Abstract

Changes in optical and shape-related characteristics of B16F10 cells after electroporation were investigated using digital holographic microscopy (DHM). Bipolar rectangular pulses specific for electrochemotherapy were used. Electroporation was performed in an “off-axis” DHM set-up without using exogenous markers. Two types of cell parameters were monitored seconds and minutes after pulse train application: parameters addressing a specifically defined area of the cell (refractive index and cell height) and global cell parameters (projected area, optical phase shift profile and dry mass). The biphasic behavior of cellular parameters was explained by water and mannitol dynamics through the electropermeabilized cell membrane.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Silve, I. Leray, C. Poignard, and L. M. Mir, “Impact of external medium conductivity on cell membrane electropermeabilization by microsecond and nanosecond electric pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19957 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. He, C. V. Nguyen, M. Pratap, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, D. R. Nisbet, R. J. Williams, M. Rug, A. G. Maier, and W. M. Lee, “Automated Fourier space region-recognition filtering for off-axis digital holographic microscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(8), 3111–3123 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Raso, G. Ferrari, and D. Miklavčič, “Applications of pulsed electric field for food processing,” Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 29, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Venslauskas and S. Satkauskas, “Mechanisms of transfer of bioactive molecules through the cell membrane by electroporation,” Eur. Biophys. J. 44(5), 277–289 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

M. Kanduser and M. Usaj, “Cell electrofusion: past and future perspectives for antibody production and cancer cell vaccines,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 11(12), 1885–1898 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mahnič-Kalamiza, E. Vorobiev, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation in food processing and biorefinery,” J. Membr. Biol. 247(12), 1279–1304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Silve, A. Guimerà Brunet, B. Al-Sakere, A. Ivorra, and L. M. Mir, “Comparison of the effects of the repetition rate between microsecond and nanosecond pulses: Electropermeabilization-induced electro-desensitization?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1840(7), 2139–2151 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Saglimbeni, S. Bianchi, A. Lepore, and R. Di Leonardo, “Three-axis digital holographic microscopy for high speed volumetric imaging,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13710–13718 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Wu, X. J. Lai, C. J. Cheng, Y. C. Yu, and C. Y. Chang, “Applications of digital holographic microscopy in therapeutic evaluation of Chinese herbal medicines,” Appl. Opt. 53(27), G192–G197 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. M. Nesin, O. N. Pakhomova, S. Xiao, and A. G. Pakhomov, “Manipulation of cell volume and membrane pore comparison following single cell permeabilization with 60- and 600-ns electric pulses,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1808(3), 792–801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mihailescu, M. Scarlat, A. Gheorghiu, J. Costescu, M. Kusko, I. A. Paun, and E. Scarlat, “Automated imaging, identification, and counting of similar cells from digital hologram reconstructions,” Appl. Opt. 50(20), 3589–3597 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

W. J. Choi, D. I. Jeon, S.-G. Ahn, J.-H. Yoon, S. Kim, and B. H. Lee, “Full-field optical coherence microscopy for identifying live cancer cells by quantitative measurement of refractive index distribution,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23285–23295 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

M. Ušaj, K. Trontelj, R. Hudej, M. Kandušer, and D. Miklavčič, “Cell size dynamics and viability of cells exposed to hypotonic treatment and electroporation for electrofusion optimization,” Radiol. Oncol. 43(2), 108–119 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yu, S. Mohanty, J. Zhang, S. Genc, M. K. Kim, M. W. Berns, and Z. Chen, “Digital holographic microscopy for quantitative cell dynamic evaluation during laser microsurgery,” Opt. Express 17(14), 12031–12038 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (8)

J. Teissié, J. M. Escoffre, M. P. Rols, and M. Golzio, “Time dependence of electric field effects on cell membranes. A review for a critical selection of pulse duration for therapeutical applications,” Radiol. Oncol. 42(4), 196–206 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Kemper and G. von Bally, “Digital holographic microscopy for live cell applications and technical inspection,” Appl. Opt. 47(4), A52–A61 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Pucihar, T. Kotnik, D. Miklavčič, and J. Teissié, “Kinetics of transmembrane transport of small molecules into electropermeabilized cells,” Biophys. J. 95(6), 2837–2848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, “Quantitative phase imaging of nanoscale cell structure and dynamics,” Methods Cell Biol. 90, 87–115 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gehl, “Electroporation for drug and gene delivery in the clinic: doctors go electric,” Methods Mol. Biol. 423, 351–359 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. J. Liang, A. Q. Liu, C. S. Lim, T. C. Ayi, and P. H. Yap, “Determining refractive index of single living cell using an integrated microchip,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 133(2), 349–354 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. M. Mir, “Bases and rationale of the electrochemotherapy,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 38–44 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. P. Rols, “Electropermeabilization, a physical method for the delivery of therapeutic molecules into cells,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1758(3), 423–428 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

J. Teissie, M. Golzio, and M. P. Rols, “Mechanisms of cell membrane electropermeabilization: a minireview of our present (lack of? ) knowledge,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1724(3), 270–280 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, P. Marquet, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, C. Depeursinge, and P. Magistretti, “Measurement of the integral refractive index and dynamic cell morphometry of living cells with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9361–9373 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

R. Shirakashi, V. L. Sukhorukov, I. Tanasawa, and U. Zimmermann, “Measurement of the permeability and resealing time constant of the electroporated mammalian cell membranes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 47(21), 4517–4524 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

Ahn, S.-G.

Alm, K.

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Sakere, B.

A. Silve, A. Guimerà Brunet, B. Al-Sakere, A. Ivorra, and L. M. Mir, “Comparison of the effects of the repetition rate between microsecond and nanosecond pulses: Electropermeabilization-induced electro-desensitization?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1840(7), 2139–2151 (2014).
[Crossref]

Asundi, A. K.

Ayi, T. C.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. J. Liang, A. Q. Liu, C. S. Lim, T. C. Ayi, and P. H. Yap, “Determining refractive index of single living cell using an integrated microchip,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 133(2), 349–354 (2007).
[Crossref]

Badizadegan, K.

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barbul, A.

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bashir, R.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bednarz, M.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bellard, E.

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berns, M. W.

Best-Popescu, C.

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bianchi, S.

Billard, V.

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Boss, D.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bourouina, T.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouwman, A. R.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bredebusch, I.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buijs, M.

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cemazar, M.

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, C. Y.

Chen, H. F.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Cheng, C. J.

Chin, L. K.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, W.

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, W. J.

Collins, C. G.

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Coppola, G.

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[Crossref]

Costescu, J.

Cuche, E.

Dasari, R. R.

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Bruin, D. M.

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jong, M. C.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de la Rosette, J. J.

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deflores, L.

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Depeursinge, C.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, P. Marquet, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, C. Depeursinge, and P. Magistretti, “Measurement of the integral refractive index and dynamic cell morphometry of living cells with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9361–9373 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography,” Appl. Opt. 39(23), 4070–4075 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Leonardo, R.

Emery, Y.

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, P. Marquet, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, C. Depeursinge, and P. Magistretti, “Measurement of the integral refractive index and dynamic cell morphometry of living cells with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9361–9373 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Escoffre, J. M.

J. Teissié, J. M. Escoffre, M. P. Rols, and M. Golzio, “Time dependence of electric field effects on cell membranes. A review for a critical selection of pulse duration for therapeutical applications,” Radiol. Oncol. 42(4), 196–206 (2008).
[Crossref]

Escoffre, J.-M.

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fang-Yen, C.

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faurie, C.

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feld, M. S.

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrari, G.

J. Raso, G. Ferrari, and D. Miklavčič, “Applications of pulsed electric field for food processing,” Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 29, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ferraro, P.

P. Memmolo, M. Iannone, M. Ventre, P. A. Netti, A. Finizio, M. Paturzo, and P. Ferraro, “On the holographic 3D tracking of in vitro cells characterized by a highly-morphological change,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28485–28493 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[Crossref]

Finizio, A.

P. Memmolo, M. Iannone, M. Ventre, P. A. Netti, A. Finizio, M. Paturzo, and P. Ferraro, “On the holographic 3D tracking of in vitro cells characterized by a highly-morphological change,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28485–28493 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[Crossref]

Frey, W.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garbay, J.-R.

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Geertsen, P. F.

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gehl, J.

J. Gehl, “Electroporation for drug and gene delivery in the clinic: doctors go electric,” Methods Mol. Biol. 423, 351–359 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Genc, S.

Gheorghiu, A.

Girshovitz, P.

Gisselson, L.

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golberg, A.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golding, I.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golzio, M.

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Teissié, J. M. Escoffre, M. P. Rols, and M. Golzio, “Time dependence of electric field effects on cell membranes. A review for a critical selection of pulse duration for therapeutical applications,” Radiol. Oncol. 42(4), 196–206 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Teissie, M. Golzio, and M. P. Rols, “Mechanisms of cell membrane electropermeabilization: a minireview of our present (lack of? ) knowledge,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1724(3), 270–280 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grilli, S.

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[Crossref]

Guck, J.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guimerà Brunet, A.

A. Silve, A. Guimerà Brunet, B. Al-Sakere, A. Ivorra, and L. M. Mir, “Comparison of the effects of the repetition rate between microsecond and nanosecond pulses: Electropermeabilization-induced electro-desensitization?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1840(7), 2139–2151 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gustafsson, M.

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haberl Meglic, S.

T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, X.

Hernandez, M. C.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, A.

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Höink, A.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsieh, C. M.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hudej, R.

M. Ušaj, K. Trontelj, R. Hudej, M. Kandušer, and D. Miklavčič, “Cell size dynamics and viability of cells exposed to hypotonic treatment and electroporation for electrofusion optimization,” Radiol. Oncol. 43(2), 108–119 (2009).
[Crossref]

Iannone, M.

Iodice, M.

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ivorra, A.

A. Silve, A. Guimerà Brunet, B. Al-Sakere, A. Ivorra, and L. M. Mir, “Comparison of the effects of the repetition rate between microsecond and nanosecond pulses: Electropermeabilization-induced electro-desensitization?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1840(7), 2139–2151 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jeon, D. I.

Jourdain, P.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamensek, U.

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanduser, M.

M. Kanduser and M. Usaj, “Cell electrofusion: past and future perspectives for antibody production and cancer cell vaccines,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 11(12), 1885–1898 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kandušer, M.

M. Ušaj, K. Trontelj, R. Hudej, M. Kandušer, and D. Miklavčič, “Cell size dynamics and viability of cells exposed to hypotonic treatment and electroporation for electrofusion optimization,” Radiol. Oncol. 43(2), 108–119 (2009).
[Crossref]

Käs, J.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kemper, B.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kemper and G. von Bally, “Digital holographic microscopy for live cell applications and technical inspection,” Appl. Opt. 47(4), A52–A61 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, M. K.

Kim, S.

Korenstein, R.

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kos, S.

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kotnik, T.

T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Pucihar, T. Kotnik, D. Miklavčič, and J. Teissié, “Kinetics of transmembrane transport of small molecules into electropermeabilized cells,” Biophys. J. 95(6), 2837–2848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kusko, M.

Laguna Pes, M. P.

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, X. J.

Lambricht, L.

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langehanenberg, P.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B. H.

Lee, C. H.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, W. M.

Lepore, A.

Leprince-Wang, Y.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leray, I.

A. Silve, I. Leray, C. Poignard, and L. M. Mir, “Impact of external medium conductivity on cell membrane electropermeabilization by microsecond and nanosecond electric pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19957 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, X. J.

X. J. Liang, A. Q. Liu, C. S. Lim, T. C. Ayi, and P. H. Yap, “Determining refractive index of single living cell using an integrated microchip,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 133(2), 349–354 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liedberg, B.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, C. S.

X. J. Liang, A. Q. Liu, C. S. Lim, T. C. Ayi, and P. H. Yap, “Determining refractive index of single living cell using an integrated microchip,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 133(2), 349–354 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

X. J. Liang, A. Q. Liu, C. S. Lim, T. C. Ayi, and P. H. Yap, “Determining refractive index of single living cell using an integrated microchip,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 133(2), 349–354 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, P. Y.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopes, A.

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lue, N.

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Magistretti, P.

Magistretti, P. J.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahnic-Kalamiza, S.

S. Mahnič-Kalamiza, E. Vorobiev, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation in food processing and biorefinery,” J. Membr. Biol. 247(12), 1279–1304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maier, A. G.

Marquet, P.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, P. Marquet, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, C. Depeursinge, and P. Magistretti, “Measurement of the integral refractive index and dynamic cell morphometry of living cells with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9361–9373 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography,” Appl. Opt. 39(23), 4070–4075 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marshall, G.

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marty, M.

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Meijer, S.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meijerink, M. R.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Memmolo, P.

Miao, J.

Mihailescu, M.

Miklavcic, D.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Raso, G. Ferrari, and D. Miklavčič, “Applications of pulsed electric field for food processing,” Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 29, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mahnič-Kalamiza, E. Vorobiev, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation in food processing and biorefinery,” J. Membr. Biol. 247(12), 1279–1304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ušaj, K. Trontelj, R. Hudej, M. Kandušer, and D. Miklavčič, “Cell size dynamics and viability of cells exposed to hypotonic treatment and electroporation for electrofusion optimization,” Radiol. Oncol. 43(2), 108–119 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Pucihar, T. Kotnik, D. Miklavčič, and J. Teissié, “Kinetics of transmembrane transport of small molecules into electropermeabilized cells,” Biophys. J. 95(6), 2837–2848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Min, C. J.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mir, L. M.

A. Silve, I. Leray, C. Poignard, and L. M. Mir, “Impact of external medium conductivity on cell membrane electropermeabilization by microsecond and nanosecond electric pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19957 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Silve, A. Guimerà Brunet, B. Al-Sakere, A. Ivorra, and L. M. Mir, “Comparison of the effects of the repetition rate between microsecond and nanosecond pulses: Electropermeabilization-induced electro-desensitization?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1840(7), 2139–2151 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. M. Mir, “Bases and rationale of the electrochemotherapy,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 38–44 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mir, M.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mohanty, S.

Mölder, A.

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moratal, C.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nesin, O. M.

O. M. Nesin, O. N. Pakhomova, S. Xiao, and A. G. Pakhomov, “Manipulation of cell volume and membrane pore comparison following single cell permeabilization with 60- and 600-ns electric pulses,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1808(3), 792–801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Netti, P. A.

Nguyen, C. V.

Nicola, S. D.

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, K.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nisbet, D. R.

O’Sullivan, G. C.

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oh, S.

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pakhomov, A. G.

O. M. Nesin, O. N. Pakhomova, S. Xiao, and A. G. Pakhomov, “Manipulation of cell volume and membrane pore comparison following single cell permeabilization with 60- and 600-ns electric pulses,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1808(3), 792–801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pakhomova, O. N.

O. M. Nesin, O. N. Pakhomova, S. Xiao, and A. G. Pakhomov, “Manipulation of cell volume and membrane pore comparison following single cell permeabilization with 60- and 600-ns electric pulses,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1808(3), 792–801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, Y.

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pataro, G.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paturzo, M.

Paun, I. A.

Peng, X.

Peterka, M.

T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pliquett, U.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poignard, C.

A. Silve, I. Leray, C. Poignard, and L. M. Mir, “Impact of external medium conductivity on cell membrane electropermeabilization by microsecond and nanosecond electric pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19957 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popescu, G.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, “Quantitative phase imaging of nanoscale cell structure and dynamics,” Methods Cell Biol. 90, 87–115 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prasanth, S. G.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pratap, M.

Préat, V.

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pucihar, G.

G. Pucihar, T. Kotnik, D. Miklavčič, and J. Teissié, “Kinetics of transmembrane transport of small molecules into electropermeabilized cells,” Biophys. J. 95(6), 2837–2848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rappaz, B.

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rappaz, P. Marquet, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, C. Depeursinge, and P. Magistretti, “Measurement of the integral refractive index and dynamic cell morphometry of living cells with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9361–9373 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raso, J.

J. Raso, G. Ferrari, and D. Miklavčič, “Applications of pulsed electric field for food processing,” Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 29, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rols, M. P.

J. Teissié, J. M. Escoffre, M. P. Rols, and M. Golzio, “Time dependence of electric field effects on cell membranes. A review for a critical selection of pulse duration for therapeutical applications,” Radiol. Oncol. 42(4), 196–206 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. P. Rols, “Electropermeabilization, a physical method for the delivery of therapeutic molecules into cells,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1758(3), 423–428 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Teissie, M. Golzio, and M. P. Rols, “Mechanisms of cell membrane electropermeabilization: a minireview of our present (lack of? ) knowledge,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1724(3), 270–280 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rols, M.-P.

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rudolf, Z.

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rug, M.

Sack, M.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saglimbeni, F.

Satkauskas, S.

M. S. Venslauskas and S. Satkauskas, “Mechanisms of transfer of bioactive molecules through the cell membrane by electroporation,” Eur. Biophys. J. 44(5), 277–289 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saulis, G.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scarlat, E.

Scarlat, M.

Scheffer, H. J.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schinkinger, S.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnekenburger, J.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schütze, K.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sébaï, S. C.

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sebesta, M.

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ser, W.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sersa, G.

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shaked, N. T.

Shen, Z.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shirakashi, R.

R. Shirakashi, V. L. Sukhorukov, I. Tanasawa, and U. Zimmermann, “Measurement of the permeability and resealing time constant of the electroporated mammalian cell membranes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 47(21), 4517–4524 (2004).
[Crossref]

Signori, E.

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silve, A.

A. Silve, I. Leray, C. Poignard, and L. M. Mir, “Impact of external medium conductivity on cell membrane electropermeabilization by microsecond and nanosecond electric pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19957 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Silve, A. Guimerà Brunet, B. Al-Sakere, A. Ivorra, and L. M. Mir, “Comparison of the effects of the repetition rate between microsecond and nanosecond pulses: Electropermeabilization-induced electro-desensitization?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1840(7), 2139–2151 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stefan, T.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sukhorukov, V. L.

R. Shirakashi, V. L. Sukhorukov, I. Tanasawa, and U. Zimmermann, “Measurement of the permeability and resealing time constant of the electroporated mammalian cell membranes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 47(21), 4517–4524 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sun, L. X.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sung, K. B.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanasawa, I.

R. Shirakashi, V. L. Sukhorukov, I. Tanasawa, and U. Zimmermann, “Measurement of the permeability and resealing time constant of the electroporated mammalian cell membranes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 47(21), 4517–4524 (2004).
[Crossref]

Teissie, J.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Teissie, M. Golzio, and M. P. Rols, “Mechanisms of cell membrane electropermeabilization: a minireview of our present (lack of? ) knowledge,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1724(3), 270–280 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teissié, J.

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Teissié, J. M. Escoffre, M. P. Rols, and M. Golzio, “Time dependence of electric field effects on cell membranes. A review for a critical selection of pulse duration for therapeutical applications,” Radiol. Oncol. 42(4), 196–206 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Pucihar, T. Kotnik, D. Miklavčič, and J. Teissié, “Kinetics of transmembrane transport of small molecules into electropermeabilized cells,” Biophys. J. 95(6), 2837–2848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trontelj, K.

M. Ušaj, K. Trontelj, R. Hudej, M. Kandušer, and D. Miklavčič, “Cell size dynamics and viability of cells exposed to hypotonic treatment and electroporation for electrofusion optimization,” Radiol. Oncol. 43(2), 108–119 (2009).
[Crossref]

Usaj, M.

M. Kanduser and M. Usaj, “Cell electrofusion: past and future perspectives for antibody production and cancer cell vaccines,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 11(12), 1885–1898 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ušaj, M.

M. Ušaj, K. Trontelj, R. Hudej, M. Kandušer, and D. Miklavčič, “Cell size dynamics and viability of cells exposed to hypotonic treatment and electroporation for electrofusion optimization,” Radiol. Oncol. 43(2), 108–119 (2009).
[Crossref]

van den Bos, W.

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van den Tol, P. M.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Kuijk, C.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Tilborg, A. A. J. M.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vandermeulen, G.

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Venslauskas, M. S.

M. S. Venslauskas and S. Satkauskas, “Mechanisms of transfer of bioactive molecules through the cell membrane by electroporation,” Eur. Biophys. J. 44(5), 277–289 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ventre, M.

Vieveen, J. M.

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Bally, G.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kemper and G. von Bally, “Digital holographic microscopy for live cell applications and technical inspection,” Appl. Opt. 47(4), A52–A61 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vorobiev, E.

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mahnič-Kalamiza, E. Vorobiev, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation in food processing and biorefinery,” J. Membr. Biol. 247(12), 1279–1304 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagstaff, P. G.

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. J.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, R. J.

Wingren, A. G.

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wottowah, F.

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C. H.

Xiao, S.

O. M. Nesin, O. N. Pakhomova, S. Xiao, and A. G. Pakhomov, “Manipulation of cell volume and membrane pore comparison following single cell permeabilization with 60- and 600-ns electric pulses,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1808(3), 792–801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Yang, Y.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yap, P. H.

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. J. Liang, A. Q. Liu, C. S. Lim, T. C. Ayi, and P. H. Yap, “Determining refractive index of single living cell using an integrated microchip,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 133(2), 349–354 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoon, J.-H.

Yu, L.

Yu, Y. C.

Yuan, X. C.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C. L.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Y. Q.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Zhu, S. W.

L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zimmermann, U.

R. Shirakashi, V. L. Sukhorukov, I. Tanasawa, and U. Zimmermann, “Measurement of the permeability and resealing time constant of the electroporated mammalian cell membranes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 47(21), 4517–4524 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zondervan, P. J.

P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. (1)

G. Popescu, Y. Park, N. Lue, C. Best-Popescu, L. Deflores, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, and K. Badizadegan, “Optical imaging of cell mass and growth dynamics,” Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 295(2), C538–C544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Biochim. Biophys. Acta (3)

O. M. Nesin, O. N. Pakhomova, S. Xiao, and A. G. Pakhomov, “Manipulation of cell volume and membrane pore comparison following single cell permeabilization with 60- and 600-ns electric pulses,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1808(3), 792–801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Teissie, M. Golzio, and M. P. Rols, “Mechanisms of cell membrane electropermeabilization: a minireview of our present (lack of? ) knowledge,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1724(3), 270–280 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Rols, “Electropermeabilization, a physical method for the delivery of therapeutic molecules into cells,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1758(3), 423–428 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes (1)

J.-M. Escoffre, E. Bellard, C. Faurie, S. C. Sébaï, M. Golzio, J. Teissié, and M.-P. Rols, “Membrane disorder and phospholipid scrambling in electropermeabilized and viable cells,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes 1838(7), 1701–1709 (2014).
[Crossref]

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects (1)

A. Silve, A. Guimerà Brunet, B. Al-Sakere, A. Ivorra, and L. M. Mir, “Comparison of the effects of the repetition rate between microsecond and nanosecond pulses: Electropermeabilization-induced electro-desensitization?” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1840(7), 2139–2151 (2014).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

Biophys. J. (1)

G. Pucihar, T. Kotnik, D. Miklavčič, and J. Teissié, “Kinetics of transmembrane transport of small molecules into electropermeabilized cells,” Biophys. J. 95(6), 2837–2848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biotechnol. Biofuels (1)

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, T. Stefan, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev, and W. Frey, “Energy-efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development,” Biotechnol. Biofuels 9(1), 94 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blood Cells Mol. Dis. (1)

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, A. Hoffmann, D. Boss, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Spatial analysis of erythrocyte membrane fluctuations by digital holographic microscopy,” Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 42(3), 228–232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cancer Immunol. Immunother. (1)

G. Sersa, J. Teissie, M. Cemazar, E. Signori, U. Kamensek, G. Marshall, and D. Miklavcic, “Electrochemotherapy of tumors as in situ vaccination boosted by immunogene electrotransfer,” Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 64(10), 1315–1327 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cytometry A (1)

B. Rappaz, A. Barbul, Y. Emery, R. Korenstein, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Comparative study of human erythrocytes by digital holographic microscopy, confocal microscopy, and impedance volume analyzer,” Cytometry A 73(10), 895–903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eur. Biophys. J. (1)

M. S. Venslauskas and S. Satkauskas, “Mechanisms of transfer of bioactive molecules through the cell membrane by electroporation,” Eur. Biophys. J. 44(5), 277–289 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. (2)

L. M. Mir, J. Gehl, G. Sersa, C. G. Collins, J.-R. Garbay, V. Billard, P. F. Geertsen, Z. Rudolf, G. C. O’Sullivan, and M. Marty, “Standard operating procedures of the electrochemotherapy: Instructions for the use of bleomycin or cisplatin administered either systemically or locally and electric pulses delivered by the CliniporatorTM by means of invasive or non-invasive electrodes,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 14–25 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. M. Mir, “Bases and rationale of the electrochemotherapy,” Eur. J. Cancer, Suppl. 4(11), 38–44 (2006).
[Crossref]

Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. (2)

L. Lambricht, A. Lopes, S. Kos, G. Sersa, V. Préat, and G. Vandermeulen, “Clinical potential of electroporation for gene therapy and DNA vaccine delivery,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 13(2), 295–310 (2016).
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M. Kanduser and M. Usaj, “Cell electrofusion: past and future perspectives for antibody production and cancer cell vaccines,” Expert Opin. Drug Deliv. 11(12), 1885–1898 (2014).
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Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. (1)

J. Raso, G. Ferrari, and D. Miklavčič, “Applications of pulsed electric field for food processing,” Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 29, 1 (2015).
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Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer (1)

R. Shirakashi, V. L. Sukhorukov, I. Tanasawa, and U. Zimmermann, “Measurement of the permeability and resealing time constant of the electroporated mammalian cell membranes,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 47(21), 4517–4524 (2004).
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J. Biophotonics (1)

B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, A. Höink, G. von Bally, F. Wottowah, S. Schinkinger, J. Guck, J. Käs, I. Bredebusch, J. Schnekenburger, and K. Schütze, “Monitoring of laser micromanipulated optically trapped cells by digital holographic microscopy,” J. Biophotonics 3(7), 425–431 (2010).
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S. Mahnič-Kalamiza, E. Vorobiev, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation in food processing and biorefinery,” J. Membr. Biol. 247(12), 1279–1304 (2014).
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J. Microsc. (1)

A. Mölder, M. Sebesta, M. Gustafsson, L. Gisselson, A. G. Wingren, and K. Alm, “Non-invasive, label-free cell counting and quantitative analysis of adherent cells using digital holography,” J. Microsc. 232(2), 240–247 (2008).
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J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. (1)

H. J. Scheffer, K. Nielsen, M. C. de Jong, A. A. J. M. van Tilborg, J. M. Vieveen, A. R. Bouwman, S. Meijer, C. van Kuijk, P. M. van den Tol, and M. R. Meijerink, “Irreversible Electroporation for Nonthermal Tumor Ablation in the Clinical Setting: A Systematic Review of Safety and Efficacy,” J. Vasc. Interv. Radiol. 25(7), 997–1011, quiz 1011 (2014).
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Lab Chip (1)

P. Y. Liu, L. K. Chin, W. Ser, H. F. Chen, C. M. Hsieh, C. H. Lee, K. B. Sung, T. C. Ayi, P. H. Yap, B. Liedberg, K. Wang, T. Bourouina, and Y. Leprince-Wang, “Cell refractive index for cell biology and disease diagnosis: past, present and future,” Lab Chip 16(4), 634–644 (2016).
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Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
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G. Popescu, “Quantitative phase imaging of nanoscale cell structure and dynamics,” Methods Cell Biol. 90, 87–115 (2008).
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J. Gehl, “Electroporation for drug and gene delivery in the clinic: doctors go electric,” Methods Mol. Biol. 423, 351–359 (2008).
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Nat. Methods (1)

W. Choi, C. Fang-Yen, K. Badizadegan, S. Oh, N. Lue, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Tomographic phase microscopy,” Nat. Methods 4(9), 717–719 (2007).
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P. G. Wagstaff, M. Buijs, W. van den Bos, D. M. de Bruin, P. J. Zondervan, J. J. de la Rosette, and M. P. Laguna Pes, “Irreversible electroporation: state of the art,” Onco Targets Ther. 9, 2437–2446 (2016).
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PLoS One (1)

P. Jourdain, D. Boss, B. Rappaz, C. Moratal, M. C. Hernandez, C. Depeursinge, P. J. Magistretti, and P. Marquet, “Simultaneous Optical Recording In Multiple Cells by Digital Holographic Microscopy of Chloride Current Associated to Activation of the Ligand-Gated Chloride Channel GABA(A) Receptor,” PLoS One 7(12), e51041 (2012).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

M. Mir, Z. Wang, Z. Shen, M. Bednarz, R. Bashir, I. Golding, S. G. Prasanth, and G. Popescu, “Optical measurement of cycle-dependent cell growth,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(32), 13124–13129 (2011).
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Radiol. Oncol. (2)

M. Ušaj, K. Trontelj, R. Hudej, M. Kandušer, and D. Miklavčič, “Cell size dynamics and viability of cells exposed to hypotonic treatment and electroporation for electrofusion optimization,” Radiol. Oncol. 43(2), 108–119 (2009).
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J. Teissié, J. M. Escoffre, M. P. Rols, and M. Golzio, “Time dependence of electric field effects on cell membranes. A review for a critical selection of pulse duration for therapeutical applications,” Radiol. Oncol. 42(4), 196–206 (2008).
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A. Silve, I. Leray, C. Poignard, and L. M. Mir, “Impact of external medium conductivity on cell membrane electropermeabilization by microsecond and nanosecond electric pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 19957 (2016).
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L. X. Sun, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, C. L. Zhang, C. J. Min, Y. Yang, S. W. Zhu, and X. C. Yuan, “Refractive index mapping of single cells with a graphene-based optical sensor,” Sens. Actuator B-Chem. 242, 41–46 (2017).
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T. Kotnik, W. Frey, M. Sack, S. Haberl Meglič, M. Peterka, and D. Miklavčič, “Electroporation-based applications in biotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 33(8), 480–488 (2015).
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J. Teissie, “Electropermeabilization of the Cell Membrane,” in Electroporation Protocols: Preclinical and Clinical Gene Medicine, 2nd Edition, S. Li, J. Cutrera, R. Heller, and J. Teissie, eds. (Springer, 2014), pp. 25–46.

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L. M. Mir, P. H. Moller, F. André, and J. Gehl, “Electric Pulse‐Mediated Gene Delivery to Various Animal Tissues,” in Advances in Genetics (Academic Press, 2005), pp. 83–114.

L. M. Mir, “Electroporation-Based Gene Therapy: Recent Evolution in the Mechanism Description and Technology Developments,” in Electroporation Protocols: Preclinical and Clinical Gene Medicine, 2nd Edition, S. Li, J. Cutrera, R. Heller, and J. Teissie, eds. (Springer, 2014), pp. 3–23.

A. Pakhomov and O. Pakhomova, “Nanopores,” in Advanced Electroporation Techniques in Biology and Medicine (CRC Press, 2010), pp. 177–194.

T. Kotnik, G. Pucihar, and D. Miklavčič, “The Cell in the Electric Field,” in Clinical Aspects of Electroporation (Springer, 2011), pp. 19–29

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) L-shape stainless steel plate electrodes; (b) electroporation pulse profile: a train of four pulses was applied with a frequency of 1 kHz; (c) attached cells at 20-30% covering density, allowing separate analyses of a single cell; (d) membrane electropermeabilization checked by Propidium Iodide; accumulation of the fluorescent probe witnesses for the permeabilization of the cell membrane.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental and numerical steps of the holographic image acquisition and processing: (a) hologram, (b) and (c) reconstructed quantitative phase images, (d) cross section through the reconstructed quantitative phase image.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Consecutive holographic phase images of an attached B16F10 cell in two different solutions (D and M) at different time moments. Top: (a) hologram acquired in solution D before the electric pulse delivery, (b) hologram acquired in solution M before the electric pulse delivery, (c) hologram acquired in solution M at 2 seconds after pulse delivery, (d) hologram acquired in solution M at 10 minutes after pulse delivery. Bottom: phase shift profiles along cross sections through the point of maximum phase shift corresponding to each hologram.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Variation of cellular height observed at 2 s after pulse delivery (hBP - height of the cell before electroporation, hAP - height of the cell after electroporation). For the decoupling procedure we have used the hologram taken in D solution before pulse application: (a) example of typical variation of cell height as calculated on one cell; (b) relative variation of cellular height computed on all thirteen experiments.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Variation of cellular refractive index at 2 seconds after pulse delivery (nBP - refractive index of the cell before electroporation, nAP - refractive index of the cell after electroporation). For the decoupling procedure we have used the hologram taken in D solution before pulse application: (a) example of typical variation of cell refractive index as calculated on one cell; (b) relative variation of cellular refractive index computed on all thirteen experiments.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Relative variation of cell refractive index during the 7 minutes following the pulse delivery. The inset shows the evolution of the relative refractive index within 2 seconds after poration (nBP - refractive index of the cell before electroporation, nAP - refractive index of the cell after electroporation).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Relative variation of cellular projected area (a), averaged optical phase shift (c) and dry mass (e) after pulse delivery. Panels (b), (d) and (f) present these parameters after subtracting the controls (dots) and the exponential fit (line) of their time behavior (ABP - projected area of the cell before electroporation, AAP - projected area of the cell after electroporation, OPSBP - averaged optical phase shift profile of the cell before electroporation, OPSAP - averaged optical phase shift profile of the cell after electroporation, DMBP - averaged dry mass of the cell before electroporation, DMAP - averaged dry mass of the cell after electroporation).

Equations (4)

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ΔφD(x,y)= 2π λ [ n(x,y)nD ]h(x,y)
ΔφM(x,y)= 2π λ [ n(x,y)nM ]h(x,y)
h(x,y)= λ 180 [ ΔφD(x,y)ΔφM(x,y) ] 2π λ ( nMnD )
n(x,y)= nDΔφM(x,y)nMΔφD(x,y) ΔφM(x,y)ΔφD(x,y)

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