Abstract

Intra-operative optical coherence tomography (OCT) requires a display technology which allows surgeons to visualize OCT data without disrupting surgery. Previous research and commercial intrasurgical OCT systems have integrated heads-up display (HUD) systems into surgical microscopes to provide monoscopic viewing of OCT data through one microscope ocular. To take full advantage of our previously reported real-time volumetric microscope-integrated OCT (4D MIOCT) system, we describe a stereoscopic HUD which projects a stereo pair of OCT volume renderings into both oculars simultaneously. The stereoscopic HUD uses a novel optical design employing spatial multiplexing to project dual OCT volume renderings utilizing a single micro-display. The optical performance of the surgical microscope with the HUD was quantitatively characterized and the addition of the HUD was found not to substantially effect the resolution, field of view, or pincushion distortion of the operating microscope. In a pilot depth perception subject study, five ophthalmic surgeons completed a pre-set dexterity task with 50.0% (SD = 37.3%) higher success rate and in 35.0% (SD = 24.8%) less time on average with stereoscopic OCT vision compared to monoscopic OCT vision. Preliminary experience using the HUD in 40 vitreo-retinal human surgeries by five ophthalmic surgeons is reported, in which all surgeons reported that the HUD did not alter their normal view of surgery and that live surgical maneuvers were readily visible in displayed stereoscopic OCT volumes.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (3)

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Eckardt and E. B. Paulo, “Heads-up surgery for vitreoretinal procedures: an experimental and clinical study,” Retina 36(1), 137–147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Modi and J. P. Ehlers, “Heads-up Vitreoretinal Surgery: Emerging Technology in Surgical Visualization,” Retinal Physician 13, 26–29 (2016).

2015 (7)

R. P. McNabb, S. Farsiu, S. S. Stinnett, J. A. Izatt, and A. N. Kuo, “Optical Coherence Tomography Accurately Measures Corneal Power Change from Laser Refractive Surgery,” Ophthalmology 122(4), 677–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, B. Keller, C. Viehland, B. J. Lujan, and J. A. Izatt, “Pupil tracking optical coherence tomography for precise control of pupil entry position,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(9), 3405–3419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Nankivil, G. Waterman, F. LaRocca, B. Keller, A. N. Kuo, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld, rapidly switchable, anterior/posterior segment swept source optical coherence tomography probe,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(11), 4516–4528 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

Y. K. Tao, S. K. Srivastava, and J. P. Ehlers, “Microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT with electrically tunable focus and heads-up display for imaging of ophthalmic surgical maneuvers,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1877–1885 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

L. De Benito-Llopis, J. S. Mehta, R. I. Angunawela, M. Ang, and D. T. H. Tan, “Intraoperative Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Assessment Tool during Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 157(2), 334–341 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, P. K. Kaiser, and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative optical coherence tomography using the RESCAN 700: preliminary results from the DISCOVER study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 98(10), 1329–1332 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, S. K. Srivastava, D. Feiler, A. I. Noonan, A. M. Rollins, and Y. K. Tao, “Integrative advances for OCT-guided ophthalmic surgery and intraoperative OCT: microscope integration, surgical instrumentation, and heads-up display surgeon feedback,” PLoS One 9(8), e105224 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. LaRocca, D. Nankivil, S. Farsiu, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld simultaneous scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography system,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(11), 2307–2321 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

M. D. Heath and A. A. Cohen-Gadol, “Intraoperative stereoscopic 3D video imaging: pushing the boundaries of surgical visualisation and applications for neurosurgical education,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 26(5), 662–667 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. V. Vienola, B. Braaf, C. K. Sheehy, Q. Yang, P. Tiruveedhula, D. W. Arathorn, J. F. de Boer, and A. Roorda, “Real-time eye motion compensation for OCT imaging with tracking SLO,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(11), 2950–2963 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. on Broadcasting 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Hahn, J. Migacz, R. O’Connell, R. S. Maldonado, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “The use of optical coherence tomography in intraoperative ophthalmic imaging,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42(4Suppl), S85–S94 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Binder, C. I. Falkner-Radler, C. Hauger, H. Matz, and C. Glittenberg, “Feasibility of intrasurgical spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Retina 31(7), 1332–1336 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Lee and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative spectral-domain optical coherence tomography during complex retinal detachment repair,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42, e71–e74 (2011).
[PubMed]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

P. N. Dayani, R. Maldonado, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Intraoperative use of handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging in macular surgery,” Retina 29(10), 1457–1468 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

G. Geerling, M. Müller, C. Winter, H. Hoerauf, S. Oelckers, H. Laqua, and R. Birngruber, “Intraoperative 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography as a new tool for anterior segment surgery,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 123(2), 253–257 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. Radhakrishnan, A. M. Rollins, J. E. Roth, S. Yazdanfar, V. Westphal, D. S. Bardenstein, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time optical coherence tomography of the anterior segment at 1310 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 119(8), 1179–1185 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

1838 (1)

C. Wheatstone, “Contributions to the physiology of vision.–Part the first. On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, phenomena of binocular vision,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 128(0), 371–394 (1838).
[Crossref]

Akeley, K.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ang, M.

L. De Benito-Llopis, J. S. Mehta, R. I. Angunawela, M. Ang, and D. T. H. Tan, “Intraoperative Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Assessment Tool during Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 157(2), 334–341 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angunawela, R. I.

L. De Benito-Llopis, J. S. Mehta, R. I. Angunawela, M. Ang, and D. T. H. Tan, “Intraoperative Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Assessment Tool during Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 157(2), 334–341 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arathorn, D. W.

Bachmann, B.

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Banks, M. S.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bardenstein, D. S.

S. Radhakrishnan, A. M. Rollins, J. E. Roth, S. Yazdanfar, V. Westphal, D. S. Bardenstein, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time optical coherence tomography of the anterior segment at 1310 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 119(8), 1179–1185 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumal, C. R.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Binder, S.

S. Binder, C. I. Falkner-Radler, C. Hauger, H. Matz, and C. Glittenberg, “Feasibility of intrasurgical spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Retina 31(7), 1332–1336 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birngruber, R.

G. Geerling, M. Müller, C. Winter, H. Hoerauf, S. Oelckers, H. Laqua, and R. Birngruber, “Intraoperative 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography as a new tool for anterior segment surgery,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 123(2), 253–257 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boppart, S. A.

Bosch, M. M.

P. B. Knecht, C. Kaufmann, M. N. Menke, S. L. Watson, and M. M. Bosch, “Use of Intraoperative Fourier-Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography During Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 150(3), 360–365 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouma, B. E.

Braaf, B.

Brezinski, M. E.

Carrasco-Zevallos, O.

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, B. Keller, C. Viehland, B. J. Lujan, and J. A. Izatt, “Pupil tracking optical coherence tomography for precise control of pupil entry position,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(9), 3405–3419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Carrasco-Zevallos, O. M.

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Chiu, S. J.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chukwurah, C.

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

Cohen-Gadol, A. A.

M. D. Heath and A. A. Cohen-Gadol, “Intraoperative stereoscopic 3D video imaging: pushing the boundaries of surgical visualisation and applications for neurosurgical education,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 26(5), 662–667 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coker, J. G.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cotten, C. M.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cunefare, D.

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

Cursiefen, C.

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dayani, P. N.

P. N. Dayani, R. Maldonado, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Intraoperative use of handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging in macular surgery,” Retina 29(10), 1457–1468 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Benito-Llopis, L.

L. De Benito-Llopis, J. S. Mehta, R. I. Angunawela, M. Ang, and D. T. H. Tan, “Intraoperative Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Assessment Tool during Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 157(2), 334–341 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Boer, J. F.

DeSouza, P. J.

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

Dodgson, N. A.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. on Broadcasting 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duker, J. S.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dupps, W. J.

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckardt, C.

C. Eckardt and E. B. Paulo, “Heads-up surgery for vitreoretinal procedures: an experimental and clinical study,” Retina 36(1), 137–147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ehlers, J. P.

Y. S. Modi and J. P. Ehlers, “Heads-up Vitreoretinal Surgery: Emerging Technology in Surgical Visualization,” Retinal Physician 13, 26–29 (2016).

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, P. K. Kaiser, and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative optical coherence tomography using the RESCAN 700: preliminary results from the DISCOVER study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 98(10), 1329–1332 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Tao, S. K. Srivastava, and J. P. Ehlers, “Microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT with electrically tunable focus and heads-up display for imaging of ophthalmic surgical maneuvers,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1877–1885 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, S. K. Srivastava, D. Feiler, A. I. Noonan, A. M. Rollins, and Y. K. Tao, “Integrative advances for OCT-guided ophthalmic surgery and intraoperative OCT: microscope integration, surgical instrumentation, and heads-up display surgeon feedback,” PLoS One 9(8), e105224 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Tao, J. P. Ehlers, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Intraoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography for vitreoretinal surgery,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3315–3317 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eisengart, J.

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Falkner-Radler, C. I.

S. Binder, C. I. Falkner-Radler, C. Hauger, H. Matz, and C. Glittenberg, “Feasibility of intrasurgical spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Retina 31(7), 1332–1336 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Farsiu, S.

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

R. P. McNabb, S. Farsiu, S. S. Stinnett, J. A. Izatt, and A. N. Kuo, “Optical Coherence Tomography Accurately Measures Corneal Power Change from Laser Refractive Surgery,” Ophthalmology 122(4), 677–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. LaRocca, D. Nankivil, S. Farsiu, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld simultaneous scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography system,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(11), 2307–2321 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. N. Dayani, R. Maldonado, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Intraoperative use of handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging in macular surgery,” Retina 29(10), 1457–1468 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Favalora, G. E.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. on Broadcasting 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Feiler, D.

J. P. Ehlers, S. K. Srivastava, D. Feiler, A. I. Noonan, A. M. Rollins, and Y. K. Tao, “Integrative advances for OCT-guided ophthalmic surgery and intraoperative OCT: microscope integration, surgical instrumentation, and heads-up display surgeon feedback,” PLoS One 9(8), e105224 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Freedman, S. F.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujii, Y.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

Fujimoto, J. G.

S. A. Boppart, B. E. Bouma, C. Pitris, G. J. Tearney, J. G. Fujimoto, and M. E. Brezinski, “Forward-imaging instruments for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 22(21), 1618–1620 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Gans, R.

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geerling, G.

G. Geerling, M. Müller, C. Winter, H. Hoerauf, S. Oelckers, H. Laqua, and R. Birngruber, “Intraoperative 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography as a new tool for anterior segment surgery,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 123(2), 253–257 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gehlsen, U.

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Girshick, A. R.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glittenberg, C.

S. Binder, C. I. Falkner-Radler, C. Hauger, H. Matz, and C. Glittenberg, “Feasibility of intrasurgical spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Retina 31(7), 1332–1336 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goshe, J.

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Hahn, P.

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

P. Hahn, J. Migacz, R. O’Connell, R. S. Maldonado, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “The use of optical coherence tomography in intraoperative ophthalmic imaging,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42(4Suppl), S85–S94 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Hauger, C.

S. Binder, C. I. Falkner-Radler, C. Hauger, H. Matz, and C. Glittenberg, “Feasibility of intrasurgical spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Retina 31(7), 1332–1336 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heath, M. D.

M. D. Heath and A. A. Cohen-Gadol, “Intraoperative stereoscopic 3D video imaging: pushing the boundaries of surgical visualisation and applications for neurosurgical education,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 26(5), 662–667 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hee, M. R.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Heindl, L. M.

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoerauf, H.

G. Geerling, M. Müller, C. Winter, H. Hoerauf, S. Oelckers, H. Laqua, and R. Birngruber, “Intraoperative 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography as a new tool for anterior segment surgery,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 123(2), 253–257 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffman, D. M.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holliman, N. S.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. on Broadcasting 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hos, D.

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, D.

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Hüttmann, G.

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Izatt, J. A.

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

R. P. McNabb, S. Farsiu, S. S. Stinnett, J. A. Izatt, and A. N. Kuo, “Optical Coherence Tomography Accurately Measures Corneal Power Change from Laser Refractive Surgery,” Ophthalmology 122(4), 677–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, B. Keller, C. Viehland, B. J. Lujan, and J. A. Izatt, “Pupil tracking optical coherence tomography for precise control of pupil entry position,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(9), 3405–3419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Nankivil, G. Waterman, F. LaRocca, B. Keller, A. N. Kuo, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld, rapidly switchable, anterior/posterior segment swept source optical coherence tomography probe,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(11), 4516–4528 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

F. LaRocca, D. Nankivil, S. Farsiu, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld simultaneous scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography system,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(11), 2307–2321 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Hahn, J. Migacz, R. O’Connell, R. S. Maldonado, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “The use of optical coherence tomography in intraoperative ophthalmic imaging,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42(4Suppl), S85–S94 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Tao, J. P. Ehlers, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Intraoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography for vitreoretinal surgery,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3315–3317 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhao, A. N. Kuo, and J. A. Izatt, “3D refraction correction and extraction of clinical parameters from spectral domain optical coherence tomography of the cornea,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8923–8936 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Radhakrishnan, A. M. Rollins, J. E. Roth, S. Yazdanfar, V. Westphal, D. S. Bardenstein, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time optical coherence tomography of the anterior segment at 1310 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 119(8), 1179–1185 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

Kaiser, P. K.

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, P. K. Kaiser, and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative optical coherence tomography using the RESCAN 700: preliminary results from the DISCOVER study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 98(10), 1329–1332 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaufmann, C.

P. B. Knecht, C. Kaufmann, M. N. Menke, S. L. Watson, and M. M. Bosch, “Use of Intraoperative Fourier-Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography During Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 150(3), 360–365 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, B.

D. Nankivil, G. Waterman, F. LaRocca, B. Keller, A. N. Kuo, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld, rapidly switchable, anterior/posterior segment swept source optical coherence tomography probe,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(11), 4516–4528 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, B. Keller, C. Viehland, B. J. Lujan, and J. A. Izatt, “Pupil tracking optical coherence tomography for precise control of pupil entry position,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(9), 3405–3419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Kihara, K.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

Knecht, P. B.

P. B. Knecht, C. Kaufmann, M. N. Menke, S. L. Watson, and M. M. Bosch, “Use of Intraoperative Fourier-Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography During Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 150(3), 360–365 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koga, F.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

Kojima, K.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

Krug, M.

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuo, A. N.

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

R. P. McNabb, S. Farsiu, S. S. Stinnett, J. A. Izatt, and A. N. Kuo, “Optical Coherence Tomography Accurately Measures Corneal Power Change from Laser Refractive Surgery,” Ophthalmology 122(4), 677–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Nankivil, G. Waterman, F. LaRocca, B. Keller, A. N. Kuo, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld, rapidly switchable, anterior/posterior segment swept source optical coherence tomography probe,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(11), 4516–4528 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

M. Zhao, A. N. Kuo, and J. A. Izatt, “3D refraction correction and extraction of clinical parameters from spectral domain optical coherence tomography of the cornea,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8923–8936 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Lankenau, E.

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laqua, H.

G. Geerling, M. Müller, C. Winter, H. Hoerauf, S. Oelckers, H. Laqua, and R. Birngruber, “Intraoperative 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography as a new tool for anterior segment surgery,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 123(2), 253–257 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

LaRocca, F.

Le Blanc, C.

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, L. B.

L. B. Lee and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative spectral-domain optical coherence tomography during complex retinal detachment repair,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42, e71–e74 (2011).
[PubMed]

Lin, C. P.

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Lujan, B. J.

Maldonado, R.

P. N. Dayani, R. Maldonado, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Intraoperative use of handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging in macular surgery,” Retina 29(10), 1457–1468 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maldonado, R. S.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Hahn, J. Migacz, R. O’Connell, R. S. Maldonado, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “The use of optical coherence tomography in intraoperative ophthalmic imaging,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42(4Suppl), S85–S94 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mangalesh, S.

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

Masuda, H.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

Matsuoka, Y.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

Matz, H.

S. Binder, C. I. Falkner-Radler, C. Hauger, H. Matz, and C. Glittenberg, “Feasibility of intrasurgical spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Retina 31(7), 1332–1336 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McNabb, R. P.

R. P. McNabb, S. Farsiu, S. S. Stinnett, J. A. Izatt, and A. N. Kuo, “Optical Coherence Tomography Accurately Measures Corneal Power Change from Laser Refractive Surgery,” Ophthalmology 122(4), 677–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mehta, J. S.

L. De Benito-Llopis, J. S. Mehta, R. I. Angunawela, M. Ang, and D. T. H. Tan, “Intraoperative Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Assessment Tool during Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 157(2), 334–341 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Menke, M. N.

P. B. Knecht, C. Kaufmann, M. N. Menke, S. L. Watson, and M. M. Bosch, “Use of Intraoperative Fourier-Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography During Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 150(3), 360–365 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Migacz, J.

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

P. Hahn, J. Migacz, R. O’Connell, R. S. Maldonado, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “The use of optical coherence tomography in intraoperative ophthalmic imaging,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42(4Suppl), S85–S94 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Modi, Y. S.

Y. S. Modi and J. P. Ehlers, “Heads-up Vitreoretinal Surgery: Emerging Technology in Surgical Visualization,” Retinal Physician 13, 26–29 (2016).

Müller, M.

G. Geerling, M. Müller, C. Winter, H. Hoerauf, S. Oelckers, H. Laqua, and R. Birngruber, “Intraoperative 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography as a new tool for anterior segment surgery,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 123(2), 253–257 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nankivil, D.

Noonan, A. I.

J. P. Ehlers, S. K. Srivastava, D. Feiler, A. I. Noonan, A. M. Rollins, and Y. K. Tao, “Integrative advances for OCT-guided ophthalmic surgery and intraoperative OCT: microscope integration, surgical instrumentation, and heads-up display surgeon feedback,” PLoS One 9(8), e105224 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Numao, N.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

O’Connell, R.

P. Hahn, J. Migacz, R. O’Connell, R. S. Maldonado, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “The use of optical coherence tomography in intraoperative ophthalmic imaging,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42(4Suppl), S85–S94 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Connell, R. V.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oelckers, S.

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Geerling, M. Müller, C. Winter, H. Hoerauf, S. Oelckers, H. Laqua, and R. Birngruber, “Intraoperative 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography as a new tool for anterior segment surgery,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 123(2), 253–257 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pasricha, N. D.

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulo, E. B.

C. Eckardt and E. B. Paulo, “Heads-up surgery for vitreoretinal procedures: an experimental and clinical study,” Retina 36(1), 137–147 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pitris, C.

Pockett, L.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: a review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. on Broadcasting 57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Puliafito, C. A.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Radhakrishnan, S.

S. Radhakrishnan, A. M. Rollins, J. E. Roth, S. Yazdanfar, V. Westphal, D. S. Bardenstein, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time optical coherence tomography of the anterior segment at 1310 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 119(8), 1179–1185 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reichel, E.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rollins, A. M.

J. P. Ehlers, S. K. Srivastava, D. Feiler, A. I. Noonan, A. M. Rollins, and Y. K. Tao, “Integrative advances for OCT-guided ophthalmic surgery and intraoperative OCT: microscope integration, surgical instrumentation, and heads-up display surgeon feedback,” PLoS One 9(8), e105224 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Radhakrishnan, A. M. Rollins, J. E. Roth, S. Yazdanfar, V. Westphal, D. S. Bardenstein, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time optical coherence tomography of the anterior segment at 1310 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 119(8), 1179–1185 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roorda, A.

Roth, J. E.

S. Radhakrishnan, A. M. Rollins, J. E. Roth, S. Yazdanfar, V. Westphal, D. S. Bardenstein, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time optical coherence tomography of the anterior segment at 1310 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 119(8), 1179–1185 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rutledge, B.

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saito, K.

K. Kihara, Y. Fujii, H. Masuda, K. Saito, F. Koga, Y. Matsuoka, N. Numao, and K. Kojima, “New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy,” Int. J. Urol. 19, 886–890 (2012).

Sarin, N.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuman, J. S.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Sheehy, C. K.

Shen, L.

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

Shieh, C.

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Siebelmann, S.

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. P.

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srivastava, S. K.

J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, P. K. Kaiser, and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative optical coherence tomography using the RESCAN 700: preliminary results from the DISCOVER study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 98(10), 1329–1332 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Ehlers, S. K. Srivastava, D. Feiler, A. I. Noonan, A. M. Rollins, and Y. K. Tao, “Integrative advances for OCT-guided ophthalmic surgery and intraoperative OCT: microscope integration, surgical instrumentation, and heads-up display surgeon feedback,” PLoS One 9(8), e105224 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Tao, S. K. Srivastava, and J. P. Ehlers, “Microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT with electrically tunable focus and heads-up display for imaging of ophthalmic surgical maneuvers,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1877–1885 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Lee and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative spectral-domain optical coherence tomography during complex retinal detachment repair,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42, e71–e74 (2011).
[PubMed]

Steven, P.

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stinnett, S.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stinnett, S. S.

R. P. McNabb, S. Farsiu, S. S. Stinnett, J. A. Izatt, and A. N. Kuo, “Optical Coherence Tomography Accurately Measures Corneal Power Change from Laser Refractive Surgery,” Ophthalmology 122(4), 677–686 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Swanson, E. A.

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, C. P. Lin, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Imaging of Macular Diseases with Optical Coherence Tomography,” Ophthalmology 102(2), 217–229 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, B. Rutledge, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Quantitative assessment of macular edema with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 113(8), 1019–1029 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).

Tan, D. T. H.

L. De Benito-Llopis, J. S. Mehta, R. I. Angunawela, M. Ang, and D. T. H. Tan, “Intraoperative Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A Novel Assessment Tool during Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 157(2), 334–341 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, Y. K.

Tearney, G. J.

Tiruveedhula, P.

Todorich, B.

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Toth, C. A.

P. Hahn, O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Cunefare, J. Migacz, S. Farsiu, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “Intrasurgical Human Retinal Imaging With Manual Instrument Tracking Using a Microscope-Integrated Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Device,” Transl. Vis. Sci. Technol. 4(4), 1 (2015).
[PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Hahn, J. Migacz, R. O’Connell, R. S. Maldonado, J. A. Izatt, and C. A. Toth, “The use of optical coherence tomography in intraoperative ophthalmic imaging,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42(4Suppl), S85–S94 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Tao, J. P. Ehlers, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Intraoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography for vitreoretinal surgery,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3315–3317 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. N. Dayani, R. Maldonado, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Intraoperative use of handheld spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging in macular surgery,” Retina 29(10), 1457–1468 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Velten, K.

P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viehland, C.

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, B. Keller, C. Viehland, B. J. Lujan, and J. A. Izatt, “Pupil tracking optical coherence tomography for precise control of pupil entry position,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(9), 3405–3419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Vienola, K. V.

Viet, D. T.

C. Viehland, B. Keller, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, D. Nankivil, L. Shen, S. Mangalesh, D. T. Viet, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Enhanced volumetric visualization for real time 4D intraoperative ophthalmic swept-source OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express (Submitted to).

Wallace, D. K.

R. S. Maldonado, R. V. O’Connell, N. Sarin, S. F. Freedman, D. K. Wallace, C. M. Cotten, K. P. Winter, S. Stinnett, S. J. Chiu, J. A. Izatt, S. Farsiu, and C. A. Toth, “Dynamics of Human Foveal Development after Premature Birth,” Ophthalmology 118(12), 2315–2325 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waterman, G.

D. Nankivil, G. Waterman, F. LaRocca, B. Keller, A. N. Kuo, and J. A. Izatt, “Handheld, rapidly switchable, anterior/posterior segment swept source optical coherence tomography probe,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(11), 4516–4528 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, B. Todorich, C. Shieh, P. Hahn, S. Farsiu, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Live volumetric (4D) visualization and guidance of in vivo human ophthalmic microsurgery with intra-operative optical coherence tomography,” (Submitted).

Watson, S. L.

P. B. Knecht, C. Kaufmann, M. N. Menke, S. L. Watson, and M. M. Bosch, “Use of Intraoperative Fourier-Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography During Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 150(3), 360–365 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westphal, V.

S. Radhakrishnan, A. M. Rollins, J. E. Roth, S. Yazdanfar, V. Westphal, D. S. Bardenstein, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time optical coherence tomography of the anterior segment at 1310 nm,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 119(8), 1179–1185 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wheatstone, C.

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Am. J. Ophthalmol. (2)

P. B. Knecht, C. Kaufmann, M. N. Menke, S. L. Watson, and M. M. Bosch, “Use of Intraoperative Fourier-Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography During Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 150(3), 360–365 (2010).
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J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, D. Huang, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Micrometer-scale resolution imaging of the anterior eye in vivo with optical coherence tomography,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 112(12), 1584–1589 (1994).
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Biomed. Opt. Express (5)

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M. D. Heath and A. A. Cohen-Gadol, “Intraoperative stereoscopic 3D video imaging: pushing the boundaries of surgical visualisation and applications for neurosurgical education,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 26(5), 662–667 (2012).
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J. P. Ehlers, P. K. Kaiser, and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative optical coherence tomography using the RESCAN 700: preliminary results from the DISCOVER study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 98(10), 1329–1332 (2014).
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Cornea (1)

N. D. Pasricha, C. Shieh, O. M. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, J. A. Izatt, C. A. Toth, and A. N. Kuo, “Real-Time Microscope-Integrated OCT to Improve Visualization in DSAEK for Advanced Bullous Keratopathy,” Cornea 34(12), 1606–1610 (2015).
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Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2)

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, L. Shen, G. Waterman, C. Chukwurah, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D Stereoscopic Visualization of Human Ophthalmic Surgery with Swept-Source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 56, 4085 (2015).

O. Carrasco-Zevallos, B. Keller, C. Viehland, P. Hahn, A. N. Kuo, P. J. DeSouza, C. A. Toth, and J. A. Izatt, “Real-time 4D visualization of surgical maneuvers with 100kHz swept-source Microscope Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MIOCT) in model eyes,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 55, 1633 (2014).

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

S. Siebelmann, P. Steven, D. Hos, G. Hüttmann, E. Lankenau, B. Bachmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Advantages of microscope-integrated intraoperative online optical coherence tomography: usage in Boston keratoprosthesis type I surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 016005 (2016).
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P. Steven, C. Le Blanc, K. Velten, E. Lankenau, M. Krug, S. Oelckers, L. M. Heindl, U. Gehlsen, G. Hüttmann, and C. Cursiefen, “Optimizing descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty using intraoperative optical coherence tomography,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 131(9), 1135–1142 (2013).
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J. P. Ehlers, J. Goshe, W. J. Dupps, P. K. Kaiser, R. P. Singh, R. Gans, J. Eisengart, and S. K. Srivastava, “Determination of feasibility and utility of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography during ophthalmic surgery: the DISCOVER Study RESCAN Results,” JAMA Ophthalmol. 133(10), 1124–1132 (2015).
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L. B. Lee and S. K. Srivastava, “Intraoperative spectral-domain optical coherence tomography during complex retinal detachment repair,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging 42, e71–e74 (2011).
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Ophthalmology (5)

M. R. Hee, C. R. Baumal, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. R. Wilkins, J. G. Coker, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Age-related Macular Degeneration and Choroidal Neovascularization,” Ophthalmology 103(8), 1260–1270 (1996).
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M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, C. Wong, J. S. Duker, E. Reichel, J. S. Schuman, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical Coherence Tomography of Macular Holes,” Ophthalmology 102(5), 748–756 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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R. P. McNabb, S. Farsiu, S. S. Stinnett, J. A. Izatt, and A. N. Kuo, “Optical Coherence Tomography Accurately Measures Corneal Power Change from Laser Refractive Surgery,” Ophthalmology 122(4), 677–686 (2015).
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Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (1)

C. Wheatstone, “Contributions to the physiology of vision.–Part the first. On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, phenomena of binocular vision,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 128(0), 371–394 (1838).
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PLoS One (1)

J. P. Ehlers, S. K. Srivastava, D. Feiler, A. I. Noonan, A. M. Rollins, and Y. K. Tao, “Integrative advances for OCT-guided ophthalmic surgery and intraoperative OCT: microscope integration, surgical instrumentation, and heads-up display surgeon feedback,” PLoS One 9(8), e105224 (2014).
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Retina (3)

S. Binder, C. I. Falkner-Radler, C. Hauger, H. Matz, and C. Glittenberg, “Feasibility of intrasurgical spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Retina 31(7), 1332–1336 (2011).
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Supplementary Material (7)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MP4 (4496 KB)      4D-MIOCT data displayed on HUD
» Visualization 2: MP4 (3132 KB)      4D-MIOCT stereoscopic volumes seen from different perspectives
» Visualization 3: MP4 (3450 KB)      4D-MIOCT monoscopic volumes seen from different perspectives
» Visualization 4: MP4 (1466 KB)      4D-MIOCT stereoscopic video of ILM peeling during human vitreoretinal surgery
» Visualization 5: MP4 (1182 KB)      4D-MIOCT monoscopic video of ILM peeling during human vitreoretinal surgery
» Visualization 6: MP4 (1551 KB)      4D-MIOCT stereoscopic video of surgical loop initiating retina during human macular surgery
» Visualization 7: MP4 (783 KB)      4D-MIOCT monoscopic video of surgical loop initiating retina during human macular surgery

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (A) Optical design of novel microscope-integrated HUD system mounted on a surgical microscope. (B) Illustration of images seen through oculars. The black circles represent the microscope ocular FOVs. The red squares represent the micro-display image relayed to viewers’ eyes. The green and yellow regions represent the images directed to the observer’s right and left eyes, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Mechanical design of novel microscope-integrated HUD system. (A) Photograph of the HUD and MIOCT system in use during surgery. (B) Photograph of HUD (white box in red border) mounted on a surgical microscope attached with a custom SSOCT sample arm (marked in yellow box). (C) Mechanical design of the HUD. (D) Photograph of 3D printed HUD prototype. Scale bars are 10mm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Depth perception test. (A) Photograph of 25 gauge pinnacle forceps. (B) Photograph of the sample used in the study. (C) Sample image of OCT volume recorded through one of the microscope oculars during the study. Scale bar represents 1mm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Images captured through oculars when (A) a grid chart was placed in the microscope surgical field without HUD mounted, (B) the grid chart was placed in the microscope surgical field with HUD mounted and (C) the grid chart image was displayed the HUD’s OLED micro display.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Depth perception pilot study results. (A) Success rate; (B) Average time spent in successfully transferring each bead; (C) Improved success rate in stereoscopic OCT vision; (D) Reduced time in stereoscopic OCT vision.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 4D-MIOCT data displayed on HUD during a porcine eye operation. Images were captured with two cameras attached to the oculars of an assistant scope (Visualization 1).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 4D-MIOCT stereoscopic volumes seen from different perspectives (Stereoscopic version: Visualization 2; Monoscopic version: Visualization 3). The white arrow points to the surgical forceps. The yellow arrow points to the internal limiting membrane (ILM).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 4D-MIOCT stereoscopic images during human vitreoretinal surgery (Stereoscopic version: Visualization 4; Monoscopic version: Visualization 5). The surgeon used a surgical forceps to peel off the unwanted membrane. The white arrow points to the surgical forceps. The yellow arrow points to the internal limiting membrane (ILM).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 4D-MIOCT stereoscopic images during human macular surgery (Stereoscopic version: Visualization 6; Monoscopic version: Visualization 7). The surgeon used a surgical loop to initiate retina. The white arrow points to the surgical loop. The yellow arrow points to a macular hole.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of resolution, FOV and distortion between microscope with HUD and without HUD.

Metrics