1995).

L. P. van Speybroeck and R. C. Chase, Appl. Opt. 11, 440 (1972).

Suzuki, H.

Takahashi, T.

T. Takahashi, T. K. Mitsuda, and R. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77320Z (2010).

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

Tamur, K.

K. Tamur, K. Yamashita, and Y. Tawara, Proc. SPIE 4138, 111 (2000).

Tan, M.

F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. Tan, L. Jiang, and Z. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7995, 1 (2011).

Tananbaum, H. D.

M. C. Weisskopf, H. D. Tananbaum, L. P. Van Speybroeck, and S. L. O'Dell, Proc. SPIE 4012, 1 (2000).

Tawara, Y.

K. Tamur, K. Yamashita, and Y. Tawara, Proc. SPIE 4138, 111 (2000).

Tsusaka, Y.

Wang, F.

F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. Tan, L. Jiang, and Z. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7995, 1 (2011).

F. Wang, W. Li, Q. Huang, J. Zhu, B. Mu, and Z. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 091601(2011).

Wang, Z.

F. Wang, W. Li, Q. Huang, J. Zhu, B. Mu, and Z. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 091601(2011).

F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. Tan, L. Jiang, and Z. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7995, 1 (2011).

Weisskopf, M. C.

M. C. Weisskopf, H. D. Tananbaum, L. P. Van Speybroeck, and S. L. O'Dell, Proc. SPIE 4012, 1 (2000).

M. C. Weisskopf, S. L. O'Dell, R. F. Eisner, and L. P. van Speybroeck, Proc. SPIE 2515, 312 (1995).

Wolter, V. H.

V. H. Wolter, Ann. Phys. 10, 94 (1952).

Yamashita, K.

K. Tamur, K. Yamashita, and Y. Tawara, Proc. SPIE 4138, 111 (2000).

Y. Tsusaka, H. Suzuki, and K. Yamashita, Appl. Opt. 34, 4848 (1995).

Zhu, J.

F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. Tan, L. Jiang, and Z. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7995, 1 (2011).

F. Wang, W. Li, Q. Huang, J. Zhu, B. Mu, and Z. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 091601(2011).

Adv. Space Res. (1)

R. Gilli, Adv. Space Res. 34, 2470 (2004).

Ann. Phys. (1)

V. H. Wolter, Ann. Phys. 10, 94 (1952).

Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. (1)

W. N. Brandt and G. Hasinger, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 43, 827 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (8)

C. Budtz-Jørgensen, T. Takahashi, L. Piro, I. Kuvvetli, A. Holland, D. Lumb, and P. de Kortef, Proc. SPIE 5165, 37 (2004).

K. Tamur, K. Yamashita, and Y. Tawara, Proc. SPIE 4138, 111 (2000).

M. C. Weisskopf, S. L. O'Dell, R. F. Eisner, and L. P. van Speybroeck, Proc. SPIE 2515, 312 (1995).

M. C. Weisskopf, H. D. Tananbaum, L. P. Van Speybroeck, and S. L. O'Dell, Proc. SPIE 4012, 1 (2000).

D. de Chambure, R. Laine, and K. van Katwijk, Proc. SPIE 3444, 313 (1998).

J. Bookbinder, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77321B (2010).

T. Takahashi, T. K. Mitsuda, and R. Kelley, Proc. SPIE 7732, 77320Z (2010).

F. Wang, J. Zhu, M. Tan, L. Jiang, and Z. Wang, Proc. SPIE 7995, 1 (2011).

Other (2)

D. Stern Daniel, F. Harrison, D. Ballantyne, G. Madejski, and NuSTAR Team, in Proceedings of the 213th Meeting of American Astronomical Society 348 (2009).

R. S. McClelland and D. W. Robinson, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Aerospace 1 (2009).

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