Abstract

A custom made dermatological Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) is presented. It uses a passive-polarization-delay component based swept-source JM-OCT configuration, but is specially designed for in vivo human skin measurement. The center wavelength of its probe beam is 1310 nm and the A-line rate is 49.6 kHz. The JM-OCT is capable of simultaneously providing birefringence (local retardation) tomography, degree-of-polarization-uniformity tomography, complex-correlation-based optical coherence angiography, and conventional scattering OCT. To evaluate the performance of this JM-OCT, we measured in vivo human skin at several locations. Using the four kinds of OCT contrasts, the morphological characteristics and optical properties of different skin types were visualized.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo

Michael Pircher, Erich Goetzinger, Rainer Leitgeb, and Christoph K. Hitzenberger
Opt. Express 12(14) 3236-3244 (2004)

In vivo three-dimensional optical coherence elastography

Brendan F. Kennedy, Xing Liang, Steven G. Adie, Derek K. Gerstmann, Bryden C. Quirk, Stephen A. Boppart, and David D. Sampson
Opt. Express 19(7) 6623-6634 (2011)

Quantitative monitoring of laser-treated engineered skin using optical coherence tomography

Yujin Ahn, Chan-Young Lee, Songyee Baek, Taeho Kim, Pilun Kim, Sunghoon Lee, Daejin Min, Haekwang Lee, Jeehyun Kim, and Woonggyu Jung
Biomed. Opt. Express 7(3) 1030-1041 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
    [PubMed]
  6. B. W. Colston, U. S. Sathyam, L. B. DaSilva, M. J. Everett, P. Stroeve, and L. L. Otis, “Dental OCT,” Opt. Express 3, 230–238 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. Welzel, E. Lankenau, R. Birngruber, and R. Engelhardt, “Optical coherence tomography of the human skin,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 37, 958–963 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Welzel, “Optical coherence tomography in dermatology: a review,” Skin Res. Technol. 7, 1–9 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. E. Auksorius and A. C. Boccara, “Fingerprint imaging from the inside of a finger with full-field optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4465–4471 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. E. Harris and A. Sjoerdsma, “Effect of penicillamine on human collagen and its possible application to treatment of scleroderma,” Lancet 288, 996–999 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  12. G. P. Rodnan, E. Lipinski, and J. Luksick, “Skin thickness and collagen content in progressive systemic sclerosis and localized scleroderma,” Arthritis Rheumatol. 22, 130–140 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. Rayman, A. Hassan, and J. E. Tooke, “Blood flow in the skin of the foot related to posture in diabetes mellitus,” Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) 292, 87–90 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Belcaro, S. Vasdekis, A. Rulo, and A. N. Nicolaides, “Evaluation of skin blood flow and venoarteriolar response in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease by laser doppler flowmetry,” Angiology 40, 953–957 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. F. d. Boer, S. M. Srinivas, A. Malekafzali, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, “Imaging thermally damaged tissue by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 3, 212–218 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458–463 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. W. J. Choi, R. Reif, S. Yousefi, and R. K. Wang, “Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask,” J. of Biomed. Opt. 19, 036010 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. B. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S.-H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. Tearney, B. Bouma, and J. de Boer, “Real-time fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 13, 3931–3944 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. S. Guo, J. Zhang, L. Wang, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, “Depth-resolved birefringence and differential optical axis orientation measurements with fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2025–2027 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. S. Makita, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Generalized jones matrix optical coherence tomography: performance and local birefringence imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 854–876 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Fukuda, S. Beheregaray, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 22, 16472–16492 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. Y. Lim, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, Y. Kaji, T. Kiuchi, M. Miura, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence measurement of cornea and anterior segment by office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2392–2402 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. J. Ju, Y.-J. Hong, S. Makita, Y. Lim, K. Kurokawa, L. Duan, M. Miura, S. Tang, and Y. Yasuno, “Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging,” Opt. Express 21, 19412–19436 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. M. Yamanari, S. Tsuda, T. Kokubun, Y. Shiga, K. Omodaka, Y. Yokoyama, N. Himori, M. Ryu, S. Kunimatsu-Sanuki, H. Takahashi, K. Maruyama, H. Kunikata, and T. Nakazawa, “Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT for birefringence imaging of the anterior eye segment,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 369–389 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. Z. Wang, H.-C. Lee, O. O. Ahsen, B. Lee, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, J. Liu, V. Jayaraman, A. Cable, M. F. Kraus, K. Liang, J. Hornegger, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5, 2931–2949 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. M. Yamanari, S. Tsuda, T. Kokubun, Y. Shiga, K. Omodaka, N. Aizawa, Y. Yokoyama, N. Himori, S. Kunimatsu-Sanuki, K. Maruyama, H. Kunikata, and T. Nakazawa, “Estimation of jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using cloude-pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 3551–3573 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. M. Villiger and B. E. Bouma, “Practical decomposition for physically admissible differential Mueller matrices,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1779–1782 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. L. Duan, S. Makita, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, and Y. Yasuno, “Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 19, 16330–16345 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise stochastic corrected maximum a posteriori estimator for birefringence imaging using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 653–669 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  36. M. Bonesi, H. Sattmann, T. Torzicky, S. Zotter, B. Baumann, M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, C. Eigenwillig, W. Wieser, R. Huber, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography scan engine based on Fourier domain mode locked laser,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 2987–3000 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. G. Liu, W. Jia, V. Sun, B. Choi, and Z. Chen, “High-resolution imaging of microvasculature in human skin in-vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 20, 7694–7705 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. W. J. Choi and R. K. Wang, “Volumetric cutaneous microangiography of human skin in vivo by vcsel swept-source optical coherence tomography,” Quantum Electron. 44, 740 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  40. E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, W. Geitzenauer, C. Ahlers, B. Baumann, S. Michels, U. Schmidt-Erfurth, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Retinal pigment epithelium segmentation by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16, 16410–16422 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6783–6786 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. S. Makita, K. Kurokawa, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 1525–1548 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. B. Baumann, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, D. Huang, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source / Fourier domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with a passive polarization delay unit,” Opt. Express 20, 10229–10241 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. Y. Lim, Y.-J. Hong, L. Duan, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Passive component based multifunctional Jones matrix swept source optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1958–1960 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  45. S. Makita and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo photothermal optical coherence tomography for non-invasive imaging of endogenous absorption agents,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 1707–1725 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  46. S. Moon, S.-W. Lee, and Z. Chen, “Reference spectrum extraction and fixed-pattern noise removal in optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18, 24395–24404 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  47. W. F. H. A. Text and C. Atlas, Wheater’s Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas (Churchill Livingstone, 2013), 6th ed.
  48. M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo,” Opt. Express 12, 3236–3244 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  49. G. Liu and Z. Chen, “Capturing the vital vascular fingerprint with optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Opt. 52, 5473–5477 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  50. A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  51. J. T. Whitton and J. Everall, “The thickness of the epidermis,” Br. J. Dermatol. 89, 467–476 (1973).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  52. S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, N. Nakagawa, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2623–2631 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  53. M. Bonesi, M. P. Minneman, J. Ensher, B. Zabihian, H. Sattmann, P. Boschert, E. Hoover, R. A. Leitgeb, M. Crawford, and W. Drexler, “Akinetic all-semiconductor programmable swept-source at 1550 nm and 1310 nm with centimeters coherence length,” Opt. Express 22, 2632–2655 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  54. O. O. Ahsen, Y. K. Tao, B. M. Potsaid, Y. Sheikine, J. Jiang, I. Grulkowski, T.-H. Tsai, V. Jayaraman, M. F. Kraus, J. L. Connolly, J. Hornegger, A. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a 1310 nm VCSEL light source,” Opt. Express 21, 18021–18033 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  55. Y. Yasuno, J. ichiro Sugisaka, Y. Sando, Y. Nakamura, S. Makita, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Non-iterative numerical method for laterally superresolving fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 1006–1020 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  56. T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. Scott Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nature Phys. 3, 129–134 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  57. A. Kumar, W. Drexler, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Numerical focusing methods for full field oct: a comparison based on a common signal model,” Opt. Express 22, 16061–16078 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  58. J. Mo, M. de Groot, and J. F. de Boer, “Focus-extension by depth-encoded synthetic aperture in optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 21, 10048–10061 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  59. R. A. Leitgeb, M. Villiger, A. H. Bachmann, L. Steinmann, and T. Lasser, “Extended focus depth for fourier domain optical coherence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2450–2452 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  60. A. Bouwens, T. Bolmont, D. Szlag, C. Berclaz, and T. Lasser, “Quantitative cerebral blood flow imaging with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 39, 37–40 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  61. M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

2016 (5)

S. Makita, K. Kurokawa, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 1525–1548 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yamanari, S. Tsuda, T. Kokubun, Y. Shiga, K. Omodaka, N. Aizawa, Y. Yokoyama, N. Himori, S. Kunimatsu-Sanuki, K. Maruyama, H. Kunikata, and T. Nakazawa, “Estimation of jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using cloude-pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 3551–3573 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

2014 (9)

A. Bouwens, T. Bolmont, D. Szlag, C. Berclaz, and T. Lasser, “Quantitative cerebral blood flow imaging with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 39, 37–40 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Bonesi, M. P. Minneman, J. Ensher, B. Zabihian, H. Sattmann, P. Boschert, E. Hoover, R. A. Leitgeb, M. Crawford, and W. Drexler, “Akinetic all-semiconductor programmable swept-source at 1550 nm and 1310 nm with centimeters coherence length,” Opt. Express 22, 2632–2655 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Villiger and B. E. Bouma, “Practical decomposition for physically admissible differential Mueller matrices,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1779–1782 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kumar, W. Drexler, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Numerical focusing methods for full field oct: a comparison based on a common signal model,” Opt. Express 22, 16061–16078 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Fukuda, S. Beheregaray, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 22, 16472–16492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, H.-C. Lee, O. O. Ahsen, B. Lee, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, J. Liu, V. Jayaraman, A. Cable, M. F. Kraus, K. Liang, J. Hornegger, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5, 2931–2949 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6783–6786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Choi and R. K. Wang, “Volumetric cutaneous microangiography of human skin in vivo by vcsel swept-source optical coherence tomography,” Quantum Electron. 44, 740 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. J. Choi, R. Reif, S. Yousefi, and R. K. Wang, “Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask,” J. of Biomed. Opt. 19, 036010 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

2012 (4)

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, W. Geitzenauer, C. Ahlers, B. Baumann, S. Michels, U. Schmidt-Erfurth, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Retinal pigment epithelium segmentation by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16, 16410–16422 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. Scott Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nature Phys. 3, 129–134 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

B. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S.-H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. Tearney, B. Bouma, and J. de Boer, “Real-time fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 13, 3931–3944 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

2002 (1)

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Welzel, “Optical coherence tomography in dermatology: a review,” Skin Res. Technol. 7, 1–9 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

1997 (3)

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

J. Welzel, E. Lankenau, R. Birngruber, and R. Engelhardt, “Optical coherence tomography of the human skin,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 37, 958–963 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

G. Belcaro, S. Vasdekis, A. Rulo, and A. N. Nicolaides, “Evaluation of skin blood flow and venoarteriolar response in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease by laser doppler flowmetry,” Angiology 40, 953–957 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

G. Rayman, A. Hassan, and J. E. Tooke, “Blood flow in the skin of the foot related to posture in diabetes mellitus,” Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) 292, 87–90 (1986).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

G. P. Rodnan, E. Lipinski, and J. Luksick, “Skin thickness and collagen content in progressive systemic sclerosis and localized scleroderma,” Arthritis Rheumatol. 22, 130–140 (1979).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

J. T. Whitton and J. Everall, “The thickness of the epidermis,” Br. J. Dermatol. 89, 467–476 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1966 (1)

E. Harris and A. Sjoerdsma, “Effect of penicillamine on human collagen and its possible application to treatment of scleroderma,” Lancet 288, 996–999 (1966).
[Crossref]

Ahlers, C.

Ahsen, O. O.

Aizawa, N.

Alonso-Caneiro, D.

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

Altmeyer, P.

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aretz, H. T.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atlas, C.

W. F. H. A. Text and C. Atlas, Wheater’s Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas (Churchill Livingstone, 2013), 6th ed.

Auksorius, E.

Austen, W. G.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bachmann, A. H.

Barton, J. K.

J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
[Crossref]

Baumann, B.

Beheregaray, S.

Belcaro, G.

G. Belcaro, S. Vasdekis, A. Rulo, and A. N. Nicolaides, “Evaluation of skin blood flow and venoarteriolar response in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease by laser doppler flowmetry,” Angiology 40, 953–957 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berclaz, C.

Birngruber, R.

J. Welzel, E. Lankenau, R. Birngruber, and R. Engelhardt, “Optical coherence tomography of the human skin,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 37, 958–963 (1997).
[Crossref]

Boccara, A. C.

Boer, J. F. d.

Bolmont, T.

Bonesi, M.

Boppart, S. A.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. Scott Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nature Phys. 3, 129–134 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

Boschert, P.

Bouma, B.

Bouma, B. E.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Villiger and B. E. Bouma, “Practical decomposition for physically admissible differential Mueller matrices,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1779–1782 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

Bouwens, A.

Brezinski, M. E.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

Broelsch, G. F.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cable, A.

Cense, B.

B. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S.-H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. Tearney, B. Bouma, and J. de Boer, “Real-time fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 13, 3931–3944 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458–463 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Choi, B.

Choi, W.

Choi, W. J.

W. J. Choi and R. K. Wang, “Volumetric cutaneous microangiography of human skin in vivo by vcsel swept-source optical coherence tomography,” Quantum Electron. 44, 740 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. J. Choi, R. Reif, S. Yousefi, and R. K. Wang, “Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask,” J. of Biomed. Opt. 19, 036010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Colston, B. W.

Connolly, J. L.

Crawford, M.

DaSilva, L. B.

de Boer, J.

de Boer, J. F.

J. Mo, M. de Groot, and J. F. de Boer, “Focus-extension by depth-encoded synthetic aperture in optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 21, 10048–10061 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458–463 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Groot, M.

Drexler, W.

Dsouza, R.

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, L.

Duker, J. S.

B. Baumann, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, D. Huang, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source / Fourier domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with a passive polarization delay unit,” Opt. Express 20, 10229–10241 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eigenwillig, C.

Enfield, J.

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Engelhardt, R.

J. Welzel, E. Lankenau, R. Birngruber, and R. Engelhardt, “Optical coherence tomography of the human skin,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 37, 958–963 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ensher, J.

Everall, J.

J. T. Whitton and J. Everall, “The thickness of the epidermis,” Br. J. Dermatol. 89, 467–476 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Everett, M. J.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friedrich, M.

M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Z. Wang, H.-C. Lee, O. O. Ahsen, B. Lee, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, J. Liu, V. Jayaraman, A. Cable, M. F. Kraus, K. Liang, J. Hornegger, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5, 2931–2949 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. O. Ahsen, Y. K. Tao, B. M. Potsaid, Y. Sheikine, J. Jiang, I. Grulkowski, T.-H. Tsai, V. Jayaraman, M. F. Kraus, J. L. Connolly, J. Hornegger, A. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a 1310 nm VCSEL light source,” Opt. Express 21, 18021–18033 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Baumann, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, D. Huang, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source / Fourier domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with a passive polarization delay unit,” Opt. Express 20, 10229–10241 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fukuda, S.

Gambichler, T.

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geitzenauer, W.

Goetzinger, E.

Golberg, A.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Götzinger, E.

Goulley, J.

M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grapin-Botton, A.

M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grulkowski, I.

Guo, S.

Halpern, E. F.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harris, E.

E. Harris and A. Sjoerdsma, “Effect of penicillamine on human collagen and its possible application to treatment of scleroderma,” Lancet 288, 996–999 (1966).
[Crossref]

Hassan, A.

G. Rayman, A. Hassan, and J. E. Tooke, “Blood flow in the skin of the foot related to posture in diabetes mellitus,” Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) 292, 87–90 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hee, M. R.

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Himori, N.

Hitzenberger, C. K.

Hoffmann, K.

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, Y.-J.

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise stochastic corrected maximum a posteriori estimator for birefringence imaging using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 653–669 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Makita, K. Kurokawa, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 1525–1548 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6783–6786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Ju, Y.-J. Hong, S. Makita, Y. Lim, K. Kurokawa, L. Duan, M. Miura, S. Tang, and Y. Yasuno, “Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging,” Opt. Express 21, 19412–19436 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lim, Y.-J. Hong, L. Duan, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Passive component based multifunctional Jones matrix swept source optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1958–1960 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoover, E.

Hornegger, J.

Houser, S.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

B. Baumann, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, D. Huang, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source / Fourier domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with a passive polarization delay unit,” Opt. Express 20, 10229–10241 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huber, R.

Hyle Park, B.

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458–463 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ichiro Sugisaka, J.

Iftima, N.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikuno, Y.

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoh, M.

Y. Yasuno, J. ichiro Sugisaka, Y. Sando, Y. Nakamura, S. Makita, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Non-iterative numerical method for laterally superresolving fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 1006–1020 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Izatt, J. A.

J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, I.-K.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jayaraman, V.

Jia, W.

Jiang, J.

Ju, M. J.

Kaji, Y.

Kasaragod, D.

Kawabata, K.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khan, S.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirk, R. W.

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiuchi, T.

Kokubun, T.

Kraus, M. F.

Kulkarni, M. D.

J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

Kunikata, H.

Kunimatsu-Sanuki, S.

Kurokawa, K.

Lankenau, E.

J. Welzel, E. Lankenau, R. Birngruber, and R. Engelhardt, “Optical coherence tomography of the human skin,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 37, 958–963 (1997).
[Crossref]

Larin, K.

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lasser, T.

Leahy, M. J.

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

Lee, H.-C.

Lee, S.-W.

Leitgeb, R.

Leitgeb, R. A.

Li, E.

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

Lian, C. G.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, K.

Lim, Y.

Lin, C. P.

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipinski, E.

G. P. Rodnan, E. Lipinski, and J. Luksick, “Skin thickness and collagen content in progressive systemic sclerosis and localized scleroderma,” Arthritis Rheumatol. 22, 130–140 (1979).
[Crossref]

Liu, G.

Liu, J.

Lo, W. C. Y.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorenser, D.

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luksick, J.

G. P. Rodnan, E. Lipinski, and J. Luksick, “Skin thickness and collagen content in progressive systemic sclerosis and localized scleroderma,” Arthritis Rheumatol. 22, 130–140 (1979).
[Crossref]

MacNeill, B.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Makita, S.

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise stochastic corrected maximum a posteriori estimator for birefringence imaging using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 653–669 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Makita, K. Kurokawa, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 1525–1548 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo photothermal optical coherence tomography for non-invasive imaging of endogenous absorption agents,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 1707–1725 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6783–6786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Fukuda, S. Beheregaray, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 22, 16472–16492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Ju, Y.-J. Hong, S. Makita, Y. Lim, K. Kurokawa, L. Duan, M. Miura, S. Tang, and Y. Yasuno, “Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging,” Opt. Express 21, 19412–19436 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Duan, S. Makita, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, and Y. Yasuno, “Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 19, 16330–16345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Generalized jones matrix optical coherence tomography: performance and local birefringence imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 854–876 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, J. ichiro Sugisaka, Y. Sando, Y. Nakamura, S. Makita, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Non-iterative numerical method for laterally superresolving fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 1006–1020 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Malekafzali, A.

Marks, D. L.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. Scott Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nature Phys. 3, 129–134 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maruyama, K.

Matsumoto, M.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McLaughlin, R. A.

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meda, P.

M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Michels, S.

Minneman, M. P.

Miura, M.

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Makita, K. Kurokawa, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 1525–1548 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6783–6786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Ju, Y.-J. Hong, S. Makita, Y. Lim, K. Kurokawa, L. Duan, M. Miura, S. Tang, and Y. Yasuno, “Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging,” Opt. Express 21, 19412–19436 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lim, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, Y. Kaji, T. Kiuchi, M. Miura, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence measurement of cornea and anterior segment by office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2392–2402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyazawa, A.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mo, J.

Moon, S.

Moselewski, F.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moussa, G.

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mujat, M.

Nakagawa, N.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, N. Nakagawa, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2623–2631 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakamura, Y.

Nakazawa, T.

Nelson, J. S.

Nicolaides, A. N.

G. Belcaro, S. Vasdekis, A. Rulo, and A. N. Nicolaides, “Evaluation of skin blood flow and venoarteriolar response in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease by laser doppler flowmetry,” Angiology 40, 953–957 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Connell, M.-L.

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Omodaka, K.

Oshika, T.

Otis, L. L.

Park, B.

Pierce, M. C.

B. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S.-H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. Tearney, B. Bouma, and J. de Boer, “Real-time fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 13, 3931–3944 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458–463 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pircher, M.

Potsaid, B.

Potsaid, B. M.

Puliafito, C. A.

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quirk, B. C.

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ralston, T. S.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. Scott Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nature Phys. 3, 129–134 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rayman, G.

G. Rayman, A. Hassan, and J. E. Tooke, “Blood flow in the skin of the foot related to posture in diabetes mellitus,” Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) 292, 87–90 (1986).
[Crossref]

Reichel, E.

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reif, R.

W. J. Choi, R. Reif, S. Yousefi, and R. K. Wang, “Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask,” J. of Biomed. Opt. 19, 036010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rodnan, G. P.

G. P. Rodnan, E. Lipinski, and J. Luksick, “Skin thickness and collagen content in progressive systemic sclerosis and localized scleroderma,” Arthritis Rheumatol. 22, 130–140 (1979).
[Crossref]

Rulo, A.

G. Belcaro, S. Vasdekis, A. Rulo, and A. N. Nicolaides, “Evaluation of skin blood flow and venoarteriolar response in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease by laser doppler flowmetry,” Angiology 40, 953–957 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryu, M.

Sakai, S.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, N. Nakagawa, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2623–2631 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sampson, D. D.

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sand, D.

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sand, M.

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sando, Y.

Sathyam, U. S.

Sattmann, H.

Schmidt-Erfurth, U.

Schuman, J. S.

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott Carney, P.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. Scott Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nature Phys. 3, 129–134 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sheikine, Y.

Shiga, Y.

Shishkov, M.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sjoerdsma, A.

E. Harris and A. Sjoerdsma, “Effect of penicillamine on human collagen and its possible application to treatment of scleroderma,” Lancet 288, 996–999 (1966).
[Crossref]

Southern, J. F.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

Srinivas, S. M.

Steinmann, L.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strasswimmer, J.

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458–463 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stroeve, P.

Subhash, H. M.

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugawara, T.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugiyama, S.

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, V.

Sutoh, Y.

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Swanson, E. A.

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szlag, D.

Takahashi, H.

Takano, M.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, S.

Tao, Y. K.

Tearney, G.

Tearney, G. J.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

Text, W. F. H. A.

W. F. H. A. Text and C. Atlas, Wheater’s Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas (Churchill Livingstone, 2013), 6th ed.

Tooke, J. E.

G. Rayman, A. Hassan, and J. E. Tooke, “Blood flow in the skin of the foot related to posture in diabetes mellitus,” Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) 292, 87–90 (1986).
[Crossref]

Torzicky, T.

Tsai, T.-H.

Tsuda, S.

Uematsu, S.

Vasdekis, S.

G. Belcaro, S. Vasdekis, A. Rulo, and A. N. Nicolaides, “Evaluation of skin blood flow and venoarteriolar response in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease by laser doppler flowmetry,” Angiology 40, 953–957 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villiger, M.

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Villiger and B. E. Bouma, “Practical decomposition for physically admissible differential Mueller matrices,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1779–1782 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Leitgeb, M. Villiger, A. H. Bachmann, L. Steinmann, and T. Lasser, “Extended focus depth for fourier domain optical coherence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2450–2452 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

Wang, R. K.

W. J. Choi, R. Reif, S. Yousefi, and R. K. Wang, “Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask,” J. of Biomed. Opt. 19, 036010 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. J. Choi and R. K. Wang, “Volumetric cutaneous microangiography of human skin in vivo by vcsel swept-source optical coherence tomography,” Quantum Electron. 44, 740 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Welch, A. J.

J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
[Crossref]

Welzel, J.

J. Welzel, “Optical coherence tomography in dermatology: a review,” Skin Res. Technol. 7, 1–9 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Welzel, E. Lankenau, R. Birngruber, and R. Engelhardt, “Optical coherence tomography of the human skin,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 37, 958–963 (1997).
[Crossref]

Whitton, J. T.

J. T. Whitton and J. Everall, “The thickness of the epidermis,” Br. J. Dermatol. 89, 467–476 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wieser, W.

Yamanari, M.

M. Yamanari, S. Tsuda, T. Kokubun, Y. Shiga, K. Omodaka, N. Aizawa, Y. Yokoyama, N. Himori, S. Kunimatsu-Sanuki, K. Maruyama, H. Kunikata, and T. Nakazawa, “Estimation of jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using cloude-pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 3551–3573 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Yamanari, S. Tsuda, T. Kokubun, Y. Shiga, K. Omodaka, Y. Yokoyama, N. Himori, M. Ryu, S. Kunimatsu-Sanuki, H. Takahashi, K. Maruyama, H. Kunikata, and T. Nakazawa, “Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT for birefringence imaging of the anterior eye segment,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 369–389 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lim, Y.-J. Hong, L. Duan, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Passive component based multifunctional Jones matrix swept source optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1958–1960 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, N. Nakagawa, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2623–2631 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lim, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, Y. Kaji, T. Kiuchi, M. Miura, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence measurement of cornea and anterior segment by office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2392–2402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Duan, S. Makita, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, and Y. Yasuno, “Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 19, 16330–16345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Generalized jones matrix optical coherence tomography: performance and local birefringence imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 854–876 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yarmush, M.

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yasuno, Y.

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise stochastic corrected maximum a posteriori estimator for birefringence imaging using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 653–669 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Makita, K. Kurokawa, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 1525–1548 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo photothermal optical coherence tomography for non-invasive imaging of endogenous absorption agents,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 1707–1725 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6783–6786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Fukuda, S. Beheregaray, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 22, 16472–16492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Ju, Y.-J. Hong, S. Makita, Y. Lim, K. Kurokawa, L. Duan, M. Miura, S. Tang, and Y. Yasuno, “Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging,” Opt. Express 21, 19412–19436 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lim, Y.-J. Hong, L. Duan, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Passive component based multifunctional Jones matrix swept source optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1958–1960 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, N. Nakagawa, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2623–2631 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lim, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, Y. Kaji, T. Kiuchi, M. Miura, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence measurement of cornea and anterior segment by office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2392–2402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Duan, S. Makita, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, and Y. Yasuno, “Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 19, 16330–16345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Generalized jones matrix optical coherence tomography: performance and local birefringence imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 854–876 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, J. ichiro Sugisaka, Y. Sando, Y. Nakamura, S. Makita, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Non-iterative numerical method for laterally superresolving fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 1006–1020 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yatagai, T.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, J. ichiro Sugisaka, Y. Sando, Y. Nakamura, S. Makita, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Non-iterative numerical method for laterally superresolving fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 1006–1020 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yazdanfar, S.

J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, Y.

Yousefi, S.

W. J. Choi, R. Reif, S. Yousefi, and R. K. Wang, “Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask,” J. of Biomed. Opt. 19, 036010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yun, S.-H.

Zabihian, B.

Zam, A.

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

Zotter, S.

Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1)

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, J. F. Southern, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical biopsy in human gastrointestinal tissue using optical coherence tomography,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 92, 1800–1804 (1997).
[PubMed]

Angiology (1)

G. Belcaro, S. Vasdekis, A. Rulo, and A. N. Nicolaides, “Evaluation of skin blood flow and venoarteriolar response in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease by laser doppler flowmetry,” Angiology 40, 953–957 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112, 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arthritis Rheumatol. (1)

G. P. Rodnan, E. Lipinski, and J. Luksick, “Skin thickness and collagen content in progressive systemic sclerosis and localized scleroderma,” Arthritis Rheumatol. 22, 130–140 (1979).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (11)

Y. Lim, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, Y. Kaji, T. Kiuchi, M. Miura, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence measurement of cornea and anterior segment by office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2392–2402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bonesi, H. Sattmann, T. Torzicky, S. Zotter, B. Baumann, M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, C. Eigenwillig, W. Wieser, R. Huber, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography scan engine based on Fourier domain mode locked laser,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 2987–3000 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, N. Nakagawa, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 2623–2631 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yamanari, S. Tsuda, T. Kokubun, Y. Shiga, K. Omodaka, Y. Yokoyama, N. Himori, M. Ryu, S. Kunimatsu-Sanuki, H. Takahashi, K. Maruyama, H. Kunikata, and T. Nakazawa, “Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT for birefringence imaging of the anterior eye segment,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 369–389 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo photothermal optical coherence tomography for non-invasive imaging of endogenous absorption agents,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 1707–1725 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Auksorius and A. C. Boccara, “Fingerprint imaging from the inside of a finger with full-field optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4465–4471 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugiyama, Y.-J. Hong, D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Uematsu, Y. Ikuno, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 4951–4974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, K. Kurokawa, Y.-J. Hong, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 1525–1548 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yamanari, S. Tsuda, T. Kokubun, Y. Shiga, K. Omodaka, N. Aizawa, Y. Yokoyama, N. Himori, S. Kunimatsu-Sanuki, K. Maruyama, H. Kunikata, and T. Nakazawa, “Estimation of jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using cloude-pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7, 3551–3573 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, Y.-J. Hong, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise stochastic corrected maximum a posteriori estimator for birefringence imaging using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 653–669 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H.-C. Lee, O. O. Ahsen, B. Lee, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, J. Liu, V. Jayaraman, A. Cable, M. F. Kraus, K. Liang, J. Hornegger, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5, 2931–2949 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Br. J. Dermatol. (1)

J. T. Whitton and J. Everall, “The thickness of the epidermis,” Br. J. Dermatol. 89, 467–476 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) (1)

G. Rayman, A. Hassan, and J. E. Tooke, “Blood flow in the skin of the foot related to posture in diabetes mellitus,” Br. Med. J. (Clin. Res. Ed.) 292, 87–90 (1986).
[Crossref]

Circulation (1)

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftima, M. Shishkov, S. Houser, H. T. Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque by use of optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551–1555 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diabetologia (1)

M. Villiger, J. Goulley, M. Friedrich, A. Grapin-Botton, P. Meda, T. Lasser, and R. A. Leitgeb, “In vivo imaging of murine endocrine islets of langerhans with extended-focus optical coherence microscopy,” Diabetologia 52, 1599–1607 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. (1)

J. Welzel, E. Lankenau, R. Birngruber, and R. Engelhardt, “Optical coherence tomography of the human skin,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 37, 958–963 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Biophotonics (1)

A. Zam, R. Dsouza, H. M. Subhash, M.-L. O’Connell, J. Enfield, K. Larin, and M. J. Leahy, “Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmoct) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting,” J. Biophotonics 6, 663–667 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dermatol. Sci. (1)

T. Gambichler, G. Moussa, M. Sand, D. Sand, P. Altmeyer, and K. Hoffmann, “Applications of optical coherence tomography in dermatology,” J. Dermatol. Sci. 40, 85–94 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Invest. Dermatol. (3)

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458–463 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences b etween young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 128, 1641–1647 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. C. Y. Lo, M. Villiger, A. Golberg, G. F. Broelsch, S. Khan, C. G. Lian, W. G. Austen, M. Yarmush, and B. E. Bouma, “Longitudinal, 3d Imaging of Collagen Remodeling in Murine Hypertrophic Scars In Vivo Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Frequency Domain Imaging,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 136, 84–92 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. of Biomed. Opt. (1)

W. J. Choi, R. Reif, S. Yousefi, and R. K. Wang, “Improved microcirculation imaging of human skin in vivo using optical microangiography with a correlation mapping mask,” J. of Biomed. Opt. 19, 036010 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lancet (1)

E. Harris and A. Sjoerdsma, “Effect of penicillamine on human collagen and its possible application to treatment of scleroderma,” Lancet 288, 996–999 (1966).
[Crossref]

Nature Phys. (1)

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. Scott Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nature Phys. 3, 129–134 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ophthalmology (1)

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of macular diseases with optical coherence tomography,” Ophthalmology 102, 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (17)

J. F. d. Boer, S. M. Srinivas, A. Malekafzali, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, “Imaging thermally damaged tissue by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 3, 212–218 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. W. Colston, U. S. Sathyam, L. B. DaSilva, M. J. Everett, P. Stroeve, and L. L. Otis, “Dental OCT,” Opt. Express 3, 230–238 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo,” Opt. Express 12, 3236–3244 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S.-H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. Tearney, B. Bouma, and J. de Boer, “Real-time fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 13, 3931–3944 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, J. ichiro Sugisaka, Y. Sando, Y. Nakamura, S. Makita, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Non-iterative numerical method for laterally superresolving fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 1006–1020 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Duan, S. Makita, M. Yamanari, Y. Lim, and Y. Yasuno, “Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 19, 16330–16345 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, W. Geitzenauer, C. Ahlers, B. Baumann, S. Michels, U. Schmidt-Erfurth, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Retinal pigment epithelium segmentation by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 16, 16410–16422 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Makita, M. Yamanari, and Y. Yasuno, “Generalized jones matrix optical coherence tomography: performance and local birefringence imaging,” Opt. Express 18, 854–876 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Moon, S.-W. Lee, and Z. Chen, “Reference spectrum extraction and fixed-pattern noise removal in optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18, 24395–24404 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bonesi, M. P. Minneman, J. Ensher, B. Zabihian, H. Sattmann, P. Boschert, E. Hoover, R. A. Leitgeb, M. Crawford, and W. Drexler, “Akinetic all-semiconductor programmable swept-source at 1550 nm and 1310 nm with centimeters coherence length,” Opt. Express 22, 2632–2655 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kumar, W. Drexler, and R. A. Leitgeb, “Numerical focusing methods for full field oct: a comparison based on a common signal model,” Opt. Express 22, 16061–16078 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kasaragod, S. Makita, S. Fukuda, S. Beheregaray, T. Oshika, and Y. Yasuno, “Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 22, 16472–16492 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Liu, W. Jia, V. Sun, B. Choi, and Z. Chen, “High-resolution imaging of microvasculature in human skin in-vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 20, 7694–7705 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Baumann, W. Choi, B. Potsaid, D. Huang, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source / Fourier domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with a passive polarization delay unit,” Opt. Express 20, 10229–10241 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mo, M. de Groot, and J. F. de Boer, “Focus-extension by depth-encoded synthetic aperture in optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 21, 10048–10061 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. O. Ahsen, Y. K. Tao, B. M. Potsaid, Y. Sheikine, J. Jiang, I. Grulkowski, T.-H. Tsai, V. Jayaraman, M. F. Kraus, J. L. Connolly, J. Hornegger, A. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a 1310 nm VCSEL light source,” Opt. Express 21, 18021–18033 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Ju, Y.-J. Hong, S. Makita, Y. Lim, K. Kurokawa, L. Duan, M. Miura, S. Tang, and Y. Yasuno, “Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging,” Opt. Express 21, 19412–19436 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Letters (2)

J. A. Izatt, M. D. Kulkarni, S. Yazdanfar, J. K. Barton, and A. J. Welch, “In vivo bidirectional color Doppler flow imaging of picoliter blood volumes using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 22, 1439–1441 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarization-sensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Letters 27, 1803–1805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Kasaragod, S. Sugiyama, Y. Ikuno, D. Alonso-Caneiro, M. Yamanari, S. Fukuda, T. Oshika, Y.-J. Hong, E. Li, S. Makita, M. Miura, and Y. Yasuno, “Accurate and quantitative polarization-sensitive oct by unbiased birefringence estimator with noise-stochastic correction,” Proc. SPIE 9697, 96971I (2016).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

W. J. Choi and R. K. Wang, “Volumetric cutaneous microangiography of human skin in vivo by vcsel swept-source optical coherence tomography,” Quantum Electron. 44, 740 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Villiger, D. Lorenser, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, R. W. Kirk, B. E. Bouma, and D. D. Sampson, “Deep tissue volume imaging of birefringence through fibre-optic needle probes for the delineation of breast tumour,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skin Res. Technol. (1)

J. Welzel, “Optical coherence tomography in dermatology: a review,” Skin Res. Technol. 7, 1–9 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. F. H. A. Text and C. Atlas, Wheater’s Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas (Churchill Livingstone, 2013), 6th ed.

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MP4 (391 KB)      Cut-away volumetric visualization of Fig. 7

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Configuration of the Jones matrix OCT system. APD: amplified photodetector; C: coupler; PC1, PC2 and PC3: polarization controllers; LP: linear polarizer; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; RAP: right angle prism; S: sample; NPBS: non-polarization beam splitter; BPD: balanced photodetetor; LPF: low pass filter, and HPF: high pass filter. (b) Pictures of scanning probe for skin.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the phase shift caused by the random shift of the spectral sampling signal. N is sampling number and ζ is indexed depth position. The 0-th sampling point corresponds to the zero depth of the non-delayed polarization channel, while N/4-th sampling point corresponds to that of delayed polarization channel. The upper and lower red lines indicate a phase error caused by jitter of +1 and −1 clock shifts, respectively. For the +1 clock shift, the delayed signal is phase shifted by +π/2 in respect to the non-delayed channel. For the −1 clock shift, the corresponding phase shift is −π/2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Examples of OCT-A images of nail bed skin without (left) and with (right) motion correction. (a) and (b) are cross-sections, (c) and (d) are en face images.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multi-contrast images of outer-forearm skin. Cross-sections of (a) scattering OCT, (b) OCT-A, (c) DOPU, and (d) birefringence. En face slices of (e) scattering OCT, (f) OCT-A, (g) DOPU, and (h) birefringence. The depth position of the en face slices are indicated by dashed lines in (a)–(d).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Multi-contrast images of finger pad. Cross-sectional (a) intensity, (b) birefringence tomography, (c) DOPU tomography, and (d) OCT-A. (e)–(g) are en face slices at the depth indicated by yellow arrowheads in the cross-sectional images. (h)–(j) are en face slices at the depth of blue arrowheads. (e) and (h): scattering intensity, (f) ang (i): birefringence, (g) and (j): DOPU. (k)–(m) are slab projections of OCT-A. The depth positions of the slabs are indicated in (b) and (d).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cross-sectional multi-contrast images of inner-forearm skin. (a) Scattering OCT, (b) OCT-A, (c) DOPU, and (d) birefringence tomography.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(b)–(d) Slab projections of OCT-A of the inner-forearm skin tissue. The depth positions of the slabs are indicated in a cross-sectional birefringence tomography (a). See Visualization 1 for cut-away volumetric visualization.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ h , v d , nd ( t , ζ ; τ ) Γ h , v d , nd ( t + τ , ζ ) Γ h , v * d , nd ( t , ζ ) ,
Δ ϕ d , nd ( t ; τ ) Arg [ i = 1 5 j = h , v ρ j d , nd ( t , ζ i ; τ ) ] .
m ( t ; τ ) { 1 if Δ φ ( t ; τ ) π / 2 0 if Δ φ ( t ; τ ) 0 + 1 if Δ φ ( t ; τ ) + π / 2 .
Γ ^ h , v nd ( t + τ , ζ ) Γ h , v nd ( t + τ , ζ ) exp { i 2 π N m ζ }
Γ ^ h , v d ( t + τ , ζ ) Γ h , v d ( t + τ , ζ ) exp { i 2 π N m ζ i π 2 m } ,

Metrics