Abstract

An optofluidic system based on photothermal spectroscopy is proposed, which combines molecular photothermal effect with Nb2CTx MXene-tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) for the detection of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) with temperature compensated. Under the irradiation of excitation light, the photothermal effect of OPs produces a detectable change in the refractive index of the sample, and the concentration of chlorpyrifos can be quantified using TFBG. The Nb2CTx MXene coated TFBG allow more molecules to be absorbed on the surface of TFBG, which enhances the interaction between light and matter, and improves the sensitivity of detection. The temperature compensation is performed by referring to the core mode of TFBG, thereby eliminating the influence of ambient temperature on the photothermal detection. The experimental results show that the sensitivity reaches 1.8 pm/ppm with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.35 ppm, and the obtained temperature compensation coefficient is 4.84 ppm/°C. This photothermal biosensor has the advantages of low LOD, temperature compensation and real-time online monitoring, making it a good candidate in medicine, chemistry and environmental monitoring.

© 2021 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

1. Introduction

Organophosphate pesticides (OPs) are phosphorus-containing organic compounds. Due to their high efficiency, low cost, wide range and low harm, OPs are widely used in agricultural planting to prevent the proliferation of pests [1]. However, the problem of excessive pesticide residues poses a serious threat to humans, and causes certain pollution to the environment. Studies have shown that OPs will cause acute cholinergic neurotoxicity even at nanomolar concentration levels, and acute poisoning or long-term exposure to subclinical OPs can produce some long-term neurotoxic consequences [2,3]. In addition, carcinogenic bacteria may be present in soil contaminated by OPs [4,5]. Therefore, it is necessary to real-time and accurate monitor the concentration of pesticide residues in food and agricultural samples.

Currently, the different techniques for pesticide detection mainly include gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) [6,7], high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) [8,9], electrochemistry [1012] and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) [13,14]. These are often complicated operation, susceptible electromagnetic interference, and low sensitivity. Compare with the conventional way, photothermal spectroscopy (PTS) exhibits higher sensitivity and selectivity. This is due to the photonically activated thermal signal only comes from the optical absorption of analyte at a specific wavelength, which effectively avoids the influence of scattering and reflection losses on the measured signal [15]. A method utilizes photothermal detection based on thermal lens spectroscopy has been proposed to measure low-concentration pesticides in vegetable samples [16]. The photon excites the analyte to yield a detectable change in the refractive index (RI) of sample, and the disturbance of the probe light can provide the concentration information of the analyte. It has the advantages of low cost and no sample pretreatment, but the complex optical path needs to construct and is susceptible to external interference.

In recent years, optical fiber sensors have attracted the attention of researchers due to their anti-electromagnetic interference, simple structure, label-free and real-time detection characteristics. Tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) biosensor have been proved as good platform for the detection of specific molecules in the fields of disease diagnosis, gas monitoring and PH assessment, because its unique properties of high sensitivity, robustness and temperature insensitivity provided by the reference of core mode [1719]. TFBG is a special short-period fiber Bragg grating (FBG) written with a small tilt angle. In TFBG, a series of cladding modes are sensitive to the change of surrounding environments, so it is a feasible choice for detecting physical or biochemical quantities. More importantly, the core mode is also sensitive to temperature compared with other optical fiber, which resulting in the influence of ambient temperature can be eliminated while detecting biomolecules. The sensitivity in low RI region can be improved by increasing the tilt angle, coating the metal film to excite SPR, or integrating two-dimensional materials [2022]. MXene is a two-dimensional transition metal carbide similar to graphene. Its molecular formula is Mn+1XnTx, where M is a transition metal, X is C or N, and Tx is a surface functional group [23]. MXene has been widely used in the field of biosensing due to its unique physical and chemical characteristics. The layered structure of MXene makes it have a larger specific surface area, which can increase the contact area with external substances, thereby adsorbing more biomolecules and improving the sensitivity of detection. The functional groups of MXene nanosheets surface, such as $= $O, -OH, and -F, exhibiting good hydrophilicity that effectively improve the capture of water molecules, and also enhance the detection of biomolecules in the solution [2426]. Consequently, it is a promising approach that MXene integrated with TFBG to enhance the interaction between light and matter and improve the sensing performance.

In this paper, the niobium carbide (Nb2CTx) MXene-TFBG was utilized to detect the concentration of OP (chlorpyrifos) based on the molecular photothermal effect. Under the irradiation of excitation light, the photothermal signal produced by chlorpyrifos absorbing the photon energy changes the RI of the analyte, leading to the changes in the resonance wavelength and intensity of the TFBG cladding modes. Nb2CTx MXene is coated on the surface of TFBG by optical deposition method. Its large specific surface area and biocompatibility allow chlorpyrifos molecules to be adsorbed on the surface and enhance the light-matter interaction. The influence of ambient temperature can be eliminated by monitoring the core mode of TFBG. Combining the photothermal detection method with Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG shows high sensitivity, temperature compensation, no pretreatment and online label-free detection of chlorpyrifos. Therefore, the proposed photothermal biosensor can be utilised in the fields of food safety monitoring and disease diagnosis.

2. Materials and methods

2.1 Fabrication of the MXene-TFBG biosensor

The TFBG with a tilted angle of 16° is prepared by the phase mask method whose transmission spectrum has the largest resonance amplitude within the refractive index range of the liquid (1.32–1.42). The 16°-tilted TFBG was fixed in the flow cell with UV glue, and the Nb2CTx MXene nanosheets (Nanjing Xianfeng Nano Material Technology Co. Ltd.) were coated on the TFBG sensing area with the optical deposition method. The dimension of the flow channel in the PMMA-based microfluidic chip is 40 mm ${\times}$ 4 mm ${\times}$ 2 mm. There are two small holes on the outside of the channel as the inlet/outlet of the liquid, and the other hole in the middle is used to pass the laser into the channel to excite the photothermal effect of the molecules.

2.2 Detection principle

The incident light guided by the core interacts with the permanently modulated grating, and the tilt of the grating plane direction makes the light satisfying the phase matching condition couple to the core and cladding modes that propagate backward, as shown in Fig. 1(a). A large number of cladding modes correspond to specific resonance wavelengths, leading a resonant comb in the transmission spectrum of the grating. Part of the light transmitted in the cladding mode leaks outside the cladding boundary to form an evanescent field, which is sensitive to changes in the surrounding environment [27]. The effective RI of the cladding mode changes with the environmental RI, resulting in a shift in the resonance wavelength of the corresponding cladding mode (Fig. 1(b)). The boundary between the guided mode and the leakage mode is called the “cut-off” point (the black arrows marked in Fig. 1(b)), where the evanescent field penetrates the external medium to the greatest extent and therefore has the highest sensitivity [28]. The core mode is confined inside the fiber, thus it is less disturbed by the environmental RI. The resonance wavelengths of the core mode ${\lambda _{Bragg}}$ and the $i$th cladding mode ${\lambda _{clad,i}}$ can be expressed as [29]

$${\lambda _{Bragg}} = 2n_{eff}^{core}\frac{\mathrm{\Lambda }}{{cos\theta }}$$
$${\lambda _{clad,i}} = ({n_{eff}^{clad,i} + n_{eff}^{core}} )\frac{\mathrm{\Lambda }}{{cos\theta }}$$
where $n_{eff}^{core}$ is the effective RI of the core mode, $n_{eff}^{clad,i}$ is the effective RI of the $i$th cladding mode. $\mathrm{\Lambda }$ is the period of the grating, and $\theta $ is the tilted angle between the grating plane the vertical plane of the fiber. The sensing capability of TFBG can be improved through the mode selection mechanism. After linearly polarized light enters the TFBG, there are two cladding modes in the fiber: the polarization mode parallel to the grating plane (P-mode) and perpendicular to the grating plane (S-mode). Figure 1(c) shows the horizontal component of the P-mode and S-mode transverse electric fields obtained by COMSOL simulation.
$$R = tan{h^2}({kL} )$$

The resonance intensity R of the cladding mode is related to the coupling coefficient k of the core and cladding modes, and also depends on the length L of the grating region of the TFBG. The coupling coefficient decreases with the increase of environmental RI, resulting in a decrease in resonance intensity.

 figure: Fig. 1.

Fig. 1. (a) Schematic diagram of TFBG biosensor. (b) Transmission spectrum of 16° TFBG under different RI. (c) Simulated horizontal component of the P-mode and S-mode transverse electric fields close to “cut-off”.

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Photothermal technique depends on the absorption of optical radiation by the analyte, which is provided by a laser source. The subsequent non-radiative relaxation of the sample absorbs photonic energy to generate heat, resulting in the rise of sample’s temperature (10−4$-$ 10−3 K) to yield a detectable change in RI. The relationship between the RI of the analyte and its concentration and temperature is expressed as [30]

$$n = {n_0} + \alpha C + \beta T$$
where ${n_0}$ is the RI of the solvent, and $\alpha $, $\beta $ are the concentration and temperature coefficient of the analyte RI, respectively. The concentration coefficient of the chlorpyrifos RI is small, so the change of its RI is mainly attribute to temperature. The change of temperature caused by the photothermal of the analyte are given by [31]
$$\Delta T = \eta {P_{exc}}t[{1 - exp({ - \varepsilon ({{\lambda_{exc}}} )C{D_{eff}}} )} ]$$

It can be seen that the change of temperature $\Delta T$ is determined by multiple parameters. $\eta $ is the part of the absorbed laser power converted to heat energy. ${P_{exc}}$ is the laser power that excites the molecular photothermal effect, and t is the irradiation time. $\varepsilon $ is the molar absorption coefficient for excitation light with a specific wavelength ${\lambda _{exc}}$, C is the concentration of the analyte, and ${D_{eff}}$ is the effective depth of the solution. We can conclude from Eq. (5) that when the analyte and the excitation light are determined, the change of temperature caused by the molecular photothermal effect is only related to ${P_{exc}}$, t and C. The thermal signal during excitation light irradiation can be enhanced by increasing ${P_{exc}}$ and t, leading to a detectable change of sample’s RI, and realize the quantification of the analyte concentration.

2.3 Experiment setup for pesticide detection

In the experiment, the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG was fixed in the microfluidic channel. A peristaltic pump was used to inject the chlorpyrifos sample solution (Shanghai Aladdin Chemistry Co. Ltd.) into the microfluidic chip to avoid the influence of the external environment on the sample detection. The 400 nm laser source (Changchun New Industries Optoelectronics Technology Co. Ltd., spot diameter: 3.5 mm) was used as an excitation light source to irradiate the analyte through a focusing lens to produce photothermal effect and change the RI of the solution. A supercontinuum broadband source (SBS, SuperK COMPACT, NKT Photonics) was used to excite the sensing TFBG, and the output light was detected by an optical spectrum analyzer (OSA, AQ6317C, Yokogawa). The minimum wavelength resolution is 0.02 nm. The linear polarizer and polarization controller are used to adjust and orient the polarization state of the incident light to ensure that the TFBG only works in one polarization state. The schematic structure of the optical setup is shown in Fig. 2. The insert gives the fabricated microfluidic chip.

 figure: Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. Optofluidic system for pesticide detection based on photothermal spectroscopy.

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3. Results and discussion

3.1 Characteristics of the MXene-TFBG

Figure 3(a) shows the scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of Nb2CTx MXene nanosheets (Nanjing Xianfeng Nano Material Technology Co. Ltd.). The few layers of Nb2CTx MXene are dispersed in NMP solvent, and the lateral size of the sheet is 1–7 µm, which is informed from the transmission electron microscope (TEM) image (Fig. 3(b)). The inset gives the magnified TEM image that shows the Nb2CTx MXene accumulation of different thicknesses, and the thickness of sheet is 1–5 nm. Figure 3(c) demonstrates the Raman spectrum of the Nb2CTx MXene, recorded by a Raman microscope (RENISHAW inVia Raman Microscope, 532 nm green light). The two Raman peaks of ${\omega _1}$ and ${\omega _2}$ corresponding to the in-plane oscillations of Nb and C atoms, which are characteristic of Nb2CTx [32].

 figure: Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. (a) SEM image of Nb2CTx MXene dispersion. (b) TEM of Nb2CTx MXene nanosheets. Inset: magnified TEM image of Nb2CTx MXene nanosheets. (c) Raman spectrum of the Nb2CTx MXene. (d) Optical microscope images of the TFBG surface before and after Nb2CTx MXene coating. (e) Height profile alone the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG. (f) Transmission spectrum of bare and coated TFBG.

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We took optical microscope images of the TFBG surface before and after Nb2CTx MXene coating to confirm the decoration (OM, Olympus DSX1000). As shown in Fig. 3(d), the boundary between the fiber and the Nb2CTx MXene layer can be clearly distinguished. Figure 3(e) shows that the thickness of the deposited film is 395.2 nm (Dektak 150, Veeco). After Nb2CTx MXene coated on the surface of TFBG, the resonance intensity of the cladding mode decreases, as shown in Fig. 3(f). This phenomenon arises from the strong optical absorption of the Nb2CTx MXene.

3.2 Investigation of pesticide photothermal effect

Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphorus pesticide with good optical absorption characteristics in the range of 300 $-$ 400 nm, as shown in Fig. 4(a) (UV-vis spectrometer UV-5100B). We choose a 400 nm laser source as the excitation light to irradiate the analyte and induce photothermal effect. According to the theoretical analysis in section 2.2, at a fixed concentration, the photothermal signal generated by the molecule is related to the power of the excitation light ${P_{exc}}$ and the sample irradiation time t. With the increase of ${P_{exc}}$ and t, the photothermal signal gradually increases, which amplifies the change in RI of the solution and improves the sensitivity of detection.

 figure: Fig. 4.

Fig. 4. (a) UV-Vis absorption spectrum of chlorpyrifos. The shift of TFBG resonance wavelength with (b) irradiation time and (c) excitation light power.

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The chlorpyrifos solution with a concentration of 50 ppm flows into the microfluidic chip through a peristaltic pump. A 20 mW 400 nm laser is focused into the chip through a lens to excite the photothermal effect of the analyte. Continue to irradiate for 10 minutes, and record the TFBG transmission spectrum every 2 min (Fig. S1). The experimental results show that as the irradiation time increases, the resonance wavelength shift of the TFBG cladding mode gradually increases, as shown in Fig. 4(b). Under laser irradiation, its resonance wavelength shifts to the long wavelength direction (red-shifts). This is due to the heat energy generated by the analyte absorbing light which increases the RI of the solution, resulting in an increase in the effective RI of the cladding mode. At the same conditions, the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG was irradiated with excitation light, but the resonance wavelength of the cladding mode did not change. This indicates that the photothermal signal only comes from the analyte when detecting chlorpyrifos, and the photothermal signal produced by the molecule gradually increases with the improve of the irradiation time.

Furthermore, we investigated the influence of excitation light power on molecular photothermal effects. The excitation light with different power (0–20 mW) was used to irradiate 50 ppm chlorpyrifos solution, and record the change of TFBG transmission spectrum with laser power (Fig. S2). Figure 4(c) shows that the resonance wavelength of the TFBG cladding mode also red-shifts with the increase of laser power, and the offset is positively correlated with power. Therefore, we have verified that the photothermal effect of biomolecules becomes more obvious with the increase of irradiation time and excitation light power. Optimizing these two factors can enhance the photothermal signal produced by chlorpyrifos and increase the sensitivity of detection. The resonance wavelength shifted significantly when irradiated for 8 min, thus we chose to irradiate the sample with 20 mW 400 nm excitation light for 8 min to complete the subsequent detection of the chlorpyrifos.

3.3 Detection of pesticide

According to the photothermal research of chlorpyrifos, we found that the photothermal effect produced by the molecules absorbing photon energy can change the RI of the solution, thereby resulting the resonance wavelength of the TFBG cladding mode to shift. The RI of organophosphorus pesticides has a low correlation coefficient with concentration, thus the concentration of chlorpyrifos solution can be quantified based on photothermal principle.

When bare TFBG was used to detect chlorpyrifos, the transmission spectrum of TFBG in sample solutions of different concentrations (10 $-$ 50 ppm) are shown in Fig. 5(a). Selecting the resonance wavelength at the “cut-off” point of the TFBG cladding mode for analysis, it is obvious that the transmission spectrum of TFBG has not shifted. In contrast, the resonance wavelength gradually red-shifted with the increase of analyte concentration when irradiated with excitation light, as shown in Fig. 5(b). It shows the TFBG transmission spectrum under different concentrations of chlorpyrifos solutions. The concentration coefficient of the organophosphorus pesticides RI is small, so there is no significant change in the low concentration range. Under the excitation light irradiation, the organophosphorus pesticide can absorb the photon energy and convert it into the photothermal signal, resulting a detectable change in the RI of the solution, and finally causing the resonance wavelength of the cladding mode to shift. Figure 5(c) plots the variation of resonance wavelength with concentration by data fitting, and compares the sensitivity of the two cases. The experimental results show that the sensitivity of TFBG is 1.3 pm/ppm when detecting the concentration of chlorpyrifos solution combined with the photothermal effect of the molecule.

 figure: Fig. 5.

Fig. 5. The transmission spectrum of TFBG cladding mode in sample solutions of different concentrations under (b) irradiation and (a) without. (c) The sensitivity of chlorpyrifos detection under two cases.

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Nb2CTx MXene is a two-dimensional material similar to graphene, with high specific surface area, hydrophilicity and biocompatibility. It can adsorb more molecules to be measured, thereby improving the sensing performance. Nb2CTx MXene was coated on the surface of TFBG by optical deposition method and used to detect chlorpyrifos sample solutions of different concentrations. Similarly, for Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG, the transmission spectrum of TFBG still has no significant shift (Fig. 6(a)), which further indicates the coefficient between the RI and concentration of organophosphorus pesticides. Figure 6(b) shows the change of TFBG transmission spectrum with chlorpyrifos concentration under the irradiation of 400 nm excitation light. It can be clearly seen that the resonance wavelength at the “cut-off” point of the TFBG cladding mode red-shifted with the increase of sample concentration, and the resonance intensity decrease. Furthermore, the resonance wavelength and intensity of the core mode keep constant, make it an ideal temperature reference. The detection sensitivity is improved to 1.8 pm/ppm and 0.0285 dB/ppm with the linearity of 0.95512 and 0.93946, as shown in Fig. 6(c). The limit of detection (LOD) of the chlorpyrifos was found to be as small as 0.35 ppm, which is far below the concentration lead to apoptosis of 18 mg/L [33]. A performance comparison of different methods for detecting chlorpyrifos is shown in Table 1. Using this method, real-time and accurate concentration detection of pesticide residues in food and soil can be performed.

 figure: Fig. 6.

Fig. 6. The transmission spectrum of Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG in sample solutions of different concentrations (a) before and (b) after irradiation. (c) The sensitivity of chlorpyrifos detection under the irradiation.

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Tables Icon

Table 1. Performance comparison of the different methods for the detection of chlorpyrifos

3.4 Discussion of temperature and selectivity

In the detection of organophosphorus pesticides, the temperature change induced by the molecular photothermal effect is very small, so it is necessary to eliminate the influence of environmental temperature on the experimental results. The core mode of TFBG is inherently insensitive to the RI, but similar to the cladding modes, it is sensitive to the temperature. Therefore, we can avoid the temperature effect by using spectral interrogation of core mode.

In order to investigate the temperature response of Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG, the prepared biosensor was placed in a temperature chamber, and recorded its transmission spectrum with the ambient temperature (Fig. 7(a)). The experimental results show that the resonance wavelength of TFBG red-shifted gradually with increase of temperature from 40 °C to 80 °C, and the temperature sensitivity of core mode and cladding modes are 8.72 pm/°C and 8.13 pm/°C, respectively (Fig. 7(b)). Combined with the experimental results in section 3.2, both the concentration of chlorpyrifos and temperature will cause the resonance wavelength of the cladding mode to shift. Therefore, the ambient temperature will produce experimental errors and affect the detection of chlorpyrifos. However, the core mode is only sensitive to temperature, and temperature compensation can be performed by referring core mode to avoid the influence of ambient temperature. The temperature induced concentration measurement error is 4.84 ppm/°C.

 figure: Fig. 7.

Fig. 7. (a) Temperature response of the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG. (b) The temperature sensitivity of TFBG cladding mode and core mode.

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The selectivity test was performed to exclude the influence of other interfering substances that may be contained in the pesticide. The proposed method was used to detect 50 ppm solutions of K+, Na+ and Ca2+, and its selectivity was verified by comparing spectral responses, as shown in Fig. 8. The experimental results show that the chlorpyrifos solution induces a significant shift in the resonance wavelength of the cladding mode compared with the other three inorganic ions. This shows that the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG biosensor based on the molecular photothermal effect exhibits selectivity and eliminate the influence of other potentially interfering substances. It is worth noting that the selectivity of photothermal spectroscopy comes from the optical absorption at specific wavelengths by the analyte [15]. This avoids the functionalization on the surface of the optical fiber, and effectively simplifies the operation difficulty of the experiment.

 figure: Fig. 8.

Fig. 8. Selectivity test of the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG biosensor based on the molecular photothermal effect.

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4. Conclusion

In conclusion, we have demonstrated a pesticide biosensor based on molecular photothermal effect using Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG. Under the excitation light irradiation, the photothermal effect of chlorpyrifos induce a detectable change of RI, resulting in the transmission spectrum of TFBG cladding mode changes. Nb2CTx MXene was coated on the surface of TFBG, allowing more molecules to be absorbed and enhancing the interaction between light and matter, which improves the sensitivity to 1.8 pm/ppm and 0.0285 dB/ppm. The LOD as low as 0.35 ppm. In addition, the influence of the ambient temperature is eliminated by detecting the change of TFBG core mode, and the obtained temperature compensation coefficient is 4.84 ppm/°C. The sensitivity can be improved by optimizing the deposition technique of integrating material and photothermal excitation conditions. This method exhibits many advantages of low LOD, specificity, temperature compensation, and real-time online monitoring, making it a good candidate for medical, chemical and environmental monitoring.

Funding

Guangdong Outstanding Scientific Innovation Foundation (2019TX05X383); Tianjin Research Innovation Project for Postgraduate Students (2020YJSS160); National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFB0405600); Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin City (17CZDJC31700, 17JCYBJC16100, 18JCZDJC30500, 20JCYBJC00300); National Natural Science Foundation of China (11874281, 11875032, 61975068, 62011530459, 62035006).

Disclosures

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest related to this article.

Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available for privacy reasons, but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

Supplemental document

See Supplement 1 for supporting content.

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27. B. Gu, W. Qi, J. Zheng, Y. Zhou, P. P. Shum, and F. Luan, “Simple and compact reflective refractometer based on tilted fiber Bragg grating inscribed in thin-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 22–25 (2014). [CrossRef]  

28. T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014). [CrossRef]  

29. Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020). [CrossRef]  

30. M. Yahya and M. Z. Saghir, “Empirical modelling to predict the refractive index of human blood,” Phys. Med. Biol. 61(4), 1405–1415 (2016). [CrossRef]  

31. W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021). [CrossRef]  

32. Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021). [CrossRef]  

33. Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018). [CrossRef]  

34. B. Kuswandi, C. I. Fikriyah, and A. A. Gani, “An optical fiber biosensor for chlorpyrifos using a single sol-gel film containing acetylcholinesterase and bromothymol blue,” Talanta 74(4), 613–618 (2008). [CrossRef]  

35. X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012). [CrossRef]  

References

  • View by:

  1. M. A. Kamyabi and M. Moharramnezhad, “An enzyme-free electrochemiluminescence sensing probe based on ternary nanocomposite for ultrasensitive determination of chlorpyrifos,” Food Chem 351, 129252 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  2. V. P. Androutsopoulos, A. F. Hernandez, J. Liesivuori, and A. M. Tsatsakis, “A mechanistic overview of health associated effects of low levels of organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides,” Toxicology 307, 89–94 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. F. Kamel and J. A. Hoppin, “Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and disease,” Environ Health Perspect 112(9), 950–958 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Sun, V. Sidhu, Y. Rong, and Y. Zheng, “Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review,” Current Pollution Reports 4(3), 240–250 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Kaushal, M. Khatri, and S. K. Arya, “A treatise on Organophosphate pesticide pollution: Current strategies and advancements in their environmental degradation and elimination,” Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 207, 111483 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  6. B. Y. P. Tay and W. H. Wai, “A gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the detection of chlorpyrifos contamination in palm-based fatty acids,” J Am Oil Chem Soc 98, 881–887 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Martinez-Dominguez, P. Plaza-Bolanos, R. Romero-Gonzalez, and A. Garrido-Frenich, “Analytical approaches for the determination of pesticide residues in nutraceutical products and related matrices by chromatographic techniques coupled to mass spectrometry,” Talanta 118, 277–291 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. L. F. Melo, C. H. Collins, and I. C. Jardim, “High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of pesticides in tomatoes using laboratory-made NH2 and C18 solid-phase extraction materials,” J Chromatogr A 1073(1-2), 75–81 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Ye, J. Wu, and W. Liu, “Enantioselective separation and analysis of chiral pesticides by high-performance liquid chromatography,” TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 28(10), 1148–1163 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. S. Noori, J. Mortensen, and A. Geto, “Recent Development on the Electrochemical Detection of Selected Pesticides: A Focused Review,” Sensors 20(8), 2221 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. O. Pelit, H. Ertaş, and F. Nil Ertaş, “Development of an adsorptive catalytic stripping voltammetric method for the determination of an endocrine disruptor pesticide chlorpyrifos and its application to the wine samples,” J Appl Electrochem 41(11), 1279–1285 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. I. Chegel, Y. M. Shirshov, E. V. Piletskaya, and S. A. Piletsky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor for pesticide detection,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 48(1-3), 456–460 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. Pogačnik and M. Franko, “Detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in vegetable samples by a photothermal biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 18(1), 1–9 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Zhou, L. Zhang, X. Chen, and I. Bennion, “Low Thermal Sensitivity Grating Devices Based on Ex-45 Tilting Structure Capable of Forward-Propagating Cladding Modes Coupling,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 5087–5094 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. B. Jiang, X. Lu, X. Gan, M. Qi, Y. Wang, L. Han, D. Mao, W. Zhang, Z. Ren, and J. Zhao, “Graphene-coated tilted fiber-Bragg grating for enhanced sensing in low-refractive-index region,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 3994–3997 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  24. Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  25. M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  26. K. Deshmukh, T. Kovářík, and S. K. Khadheer Pasha, “State of the art recent progress in two dimensional MXenes based gas sensors and biosensors: A comprehensive review,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 424, 213514 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  27. B. Gu, W. Qi, J. Zheng, Y. Zhou, P. P. Shum, and F. Luan, “Simple and compact reflective refractometer based on tilted fiber Bragg grating inscribed in thin-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 22–25 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. Yahya and M. Z. Saghir, “Empirical modelling to predict the refractive index of human blood,” Phys. Med. Biol. 61(4), 1405–1415 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  31. W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  32. Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  33. Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  34. B. Kuswandi, C. I. Fikriyah, and A. A. Gani, “An optical fiber biosensor for chlorpyrifos using a single sol-gel film containing acetylcholinesterase and bromothymol blue,” Talanta 74(4), 613–618 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  35. X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2021 (8)

J. Kaushal, M. Khatri, and S. K. Arya, “A treatise on Organophosphate pesticide pollution: Current strategies and advancements in their environmental degradation and elimination,” Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 207, 111483 (2021).
[Crossref]

B. Y. P. Tay and W. H. Wai, “A gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the detection of chlorpyrifos contamination in palm-based fatty acids,” J Am Oil Chem Soc 98, 881–887 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kamyabi and M. Moharramnezhad, “An enzyme-free electrochemiluminescence sensing probe based on ternary nanocomposite for ultrasensitive determination of chlorpyrifos,” Food Chem 351, 129252 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

2020 (6)

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

K. Deshmukh, T. Kovářík, and S. K. Khadheer Pasha, “State of the art recent progress in two dimensional MXenes based gas sensors and biosensors: A comprehensive review,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 424, 213514 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. S. Noori, J. Mortensen, and A. Geto, “Recent Development on the Electrochemical Detection of Selected Pesticides: A Focused Review,” Sensors 20(8), 2221 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (1)

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, V. Sidhu, Y. Rong, and Y. Zheng, “Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review,” Current Pollution Reports 4(3), 240–250 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Yahya and M. Z. Saghir, “Empirical modelling to predict the refractive index of human blood,” Phys. Med. Biol. 61(4), 1405–1415 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

B. Gu, W. Qi, J. Zheng, Y. Zhou, P. P. Shum, and F. Luan, “Simple and compact reflective refractometer based on tilted fiber Bragg grating inscribed in thin-core fiber,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 22–25 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Martinez-Dominguez, P. Plaza-Bolanos, R. Romero-Gonzalez, and A. Garrido-Frenich, “Analytical approaches for the determination of pesticide residues in nutraceutical products and related matrices by chromatographic techniques coupled to mass spectrometry,” Talanta 118, 277–291 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

V. P. Androutsopoulos, A. F. Hernandez, J. Liesivuori, and A. M. Tsatsakis, “A mechanistic overview of health associated effects of low levels of organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides,” Toxicology 307, 89–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

F. O. Pelit, H. Ertaş, and F. Nil Ertaş, “Development of an adsorptive catalytic stripping voltammetric method for the determination of an endocrine disruptor pesticide chlorpyrifos and its application to the wine samples,” J Appl Electrochem 41(11), 1279–1285 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Ye, J. Wu, and W. Liu, “Enantioselective separation and analysis of chiral pesticides by high-performance liquid chromatography,” TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 28(10), 1148–1163 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

B. Kuswandi, C. I. Fikriyah, and A. A. Gani, “An optical fiber biosensor for chlorpyrifos using a single sol-gel film containing acetylcholinesterase and bromothymol blue,” Talanta 74(4), 613–618 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

L. F. Melo, C. H. Collins, and I. C. Jardim, “High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of pesticides in tomatoes using laboratory-made NH2 and C18 solid-phase extraction materials,” J Chromatogr A 1073(1-2), 75–81 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

F. Kamel and J. A. Hoppin, “Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and disease,” Environ Health Perspect 112(9), 950–958 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

L. Pogačnik and M. Franko, “Detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in vegetable samples by a photothermal biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 18(1), 1–9 (2003).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

V. I. Chegel, Y. M. Shirshov, E. V. Piletskaya, and S. A. Piletsky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor for pesticide detection,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 48(1-3), 456–460 (1998).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

Androutsopoulos, V. P.

V. P. Androutsopoulos, A. F. Hernandez, J. Liesivuori, and A. M. Tsatsakis, “A mechanistic overview of health associated effects of low levels of organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides,” Toxicology 307, 89–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arya, S. K.

J. Kaushal, M. Khatri, and S. K. Arya, “A treatise on Organophosphate pesticide pollution: Current strategies and advancements in their environmental degradation and elimination,” Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 207, 111483 (2021).
[Crossref]

Ayat, M.

M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
[Crossref]

Ayouz, K.

M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
[Crossref]

Ayupova, T.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bekmurzayeva, A.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

Berouaken, M.

M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
[Crossref]

Cai, S.

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

Caucheteur, C.

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chang, P.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chegel, V. I.

V. I. Chegel, Y. M. Shirshov, E. V. Piletskaya, and S. A. Piletsky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor for pesticide detection,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 48(1-3), 456–460 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Chen, N. K.

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

Collins, C. H.

L. F. Melo, C. H. Collins, and I. C. Jardim, “High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of pesticides in tomatoes using laboratory-made NH2 and C18 solid-phase extraction materials,” J Chromatogr A 1073(1-2), 75–81 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cui, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

Debliquy, M.

A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deng, C.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Deshmukh, K.

K. Deshmukh, T. Kovářík, and S. K. Khadheer Pasha, “State of the art recent progress in two dimensional MXenes based gas sensors and biosensors: A comprehensive review,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 424, 213514 (2020).
[Crossref]

Din, U.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

Ertas, H.

F. O. Pelit, H. Ertaş, and F. Nil Ertaş, “Development of an adsorptive catalytic stripping voltammetric method for the determination of an endocrine disruptor pesticide chlorpyrifos and its application to the wine samples,” J Appl Electrochem 41(11), 1279–1285 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fan, Z.

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

Fang, Y.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Fei, C.

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

Fikriyah, C. I.

B. Kuswandi, C. I. Fikriyah, and A. A. Gani, “An optical fiber biosensor for chlorpyrifos using a single sol-gel film containing acetylcholinesterase and bromothymol blue,” Talanta 74(4), 613–618 (2008).
[Crossref]

Franko, M.

L. Pogačnik and M. Franko, “Detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in vegetable samples by a photothermal biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 18(1), 1–9 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gabouze, N.

M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
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Gan, X.

Gani, A. A.

B. Kuswandi, C. I. Fikriyah, and A. A. Gani, “An optical fiber biosensor for chlorpyrifos using a single sol-gel film containing acetylcholinesterase and bromothymol blue,” Talanta 74(4), 613–618 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Garrido-Frenich, A.

G. Martinez-Dominguez, P. Plaza-Bolanos, R. Romero-Gonzalez, and A. Garrido-Frenich, “Analytical approaches for the determination of pesticide residues in nutraceutical products and related matrices by chromatographic techniques coupled to mass spectrometry,” Talanta 118, 277–291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y.

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

Geto, A.

J. S. Noori, J. Mortensen, and A. Geto, “Recent Development on the Electrochemical Detection of Selected Pesticides: A Focused Review,” Sensors 20(8), 2221 (2020).
[Crossref]

Gonzalez-Vila, A.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

González-Vila, Á.

A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gu, B.

Guan, B. O.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, T.

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, L.

Hernandez, A. F.

V. P. Androutsopoulos, A. F. Hernandez, J. Liesivuori, and A. M. Tsatsakis, “A mechanistic overview of health associated effects of low levels of organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides,” Toxicology 307, 89–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hoppin, J. A.

F. Kamel and J. A. Hoppin, “Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and disease,” Environ Health Perspect 112(9), 950–958 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jardim, I. C.

L. F. Melo, C. H. Collins, and I. C. Jardim, “High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of pesticides in tomatoes using laboratory-made NH2 and C18 solid-phase extraction materials,” J Chromatogr A 1073(1-2), 75–81 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jiang, B.

Jiang, J.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Kamel, F.

F. Kamel and J. A. Hoppin, “Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and disease,” Environ Health Perspect 112(9), 950–958 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kamyabi, M. A.

M. A. Kamyabi and M. Moharramnezhad, “An enzyme-free electrochemiluminescence sensing probe based on ternary nanocomposite for ultrasensitive determination of chlorpyrifos,” Food Chem 351, 129252 (2021).
[Crossref]

Kaushal, J.

J. Kaushal, M. Khatri, and S. K. Arya, “A treatise on Organophosphate pesticide pollution: Current strategies and advancements in their environmental degradation and elimination,” Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 207, 111483 (2021).
[Crossref]

Khadheer Pasha, S. K.

K. Deshmukh, T. Kovářík, and S. K. Khadheer Pasha, “State of the art recent progress in two dimensional MXenes based gas sensors and biosensors: A comprehensive review,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 424, 213514 (2020).
[Crossref]

Khatri, M.

J. Kaushal, M. Khatri, and S. K. Arya, “A treatise on Organophosphate pesticide pollution: Current strategies and advancements in their environmental degradation and elimination,” Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 207, 111483 (2021).
[Crossref]

Korganbayev, S.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kovárík, T.

K. Deshmukh, T. Kovářík, and S. K. Khadheer Pasha, “State of the art recent progress in two dimensional MXenes based gas sensors and biosensors: A comprehensive review,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 424, 213514 (2020).
[Crossref]

Kuswandi, B.

B. Kuswandi, C. I. Fikriyah, and A. A. Gani, “An optical fiber biosensor for chlorpyrifos using a single sol-gel film containing acetylcholinesterase and bromothymol blue,” Talanta 74(4), 613–618 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kuyken, B.

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lahem, D.

A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
[Crossref]

Leng, J.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liesivuori, J.

V. P. Androutsopoulos, A. F. Hernandez, J. Liesivuori, and A. M. Tsatsakis, “A mechanistic overview of health associated effects of low levels of organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides,” Toxicology 307, 89–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, K.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

J. Ye, J. Wu, and W. Liu, “Enantioselective separation and analysis of chiral pesticides by high-performance liquid chromatography,” TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 28(10), 1148–1163 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lopez Aldaba, A.

A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Amo, M.

A. Lopez Aldaba, Á. González-Vila, M. Debliquy, M. Lopez-Amo, C. Caucheteur, and D. Lahem, “Polyaniline-coated tilted fiber Bragg gratings for pH sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 254, 1087–1093 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

Luan, F.

Ma, J.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z.

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Malik, A.

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mao, D.

Mao, W.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Martinez-Dominguez, G.

G. Martinez-Dominguez, P. Plaza-Bolanos, R. Romero-Gonzalez, and A. Garrido-Frenich, “Analytical approaches for the determination of pesticide residues in nutraceutical products and related matrices by chromatographic techniques coupled to mass spectrometry,” Talanta 118, 277–291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Melo, L. F.

L. F. Melo, C. H. Collins, and I. C. Jardim, “High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of pesticides in tomatoes using laboratory-made NH2 and C18 solid-phase extraction materials,” J Chromatogr A 1073(1-2), 75–81 (2005).
[Crossref]

Miao, Y.

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

Moharramnezhad, M.

M. A. Kamyabi and M. Moharramnezhad, “An enzyme-free electrochemiluminescence sensing probe based on ternary nanocomposite for ultrasensitive determination of chlorpyrifos,” Food Chem 351, 129252 (2021).
[Crossref]

Mortensen, J.

J. S. Noori, J. Mortensen, and A. Geto, “Recent Development on the Electrochemical Detection of Selected Pesticides: A Focused Review,” Sensors 20(8), 2221 (2020).
[Crossref]

Muneeb, M.

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nil Ertas, F.

F. O. Pelit, H. Ertaş, and F. Nil Ertaş, “Development of an adsorptive catalytic stripping voltammetric method for the determination of an endocrine disruptor pesticide chlorpyrifos and its application to the wine samples,” J Appl Electrochem 41(11), 1279–1285 (2011).
[Crossref]

Noori, J. S.

J. S. Noori, J. Mortensen, and A. Geto, “Recent Development on the Electrochemical Detection of Selected Pesticides: A Focused Review,” Sensors 20(8), 2221 (2020).
[Crossref]

Pan, J.

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

Pan, L.

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pelit, F. O.

F. O. Pelit, H. Ertaş, and F. Nil Ertaş, “Development of an adsorptive catalytic stripping voltammetric method for the determination of an endocrine disruptor pesticide chlorpyrifos and its application to the wine samples,” J Appl Electrochem 41(11), 1279–1285 (2011).
[Crossref]

Piletskaya, E. V.

V. I. Chegel, Y. M. Shirshov, E. V. Piletskaya, and S. A. Piletsky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor for pesticide detection,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 48(1-3), 456–460 (1998).
[Crossref]

Piletsky, S. A.

V. I. Chegel, Y. M. Shirshov, E. V. Piletskaya, and S. A. Piletsky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor for pesticide detection,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 48(1-3), 456–460 (1998).
[Crossref]

Plaza-Bolanos, P.

G. Martinez-Dominguez, P. Plaza-Bolanos, R. Romero-Gonzalez, and A. Garrido-Frenich, “Analytical approaches for the determination of pesticide residues in nutraceutical products and related matrices by chromatographic techniques coupled to mass spectrometry,” Talanta 118, 277–291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pogacnik, L.

L. Pogačnik and M. Franko, “Detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in vegetable samples by a photothermal biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 18(1), 1–9 (2003).
[Crossref]

Qi, M.

Qi, W.

Qiu, X.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ren, X.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z.

Roelkens, G.

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Romero-Gonzalez, R.

G. Martinez-Dominguez, P. Plaza-Bolanos, R. Romero-Gonzalez, and A. Garrido-Frenich, “Analytical approaches for the determination of pesticide residues in nutraceutical products and related matrices by chromatographic techniques coupled to mass spectrometry,” Talanta 118, 277–291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rong, Y.

S. Sun, V. Sidhu, Y. Rong, and Y. Zheng, “Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review,” Current Pollution Reports 4(3), 240–250 (2018).
[Crossref]

Saghir, M. Z.

M. Yahya and M. Z. Saghir, “Empirical modelling to predict the refractive index of human blood,” Phys. Med. Biol. 61(4), 1405–1415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shaimerdenova, M.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

Shirshov, Y. M.

V. I. Chegel, Y. M. Shirshov, E. V. Piletskaya, and S. A. Piletsky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor for pesticide detection,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 48(1-3), 456–460 (1998).
[Crossref]

Shum, P. P.

Sidhu, V.

S. Sun, V. Sidhu, Y. Rong, and Y. Zheng, “Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review,” Current Pollution Reports 4(3), 240–250 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, S.

S. Sun, V. Sidhu, Y. Rong, and Y. Zheng, “Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review,” Current Pollution Reports 4(3), 240–250 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sypabekova, M.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Tao, L.

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tay, B. Y. P.

B. Y. P. Tay and W. H. Wai, “A gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the detection of chlorpyrifos contamination in palm-based fatty acids,” J Am Oil Chem Soc 98, 881–887 (2021).
[Crossref]

Tosi, D.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tsatsakis, A. M.

V. P. Androutsopoulos, A. F. Hernandez, J. Liesivuori, and A. M. Tsatsakis, “A mechanistic overview of health associated effects of low levels of organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides,” Toxicology 307, 89–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vangelista, L.

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
[Crossref]

Vasiliev, A.

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wai, W. H.

B. Y. P. Tay and W. H. Wai, “A gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the detection of chlorpyrifos contamination in palm-based fatty acids,” J Am Oil Chem Soc 98, 881–887 (2021).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

B. Jiang, X. Lu, X. Gan, M. Qi, Y. Wang, L. Han, D. Mao, W. Zhang, Z. Ren, and J. Zhao, “Graphene-coated tilted fiber-Bragg grating for enhanced sensing in low-refractive-index region,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 3994–3997 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

J. Ye, J. Wu, and W. Liu, “Enantioselective separation and analysis of chiral pesticides by high-performance liquid chromatography,” TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 28(10), 1148–1163 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
[Crossref]

Xie, C.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, M.

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

Xu, P.

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yaddadene, C.

M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
[Crossref]

Yahya, M.

M. Yahya and M. Z. Saghir, “Empirical modelling to predict the refractive index of human blood,” Phys. Med. Biol. 61(4), 1405–1415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Yao, B.

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

J. Ye, J. Wu, and W. Liu, “Enantioselective separation and analysis of chiral pesticides by high-performance liquid chromatography,” TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 28(10), 1148–1163 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zaheer, S.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

B. Jiang, X. Lu, X. Gan, M. Qi, Y. Wang, L. Han, D. Mao, W. Zhang, Z. Ren, and J. Zhao, “Graphene-coated tilted fiber-Bragg grating for enhanced sensing in low-refractive-index region,” Opt. Lett. 40(17), 3994–3997 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Zheng, Y.

S. Sun, V. Sidhu, Y. Rong, and Y. Zheng, “Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review,” Current Pollution Reports 4(3), 240–250 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, F.

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, D.

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Cui, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhu, S. Chen, and H. Hu, “Excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Metasurfaces for Pesticide Sensors,” ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 12(46), 52082–52088 (2020).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Nano Mater. (1)

Y. Chen, Y. Ge, W. Huang, Z. Li, L. Wu, H. Zhang, and X. Li, “Refractive Index Sensors Based on Ti3C2Tx MXene Fibers,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 3(1), 303–311 (2020).
[Crossref]

ACS Sens. (1)

A. Vasiliev, A. Malik, M. Muneeb, B. Kuyken, R. Baets, and G. Roelkens, “On-Chip Mid-Infrared Photothermal Spectroscopy Using Suspended Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonators,” ACS Sens. 1(11), 1301–1307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Analyst (1)

W. Li, Y. Miao, C. Fei, H. Zhang, B. Li, and K. Zhang, “Enhanced photothermal signal detection by graphene oxide integrated long period fiber grating for on-site quantification of sodium copper chlorophyllin,” Analyst 146(11), 3617–3622 (2021).
[Crossref]

Biosens Bioelectron (4)

T. Guo, F. Liu, Y. Liu, N. K. Chen, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “In-situ detection of density alteration in non-physiological cells with polarimetric tilted fiber grating sensors,” Biosens Bioelectron 55, 452–458 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Guo, F. Liu, X. Liang, X. Qiu, Y. Huang, C. Xie, P. Xu, W. Mao, B. O. Guan, and J. Albert, “Highly sensitive detection of urinary protein variations using tilted fiber grating sensors with plasmonic nanocoatings,” Biosens Bioelectron 78, 221–228 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Z. Fan, B. Yao, Y. Ding, J. Zhao, M. Xie, and J. Pan, “Exploring the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a for the development of a Mxene based electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of Siglec-5,” Biosens Bioelectron 178, 113019 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. Sypabekova, S. Korganbayev, A. Gonzalez-Vila, C. Caucheteur, M. Shaimerdenova, T. Ayupova, A. Bekmurzayeva, L. Vangelista, and D. Tosi, “Functionalized etched tilted fiber Bragg grating aptasensor for label-free protein detection,” Biosens Bioelectron 146, 111765 (2019).
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Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

L. Pogačnik and M. Franko, “Detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides in vegetable samples by a photothermal biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 18(1), 1–9 (2003).
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K. Deshmukh, T. Kovářík, and S. K. Khadheer Pasha, “State of the art recent progress in two dimensional MXenes based gas sensors and biosensors: A comprehensive review,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 424, 213514 (2020).
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Current Pollution Reports (1)

S. Sun, V. Sidhu, Y. Rong, and Y. Zheng, “Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review,” Current Pollution Reports 4(3), 240–250 (2018).
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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf (1)

J. Kaushal, M. Khatri, and S. K. Arya, “A treatise on Organophosphate pesticide pollution: Current strategies and advancements in their environmental degradation and elimination,” Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 207, 111483 (2021).
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F. Kamel and J. A. Hoppin, “Association of pesticide exposure with neurologic dysfunction and disease,” Environ Health Perspect 112(9), 950–958 (2004).
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Food and Agricultural Immunology (1)

Y. Zhang, Y. Chang, H. Cao, W. Xu, Z. Li, and L. Tao, “Potential threat of Chlorpyrifos to human liver cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial pathways,” Food and Agricultural Immunology 29(1), 294–305 (2018).
[Crossref]

Food Chem (1)

M. A. Kamyabi and M. Moharramnezhad, “An enzyme-free electrochemiluminescence sensing probe based on ternary nanocomposite for ultrasensitive determination of chlorpyrifos,” Food Chem 351, 129252 (2021).
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J Am Oil Chem Soc (1)

B. Y. P. Tay and W. H. Wai, “A gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the detection of chlorpyrifos contamination in palm-based fatty acids,” J Am Oil Chem Soc 98, 881–887 (2021).
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J Appl Electrochem (1)

F. O. Pelit, H. Ertaş, and F. Nil Ertaş, “Development of an adsorptive catalytic stripping voltammetric method for the determination of an endocrine disruptor pesticide chlorpyrifos and its application to the wine samples,” J Appl Electrochem 41(11), 1279–1285 (2011).
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J Chromatogr A (1)

L. F. Melo, C. H. Collins, and I. C. Jardim, “High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of pesticides in tomatoes using laboratory-made NH2 and C18 solid-phase extraction materials,” J Chromatogr A 1073(1-2), 75–81 (2005).
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J Coat Technol Res (1)

M. Ayat, K. Ayouz, C. Yaddadene, M. Berouaken, and N. Gabouze, “Porous silicon-modified electrode for electrochemical pesticide biosensor,” J Coat Technol Res 18(1), 53–62 (2021).
[Crossref]

J Colloid Interface Sci (1)

M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Y. Fang, C. Deng, F. Zhou, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Polylysine-modified MXene nanosheets with highly loaded glucose oxidase as cascade nanoreactor for glucose decomposition and electrochemical sensing,” J Colloid Interface Sci 586, 20–29 (2021).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nanomaterials (1)

Z. Zhang, K. Liu, J. Jiang, T. Xu, S. Wang, J. Ma, P. Chang, J. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Refractometric Sensitivity Enhancement of Weakly Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating Integrated with Black Phosphorus,” Nanomaterials 10(7), 1423 (2020).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng (1)

X. Li, D. Zhu, Z. Ma, L. Pan, D. Wang, and J. Wang, “Feasibility study of the detection of chlorpyrifos residuals on apple skin based on infrared micro-imaging,” Opt. Eng 51(10), 103204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

Z. Yang, L. Gao, H. Chen, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Ren, S. Zaheer, U. Din, C. Li, J. Leng, J. Zhang, Z. Lin, J. Wang, C. Li, and H. Zhang, “Broadband few-layer niobium carbide MXene as saturable absorber for solid-state lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 142, 107199 (2021).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

M. Yahya and M. Z. Saghir, “Empirical modelling to predict the refractive index of human blood,” Phys. Med. Biol. 61(4), 1405–1415 (2016).
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Sci. China Inf. Sci. (1)

S. Cai, F. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Li, C. Caucheteur, and T. Guo, “Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection,” Sci. China Inf. Sci. 63(12), 222401 (2020).
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V. P. Androutsopoulos, A. F. Hernandez, J. Liesivuori, and A. M. Tsatsakis, “A mechanistic overview of health associated effects of low levels of organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides,” Toxicology 307, 89–94 (2013).
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TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry (1)

J. Ye, J. Wu, and W. Liu, “Enantioselective separation and analysis of chiral pesticides by high-performance liquid chromatography,” TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 28(10), 1148–1163 (2009).
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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
Supplement 1       The change of TFBG transmission spectrum

Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available for privacy reasons, but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic diagram of TFBG biosensor. (b) Transmission spectrum of 16° TFBG under different RI. (c) Simulated horizontal component of the P-mode and S-mode transverse electric fields close to “cut-off”.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Optofluidic system for pesticide detection based on photothermal spectroscopy.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) SEM image of Nb2CTx MXene dispersion. (b) TEM of Nb2CTx MXene nanosheets. Inset: magnified TEM image of Nb2CTx MXene nanosheets. (c) Raman spectrum of the Nb2CTx MXene. (d) Optical microscope images of the TFBG surface before and after Nb2CTx MXene coating. (e) Height profile alone the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG. (f) Transmission spectrum of bare and coated TFBG.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) UV-Vis absorption spectrum of chlorpyrifos. The shift of TFBG resonance wavelength with (b) irradiation time and (c) excitation light power.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The transmission spectrum of TFBG cladding mode in sample solutions of different concentrations under (b) irradiation and (a) without. (c) The sensitivity of chlorpyrifos detection under two cases.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The transmission spectrum of Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG in sample solutions of different concentrations (a) before and (b) after irradiation. (c) The sensitivity of chlorpyrifos detection under the irradiation.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Temperature response of the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG. (b) The temperature sensitivity of TFBG cladding mode and core mode.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Selectivity test of the Nb2CTx MXene-TFBG biosensor based on the molecular photothermal effect.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Performance comparison of the different methods for the detection of chlorpyrifos

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ B r a g g = 2 n e f f c o r e Λ c o s θ
λ c l a d , i = ( n e f f c l a d , i + n e f f c o r e ) Λ c o s θ
R = t a n h 2 ( k L )
n = n 0 + α C + β T
Δ T = η P e x c t [ 1 e x p ( ε ( λ e x c ) C D e f f ) ]

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