Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory joint disease often affecting the hands, which if untreated causes disability. Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) provides information about the underlying functional properties of biological tissue. To detect pathophysiological changes in inflamed RA joints, a good understanding of the baseline values for healthy subjects is first required. Finger joints from healthy subjects were imaged using a non-contact, multispectral, continuous wave DOT system, recovering physiological parameters of oxygen saturation, total haemoglobin, water concentration and scatter amplitude. Reconstructed values across the cohort demonstrated good consistency between finger joints from the same participant, with greater variation seen between subjects.

Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

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2017 (2)

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
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M. Doulgerakis, A. Eggebrecht, S. Wojtkiewicz, J. Culver, and H. Dehghani, “Toward real-time diffuse optical tomography: accelerating light propagation modeling employing parallel computing on GPU and CPU,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(12), 125001 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

2014 (1)

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

2013 (4)

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Basevi, J. A. Guggenheim, H. Dehghani, and I. B. Styles, “Simultaneous multiple view high resolution surface geometry acquisition using structured light and mirrors,” Biomed. Opt. Express 21(6), 7222–7239 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

D. Golovko, R. Meier, E. Rummeny, and H. Daldrup-Link, “Optical imaging of rheumatoid arthritis,” Int. J. Clin. Rheumtol. 6(1), 67–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. S. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Image-guided optical spectroscopy in diagnosis of osteoarthritis: a clinical study,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 74–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

2008 (1)

M. E. Eames, J. Wang, B. W. Pogue, and H. Dehghani, “Wavelength band optimization in spectral near-infrared optical tomography improves accuracy while reducing data acquisition and computational burden,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054037 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography of osteoarthritis: initial results in the finger joints,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 034001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Multiwavelength three-dimensional near-infrared tomography of the breast: initial simulation, phantom, and clinical results,” Appl. Opt. 42(1), 135–145 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

D. A. Boas, T. Gaudette, and S. R Arridge, “Simultaneous imaging and optode calibration with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(5), 263–270 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Haywood and D. Walsh, “Vasculature of the normal and arthritic synovial joint,” Histol. Histopathol. 16(1), 277–284 (2001).
[PubMed]

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
[PubMed]

E. M. Barrett, D. G. I. Scott, N. J. Wiles, and D. P. Symmons, “The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on employment status in the early years of disease: a UK community-based study,” Rheumatology 39(12), 1403–1409 (2000).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

G. M. Hale and M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200nm to 200µ m wavelength region,” Appl. Opt 12(3), 555–563 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1970 (1)

K. H. Falchuk, E. J. Goetzl, and J. P. Kulka, “Respiratory gases of synovial fluids: an approach to synovial tissue circulatory-metabolic imbalance in rheumatoid arthritis,” Am. J. Med. 49(2), 223–231 (1970).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alexandrakis, G.

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(17), 4225–4241 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnett, F. C.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

Arridge, S. R

Arridge, S. R.

Asten, P.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Backhaus, M.

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bargigia, I.

Barrett, E.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrett, E. M.

E. M. Barrett, D. G. I. Scott, N. J. Wiles, and D. P. Symmons, “The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on employment status in the early years of disease: a UK community-based study,” Rheumatology 39(12), 1403–1409 (2000).
[Crossref]

Basevi, H. R.

H. R. Basevi, J. A. Guggenheim, H. Dehghani, and I. B. Styles, “Simultaneous multiple view high resolution surface geometry acquisition using structured light and mirrors,” Biomed. Opt. Express 21(6), 7222–7239 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beuthan, J.

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Biniecka, M.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Blaschke, S.

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bloch, D. A.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

Boas, D. A.

Boers, M.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyle, D. L.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bresnihan, B.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Buch, M. H.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buckley, C. D.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buggy, D.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Burmester, G. R.

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Butler, J.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cañete, J. D.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carpenter, C. M.

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

Catrina, A. I.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cerussi, A.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
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Chatziioannou, A. F.

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(17), 4225–4241 (2005).
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Choy, E. H.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
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Cooper, N. S.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
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Cubeddu, R.

R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
[PubMed]

Culver, J.

M. Doulgerakis, A. Eggebrecht, S. Wojtkiewicz, J. Culver, and H. Dehghani, “Toward real-time diffuse optical tomography: accelerating light propagation modeling employing parallel computing on GPU and CPU,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(12), 125001 (2017).
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Culver, J. P.

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

D’Andrea, C.

R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
[PubMed]

Daldrup-Link, H.

D. Golovko, R. Meier, E. Rummeny, and H. Daldrup-Link, “Optical imaging of rheumatoid arthritis,” Int. J. Clin. Rheumtol. 6(1), 67–75 (2011).
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Davis, S. C.

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

Dehghani, H.

M. Doulgerakis, A. Eggebrecht, S. Wojtkiewicz, J. Culver, and H. Dehghani, “Toward real-time diffuse optical tomography: accelerating light propagation modeling employing parallel computing on GPU and CPU,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(12), 125001 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. A. Guggenheim, I. Bargigia, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, and H. Dehghani, “Time resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy with geometrically accurate models for bulk parameter recovery,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(9), 3784–3794 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Wu, A. Filer, I. B. Styles, and H. Dehghani, “Development of a multi-wavelength diffuse optical tomography system for early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis: simulation, phantoms and healthy human studies,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(11), 4769 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

H. R. Basevi, J. A. Guggenheim, H. Dehghani, and I. B. Styles, “Simultaneous multiple view high resolution surface geometry acquisition using structured light and mirrors,” Biomed. Opt. Express 21(6), 7222–7239 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

M. E. Eames, J. Wang, B. W. Pogue, and H. Dehghani, “Wavelength band optimization in spectral near-infrared optical tomography improves accuracy while reducing data acquisition and computational burden,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054037 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
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H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Multiwavelength three-dimensional near-infrared tomography of the breast: initial simulation, phantom, and clinical results,” Appl. Opt. 42(1), 135–145 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lighter, A. Filer, and H. Dehghani, “Multispectral diffuse optical tomography of finger joints,” Proc. SPIE10412, 104120N (2017).

Dijkmans, B. A.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doulgerakis, M.

M. Doulgerakis, A. Eggebrecht, S. Wojtkiewicz, J. Culver, and H. Dehghani, “Toward real-time diffuse optical tomography: accelerating light propagation modeling employing parallel computing on GPU and CPU,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(12), 125001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eames, M. E.

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

M. E. Eames, J. Wang, B. W. Pogue, and H. Dehghani, “Wavelength band optimization in spectral near-infrared optical tomography improves accuracy while reducing data acquisition and computational burden,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054037 (2008).
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Eberl, G.

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
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F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

Eggebrecht, A.

M. Doulgerakis, A. Eggebrecht, S. Wojtkiewicz, J. Culver, and H. Dehghani, “Toward real-time diffuse optical tomography: accelerating light propagation modeling employing parallel computing on GPU and CPU,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(12), 125001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Eggebrecht, A. T.

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

Eker, C.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emery, P.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Espinoza, J.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
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Falchuk, K. H.

K. H. Falchuk, E. J. Goetzl, and J. P. Kulka, “Respiratory gases of synovial fluids: an approach to synovial tissue circulatory-metabolic imbalance in rheumatoid arthritis,” Am. J. Med. 49(2), 223–231 (1970).
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Farina, A.

Fearon, U.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ferradal, S. L.

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

Filer, A.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Wu, A. Filer, I. B. Styles, and H. Dehghani, “Development of a multi-wavelength diffuse optical tomography system for early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis: simulation, phantoms and healthy human studies,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(11), 4769 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lighter, A. Filer, and H. Dehghani, “Multispectral diffuse optical tomography of finger joints,” Proc. SPIE10412, 104120N (2017).

Fishkin, J.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fitzgerald, O.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
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Fries, J. F.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
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Gaudette, T.

Goetzl, E. J.

K. H. Falchuk, E. J. Goetzl, and J. P. Kulka, “Respiratory gases of synovial fluids: an approach to synovial tissue circulatory-metabolic imbalance in rheumatoid arthritis,” Am. J. Med. 49(2), 223–231 (1970).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golovko, D.

D. Golovko, R. Meier, E. Rummeny, and H. Daldrup-Link, “Optical imaging of rheumatoid arthritis,” Int. J. Clin. Rheumtol. 6(1), 67–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guggenheim, J. A.

J. A. Guggenheim, I. Bargigia, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, and H. Dehghani, “Time resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy with geometrically accurate models for bulk parameter recovery,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(9), 3784–3794 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Basevi, J. A. Guggenheim, H. Dehghani, and I. B. Styles, “Simultaneous multiple view high resolution surface geometry acquisition using structured light and mirrors,” Biomed. Opt. Express 21(6), 7222–7239 (2013).
[Crossref]

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G. M. Hale and M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200nm to 200µ m wavelength region,” Appl. Opt 12(3), 555–563 (1973).
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Hassanpour, M. S.

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

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L. Haywood and D. Walsh, “Vasculature of the normal and arthritic synovial joint,” Histol. Histopathol. 16(1), 277–284 (2001).
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Healey, L. A.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
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Hermann, K. G. A.

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hershey, T.

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

Hielscher, A. H.

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hillman, E. M.

Hornung, R.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huizinga, T. W.

M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacobs, P.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, J.

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
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Jiang, H.

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. S. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Image-guided optical spectroscopy in diagnosis of osteoarthritis: a clinical study,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 74–86 (2010).
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Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography of osteoarthritis: initial results in the finger joints,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 034001 (2007).
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Jiang, S.

Kaplan, S. R.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kennedy, A.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. K.

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Klose, A. D.

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Knevel, R.

M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kontny, E.

I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
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Kulka, J. P.

K. H. Falchuk, E. J. Goetzl, and J. P. Kulka, “Respiratory gases of synovial fluids: an approach to synovial tissue circulatory-metabolic imbalance in rheumatoid arthritis,” Am. J. Med. 49(2), 223–231 (1970).
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Kwiatkowska, B.

I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
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Landewé, R.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Cessie, S.

M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K.

Liang, M. H.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lighter, D.

W. Lu, D. Lighter, and I. B. Styles, “L1-norm Based Nonlinear Reconstruction Improves Quantitative Accuracy of Spectral Diffuse Optical Tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express (to be published).

D. Lighter, A. Filer, and H. Dehghani, “Multispectral diffuse optical tomography of finger joints,” Proc. SPIE10412, 104120N (2017).

Lu, W.

W. Lu, D. Lighter, and I. B. Styles, “L1-norm Based Nonlinear Reconstruction Improves Quantitative Accuracy of Spectral Diffuse Optical Tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express (to be published).

Lunt, M.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luthra, H. S.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

Machold, K. P.

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Markusse, H. M.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maslinski, W.

I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
[Crossref]

McCormick, J.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

McKinnon, D.

M. Warren, D. McKinnon, and B. T. Upcroft, “Online calibration of stereo rigs for long-term autonomy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 3692–3698.

Mcshane, D. J.

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
[Crossref]

Meier, R.

D. Golovko, R. Meier, E. Rummeny, and H. Daldrup-Link, “Optical imaging of rheumatoid arthritis,” Int. J. Clin. Rheumtol. 6(1), 67–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moa-Anderson, B.

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Montejo, L. D.

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
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L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, G. A.

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nell, V. P. K.

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Netz, U.

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Netz, U. J.

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 1: feature extraction,” Biomed. Opt. Express 18(7), 076001 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ng, C. T.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

O’sullivan, J.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Orr, C.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulsen, K.

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

Paulsen, K. D.

Peeters, A. J.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
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Pifferi, A.

J. A. Guggenheim, I. Bargigia, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, and H. Dehghani, “Time resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy with geometrically accurate models for bulk parameter recovery,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(9), 3784–3794 (2016).
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R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
[PubMed]

Pogue, B. W.

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

M. E. Eames, J. Wang, B. W. Pogue, and H. Dehghani, “Wavelength band optimization in spectral near-infrared optical tomography improves accuracy while reducing data acquisition and computational burden,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054037 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Multiwavelength three-dimensional near-infrared tomography of the breast: initial simulation, phantom, and clinical results,” Appl. Opt. 42(1), 135–145 (2003).
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Poplack, S. P.

Prochorec-Sobieszek, M.

I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
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G. M. Hale and M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200nm to 200µ m wavelength region,” Appl. Opt 12(3), 555–563 (1973).
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G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(17), 4225–4241 (2005).
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M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robichaux-Viehoever, A.

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

Rummeny, E.

D. Golovko, R. Meier, E. Rummeny, and H. Daldrup-Link, “Optical imaging of rheumatoid arthritis,” Int. J. Clin. Rheumtol. 6(1), 67–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scheel, A. K.

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schwaighofer, A.

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
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Schweiger, M.

Scott, D.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott, D. G. I.

E. M. Barrett, D. G. I. Scott, N. J. Wiles, and D. P. Symmons, “The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on employment status in the early years of disease: a UK community-based study,” Rheumatology 39(12), 1403–1409 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shah, N.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silman, A.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smolen, J. S.

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snyder, A. Z.

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

Sobel, E.

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography of osteoarthritis: initial results in the finger joints,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 034001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sobel, E. S.

Srinivasan, S.

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stamm, T. A.

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Styles, I. B.

H. Y. Wu, A. Filer, I. B. Styles, and H. Dehghani, “Development of a multi-wavelength diffuse optical tomography system for early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis: simulation, phantoms and healthy human studies,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(11), 4769 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Basevi, J. A. Guggenheim, H. Dehghani, and I. B. Styles, “Simultaneous multiple view high resolution surface geometry acquisition using structured light and mirrors,” Biomed. Opt. Express 21(6), 7222–7239 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Lu, D. Lighter, and I. B. Styles, “L1-norm Based Nonlinear Reconstruction Improves Quantitative Accuracy of Spectral Diffuse Optical Tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express (to be published).

Sudol-Szopinska, I.

I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
[Crossref]

Symmons, D.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Symmons, D. P.

E. M. Barrett, D. G. I. Scott, N. J. Wiles, and D. P. Symmons, “The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on employment status in the early years of disease: a UK community-based study,” Rheumatology 39(12), 1403–1409 (2000).
[Crossref]

Taroni, P.

R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
[PubMed]

Taylor, C. T.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Torricelli, A.

R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
[PubMed]

Tresp, V.

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tromberg, B.

N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza, J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hornung, and B. Tromberg, “Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98(8), 4420–4425 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turduran, T.

Turner, G.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uffmann, M.

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Upcroft, B. T.

M. Warren, D. McKinnon, and B. T. Upcroft, “Online calibration of stereo rigs for long-term autonomy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 3692–3698.

Valentini, G.

R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
[PubMed]

van de Laar, M. A.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Denderen, J. C.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Helm-van Mil, A.

M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Linden, M. P.

M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Woude, D.

M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veale, D. J.

C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Verhoeven, A. C.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vieira-Sousa, E.

C. Orr, E. Vieira-Sousa, D. L. Boyle, M. H. Buch, C. D. Buckley, J. D. Cañete, A. I. Catrina, E. H. Choy, P. Emery, U. Fearon, and A. Filer, “Synovial tissue research: a state-of-the-art review,” Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 13(8), 463–475 (2017).
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L. Haywood and D. Walsh, “Vasculature of the normal and arthritic synovial joint,” Histol. Histopathol. 16(1), 277–284 (2001).
[PubMed]

Wang, J.

M. E. Eames, J. Wang, B. W. Pogue, and H. Dehghani, “Wavelength band optimization in spectral near-infrared optical tomography improves accuracy while reducing data acquisition and computational burden,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054037 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Warczynska, A.

I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
[Crossref]

Warren, M.

M. Warren, D. McKinnon, and B. T. Upcroft, “Online calibration of stereo rigs for long-term autonomy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 3692–3698.

Webb, R.

D. Symmons, G. Turner, R. Webb, P. Asten, E. Barrett, M. Lunt, D. Scott, and A. Silman, “The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century,” Rheumatology 41(7), 793–800 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westedt, M. L.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westhovens, R.

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiles, N. J.

E. M. Barrett, D. G. I. Scott, N. J. Wiles, and D. P. Symmons, “The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on employment status in the early years of disease: a UK community-based study,” Rheumatology 39(12), 1403–1409 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wojtkiewicz, S.

M. Doulgerakis, A. Eggebrecht, S. Wojtkiewicz, J. Culver, and H. Dehghani, “Toward real-time diffuse optical tomography: accelerating light propagation modeling employing parallel computing on GPU and CPU,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(12), 125001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. Y.

Yalavarthy, P. K.

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

Yodh, A. G.

Yuan, Z.

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. S. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Image-guided optical spectroscopy in diagnosis of osteoarthritis: a clinical study,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 74–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography of osteoarthritis: initial results in the finger joints,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 034001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. S. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Image-guided optical spectroscopy in diagnosis of osteoarthritis: a clinical study,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 74–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography of osteoarthritis: initial results in the finger joints,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 034001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Med. (1)

K. H. Falchuk, E. J. Goetzl, and J. P. Kulka, “Respiratory gases of synovial fluids: an approach to synovial tissue circulatory-metabolic imbalance in rheumatoid arthritis,” Am. J. Med. 49(2), 223–231 (1970).
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C. T. Ng, M. Biniecka, A. Kennedy, J. McCormick, O. Fitzgerald, B. Bresnihan, D. Buggy, C. T. Taylor, J. O’sullivan, U. Fearon, and D. J. Veale, “Synovial tissue hypoxia and inflammation in vivo,” Ann. Rheum. Dis. 69(7), 119776 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt (1)

G. M. Hale and M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200nm to 200µ m wavelength region,” Appl. Opt 12(3), 555–563 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Arthritis Rheum. (3)

F. C. Arnett, S. M. Edworthy, D. A. Bloch, D. J. Mcshane, J. F. Fries, N. S. Cooper, L. A. Healey, S. R. Kaplan, M. H. Liang, H. S. Luthra, and et al., “The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 31(3), 7222–7239 (1988).
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M. P. van der Linden, S. Le Cessie, K. Raza, D. van der Woude, R. Knevel, T. W. Huizinga, and A. van der Helm-van Mil, “Long-term impact of delay in assessment of patients with early arthritis,” Arthritis Rheum. 62(12), 3537–3546 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Landewé, M. Boers, A. C. Verhoeven, R. Westhovens, M. A. van de Laar, H. M. Markusse, J. C. van Denderen, M. L. Westedt, A. J. Peeters, B. A. Dijkmans, and P. Jacobs, “COBRA combination therapy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: long-term structural benefits of a brief intervention,” Arthritis Rheum. 46(2), 347–356 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (5)

Histol. Histopathol. (1)

L. Haywood and D. Walsh, “Vasculature of the normal and arthritic synovial joint,” Histol. Histopathol. 16(1), 277–284 (2001).
[PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. (1)

A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, A. K. Scheel, B. Moa-Anderson, M. Backhaus, U. Netz, and J. Beuthan, “Frequency-Domain Optical Tomographic Imaging of Arthritic Finger Joints,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 30(10), 1725–1736 (2011).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Clin. Rheumtol. (1)

D. Golovko, R. Meier, E. Rummeny, and H. Daldrup-Link, “Optical imaging of rheumatoid arthritis,” Int. J. Clin. Rheumtol. 6(1), 67–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. (1)

H. Dehghani, M. E. Eames, P. K. Yalavarthy, S. C. Davis, S. Srinivasan, C. M. Carpenter, B. W. Pogue, and K. Paulsen, “Near infrared optical tomography using NIRFAST: Algorithm for numerical model and image reconstruction,” Int. J. Numer. Method Biomed. Eng. 25(6), 711–732 (2009).

J. Biomed. Opt. (4)

M. Doulgerakis, A. Eggebrecht, S. Wojtkiewicz, J. Culver, and H. Dehghani, “Toward real-time diffuse optical tomography: accelerating light propagation modeling employing parallel computing on GPU and CPU,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(12), 125001 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. E. Eames, J. Wang, B. W. Pogue, and H. Dehghani, “Wavelength band optimization in spectral near-infrared optical tomography improves accuracy while reducing data acquisition and computational burden,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054037 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. D. Montejo, J. Jia, H. K. Kim, U. J. Netz, S. Blaschke, G. A. Müller, and A. H. Hielscher, “Computer-aided diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with optical tomography, Part 2: image classification,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18(7), 076002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, Q. Zhang, E. Sobel, and H. Jiang, “Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography of osteoarthritis: initial results in the finger joints,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(3), 034001 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Med. Laser. Appl. (1)

A. K. Scheel, U. J. Netz, K. G. A. Hermann, A. H. Hielscher, A. D. Klose, V. Tresp, A. Schwaighofer, G. A. Müller, G. R. Burmester, and M. Backhaus, “Laser imaging techniques for follow-up analysis of joint inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis,” Med. Laser. Appl. 18(3), 198–205 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. (1)

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

A. T. Eggebrecht, S. L. Ferradal, A. Robichaux-Viehoever, M. S. Hassanpour, H. Dehghani, A. Z. Snyder, T. Hershey, and J. P. Culver, “Mapping distributed brain function and networks with diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 8(6), 448–454 (2014).

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R. Cubeddu, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, and G. Valentini, “Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on the Red and Near-infrared Optical Properties of the Human Breast,” Photochem. Photobiol. 72(3), 383–391 (2000).
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G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(17), 4225–4241 (2005).
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I. Sudoł-Szopińska, E. Kontny, W. Maśliński, M. Prochorec-Sobieszek, A. Warczyńska, and B. Kwiatkowska, “Significance of bone marrow edema in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis,” Pol. J. Radiol. 78(1), 57–63 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. (1)

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Rheumatology (3)

V. P. K. Nell, K. P. Machold, G. Eberl, T. A. Stamm, M. Uffmann, and J. S. Smolen, “Benefit of very early referral and very early therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis,” Rheumatology 43(7), 906–914 (2004).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Barrett, D. G. I. Scott, N. J. Wiles, and D. P. Symmons, “The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on employment status in the early years of disease: a UK community-based study,” Rheumatology 39(12), 1403–1409 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

D. Lighter, A. Filer, and H. Dehghani, “Multispectral diffuse optical tomography of finger joints,” Proc. SPIE10412, 104120N (2017).

M. Warren, D. McKinnon, and B. T. Upcroft, “Online calibration of stereo rigs for long-term autonomy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 3692–3698.

S. A. Prahl, “Tabulated molar extinction coefficient for hemoglobin in water,” http://omlc.ogi.edu/spectra/hemoglobin/summary.html .

W. Lu, D. Lighter, and I. B. Styles, “L1-norm Based Nonlinear Reconstruction Improves Quantitative Accuracy of Spectral Diffuse Optical Tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express (to be published).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Simplified diagram of structure of the healthy joint.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Multispectral DOT imaging system schematic. Insert outlines the non-contact, scanning illumination optical setup. (b) Photograph of the clinical prototype system, fully mobile and suitable for use in the hospital.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Example of imaged surface profile with corresponding FEM mesh of the finger joint of interest with positions of 14 sources and 43 virtual detectors. (b) Overall work flow for acquiring and processing data.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Top row shows the transmission detection (blue) and source (red) setup. Middle row shows finger image for the transmission imaging setup, with all source positions shown as yellow dots, and the current source position underneath the finger (red cross) and detector region directly above the finger (blue square). The corresponding normalised spectral response for that source detector pair is shown on the bottom row. Bottom right graph shows normalised spectral response averaged over all fingers in all ten subjects, for each position.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Example reconstructed images for a single healthy participant. The top row shows the captured surface profile of the hand overlayed with three perpendicular slices considered for visualisation. Corresponding image slices are displayed below of recovered parameters oxygen saturation (StO2), total haemoglobin (tHb), SA, and H2O.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Transverse slices half way through the finger of StO2 (%), for all imaged joints.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Transverse slices half way through the finger of tHb (mMol), for all imaged joints.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Transverse slices half way through the finger of SA (mm−1), for all imaged joints.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Transverse slices half way through the finger of H2O (%), for all imaged joints.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Volume of interest (VOI) only included nodes lying directly below the detector grid and ignoring 50% of nodes closest to the boundary. Examples of the cut off border lines shown for both a sagittal slice (left) and a transverse slice (right) on an SA image.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Box plots of tHb with (a) each group containing values for all six fingers from the same participant, for participants A - J and three repeats of participant K and (b) each group containing values from participants A - J for the same finger index. All four image features are plotted, displaying the median (green line), interquartile range (blue box), range (black) and outliers (red cross), overlayed with a beeswarm plot of all data points (red dot).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 p-values for the Kruskall-Wallis test assessing variance between different subjects, different fingers and different repeats, displayed for all four image features; mean, variance, maximum and minimum, and all four metabolic parameters. Significant values are marked *.

Equations (3)

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. [ D ϕ ( r ) ] + μ a ϕ ( r ) = S 0 ( r ) .
δ μ = ( J T J + τ I ) 1 J T [ f F ( μ a , D ) ] ,
J = [ J λ 1 , c 1 J λ 1 , c 2 J λ 1 , c 3 J λ 1 , S A J λ 2 , c 1 J λ 2 , c 2 J λ 2 , c 3 J λ 2 , S A J λ 3 , c 1 J λ 3 , c 2 J λ 3 , c 3 J λ 3 , S A J λ 4 , c 1 J λ 4 , c 2 J λ 4 , c 3 J λ 4 , S A J λ 5 , c 1 J λ 5 , c 2 J λ 5 , c 3 J λ 5 , S A ] ,

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