Abstract

Catheter-based radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation has long-term success in 60-70% of cases. A better assessment of lesion quality, depth, and continuity could improve the procedure’s outcome. We investigate here photoacoustic contrast between ablated and healthy atrial-wall tissue in vitro in wavelengths spanning from 410 nm to 1000 nm. We studied single- and multi-wavelength imaging of ablation lesions and we demonstrate that a two-wavelength technique yields precise detection of lesions, achieving a diagnostic accuracy of 97%. We compare this with a best single-wavelength (640 nm) analysis that correctly identifies 82% of lesions. We discuss the origin of relevant spectroscopic features and perspectives for translation to clinical imaging.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

S. K. V. Sekar, I. Bargigia, A. D. Mora, P. Taroni, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, A. Pifferi, and A. Farina, “Diffuse optical characterization of collagen absorption from 500 to 1700 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 015006 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

D. A. Gil, L. M. Swift, H. Asfour, N. Muselimyan, M. A. Mercader, and N. A. Sarvazyan, “Autofluorescence hyperspectral imaging of radiofrequency ablation lesions in porcine cardiac tissue,” J. Biophotonics 10(8), 1008–1017 (2016).

2015 (5)

M. Granier, P. F. Winum, M. Granier, P. Liaud, G. Cayla, P. Messner, J.-L. Pasquie, and I. Schuster, “Real-time atrial wall imaging during radiofrequency ablation in a porcine model,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1827–1835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. P. Singh-Moon, C. C. Marboe, and C. P. Hendon, “Near-infrared spectroscopy integrated catheter for characterization of myocardial tissues: preliminary demonstrations to radiofrequency ablation therapy for atrial fibrillation,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(7), 2494–2511 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Eyerly, M. Vejdani-Jahromi, D. M. Dumont, G. E. Trahey, and P. D. Wolf, “The Evolution of Tissue Stiffness at Radiofrequency Ablation Sites During Lesion Formation and in the Peri-Ablation Period,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(9), 1009–1018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wright, “Real-time atrial wall imaging,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1836–1837 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. A. Pang, E. Bay, X. L. Deán-Ben, and D. Razansky, “Three-Dimensional Optoacoustic Monitoring of Lesion Formation in Real Time During Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(3), 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

N. Dana, L. Di Biase, A. Natale, S. Emelianov, and R. Bouchard, “In vitro photoacoustic visualization of myocardial ablation lesions,” Heart Rhythm 11(1), 150–157 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Ganjehei, M. Razavi, and A. Rasekh, “Catheter-based ablation of atrial fibrillation: a brief overview,” Tex. Heart Inst. J. 38(4), 361–363 (2011).
[PubMed]

R. H. Bremmer, A. Nadort, T. G. van Leeuwen, M. J. C. van Gemert, and M. C. G. Aalders, “Age estimation of blood stains by hemoglobin derivative determination using reflectance spectroscopy,” Forensic Sci. Int. 206(1-3), 166–171 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

B. Burstein and S. Nattel, “Atrial fibrosis: Mechanisms and clinical relevance in atrial fibrillation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 51(8), 802–809 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Xia, A. Weaver, D. E. Gerrard, and G. Yao, “Heating induced optical property changes in beef muscle,” J. Food Eng. 84(1), 75–81 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. P. Fleming, L. M. Barwick, K. J. Quan, and A. M. Rollins, “In-Vitro Characterization of Ablation Lesions Using Oct,” Circulation 118, S831–S832 (2008).

2007 (1)

A. Bajpai, I. Savelieva, and A. J. Camm, “Epidemiology and economic burden of atrial fibrillation,” US Cardiovasc Dis 1, 14–17 (2007).

2006 (1)

J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

H. Aupperle, N. Doll, T. Walther, C. Ullmann, H. A. Schoon, and F. Wilhelm Mohr, “Histological findings induced by different energy sources in experimental atrial ablation in sheep,” Interact. Cardiovasc. Thorac. Surg. 4(5), 450–455 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

J. Swartling, S. Pålsson, P. Platonov, S. B. Olsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Changes in tissue optical properties due to radio-frequency ablation of myocardium,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41(4), 403–409 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Szili-Torok, G. P. Kimman, D. Theuns, J. Res, J. R. Roelandt, and L. J. Jordaens, “Visualisation of intra-cardiac structures and radiofrequency lesions using intracardiac echocardiography,” Eur. J. Echocardiogr. 4(1), 17–22 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

J. F. Ren, F. E. Marchlinski, D. J. Callans, and E. S. Zado, “Echocardiographic lesion characteristics associated with successful ablation of inappropriate sinus tachycardia,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 12(7), 814–818 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

A. C. Lardo, E. R. McVeigh, P. Jumrussirikul, R. D. Berger, H. Calkins, J. Lima, and H. R. Halperin, “Visualization and temporal/spatial characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation 102(6), 698–705 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. C. Hunt, O. Sørheim, and E. Slinde, “Color and heat denaturation of myoglobin forms in ground beef,” J. Food Sci. 64(5), 847–851 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

L. Kristensen and H. J. Andersen, “Effect of heat denaturation on the pro-oxidative activity of metmyoglobin in linoleic acid emulsions,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 45(1), 7–13 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. H. Hohnloser and Y. G. Li, “Drug treatment of atrial fibrillation: What have we learned?” Curr. Opin. Cardiol. 12(1), 24–32 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1973 (1)

Aalders, M. C. G.

R. H. Bremmer, A. Nadort, T. G. van Leeuwen, M. J. C. van Gemert, and M. C. G. Aalders, “Age estimation of blood stains by hemoglobin derivative determination using reflectance spectroscopy,” Forensic Sci. Int. 206(1-3), 166–171 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agarwal, H.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
[Crossref]

Aliot, E. M.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alpert, J. S.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anand, A.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
[Crossref]

Andersen, H. J.

L. Kristensen and H. J. Andersen, “Effect of heat denaturation on the pro-oxidative activity of metmyoglobin in linoleic acid emulsions,” J. Agric. Food Chem. 45(1), 7–13 (1997).
[Crossref]

Andersson-Engels, S.

J. Swartling, S. Pålsson, P. Platonov, S. B. Olsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Changes in tissue optical properties due to radio-frequency ablation of myocardium,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41(4), 403–409 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antman, E. M.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Asfour, H.

D. A. Gil, L. M. Swift, H. Asfour, N. Muselimyan, M. A. Mercader, and N. A. Sarvazyan, “Autofluorescence hyperspectral imaging of radiofrequency ablation lesions in porcine cardiac tissue,” J. Biophotonics 10(8), 1008–1017 (2016).

Aupperle, H.

H. Aupperle, N. Doll, T. Walther, C. Ullmann, H. A. Schoon, and F. Wilhelm Mohr, “Histological findings induced by different energy sources in experimental atrial ablation in sheep,” Interact. Cardiovasc. Thorac. Surg. 4(5), 450–455 (2005).
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Azevedo, J.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Bajpai, A.

A. Bajpai, I. Savelieva, and A. J. Camm, “Epidemiology and economic burden of atrial fibrillation,” US Cardiovasc Dis 1, 14–17 (2007).

Baker, V.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bargigia, I.

S. K. V. Sekar, I. Bargigia, A. D. Mora, P. Taroni, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, A. Pifferi, and A. Farina, “Diffuse optical characterization of collagen absorption from 500 to 1700 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 015006 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barley, M.

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barwick, L. M.

C. P. Fleming, L. M. Barwick, K. J. Quan, and A. M. Rollins, “In-Vitro Characterization of Ablation Lesions Using Oct,” Circulation 118, S831–S832 (2008).

Bay, E.

G. A. Pang, E. Bay, X. L. Deán-Ben, and D. Razansky, “Three-Dimensional Optoacoustic Monitoring of Lesion Formation in Real Time During Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(3), 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berger, R. D.

A. C. Lardo, E. R. McVeigh, P. Jumrussirikul, R. D. Berger, H. Calkins, J. Lima, and H. R. Halperin, “Visualization and temporal/spatial characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation 102(6), 698–705 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanc, J. J.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Blomström-Lundqvist, C.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boubertakh, R.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouchard, R.

N. Dana, L. Di Biase, A. Natale, S. Emelianov, and R. Bouchard, “In vitro photoacoustic visualization of myocardial ablation lesions,” Heart Rhythm 11(1), 150–157 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bremmer, R. H.

R. H. Bremmer, A. Nadort, T. G. van Leeuwen, M. J. C. van Gemert, and M. C. G. Aalders, “Age estimation of blood stains by hemoglobin derivative determination using reflectance spectroscopy,” Forensic Sci. Int. 206(1-3), 166–171 (2011).
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Budaj, A.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Burgos, E. F.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Burstein, B.

B. Burstein and S. Nattel, “Atrial fibrosis: Mechanisms and clinical relevance in atrial fibrillation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 51(8), 802–809 (2008).
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Calkins, H.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Lardo, E. R. McVeigh, P. Jumrussirikul, R. D. Berger, H. Calkins, J. Lima, and H. R. Halperin, “Visualization and temporal/spatial characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation 102(6), 698–705 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Callans, D. J.

J. F. Ren, F. E. Marchlinski, D. J. Callans, and E. S. Zado, “Echocardiographic lesion characteristics associated with successful ablation of inappropriate sinus tachycardia,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 12(7), 814–818 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camm, A. J.

A. Bajpai, I. Savelieva, and A. J. Camm, “Epidemiology and economic burden of atrial fibrillation,” US Cardiovasc Dis 1, 14–17 (2007).

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campbell, W. B.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Cayla, G.

M. Granier, P. F. Winum, M. Granier, P. Liaud, G. Cayla, P. Messner, J.-L. Pasquie, and I. Schuster, “Real-time atrial wall imaging during radiofrequency ablation in a porcine model,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1827–1835 (2015).
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Cowie, M.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dana, N.

N. Dana, L. Di Biase, A. Natale, S. Emelianov, and R. Bouchard, “In vitro photoacoustic visualization of myocardial ablation lesions,” Heart Rhythm 11(1), 150–157 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davies, D. W.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davies, L. C.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deán-Ben, X. L.

G. A. Pang, E. Bay, X. L. Deán-Ben, and D. Razansky, “Three-Dimensional Optoacoustic Monitoring of Lesion Formation in Real Time During Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(3), 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deckers, J. W.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deladi, S.

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Biase, L.

N. Dana, L. Di Biase, A. Natale, S. Emelianov, and R. Bouchard, “In vitro photoacoustic visualization of myocardial ablation lesions,” Heart Rhythm 11(1), 150–157 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doll, N.

H. Aupperle, N. Doll, T. Walther, C. Ullmann, H. A. Schoon, and F. Wilhelm Mohr, “Histological findings induced by different energy sources in experimental atrial ablation in sheep,” Interact. Cardiovasc. Thorac. Surg. 4(5), 450–455 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubois, R.

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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Dufait, R.

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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Dumont, D. M.

S. A. Eyerly, M. Vejdani-Jahromi, D. M. Dumont, G. E. Trahey, and P. D. Wolf, “The Evolution of Tissue Stiffness at Radiofrequency Ablation Sites During Lesion Formation and in the Peri-Ablation Period,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(9), 1009–1018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Earley, M. J.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emelianov, S.

N. Dana, L. Di Biase, A. Natale, S. Emelianov, and R. Bouchard, “In vitro photoacoustic visualization of myocardial ablation lesions,” Heart Rhythm 11(1), 150–157 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eyerly, S. A.

S. A. Eyerly, M. Vejdani-Jahromi, D. M. Dumont, G. E. Trahey, and P. D. Wolf, “The Evolution of Tissue Stiffness at Radiofrequency Ablation Sites During Lesion Formation and in the Peri-Ablation Period,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(9), 1009–1018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Farina, A.

S. K. V. Sekar, I. Bargigia, A. D. Mora, P. Taroni, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, A. Pifferi, and A. Farina, “Diffuse optical characterization of collagen absorption from 500 to 1700 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 015006 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faxon, D. P.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fleming, C. P.

C. P. Fleming, L. M. Barwick, K. J. Quan, and A. M. Rollins, “In-Vitro Characterization of Ablation Lesions Using Oct,” Circulation 118, S831–S832 (2008).

Fokkenrood, S.

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J. J. Xia, A. Weaver, D. E. Gerrard, and G. Yao, “Heating induced optical property changes in beef muscle,” J. Food Eng. 84(1), 75–81 (2008).
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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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M. Granier, P. F. Winum, M. Granier, P. Liaud, G. Cayla, P. Messner, J.-L. Pasquie, and I. Schuster, “Real-time atrial wall imaging during radiofrequency ablation in a porcine model,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1827–1835 (2015).
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Gregoratos, G.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Haines, D. E.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Haïssaguerre, M.

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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Hale, G. M.

Halperin, H. R.

A. C. Lardo, E. R. McVeigh, P. Jumrussirikul, R. D. Berger, H. Calkins, J. Lima, and H. R. Halperin, “Visualization and temporal/spatial characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation 102(6), 698–705 (2000).
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Harks, E.

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
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Hendon, C. P.

Hiratzka, L. F.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Hocini, M.

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
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J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
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S. H. Hohnloser and Y. G. Li, “Drug treatment of atrial fibrillation: What have we learned?” Curr. Opin. Cardiol. 12(1), 24–32 (1997).
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M. C. Hunt, O. Sørheim, and E. Slinde, “Color and heat denaturation of myoglobin forms in ground beef,” J. Food Sci. 64(5), 847–851 (1999).
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Hunt, S. A.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
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Jacobs, A. K.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Jaïs, P.

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
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Jumrussirikul, P.

A. C. Lardo, E. R. McVeigh, P. Jumrussirikul, R. D. Berger, H. Calkins, J. Lima, and H. R. Halperin, “Visualization and temporal/spatial characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation 102(6), 698–705 (2000).
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R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
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Karanian, J.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Kimman, G. P.

T. Szili-Torok, G. P. Kimman, D. Theuns, J. Res, J. R. Roelandt, and L. J. Jordaens, “Visualisation of intra-cardiac structures and radiofrequency lesions using intracardiac echocardiography,” Eur. J. Echocardiogr. 4(1), 17–22 (2003).
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Klein, W. W.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Kwiecinski, W.

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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Lardo, A. C.

A. C. Lardo, E. R. McVeigh, P. Jumrussirikul, R. D. Berger, H. Calkins, J. Lima, and H. R. Halperin, “Visualization and temporal/spatial characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation 102(6), 698–705 (2000).
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Legros, M.

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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Lekakis, J.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Lerman, B. B.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Marchlinski, F. E.

J. F. Ren, F. E. Marchlinski, D. J. Callans, and E. S. Zado, “Echocardiographic lesion characteristics associated with successful ablation of inappropriate sinus tachycardia,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 12(7), 814–818 (2001).
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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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D. A. Gil, L. M. Swift, H. Asfour, N. Muselimyan, M. A. Mercader, and N. A. Sarvazyan, “Autofluorescence hyperspectral imaging of radiofrequency ablation lesions in porcine cardiac tissue,” J. Biophotonics 10(8), 1008–1017 (2016).

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M. Granier, P. F. Winum, M. Granier, P. Liaud, G. Cayla, P. Messner, J.-L. Pasquie, and I. Schuster, “Real-time atrial wall imaging during radiofrequency ablation in a porcine model,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1827–1835 (2015).
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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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J. Swartling, S. Pålsson, P. Platonov, S. B. Olsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Changes in tissue optical properties due to radio-frequency ablation of myocardium,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41(4), 403–409 (2003).
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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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J. Swartling, S. Pålsson, P. Platonov, S. B. Olsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Changes in tissue optical properties due to radio-frequency ablation of myocardium,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41(4), 403–409 (2003).
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G. A. Pang, E. Bay, X. L. Deán-Ben, and D. Razansky, “Three-Dimensional Optoacoustic Monitoring of Lesion Formation in Real Time During Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(3), 339–345 (2015).
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M. Granier, P. F. Winum, M. Granier, P. Liaud, G. Cayla, P. Messner, J.-L. Pasquie, and I. Schuster, “Real-time atrial wall imaging during radiofrequency ablation in a porcine model,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1827–1835 (2015).
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W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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J. Swartling, S. Pålsson, P. Platonov, S. B. Olsson, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Changes in tissue optical properties due to radio-frequency ablation of myocardium,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41(4), 403–409 (2003).
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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Pritchard, W.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Provost, J.

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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Quan, K. J.

C. P. Fleming, L. M. Barwick, K. J. Quan, and A. M. Rollins, “In-Vitro Characterization of Ablation Lesions Using Oct,” Circulation 118, S831–S832 (2008).

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Rasekh, A.

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Razansky, D.

G. A. Pang, E. Bay, X. L. Deán-Ben, and D. Razansky, “Three-Dimensional Optoacoustic Monitoring of Lesion Formation in Real Time During Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(3), 339–345 (2015).
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Razavi, M.

L. Ganjehei, M. Razavi, and A. Rasekh, “Catheter-based ablation of atrial fibrillation: a brief overview,” Tex. Heart Inst. J. 38(4), 361–363 (2011).
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J. F. Ren, F. E. Marchlinski, D. J. Callans, and E. S. Zado, “Echocardiographic lesion characteristics associated with successful ablation of inappropriate sinus tachycardia,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 12(7), 814–818 (2001).
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C. P. Fleming, L. M. Barwick, K. J. Quan, and A. M. Rollins, “In-Vitro Characterization of Ablation Lesions Using Oct,” Circulation 118, S831–S832 (2008).

Ruggeri, A.

S. K. V. Sekar, I. Bargigia, A. D. Mora, P. Taroni, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, A. Pifferi, and A. Farina, “Diffuse optical characterization of collagen absorption from 500 to 1700 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 015006 (2017).
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Russell, R. O.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Sacher, F.

W. Kwiecinski, J. Provost, R. Dubois, F. Sacher, M. Haïssaguerre, M. Legros, A. Nguyen-Dinh, R. Dufait, M. Tanter, and M. Pernot, “Quantitative evaluation of atrial radio frequency ablation using intracardiac shear-wave elastography,” Med. Phys. 41(11), 112901 (2014).
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D. A. Gil, L. M. Swift, H. Asfour, N. Muselimyan, M. A. Mercader, and N. A. Sarvazyan, “Autofluorescence hyperspectral imaging of radiofrequency ablation lesions in porcine cardiac tissue,” J. Biophotonics 10(8), 1008–1017 (2016).

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C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Schilling, R. J.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
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Schoon, H. A.

H. Aupperle, N. Doll, T. Walther, C. Ullmann, H. A. Schoon, and F. Wilhelm Mohr, “Histological findings induced by different energy sources in experimental atrial ablation in sheep,” Interact. Cardiovasc. Thorac. Surg. 4(5), 450–455 (2005).
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Schuster, I.

M. Granier, P. F. Winum, M. Granier, P. Liaud, G. Cayla, P. Messner, J.-L. Pasquie, and I. Schuster, “Real-time atrial wall imaging during radiofrequency ablation in a porcine model,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1827–1835 (2015).
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Sekar, S. K. V.

S. K. V. Sekar, I. Bargigia, A. D. Mora, P. Taroni, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, A. Pifferi, and A. Farina, “Diffuse optical characterization of collagen absorption from 500 to 1700 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 015006 (2017).
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Sethuraman, S.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Shaeffer, C. W.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Shamdasani, V.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Shi, W.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Singh-Moon, R. P.

Slinde, E.

M. C. Hunt, O. Sørheim, and E. Slinde, “Color and heat denaturation of myoglobin forms in ground beef,” J. Food Sci. 64(5), 847–851 (1999).
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Smiseth, O.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Smith, S. C.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Sørheim, O.

M. C. Hunt, O. Sørheim, and E. Slinde, “Color and heat denaturation of myoglobin forms in ground beef,” J. Food Sci. 64(5), 847–851 (1999).
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Sporton, S.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
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Stevenson, W. G.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Stijnen, T.

J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
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Stricker, B. H. C.

J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
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M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
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T. Szili-Torok, G. P. Kimman, D. Theuns, J. Res, J. R. Roelandt, and L. J. Jordaens, “Visualisation of intra-cardiac structures and radiofrequency lesions using intracardiac echocardiography,” Eur. J. Echocardiogr. 4(1), 17–22 (2003).
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S. K. V. Sekar, I. Bargigia, A. D. Mora, P. Taroni, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, A. Pifferi, and A. Farina, “Diffuse optical characterization of collagen absorption from 500 to 1700 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 015006 (2017).
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Theuns, D.

T. Szili-Torok, G. P. Kimman, D. Theuns, J. Res, J. R. Roelandt, and L. J. Jordaens, “Visualisation of intra-cardiac structures and radiofrequency lesions using intracardiac echocardiography,” Eur. J. Echocardiogr. 4(1), 17–22 (2003).
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Tomaselli, G. F.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Tosi, A.

S. K. V. Sekar, I. Bargigia, A. D. Mora, P. Taroni, A. Ruggeri, A. Tosi, A. Pifferi, and A. Farina, “Diffuse optical characterization of collagen absorption from 500 to 1700 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1), 015006 (2017).
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Trahey, G. E.

S. A. Eyerly, M. Vejdani-Jahromi, D. M. Dumont, G. E. Trahey, and P. D. Wolf, “The Evolution of Tissue Stiffness at Radiofrequency Ablation Sites During Lesion Formation and in the Peri-Ablation Period,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(9), 1009–1018 (2015).
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Trappe, H. J.

C. Blomström-Lundqvist, M. M. Scheinman, E. M. Aliot, J. S. Alpert, H. Calkins, A. J. Camm, W. B. Campbell, D. E. Haines, K. H. Kuck, B. B. Lerman, D. D. Miller, C. W. Shaeffer, W. G. Stevenson, G. F. Tomaselli, E. M. Antman, S. C. Smith, J. S. Alpert, D. P. Faxon, V. Fuster, R. J. Gibbons, G. Gregoratos, L. F. Hiratzka, S. A. Hunt, A. K. Jacobs, R. O. Russell, S. G. Priori, J. J. Blanc, A. Budaj, E. F. Burgos, M. Cowie, J. W. Deckers, M. A. A. Garcia, W. W. Klein, J. Lekakis, B. Lindahl, G. Mazzotta, J. C. A. Morais, A. Oto, O. Smiseth, H. J. Trappe, American College of CardiologyAmerican Heart Association Task Force on Practice GuidelinesEuropean Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias, “ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias - Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias),” Circulation 108(15), 1871–1909 (2003).
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Ullmann, C.

H. Aupperle, N. Doll, T. Walther, C. Ullmann, H. A. Schoon, and F. Wilhelm Mohr, “Histological findings induced by different energy sources in experimental atrial ablation in sheep,” Interact. Cardiovasc. Thorac. Surg. 4(5), 450–455 (2005).
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van der Kuip, D. A. M.

J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
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van Dusschoten, A.

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
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J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
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R. H. Bremmer, A. Nadort, T. G. van Leeuwen, M. J. C. van Gemert, and M. C. G. Aalders, “Age estimation of blood stains by hemoglobin derivative determination using reflectance spectroscopy,” Forensic Sci. Int. 206(1-3), 166–171 (2011).
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Vejdani-Jahromi, M.

S. A. Eyerly, M. Vejdani-Jahromi, D. M. Dumont, G. E. Trahey, and P. D. Wolf, “The Evolution of Tissue Stiffness at Radiofrequency Ablation Sites During Lesion Formation and in the Peri-Ablation Period,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(9), 1009–1018 (2015).
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Walther, T.

H. Aupperle, N. Doll, T. Walther, C. Ullmann, H. A. Schoon, and F. Wilhelm Mohr, “Histological findings induced by different energy sources in experimental atrial ablation in sheep,” Interact. Cardiovasc. Thorac. Surg. 4(5), 450–455 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weaver, A.

J. J. Xia, A. Weaver, D. E. Gerrard, and G. Yao, “Heating induced optical property changes in beef muscle,” J. Food Eng. 84(1), 75–81 (2008).
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Westwood, M.

R. J. Hunter, D. A. Jones, R. Boubertakh, L. C. Malcolme-Lawes, P. Kanagaratnam, C. F. Juli, D. W. Davies, N. S. Peters, V. Baker, M. J. Earley, S. Sporton, L. C. Davies, M. Westwood, S. E. Petersen, and R. J. Schilling, “Diagnostic Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection and Characterization of Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Lesions: A Multicenter Experience,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 24(4), 396–403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilhelm Mohr, F.

H. Aupperle, N. Doll, T. Walther, C. Ullmann, H. A. Schoon, and F. Wilhelm Mohr, “Histological findings induced by different energy sources in experimental atrial ablation in sheep,” Interact. Cardiovasc. Thorac. Surg. 4(5), 450–455 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winum, P. F.

M. Granier, P. F. Winum, M. Granier, P. Liaud, G. Cayla, P. Messner, J.-L. Pasquie, and I. Schuster, “Real-time atrial wall imaging during radiofrequency ablation in a porcine model,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1827–1835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Witteman, J. C. M.

J. Heeringa, D. A. M. van der Kuip, A. Hofman, J. A. Kors, G. van Herpen, B. H. C. Stricker, T. Stijnen, G. Y. H. Lip, and J. C. M. Witteman, “Prevalence, incidence and lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation: the Rotterdam study,” Eur. Heart J. 27(8), 949–953 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, P. D.

S. A. Eyerly, M. Vejdani-Jahromi, D. M. Dumont, G. E. Trahey, and P. D. Wolf, “The Evolution of Tissue Stiffness at Radiofrequency Ablation Sites During Lesion Formation and in the Peri-Ablation Period,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 26(9), 1009–1018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wood, B.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Wright, M.

M. Wright, “Real-time atrial wall imaging,” Heart Rhythm 12(8), 1836–1837 (2015).
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M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, J. J.

J. J. Xia, A. Weaver, D. E. Gerrard, and G. Yao, “Heating induced optical property changes in beef muscle,” J. Food Eng. 84(1), 75–81 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xie, H.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Yan, P.

W. Shi, A. Anand, S. Sethuraman, S. W. Huang, H. Xie, H. Agarwal, P. Yan, J. Azevedo, J. Kruecker, G. Ng, V. Shamdasani, W. Pritchard, J. Karanian, and B. Wood, “Monitoring of Radiofrequency Ablation with Shear Wave Delay Mapping,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE,2015).
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Yao, G.

J. J. Xia, A. Weaver, D. E. Gerrard, and G. Yao, “Heating induced optical property changes in beef muscle,” J. Food Eng. 84(1), 75–81 (2008).
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Zado, E. S.

J. F. Ren, F. E. Marchlinski, D. J. Callans, and E. S. Zado, “Echocardiographic lesion characteristics associated with successful ablation of inappropriate sinus tachycardia,” J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 12(7), 814–818 (2001).
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Zuo, F.

M. Wright, E. Harks, S. Deladi, F. Suijver, M. Barley, A. van Dusschoten, S. Fokkenrood, F. Zuo, F. Sacher, M. Hocini, M. Haïssaguerre, and P. Jaïs, “Real-time lesion assessment using a novel combined ultrasound and radiofrequency ablation catheter,” Heart Rhythm 8(2), 304–312 (2011).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       RF ablation lesion monitoring with single wavelength PA imaging

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Transmission PA imaging setup for spectroscopic analysis of RF ablation lesions. The tissue is suspended and stretched with the aid of wires. A fiber bundle illuminates the atrium sample from the endocardial side. A 192 element 7.8 MHz center frequency transducer records the generated PA signal. A black plastic sheet (optical absorber) provides a reference signal to assess optical attenuation. We analyze spectroscopic differences in PA response in lesion (L) and control (N,N’) sites.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Average (μ) of spectra extracted from 23 tissue sites. A. Comparison of non-lesion sites before and after ablation. B. Lesion sites before and after ablation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Variation of the SR across wavelengths for lesion and control sites.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 A. Pre- and post-ablation PA images of a tissue sample at 640, 790 and 930 nm. B. Dual wavelength images pre- and post-ablation. C. Single wavelength (C1, Visualization 1) and dual wavelength (C2) images overlaid on ultrasound. D. Photo of the tissue sample. Arrows point at the ablation sites
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 A. Pre- and post-ablation PA images of a tissue sample at 640, 790 and 930 nm. B. Dual wavelength images pre- and post-ablation. C. Single wavelength (C1) and dual wavelength (C2) images overlaid on ultrasound. D. Photo of the tissue sample. The arrow points at the ablation site.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6   L / N over all eligible wavelengths.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Comparison between the Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curves for lesion detection (A) and lesion contrast (B) of dual wavelength imaging, and single wavelength imaging at 640 and 780 nm. (AUC: area under the curve, Sens.: sensitivity, Spec.: specificity).

Equations (8)

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N = I N ( λ 1 ) I N ( λ 2 )
L = I L ( λ 1 ) I L ( λ 2 ) ,
{ λ 1 , λ 2 } = arg max Δ λ < 150 n m L N ,   s u c h t h a t L N > 2 σ ( L N )
L , p o s t > t h r .
    N , p o s t > t h r .
    L , p r e > t h r
Z L = I L , p o s t I L , p r e     > Z t h r
Z N = I N , p o s t I N , p r e     > Z t h r

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