Abstract

Results are presented of a feasibility study of three-dimensional X-ray tomographic mammography utilising in-line phase contrast. Experiments were performed at SYRMEP beamline of Elettra synchrotron. A specially designed plastic phantom and a mastectomy sample containing a malignant lesion were used to study the reconstructed image quality as a function of different image processing operations. Detailed evaluation and optimization of image reconstruction workflows have been carried out using combinations of several advanced computed tomography algorithms with different pre-processing and post-processing steps. Special attention was paid to the effect of phase retrieval on the diagnostic value of the reconstructed images. A number of objective image quality indices have been applied for quantitative evaluation of the results, and these were compared with subjective assessments of the same images by three experienced radiologists and one pathologist. The outcomes of this study provide practical guidelines for the optimization of image processing workflows in synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammo-tomography.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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2015 (2)

R. L. Siegel, K. D. Miller, and A. Jemal, “Cancer statistics, 2015,” CA-Cancer J. Clin. 65, 5–29 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhao, X. Zhang, W. Cai, D. Conover, and R. Ning, “Cone beam breast CT with multiplanar and three dimensional visualization in differentiating breast masses compared with mammography,” Eur. J. Radiol. 84, 48–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (7)

A. Mittone, A. Bravin, and P. Coan, “Radiation dose in breast CT imaging with monochromatic x-rays: Simulation study of the influence of energy, composition and thickness,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 2199–2217 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mirone, E. Brun, and P. Coan, “A dictionary learning approach with overlap for the low dose computed tomography reconstruction and its vectorial application to differential phase tomography,” PLoS ONE 9, 114325 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Liu, H. Yu, S. S. Verbridge, L. Sun, and G. Wang, “Dictionary-learning-based reconstruction method for electron tomography,” Scanning 36, 377–383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Gureyev, Y. I. Nesterets, F. De Hoog, G. Schmalz, S. C. Mayo, S. Mohammadi, and G. Tromba, “Duality between noise and spatial resolution in linear systems,” Opt. Express 22, 9087–9094 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: From pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58, R1–R35 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Coan, A. Bravin, and G. Tromba, “Phase-contrast x-ray imaging of the breast: Recent developments towards clinics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46, 494007 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Y. Zhao, E. Brun, P. Coan, Z. Huang, A. Sztrkay, P. C. Diemoz, S. Liebhardt, A. Mittone, S. Gasilov, J. Miao, and A. Bravin, “High-resolution, low-dose phase contrast X-ray tomography for 3D diagnosis of human breast cancers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 18290–18294 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tromba, M. A. Cova, and E. Castelli, “Phase-contrast mammography at the SYRMEP beamline of Elettra,” Synchrotron Radiation News 24, 3–7 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

N. D. Prionas, K. K. Lindfors, S. Ray, S.-Y. Huang, L. A. Beckett, W. L. Monsky, and J. M. Boone, “Contrast-enhanced dedicated breast CT: initial clinical experience,” Radiology 256, 714–723 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. O’Connell, D. L. Conover, Y. Zhang, P. Seifert, W. Logan-Young, C. L. Lin, L. Sahler, and R. Ning, “Conebeam CT for breast imaging: Radiation dose, breast coverage, and image quality,” Am. J. Roentgenol. 195, 496–509 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. R. Myers, C. D. L. Thomas, D. M. Paganin, T. E. Gureyev, and J. G. Clement, “A general few-projection method for tomographic reconstruction of samples consisting of several distinct materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 021105 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Tang, B. E. Nett, and G Chen, “Performance comparison between total variation (TV)-based compressed sensing and statistical iterative reconstruction algorithms,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 5781–5804 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

E. D. Pisano, R. E. Hendrick, M. J. Yaffe, J. K. Baum, S. Acharyya, J. B. Cormack, L. A. Hanna, E. F. Conant, L. L. Fajardo, L. W. Bassett, C. J. D’Orsi, R. A. Jong, M. Rebner, A. N. A. Tosteson, and C. A. Gatsonis, “Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: Exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST,” Radiology 246, 376–383 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

J. M. Boone and K. K. Lindfors, “CT Breast: Potential for breast cancer screening and diagnosis,” Future Oncology 2, 351–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Kamangar, G. M. Dores, and W. F. Anderson, “Patterns of cancer incidence, mortality, and prevalence across five continents: Defining priorities to reduce cancer disparities in different geographic regions of the world,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24, 2137–2150 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Boin and A. Haibel, “Compensation of ring artefacts in synchrotron tomographic images,” Opt. Express 14, 12071–12075 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. Miao, F. Frster, and O. Levi, “Equally sloped tomography with oversampling reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 052103 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, “Image quality assessment: From error visibility to structural similarity,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600–612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Z. Wang and A. C. Bovik, “A universal image quality index,” IEEE Signal Proc. Let. 9, 81–84 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Paganin, S. C. Mayo, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, and S. W. Wilkins, “Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object,” J. Microsc. 206, 33–40 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Z. Wang and A. C. Bovik, “Embedded foveation image coding,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 10, 1397–1410 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

N. Damera-Venkata, T. D. Kite, W. S. Geisler, B. L. Evans, and A. C. Bovik, “Image quality assessment based on a degradation model,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 9, 636–650 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

S. M. Smith and J. M. Brady, “SUSAN - A new approach to low level image processing,” Int. J. Comput. Vision 23, 45–78 (1997).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

A. van der Sluis and H. van der Vorst, “SIRT- and CG-type methods for the iterative solution of sparse linear least-squares problems,” Linear Algebra Appl. 130, 257–303 (1990).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

R. Gordon, R. Bender, and G. Herman, “Algebraic Reconstruction Techniques (ART) for three-dimensional electron microscopy and X-ray photography,” J. Theor. Biol. 29, 471–476 (1970).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abrami, A.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Accardo, A.

F. Brun, S. Pacilè, A. Accardo, L. Mancini, D. Dreossi, G. Tromba, G. Kourousias, and R. Pugliese, “Enhanced and flexible software tools for X-ray tomography experiments at the Italian synchrotron radiation facility Elettra,” In press.

F. Brun, A. Accardo, G. Kourousias, D. Dreossi, and R. Pugliese, “Effective implementation of ring artifacts removal filters for synchrotron radiation microtomographic images,” International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis, ISPA pp. 672–676 (2013).

Acharyya, S.

E. D. Pisano, R. E. Hendrick, M. J. Yaffe, J. K. Baum, S. Acharyya, J. B. Cormack, L. A. Hanna, E. F. Conant, L. L. Fajardo, L. W. Bassett, C. J. D’Orsi, R. A. Jong, M. Rebner, A. N. A. Tosteson, and C. A. Gatsonis, “Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: Exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST,” Radiology 246, 376–383 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alves, F.

S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, W. F.

F. Kamangar, G. M. Dores, and W. F. Anderson, “Patterns of cancer incidence, mortality, and prevalence across five continents: Defining priorities to reduce cancer disparities in different geographic regions of the world,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24, 2137–2150 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arfelli, F.

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
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Castelli, E.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
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G. Tromba, M. A. Cova, and E. Castelli, “Phase-contrast mammography at the SYRMEP beamline of Elettra,” Synchrotron Radiation News 24, 3–7 (2011).
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D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
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A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: From pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58, R1–R35 (2013).
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P. Coan, A. Bravin, and G. Tromba, “Phase-contrast x-ray imaging of the breast: Recent developments towards clinics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46, 494007 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, E. Brun, P. Coan, Z. Huang, A. Sztrkay, P. C. Diemoz, S. Liebhardt, A. Mittone, S. Gasilov, J. Miao, and A. Bravin, “High-resolution, low-dose phase contrast X-ray tomography for 3D diagnosis of human breast cancers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 18290–18294 (2012).
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Cova, M. A.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
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G. Tromba, M. A. Cova, and E. Castelli, “Phase-contrast mammography at the SYRMEP beamline of Elettra,” Synchrotron Radiation News 24, 3–7 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
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E. D. Pisano, R. E. Hendrick, M. J. Yaffe, J. K. Baum, S. Acharyya, J. B. Cormack, L. A. Hanna, E. F. Conant, L. L. Fajardo, L. W. Bassett, C. J. D’Orsi, R. A. Jong, M. Rebner, A. N. A. Tosteson, and C. A. Gatsonis, “Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: Exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST,” Radiology 246, 376–383 (2008).
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S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
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N. Damera-Venkata, T. D. Kite, W. S. Geisler, B. L. Evans, and A. C. Bovik, “Image quality assessment based on a degradation model,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 9, 636–650 (2000).
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Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

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A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
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R. Gordon, R. Bender, and G. Herman, “Algebraic Reconstruction Techniques (ART) for three-dimensional electron microscopy and X-ray photography,” J. Theor. Biol. 29, 471–476 (1970).
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S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
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S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
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Horrocks, J. A.

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
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A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
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G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

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Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

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N. Damera-Venkata, T. D. Kite, W. S. Geisler, B. L. Evans, and A. C. Bovik, “Image quality assessment based on a degradation model,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 9, 636–650 (2000).
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F. Brun, A. Accardo, G. Kourousias, D. Dreossi, and R. Pugliese, “Effective implementation of ring artifacts removal filters for synchrotron radiation microtomographic images,” International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis, ISPA pp. 672–676 (2013).

F. Brun, S. Pacilè, A. Accardo, L. Mancini, D. Dreossi, G. Tromba, G. Kourousias, and R. Pugliese, “Enhanced and flexible software tools for X-ray tomography experiments at the Italian synchrotron radiation facility Elettra,” In press.

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S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
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[Crossref]

Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

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Lorenzon, A.

S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mancini, L.

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

F. Brun, S. Pacilè, A. Accardo, L. Mancini, D. Dreossi, G. Tromba, G. Kourousias, and R. Pugliese, “Enhanced and flexible software tools for X-ray tomography experiments at the Italian synchrotron radiation facility Elettra,” In press.

Marschner, M.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mayo, S. C.

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. E. Gureyev, Y. I. Nesterets, F. De Hoog, G. Schmalz, S. C. Mayo, S. Mohammadi, and G. Tromba, “Duality between noise and spatial resolution in linear systems,” Opt. Express 22, 9087–9094 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Paganin, S. C. Mayo, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, and S. W. Wilkins, “Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object,” J. Microsc. 206, 33–40 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

Mayr, D.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
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Menk, R

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

Menk, R. H.

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Miao, J.

Y. Zhao, E. Brun, P. Coan, Z. Huang, A. Sztrkay, P. C. Diemoz, S. Liebhardt, A. Mittone, S. Gasilov, J. Miao, and A. Bravin, “High-resolution, low-dose phase contrast X-ray tomography for 3D diagnosis of human breast cancers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 18290–18294 (2012).
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R. L. Siegel, K. D. Miller, and A. Jemal, “Cancer statistics, 2015,” CA-Cancer J. Clin. 65, 5–29 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, P. R.

D. Paganin, S. C. Mayo, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, and S. W. Wilkins, “Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object,” J. Microsc. 206, 33–40 (2002).
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Mirone, A.

A. Mirone, E. Brun, and P. Coan, “A dictionary learning approach with overlap for the low dose computed tomography reconstruction and its vectorial application to differential phase tomography,” PLoS ONE 9, 114325 (2014).
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Mittone, A.

A. Mittone, A. Bravin, and P. Coan, “Radiation dose in breast CT imaging with monochromatic x-rays: Simulation study of the influence of energy, composition and thickness,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 2199–2217 (2014).
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Y. Zhao, E. Brun, P. Coan, Z. Huang, A. Sztrkay, P. C. Diemoz, S. Liebhardt, A. Mittone, S. Gasilov, J. Miao, and A. Bravin, “High-resolution, low-dose phase contrast X-ray tomography for 3D diagnosis of human breast cancers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 18290–18294 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mohammadi, S.

S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
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T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. E. Gureyev, Y. I. Nesterets, F. De Hoog, G. Schmalz, S. C. Mayo, S. Mohammadi, and G. Tromba, “Duality between noise and spatial resolution in linear systems,” Opt. Express 22, 9087–9094 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monsky, W. L.

N. D. Prionas, K. K. Lindfors, S. Ray, S.-Y. Huang, L. A. Beckett, W. L. Monsky, and J. M. Boone, “Contrast-enhanced dedicated breast CT: initial clinical experience,” Radiology 256, 714–723 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munro, P. R. T.

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myers, G. R.

G. R. Myers, C. D. L. Thomas, D. M. Paganin, T. E. Gureyev, and J. G. Clement, “A general few-projection method for tomographic reconstruction of samples consisting of several distinct materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 021105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nesterets, Y.

T. E. Gureyev, Y. Nesterets, D. Ternovski, D. Thompson, S. W. Wilkins, A. W. Stevenson, A. Sakellariou, and J. A. Taylor, “Toolbox for advanced X-ray image processing,” in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8141, 81410B (2011).

Nesterets, Y. I.

T. E. Gureyev, Y. I. Nesterets, F. De Hoog, G. Schmalz, S. C. Mayo, S. Mohammadi, and G. Tromba, “Duality between noise and spatial resolution in linear systems,” Opt. Express 22, 9087–9094 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

Nett, B. E.

J. Tang, B. E. Nett, and G Chen, “Performance comparison between total variation (TV)-based compressed sensing and statistical iterative reconstruction algorithms,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 5781–5804 (2009).
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Ning, R.

B. Zhao, X. Zhang, W. Cai, D. Conover, and R. Ning, “Cone beam breast CT with multiplanar and three dimensional visualization in differentiating breast masses compared with mammography,” Eur. J. Radiol. 84, 48–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. O’Connell, D. L. Conover, Y. Zhang, P. Seifert, W. Logan-Young, C. L. Lin, L. Sahler, and R. Ning, “Conebeam CT for breast imaging: Radiation dose, breast coverage, and image quality,” Am. J. Roentgenol. 195, 496–509 (2010).
[Crossref]

O’Connell, A.

A. O’Connell, D. L. Conover, Y. Zhang, P. Seifert, W. Logan-Young, C. L. Lin, L. Sahler, and R. Ning, “Conebeam CT for breast imaging: Radiation dose, breast coverage, and image quality,” Am. J. Roentgenol. 195, 496–509 (2010).
[Crossref]

Olivo, A.

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pacilè, S.

F. Brun, S. Pacilè, A. Accardo, L. Mancini, D. Dreossi, G. Tromba, G. Kourousias, and R. Pugliese, “Enhanced and flexible software tools for X-ray tomography experiments at the Italian synchrotron radiation facility Elettra,” In press.

Paganin, D.

D. Paganin, S. C. Mayo, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, and S. W. Wilkins, “Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object,” J. Microsc. 206, 33–40 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paganin, D. M.

G. R. Myers, C. D. L. Thomas, D. M. Paganin, T. E. Gureyev, and J. G. Clement, “A general few-projection method for tomographic reconstruction of samples consisting of several distinct materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 021105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pavlov, K. M.

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

Pfeiffer, F.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pisano, E. D.

E. D. Pisano, R. E. Hendrick, M. J. Yaffe, J. K. Baum, S. Acharyya, J. B. Cormack, L. A. Hanna, E. F. Conant, L. L. Fajardo, L. W. Bassett, C. J. D’Orsi, R. A. Jong, M. Rebner, A. N. A. Tosteson, and C. A. Gatsonis, “Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: Exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST,” Radiology 246, 376–383 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prionas, N. D.

N. D. Prionas, K. K. Lindfors, S. Ray, S.-Y. Huang, L. A. Beckett, W. L. Monsky, and J. M. Boone, “Contrast-enhanced dedicated breast CT: initial clinical experience,” Radiology 256, 714–723 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pugliese, R.

F. Brun, S. Pacilè, A. Accardo, L. Mancini, D. Dreossi, G. Tromba, G. Kourousias, and R. Pugliese, “Enhanced and flexible software tools for X-ray tomography experiments at the Italian synchrotron radiation facility Elettra,” In press.

F. Brun, A. Accardo, G. Kourousias, D. Dreossi, and R. Pugliese, “Effective implementation of ring artifacts removal filters for synchrotron radiation microtomographic images,” International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis, ISPA pp. 672–676 (2013).

Quai, E.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Quaia, E.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Ray, S.

N. D. Prionas, K. K. Lindfors, S. Ray, S.-Y. Huang, L. A. Beckett, W. L. Monsky, and J. M. Boone, “Contrast-enhanced dedicated breast CT: initial clinical experience,” Radiology 256, 714–723 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rebner, M.

E. D. Pisano, R. E. Hendrick, M. J. Yaffe, J. K. Baum, S. Acharyya, J. B. Cormack, L. A. Hanna, E. F. Conant, L. L. Fajardo, L. W. Bassett, C. J. D’Orsi, R. A. Jong, M. Rebner, A. N. A. Tosteson, and C. A. Gatsonis, “Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: Exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST,” Radiology 246, 376–383 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiser, M.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rigon, L.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Rokvic, T.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Rutledge, J. H.

R. E. Hendrick, R. A. Smith, J. H. Rutledge, and C. R. Smart, “Benefit of screening mammography in women aged 40–49: a new meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.” J. Natl. Cancer I. pp. 87–92 (1997).

Sahler, L.

A. O’Connell, D. L. Conover, Y. Zhang, P. Seifert, W. Logan-Young, C. L. Lin, L. Sahler, and R. Ning, “Conebeam CT for breast imaging: Radiation dose, breast coverage, and image quality,” Am. J. Roentgenol. 195, 496–509 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sakellariou, A.

T. E. Gureyev, Y. Nesterets, D. Ternovski, D. Thompson, S. W. Wilkins, A. W. Stevenson, A. Sakellariou, and J. A. Taylor, “Toolbox for advanced X-ray image processing,” in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8141, 81410B (2011).

Sanabor, D.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Schmalz, G.

Schultke, E.

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Seifert, P.

A. O’Connell, D. L. Conover, Y. Zhang, P. Seifert, W. Logan-Young, C. L. Lin, L. Sahler, and R. Ning, “Conebeam CT for breast imaging: Radiation dose, breast coverage, and image quality,” Am. J. Roentgenol. 195, 496–509 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sheikh, H. R.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, “Image quality assessment: From error visibility to structural similarity,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600–612 (2004).
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Siegel, R. L.

R. L. Siegel, K. D. Miller, and A. Jemal, “Cancer statistics, 2015,” CA-Cancer J. Clin. 65, 5–29 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simoncelli, E. P.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, “Image quality assessment: From error visibility to structural similarity,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600–612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slaney, M.

A. C. Kak and M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (IEEE Press, 1988).

Smart, C. R.

R. E. Hendrick, R. A. Smith, J. H. Rutledge, and C. R. Smart, “Benefit of screening mammography in women aged 40–49: a new meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.” J. Natl. Cancer I. pp. 87–92 (1997).

Smith, R. A.

R. E. Hendrick, R. A. Smith, J. H. Rutledge, and C. R. Smart, “Benefit of screening mammography in women aged 40–49: a new meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.” J. Natl. Cancer I. pp. 87–92 (1997).

Smith, S. M.

S. M. Smith and J. M. Brady, “SUSAN - A new approach to low level image processing,” Int. J. Comput. Vision 23, 45–78 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sodini, N.

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Speller, R. D.

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stevenson, A. W.

T. E. Gureyev, Y. Nesterets, D. Ternovski, D. Thompson, S. W. Wilkins, A. W. Stevenson, A. Sakellariou, and J. A. Taylor, “Toolbox for advanced X-ray image processing,” in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8141, 81410B (2011).

Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

Sun, L.

B. Liu, H. Yu, S. S. Verbridge, L. Sun, and G. Wang, “Dictionary-learning-based reconstruction method for electron tomography,” Scanning 36, 377–383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suortti, P.

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: From pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58, R1–R35 (2013).
[Crossref]

Szafraniec, M. B.

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sztrkay, A.

Y. Zhao, E. Brun, P. Coan, Z. Huang, A. Sztrkay, P. C. Diemoz, S. Liebhardt, A. Mittone, S. Gasilov, J. Miao, and A. Bravin, “High-resolution, low-dose phase contrast X-ray tomography for 3D diagnosis of human breast cancers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 18290–18294 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sztrkay-Gaul, A.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

J. Tang, B. E. Nett, and G Chen, “Performance comparison between total variation (TV)-based compressed sensing and statistical iterative reconstruction algorithms,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 5781–5804 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. A.

T. E. Gureyev, Y. Nesterets, D. Ternovski, D. Thompson, S. W. Wilkins, A. W. Stevenson, A. Sakellariou, and J. A. Taylor, “Toolbox for advanced X-ray image processing,” in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8141, 81410B (2011).

Ternovski, D.

T. E. Gureyev, Y. Nesterets, D. Ternovski, D. Thompson, S. W. Wilkins, A. W. Stevenson, A. Sakellariou, and J. A. Taylor, “Toolbox for advanced X-ray image processing,” in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8141, 81410B (2011).

Thomas, C. D. L.

G. R. Myers, C. D. L. Thomas, D. M. Paganin, T. E. Gureyev, and J. G. Clement, “A general few-projection method for tomographic reconstruction of samples consisting of several distinct materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 021105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Thompson, D.

Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

T. E. Gureyev, Y. Nesterets, D. Ternovski, D. Thompson, S. W. Wilkins, A. W. Stevenson, A. Sakellariou, and J. A. Taylor, “Toolbox for advanced X-ray image processing,” in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8141, 81410B (2011).

Tonutti, M.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Tosteson, A. N. A.

E. D. Pisano, R. E. Hendrick, M. J. Yaffe, J. K. Baum, S. Acharyya, J. B. Cormack, L. A. Hanna, E. F. Conant, L. L. Fajardo, L. W. Bassett, C. J. D’Orsi, R. A. Jong, M. Rebner, A. N. A. Tosteson, and C. A. Gatsonis, “Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: Exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST,” Radiology 246, 376–383 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tromba, G.

S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. E. Gureyev, Y. I. Nesterets, F. De Hoog, G. Schmalz, S. C. Mayo, S. Mohammadi, and G. Tromba, “Duality between noise and spatial resolution in linear systems,” Opt. Express 22, 9087–9094 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Coan, A. Bravin, and G. Tromba, “Phase-contrast x-ray imaging of the breast: Recent developments towards clinics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46, 494007 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, M. A. Cova, and E. Castelli, “Phase-contrast mammography at the SYRMEP beamline of Elettra,” Synchrotron Radiation News 24, 3–7 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Nesterets, T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, A. W. Stevenson, D. Thompson, J. M. C. Brown, M. J. Kitchen, K. M. Pavlov, D. Lockie, F. Brun, and G. Tromba, “A feasibility study of X-ray phase-contrast mammographic tomography at the Imaging and Medical beamline of the Australian Synchrotron,” Submitted to J. Sync. Rad.(2015).

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

F. Brun, S. Pacilè, A. Accardo, L. Mancini, D. Dreossi, G. Tromba, G. Kourousias, and R. Pugliese, “Enhanced and flexible software tools for X-ray tomography experiments at the Italian synchrotron radiation facility Elettra,” In press.

van der Sluis, A.

A. van der Sluis and H. van der Vorst, “SIRT- and CG-type methods for the iterative solution of sparse linear least-squares problems,” Linear Algebra Appl. 130, 257–303 (1990).
[Crossref]

van der Vorst, H.

A. van der Sluis and H. van der Vorst, “SIRT- and CG-type methods for the iterative solution of sparse linear least-squares problems,” Linear Algebra Appl. 130, 257–303 (1990).
[Crossref]

Vascotto, A.

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Verbridge, S. S.

B. Liu, H. Yu, S. S. Verbridge, L. Sun, and G. Wang, “Dictionary-learning-based reconstruction method for electron tomography,” Scanning 36, 377–383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vinnicombe, S. J.

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

B. Liu, H. Yu, S. S. Verbridge, L. Sun, and G. Wang, “Dictionary-learning-based reconstruction method for electron tomography,” Scanning 36, 377–383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, “Image quality assessment: From error visibility to structural similarity,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600–612 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang and A. C. Bovik, “A universal image quality index,” IEEE Signal Proc. Let. 9, 81–84 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang and A. C. Bovik, “Embedded foveation image coding,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 10, 1397–1410 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wilkins, S. W.

D. Paganin, S. C. Mayo, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, and S. W. Wilkins, “Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object,” J. Microsc. 206, 33–40 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Gureyev, Y. Nesterets, D. Ternovski, D. Thompson, S. W. Wilkins, A. W. Stevenson, A. Sakellariou, and J. A. Taylor, “Toolbox for advanced X-ray image processing,” in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8141, 81410B (2011).

Willner, M.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yaffe, M. J.

E. D. Pisano, R. E. Hendrick, M. J. Yaffe, J. K. Baum, S. Acharyya, J. B. Cormack, L. A. Hanna, E. F. Conant, L. L. Fajardo, L. W. Bassett, C. J. D’Orsi, R. A. Jong, M. Rebner, A. N. A. Tosteson, and C. A. Gatsonis, “Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: Exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST,” Radiology 246, 376–383 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

B. Liu, H. Yu, S. S. Verbridge, L. Sun, and G. Wang, “Dictionary-learning-based reconstruction method for electron tomography,” Scanning 36, 377–383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zanconati, F.

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Castelli, M. Tonutti, F. Arfelli, R. Longo, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, D. Sanabor, F. Zanconati, D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, E. Quai, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, R. H. Menk, T. Rokvic, A. Vascotto, G. Tromba, and M. A. Cova, “Mammography with synchrotron radiation: First clinical experience with phase-detection technique,” Radiology 259, 684–694 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Tromba, R. Longo, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, A. Astolfo, P. Bregant, F. Brun, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, D. Dreossi, M. Hola, J. Kaiser, L. Mancini, R. H. Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, N. Sodini, D. Sanabor, E. Schultke, M. Tonutti, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, M. Cova, and E. Castelli, “The SYRMEP beamline of elettra: Clinical mammography and bio-medical applications,” in AIP Conference Proceedings1266, 18–23 (2010).

Zhang, X.

B. Zhao, X. Zhang, W. Cai, D. Conover, and R. Ning, “Cone beam breast CT with multiplanar and three dimensional visualization in differentiating breast masses compared with mammography,” Eur. J. Radiol. 84, 48–53 (2015).
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Zhang, Y.

A. O’Connell, D. L. Conover, Y. Zhang, P. Seifert, W. Logan-Young, C. L. Lin, L. Sahler, and R. Ning, “Conebeam CT for breast imaging: Radiation dose, breast coverage, and image quality,” Am. J. Roentgenol. 195, 496–509 (2010).
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Zhao, B.

B. Zhao, X. Zhang, W. Cai, D. Conover, and R. Ning, “Cone beam breast CT with multiplanar and three dimensional visualization in differentiating breast masses compared with mammography,” Eur. J. Radiol. 84, 48–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, E. Brun, P. Coan, Z. Huang, A. Sztrkay, P. C. Diemoz, S. Liebhardt, A. Mittone, S. Gasilov, J. Miao, and A. Bravin, “High-resolution, low-dose phase contrast X-ray tomography for 3D diagnosis of human breast cancers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 18290–18294 (2012).
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Am. J. Roentgenol. (1)

A. O’Connell, D. L. Conover, Y. Zhang, P. Seifert, W. Logan-Young, C. L. Lin, L. Sahler, and R. Ning, “Conebeam CT for breast imaging: Radiation dose, breast coverage, and image quality,” Am. J. Roentgenol. 195, 496–509 (2010).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. R. Myers, C. D. L. Thomas, D. M. Paganin, T. E. Gureyev, and J. G. Clement, “A general few-projection method for tomographic reconstruction of samples consisting of several distinct materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 021105 (2010).
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R. L. Siegel, K. D. Miller, and A. Jemal, “Cancer statistics, 2015,” CA-Cancer J. Clin. 65, 5–29 (2015).
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Eur. J. Radiol. (2)

B. Zhao, X. Zhang, W. Cai, D. Conover, and R. Ning, “Cone beam breast CT with multiplanar and three dimensional visualization in differentiating breast masses compared with mammography,” Eur. J. Radiol. 84, 48–53 (2015).
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D. Dreossi, A. Abrami, F. Arfelli, P. Bregant, K. Casarin, V. Chenda, M. A. Cova, R. Longo, R Menk, E. Quai, E. Quaia, L. Rigon, T. Rokvic, D. Sanabor, M. Tonutti, G. Tromba, A. Vascotto, F. Zanconati, and E. Castelli, “The mammography project at the SYRMEP beamline,” Eur. J. Radiol. 68, 58–62 (2008).
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J. M. Boone and K. K. Lindfors, “CT Breast: Potential for breast cancer screening and diagnosis,” Future Oncology 2, 351–356 (2006).
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IEEE Signal Proc. Let. (1)

Z. Wang and A. C. Bovik, “A universal image quality index,” IEEE Signal Proc. Let. 9, 81–84 (2002).
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IEEE Trans. Image Process. (3)

N. Damera-Venkata, T. D. Kite, W. S. Geisler, B. L. Evans, and A. C. Bovik, “Image quality assessment based on a degradation model,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 9, 636–650 (2000).
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Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, and E. P. Simoncelli, “Image quality assessment: From error visibility to structural similarity,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600–612 (2004).
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Z. Wang and A. C. Bovik, “Embedded foveation image coding,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 10, 1397–1410 (2001).
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F. Kamangar, G. M. Dores, and W. F. Anderson, “Patterns of cancer incidence, mortality, and prevalence across five continents: Defining priorities to reduce cancer disparities in different geographic regions of the world,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24, 2137–2150 (2006).
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J. Microsc. (1)

D. Paganin, S. C. Mayo, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, and S. W. Wilkins, “Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object,” J. Microsc. 206, 33–40 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

P. Coan, A. Bravin, and G. Tromba, “Phase-contrast x-ray imaging of the breast: Recent developments towards clinics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46, 494007 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. E. Gureyev, S. C. Mayo, Y. I. Nesterets, S. Mohammadi, D. Lockie, R. H. Menk, F. Arfelli, K. M. Pavlov, M. J. Kitchen, F. Zanconati, C. Dullin, and G. Tromba, “Investigation of the imaging quality of synchrotron-based phase-contrast mammographic tomography,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 365401 (2014).
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J. Synchrotron Radiat. (1)

S. Mohammadi, E. Larsson, F. Alves, S. Dal Monego, S. Biffi, C. Garrovo, A. Lorenzon, G. Tromba, and C. Dullin, “Quantitative evaluation of a single-distance phase-retrieval method applied on in-line phase-contrast images of a mouse lung,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21, 784–789 (2014).
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Linear Algebra Appl. (1)

A. van der Sluis and H. van der Vorst, “SIRT- and CG-type methods for the iterative solution of sparse linear least-squares problems,” Linear Algebra Appl. 130, 257–303 (1990).
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Med. Phys. (1)

A. Olivo, S. Gkoumas, M. Endrizzi, C. K. Hagen, M. B. Szafraniec, P. C. Diemoz, P. R. T. Munro, K. Ignatyev, B. Johnson, J. A. Horrocks, S. J. Vinnicombe, J. L. Jones, and R. D. Speller, “Low-dose phase contrast mammography with conventional x-ray sources,” Med. Phys. 40090701 (2013).
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Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (3)

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: From pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58, R1–R35 (2013).
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A. Mittone, A. Bravin, and P. Coan, “Radiation dose in breast CT imaging with monochromatic x-rays: Simulation study of the influence of energy, composition and thickness,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 2199–2217 (2014).
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A. Mirone, E. Brun, and P. Coan, “A dictionary learning approach with overlap for the low dose computed tomography reconstruction and its vectorial application to differential phase tomography,” PLoS ONE 9, 114325 (2014).
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S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrkay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. D. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” PLoS ONE 9, 97101 (2014).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

Y. Zhao, E. Brun, P. Coan, Z. Huang, A. Sztrkay, P. C. Diemoz, S. Liebhardt, A. Mittone, S. Gasilov, J. Miao, and A. Bravin, “High-resolution, low-dose phase contrast X-ray tomography for 3D diagnosis of human breast cancers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 18290–18294 (2012).
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Radiology (3)

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Supplementary Material (16)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: TIF (32400 KB)      Reference image reconstructed with FBP algorithm and considering 3600 high statistic projections.
» Visualization 2: TIF (32400 KB)      No-diagnostic power group. Slice reconstructed with Filtered Back Projection algorithm.
» Visualization 3: TIF (32400 KB)      No-diagnostic power group. Slice reconstructed with Conjugate Gradient Least Squares algorithm.
» Visualization 4: TIF (32400 KB)      No-diagnostic power group. Slice reconstructed with Equally Sloped Tomography algorithm.
» Visualization 5: TIF (32400 KB)      No-diagnostic power group. Slice reconstructed with Iterative Filtered Back Projection algorithm.
» Visualization 6: TIF (32400 KB)      No-diagnostic power group. Slice reconstructed with Simultaneous Algebraic Reconstruction Technique.
» Visualization 7: TIF (32400 KB)      No-diagnostic power group. Slice reconstructed with Simultaneous Iterative Reconstruction Technique.
» Visualization 8: TIF (32400 KB)      Poor-diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with Conjugate Gradient Least Squares algorithm.
» Visualization 9: TIF (32400 KB)      Poor-diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with Filtered Back Projection algorithm.
» Visualization 10: TIF (32400 KB)      Poor-diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with Iterative Filtered Back Projection algorithm.
» Visualization 11: TIF (32400 KB)      Poor-diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval, reconstructed with Iterative Filtered Back Projection algorithm and post-processed with Epanechnikov filter.
» Visualization 12: TIF (32400 KB)      Poor-diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval, reconstructed with Iterative Filtered Back Projection algorithm and post-processed with Susan filter.
» Visualization 13: TIF (32400 KB)      Poor-diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with TV-minimization algorithm.
» Visualization 14: TIF (32400 KB)      Full diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with Equally Sloped Tomography algorithm.
» Visualization 15: TIF (32400 KB)      Full diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with Simultaneous Algebraic Reconstruction Technique.
» Visualization 16: TIF (32400 KB)      Full diagnostic power group. Slice pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with Simultaneous Iterative Reconstruction Technique.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Polycarbonate phantom where 1 = Glycerol (C3H8O3), 2 = Unknown tissue (Malignant), 3 = Water (H2O), 4 = Fibrous tissue, 5 = Calcium Chloride (CaCl2), 6 = Adipose tissue, 7 = Paraffin wax, 8 = Ethanol (EtOH); (b) Reference image for the mastectomy sample reconstructed with FBP algorithm and considering 3600 high statistic projections. The red square indicates the region-of-interest used for the image quality assessment (see Visualization 1).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Edges quality measurement method. On the left part, the figure shows ten individual profiles (blue dots) and the fitted sigmoid function (red dots) used for the evaluation; the right part displays the obtained Gaussian curve where FWHM was calculated.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 No-diagnostic power. Due to the specific clinical context the main lesion is still noticeable but a global poor contrast to noise ratio can be perceived and connectival residues are not visible. For the high resolution images see the additional supplementary material available in Visualization 2, Visualization 3, Visualization 4, Visualization 5, Visualization 6, and Visualization 7.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Poor-diagnostic power. Here the main lesion is well detectable thanks to the increased CNR, however the small connectival residues in the parenchimal area are yet not fully resolved, as well as the spiculations and the lesion borders. For the high resolution images see the additional supplementary material available in Visualization 8, Visualization 9, Visualization 10, Visualization 11, Visualization 12, and Visualization 13.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Full-diagnostic power. The main lesion with all the relevant features is clearly visible and quantifiable. For the high resolution images see the additional supplementary material available in Visualization 14, Visualization 15, and Visualization 16.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Full Width Half Maximum with Contrast to Noise Ratio measured on polycarbonate phantom. CNR measure is CNR normalized over the selected area.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Close-up of tissue sample slices pre-processed with phase retrieval and reconstructed with TV-Minimization (a) and EST (b) algorithm. In this small image portion the different textures are better noticeable.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Correlation between the radiological score and various image quality indexes.

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Considered reconstruction workflows.

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Table 2 Numerical results of the full-reference quantitative image quality assessment.

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Table 3 Numerical results for the no-reference quantitative image quality assessment.

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Table 4 Qualitative assessment of the considered images performed by expert supervisors.

Equations (2)

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Q s = S N R o u t F i n 1 / 2 Δ x
C N R = A f e a t u r e 1 / 2 | β l e s i o n β a d i p o s e | [ ( σ l e s i o n 2 + σ a d i p o s e 2 ) / 2 ] 1 / 2

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