Abstract

Successful artificial insemination relies on the use of high quality spermatozoa. One measure of sperm quality is swimming force. Increased swimming force has been correlated with higher sperm swimming speeds and improved reproductive success. It is hypothesized that by increasing sperm swimming speed, one can increase swimming force. Previous studies have shown that red light irradiation causes an increase in sperm swimming speed. In the current study, 633nm red light irradiation is shown to increase mean squared displacement in trapped sperm. The methodology allows for comparison of relative swimming forces between irradiated and non-irradiated samples.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Y.-Y. Huang, S. K. Sharma, J. Carroll, and M. R. Hamblin, “Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy - an update,” Dose-Response 9, 602–618 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. M. Baltz, D. F. Katz, and R. a. Cone, “Mechanics of sperm-egg interaction at the zona pellucida,” Biophys. J. 54, 643–654 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. E. P. Peterson, K. S. Moghissi, C. A. Paulsen, and L. I. Lipshultz, “New guidelines for the use of semen donor insemination: 1986,” Fertil. Steril. 46, S95–S99 (1986).
  11. S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. D. Preece, R. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, G. Gibson, S. Serati, and M. Padgett, “Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 17, 22718–22725 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. A. M. Bui, A. B. Stilgoe, T. A. Nieminen, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Calibration of nonspherical particles in optical tweezers using only position measurement,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1244–1246 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. N. Mcalinden, D. G. Glass, O. R. Millington, A. J. Wright, X. Wei, M. Si, D. K. Imagawa, P. Ji, B. J. Tromberg, and M. D. Cahalan, “Accurate position tracking of optically trapped live cells,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5, 1026–1037 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2011 (1)

Y.-Y. Huang, S. K. Sharma, J. Carroll, and M. R. Hamblin, “Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy - an update,” Dose-Response 9, 602–618 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

G. M. Gibson, J. Leach, S. Keen, A. J. Wright, and M. J. Padgett, “Measuring the accuracy of particle position and force in optical tweezers using high-speed video microscopy,” Opt. Express 16, 14561–14570 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

J. M. Baltz, D. F. Katz, and R. a. Cone, “Mechanics of sperm-egg interaction at the zona pellucida,” Biophys. J. 54, 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

E. P. Peterson, K. S. Moghissi, C. A. Paulsen, and L. I. Lipshultz, “New guidelines for the use of semen donor insemination: 1986,” Fertil. Steril. 46, S95–S99 (1986).

Araujo, E.

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asch, R. H.

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balasch, S.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltz, J. M.

J. M. Baltz, D. F. Katz, and R. a. Cone, “Mechanics of sperm-egg interaction at the zona pellucida,” Biophys. J. 54, 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berns, M. W.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonet, S.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Botvinick, E. L.

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowman, R.

Bui, A. A. M.

Cahalan, M. D.

Carroll, J.

Y.-Y. Huang, S. K. Sharma, J. Carroll, and M. R. Hamblin, “Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy - an update,” Dose-Response 9, 602–618 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chow, K. W.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Codony, F.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cone, R. a.

J. M. Baltz, D. F. Katz, and R. a. Cone, “Mechanics of sperm-egg interaction at the zona pellucida,” Biophys. J. 54, 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMarzo, S. J.

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Durrant, B.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

el Dansasouri, I.

L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esener, S.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Estrada, E.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gagneux, P.

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gibson, G.

Gibson, G. M.

Glass, D. G.

Gomez-Godinez, V.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gustafson, K.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamblin, M. R.

Y.-Y. Huang, S. K. Sharma, J. Carroll, and M. R. Hamblin, “Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy - an update,” Dose-Response 9, 602–618 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hebert, S. A.

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.-Y.

Y.-Y. Huang, S. K. Sharma, J. Carroll, and M. R. Hamblin, “Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy - an update,” Dose-Response 9, 602–618 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imagawa, D. K.

Ji, P.

Katz, D. F.

J. M. Baltz, D. F. Katz, and R. a. Cone, “Mechanics of sperm-egg interaction at the zona pellucida,” Biophys. J. 54, 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keen, S.

Kennedy, J. F.

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leach, J.

Linnenberger, A.

Lipshultz, L. I.

E. P. Peterson, K. S. Moghissi, C. A. Paulsen, and L. I. Lipshultz, “New guidelines for the use of semen donor insemination: 1986,” Fertil. Steril. 46, S95–S99 (1986).

Lleonart, M.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loskutoff, N. M.

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mcalinden, N.

Meyers, S.

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Millington, O. R.

Moghissi, K. S.

E. P. Peterson, K. S. Moghissi, C. A. Paulsen, and L. I. Lipshultz, “New guidelines for the use of semen donor insemination: 1986,” Fertil. Steril. 46, S95–S99 (1986).

Nascimento, J. M.

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nieminen, T. A.

Ord, T.

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padgett, M.

Padgett, M. J.

Patrizio, P.

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulsen, C. A.

E. P. Peterson, K. S. Moghissi, C. A. Paulsen, and L. I. Lipshultz, “New guidelines for the use of semen donor insemination: 1986,” Fertil. Steril. 46, S95–S99 (1986).

Peña, A.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peterson, E. P.

E. P. Peterson, K. S. Moghissi, C. A. Paulsen, and L. I. Lipshultz, “New guidelines for the use of semen donor insemination: 1986,” Fertil. Steril. 46, S95–S99 (1986).

Preece, D.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Preece, R. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, G. Gibson, S. Serati, and M. Padgett, “Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 17, 22718–22725 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ravida, N.

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodríguez-Gil, J. E.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

Serati, S.

Sharma, S. K.

Y.-Y. Huang, S. K. Sharma, J. Carroll, and M. R. Hamblin, “Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy - an update,” Dose-Response 9, 602–618 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, L. Z.

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimizu, S.

L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Si, M.

Silber, S.

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stilgoe, A. B.

Tadir, Y.

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tromberg, B. J.

Vafa, O.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villanueva, B.

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, X.

Westphal, L. M.

L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wright, A. J.

Wright, W. H.

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeste, M.

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Young, P. E.

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1)

S. J. DiMarzo, J. Huang, J. F. Kennedy, B. Villanueva, S. A. Hebert, and P. E. Young, “Pregnancy rates with fresh versus computer-controlled cryopreserved semen for artificial insemination by donor in a private practice setting,” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 162, 1483–1490 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Biophys. J. (1)

J. M. Baltz, D. F. Katz, and R. a. Cone, “Mechanics of sperm-egg interaction at the zona pellucida,” Biophys. J. 54, 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dose-Response (1)

Y.-Y. Huang, S. K. Sharma, J. Carroll, and M. R. Hamblin, “Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy - an update,” Dose-Response 9, 602–618 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fertil. Steril. (4)

E. P. Peterson, K. S. Moghissi, C. A. Paulsen, and L. I. Lipshultz, “New guidelines for the use of semen donor insemination: 1986,” Fertil. Steril. 46, S95–S99 (1986).

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Micromanipulation of sperm by a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 52, 870–873 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Araujo, Y. Tadir, P. Patrizio, T. Ord, S. Silber, M. W. Berns, and R. H. Asch, “Relative force of human epididymal sperm,” Fertil. Steril. 62, 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tadir, W. H. Wright, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, “Force generated by human sperm correlated to velocity and determined using a laser generated optical trap,” Fertil. Steril. 53, 944–947 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hum. Reprod. (1)

L. M. Westphal, I. el Dansasouri, S. Shimizu, Y. Tadir, and M. W. Berns, “Exposure of human spermatozoa to the cumulus oophorus results in increased relative force as measured by a 760 nm laser optical trap,” Hum. Reprod. 8, 1083–1086 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

J. M. Nascimento, E. L. Botvinick, L. Z. Shi, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Analysis of sperm motility using optical tweezers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 044001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society (1)

J. M. Nascimento, L. Z. Shi, S. Meyers, P. Gagneux, N. M. Loskutoff, E. L. Botvinick, and M. W. Berns, “The use of optical tweezers to study sperm competition and motility in primates,” Journal of the Royal Society, Interface / the Royal Society 5, 297–302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (2)

D. Preece, K. W. Chow, V. Gomez-Godinez, K. Gustafson, S. Esener, N. Ravida, B. Durrant, and M. W. Berns, “Red light improves spermatozoa motility and does not induce oxidative DNA damage,” Sci. Rep. 7, 46480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yeste, F. Codony, E. Estrada, M. Lleonart, S. Balasch, A. Peña, S. Bonet, and J. E. Rodríguez-Gil, “Specific LED-based red light photo-stimulation procedures improve overall sperm function and reproductive performance of boar ejaculates,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22569 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The experimental setup showing 1064nm laser (Spectra Physics) optical shutter (Unibliz), beam attenuation and 4f imaging system for optical tweezers and dichroic mirror and camera (Mako G-030) for high speed imaging of sperm position. (b) Representation of sperm in the optical trap. over short time scales the sperm traces out a “rose curve” like trajectory in the xy-plane. A schematic is also shown depicting how sperm orientation was determined based on length measurements, d.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Trajectory of the sperm head in the xy-plane over a 1 second interval. (b) 2D histogram of sperm head position. Dark areas represent a greater number of counts in that location. The red crosshair denotes the trap center.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of potential energy for irradiated, non-irradiated and immotile sperm calculated via optical potential analysis (a) in the x-direction for trapped sperm (b) in the y-direction for trapped sperm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

MSD of trapped spermatozoa with and without red light irradiation. Error bars represent standard error. The data were found to be statistically significant (p = 0.01269).

Equations (1)

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κ = k b T < x 2 >

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