Abstract

The gradient force, as a function of position and velocity, is derived for a two-level atom interacting with a standing-wave laser field. Basing on optical Bloch equations, the numerical solutions for the gradient force f_(|_;n) (n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, ...) pointing in the direction of the transverse of the laser beam are given. It is shown the higher order gradient force plays important role at strong intensity (G = 64), the contribution of them can not be neglected.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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2000 (1)

B. M. Garraway and V. G. Minogin, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043406 (2000).

1999 (1)

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796 (1999).

1998 (2)

R. Legere and K. Gibble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5780 (1998).

D. Fried, T. Killian, L. Willmann, D. Landhuis, S. Moss, D. Kleppner, and Greytak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3811 (1998).

1997 (1)

A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, S. M. Tan, and D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 56, 833 (1997).

1995 (1)

H. Pu, T. Cai, N. P. Bigelow, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, Opt. Commun. 118, 261 (1995).

1992 (1)

K. B. Sorensen, Y. Castin, E. Bondeny, and K. Molmer, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, 4195 (1992).

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

A. P. Kazantsev and I. V. Krasnov, JETP Lett. 46, 332 (1987).

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Askin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 48 (1985).

1982 (1)

W. D. Phillips and H. Metcalf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 596 (1982).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

K. B. Sorensen, Y. Castin, E. Bondeny, and K. Molmer, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, 4195 (1992).

JETP Lett. (1)

A. P. Kazantsev and I. V. Krasnov, JETP Lett. 46, 332 (1987).

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Pu, T. Cai, N. P. Bigelow, T. T. Grove, and P. L. Gould, Opt. Commun. 118, 261 (1995).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796 (1999).

A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, S. M. Tan, and D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 56, 833 (1997).

B. M. Garraway and V. G. Minogin, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043406 (2000).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

R. Legere and K. Gibble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5780 (1998).

D. Fried, T. Killian, L. Willmann, D. Landhuis, S. Moss, D. Kleppner, and Greytak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3811 (1998).

W. D. Phillips and H. Metcalf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 596 (1982).

S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, and A. Askin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 48 (1985).

Other (3)

V. G. Minogin and V. S. Letokhov, Laser Light Pressure on Atoms (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1987).

H. J. Metcalf and P. van der Straten, Laser Cooling and Trapping (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1999).

M. Gangl and H. Ritsch, Phys. Rev. A 61, 011402(R) (2000).

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