Abstract

We present the first steps of a device suitable for detection of broken and cracked bones. The approach is based on temporal tracking of back reflected secondary speckle patterns generated when illuminating the limb with a laser and while applying periodic pressure stimulation via a loud speaker. Preliminary experiments are included showing the validity of the proposed device for detection of damaged bones.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  21. A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y. Beiderman, R. Blumenberg, N. Rabani, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Demonstration of remote optical measurement configuration that correlates to glucose concentration in blood,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 858–870 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. N. Ozana, N. Arbel, Y. Beiderman, V. Mico, M. Sanz, J. Garcia, A. Anand, B. Javidi, Y. Epstein, and Z. Zalevsky, “Improved noncontact optical sensor for detection of glucose concentration and indication of dehydration level,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1926–1940 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Bishitz, H. Gabai, P. Girshovitz, and N. T. Shaked, “Optical-mechanical signatures of cancer cells based on fluctuation profiles measured by interferometry,” J. Biophotonics 7(8), 624–630 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. G. Bao and S. Suresh, “Cell and molecular mechanics of biological materials,” Nat. Mater. 2(11), 715–725 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. S. Suresh, “Biomechanics and biophysics of cancer cells,” Acta Biomater. 3(4), 413–438 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. S. E. Cross, Y. S. Jin, J. Rao, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Nanomechanical analysis of cells from cancer patients,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 780–783 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

Y. Beiderman, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical technique for classification, recognition and identification of obscured objects,” Opt. Commun. 283(21), 4274–4282 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

2009 (1)

2007 (3)

A. J. Einstein, M. J. Henzlova, and S. Rajagopalan, “Estimating risk of cancer associated with radiation exposure from 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography,” JAMA 298(3), 317–323 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Suresh, “Biomechanics and biophysics of cancer cells,” Acta Biomater. 3(4), 413–438 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Cross, Y. S. Jin, J. Rao, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Nanomechanical analysis of cells from cancer patients,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 780–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

A. de González and S. Darby, “Risk of cancer from diagnostic X-rays: estimates for the UK and 14 other countries,” Lancet 363(9406), 345–351 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

G. Bao and S. Suresh, “Cell and molecular mechanics of biological materials,” Nat. Mater. 2(11), 715–725 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

D. Brenner, C. Elliston, E. Hall, and W. Berdon, “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT,” AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 176(2), 289–296 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

1994 (1)

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (3)

D. A. Hoffman, J. E. Lonstein, M. M. Morin, W. Visscher, B. S. H. Harris, and J. D. Boice., “Breast Cancer in Women With Scoliosis Exposed to Multiple Diagnostic X Rays,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81(17), 1307–1312 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Feldkamp, S. A. Goldstein, A. M. Parfitt, G. Jesion, and M. Kleerekoper, “The direct examination of three-dimensional bone architecture in vitro by computed tomography,” J. Bone Miner. Res. 4(1), 3–11 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Mink and A. L. Deutsch, “Occult cartilage and bone injuries of the knee: detection, classification, and assessment with MR imaging,” Radiology 170(3), 823–829 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

L. Yao and J. K. Lee, “Occult intraosseous fracture: detection with MR imaging,” Radiology 167(3), 749–751 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anand, A.

Andrieu, N.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antoniou, A. C.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arbel, N.

Bao, G.

G. Bao and S. Suresh, “Cell and molecular mechanics of biological materials,” Nat. Mater. 2(11), 715–725 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnett, G. H.

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

Beiderman, Y.

N. Ozana, N. Arbel, Y. Beiderman, V. Mico, M. Sanz, J. Garcia, A. Anand, B. Javidi, Y. Epstein, and Z. Zalevsky, “Improved noncontact optical sensor for detection of glucose concentration and indication of dehydration level,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1926–1940 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Beiderman, R. Blumenberg, N. Rabani, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Demonstration of remote optical measurement configuration that correlates to glucose concentration in blood,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 858–870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

Y. Beiderman, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical technique for classification, recognition and identification of obscured objects,” Opt. Commun. 283(21), 4274–4282 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Zalevsky, Y. Beiderman, I. Margalit, S. Gingold, M. Teicher, V. Mico, and J. Garcia, “Simultaneous remote extraction of multiple speech sources and heart beats from secondary speckles pattern,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21566–21580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berdon, W.

D. Brenner, C. Elliston, E. Hall, and W. Berdon, “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT,” AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 176(2), 289–296 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berrington de Gonzalez, A.

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bishitz, Y.

Y. Bishitz, H. Gabai, P. Girshovitz, and N. T. Shaked, “Optical-mechanical signatures of cancer cells based on fluctuation profiles measured by interferometry,” J. Biophotonics 7(8), 624–630 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blumenberg, R.

Boice, J. D.

D. A. Hoffman, J. E. Lonstein, M. M. Morin, W. Visscher, B. S. H. Harris, and J. D. Boice., “Breast Cancer in Women With Scoliosis Exposed to Multiple Diagnostic X Rays,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81(17), 1307–1312 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brenner, D.

D. Brenner, C. Elliston, E. Hall, and W. Berdon, “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT,” AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 176(2), 289–296 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brodie, Z.

A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brohet, R.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burshtein, N.

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

Cardis, E.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang-Claude, J.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chernova, O.

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

Clemens, J.

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cowell, J. K.

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

Cross, S. E.

S. E. Cross, Y. S. Jin, J. Rao, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Nanomechanical analysis of cells from cancer patients,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 780–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Custer, B. S.

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Darby, S.

A. de González and S. Darby, “Risk of cancer from diagnostic X-rays: estimates for the UK and 14 other countries,” Lancet 363(9406), 345–351 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de González, A.

A. de González and S. Darby, “Risk of cancer from diagnostic X-rays: estimates for the UK and 14 other countries,” Lancet 363(9406), 345–351 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deutsch, A. L.

J. H. Mink and A. L. Deutsch, “Occult cartilage and bone injuries of the knee: detection, classification, and assessment with MR imaging,” Radiology 170(3), 823–829 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drangsholt, M.

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Easton, D. F.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Einstein, A. J.

A. J. Einstein, M. J. Henzlova, and S. Rajagopalan, “Estimating risk of cancer associated with radiation exposure from 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography,” JAMA 298(3), 317–323 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elliston, C.

D. Brenner, C. Elliston, E. Hall, and W. Berdon, “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT,” AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 176(2), 289–296 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Epstein, Y.

Evans, G.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feldkamp, L. A.

L. A. Feldkamp, S. A. Goldstein, A. M. Parfitt, G. Jesion, and M. Kleerekoper, “The direct examination of three-dimensional bone architecture in vitro by computed tomography,” J. Bone Miner. Res. 4(1), 3–11 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fricker, J. P.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gabai, H.

Y. Bishitz, H. Gabai, P. Girshovitz, and N. T. Shaked, “Optical-mechanical signatures of cancer cells based on fluctuation profiles measured by interferometry,” J. Biophotonics 7(8), 624–630 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Y. T.

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia, J.

N. Ozana, N. Arbel, Y. Beiderman, V. Mico, M. Sanz, J. Garcia, A. Anand, B. Javidi, Y. Epstein, and Z. Zalevsky, “Improved noncontact optical sensor for detection of glucose concentration and indication of dehydration level,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1926–1940 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Beiderman, R. Blumenberg, N. Rabani, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Demonstration of remote optical measurement configuration that correlates to glucose concentration in blood,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 858–870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

Y. Beiderman, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical technique for classification, recognition and identification of obscured objects,” Opt. Commun. 283(21), 4274–4282 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Zalevsky, Y. Beiderman, I. Margalit, S. Gingold, M. Teicher, V. Mico, and J. Garcia, “Simultaneous remote extraction of multiple speech sources and heart beats from secondary speckles pattern,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21566–21580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gehrels, J. A.

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gimzewski, J. K.

S. E. Cross, Y. S. Jin, J. Rao, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Nanomechanical analysis of cells from cancer patients,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 780–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gingold, S.

Girshovitz, P.

Y. Bishitz, H. Gabai, P. Girshovitz, and N. T. Shaked, “Optical-mechanical signatures of cancer cells based on fluctuation profiles measured by interferometry,” J. Biophotonics 7(8), 624–630 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goldgar, D. E.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goldstein, S. A.

L. A. Feldkamp, S. A. Goldstein, A. M. Parfitt, G. Jesion, and M. Kleerekoper, “The direct examination of three-dimensional bone architecture in vitro by computed tomography,” J. Bone Miner. Res. 4(1), 3–11 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hall, E.

D. Brenner, C. Elliston, E. Hall, and W. Berdon, “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT,” AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 176(2), 289–296 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harris, B. S. H.

D. A. Hoffman, J. E. Lonstein, M. M. Morin, W. Visscher, B. S. H. Harris, and J. D. Boice., “Breast Cancer in Women With Scoliosis Exposed to Multiple Diagnostic X Rays,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81(17), 1307–1312 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henzlova, M. J.

A. J. Einstein, M. J. Henzlova, and S. Rajagopalan, “Estimating risk of cancer associated with radiation exposure from 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography,” JAMA 298(3), 317–323 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffman, D. A.

D. A. Hoffman, J. E. Lonstein, M. M. Morin, W. Visscher, B. S. H. Harris, and J. D. Boice., “Breast Cancer in Women With Scoliosis Exposed to Multiple Diagnostic X Rays,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81(17), 1307–1312 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horovitz, I.

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

Israel, Z.

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

Jain, A. K.

A. K. Jain and R. H. Taylor, “Understanding bone responses in B-mode ultrasound images and automatic bone surface extraction using a bayesian probabilistic framework,” Proc. SPIE Medical Imaging, 131–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Javidi, B.

Jesion, G.

L. A. Feldkamp, S. A. Goldstein, A. M. Parfitt, G. Jesion, and M. Kleerekoper, “The direct examination of three-dimensional bone architecture in vitro by computed tomography,” J. Bone Miner. Res. 4(1), 3–11 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, F.

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, Y. S.

S. E. Cross, Y. S. Jin, J. Rao, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Nanomechanical analysis of cells from cancer patients,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 780–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juen, S. S.

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

Kleerekoper, M.

L. A. Feldkamp, S. A. Goldstein, A. M. Parfitt, G. Jesion, and M. Kleerekoper, “The direct examination of three-dimensional bone architecture in vitro by computed tomography,” J. Bone Miner. Res. 4(1), 3–11 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleinerman, R.

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koepsell, T. D.

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. K.

L. Yao and J. K. Lee, “Occult intraosseous fracture: detection with MR imaging,” Radiology 167(3), 749–751 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linet, M. S.

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Longstreth, W. T.

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lonstein, J. E.

D. A. Hoffman, J. E. Lonstein, M. M. Morin, W. Visscher, B. S. H. Harris, and J. D. Boice., “Breast Cancer in Women With Scoliosis Exposed to Multiple Diagnostic X Rays,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81(17), 1307–1312 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Margalit, I.

Mico, V.

N. Ozana, N. Arbel, Y. Beiderman, V. Mico, M. Sanz, J. Garcia, A. Anand, B. Javidi, Y. Epstein, and Z. Zalevsky, “Improved noncontact optical sensor for detection of glucose concentration and indication of dehydration level,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1926–1940 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Beiderman, R. Blumenberg, N. Rabani, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Demonstration of remote optical measurement configuration that correlates to glucose concentration in blood,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 858–870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Beiderman, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical technique for classification, recognition and identification of obscured objects,” Opt. Commun. 283(21), 4274–4282 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

Z. Zalevsky, Y. Beiderman, I. Margalit, S. Gingold, M. Teicher, V. Mico, and J. Garcia, “Simultaneous remote extraction of multiple speech sources and heart beats from secondary speckles pattern,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21566–21580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, D. L.

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mills, J.

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mink, J. H.

J. H. Mink and A. L. Deutsch, “Occult cartilage and bone injuries of the knee: detection, classification, and assessment with MR imaging,” Radiology 170(3), 823–829 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morin, M. M.

D. A. Hoffman, J. E. Lonstein, M. M. Morin, W. Visscher, B. S. H. Harris, and J. D. Boice., “Breast Cancer in Women With Scoliosis Exposed to Multiple Diagnostic X Rays,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81(17), 1307–1312 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nogues, C.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozana, N.

Parfitt, A. M.

L. A. Feldkamp, S. A. Goldstein, A. M. Parfitt, G. Jesion, and M. Kleerekoper, “The direct examination of three-dimensional bone architecture in vitro by computed tomography,” J. Bone Miner. Res. 4(1), 3–11 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peock, S.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phillips, L. E.

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rabani, N.

Rajagopalan, S.

A. J. Einstein, M. J. Henzlova, and S. Rajagopalan, “Estimating risk of cancer associated with radiation exposure from 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography,” JAMA 298(3), 317–323 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rajaraman, P.

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rao, J.

S. E. Cross, Y. S. Jin, J. Rao, and J. K. Gimzewski, “Nanomechanical analysis of cells from cancer patients,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 780–783 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rookus, M. A.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanz, M.

Shaked, N. T.

Y. Bishitz, H. Gabai, P. Girshovitz, and N. T. Shaked, “Optical-mechanical signatures of cancer cells based on fluctuation profiles measured by interferometry,” J. Biophotonics 7(8), 624–630 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shenhav, A.

A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shoshan, Y.

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

Shu, X. O.

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simard, J.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slovis, T. L.

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Somerville, R. P.

Y. Shoshan, O. Chernova, S. S. Juen, R. P. Somerville, Z. Israel, G. H. Barnett, and J. K. Cowell, “Radiation-induced meningioma: a distinct molecular genetic pattern?” J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 59(7), 614–620 (2000).
[PubMed]

Suresh, S.

S. Suresh, “Biomechanics and biophysics of cancer cells,” Acta Biomater. 3(4), 413–438 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bao and S. Suresh, “Cell and molecular mechanics of biological materials,” Nat. Mater. 2(11), 715–725 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, R. H.

A. K. Jain and R. H. Taylor, “Understanding bone responses in B-mode ultrasound images and automatic bone surface extraction using a bayesian probabilistic framework,” Proc. SPIE Medical Imaging, 131–142 (2004).
[Crossref]

Teicher, M.

Y. Beiderman, R. Blumenberg, N. Rabani, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Demonstration of remote optical measurement configuration that correlates to glucose concentration in blood,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 858–870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

Y. Beiderman, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical technique for classification, recognition and identification of obscured objects,” Opt. Commun. 283(21), 4274–4282 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Zalevsky, Y. Beiderman, I. Margalit, S. Gingold, M. Teicher, V. Mico, and J. Garcia, “Simultaneous remote extraction of multiple speech sources and heart beats from secondary speckles pattern,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21566–21580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Belle, G.

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Leeuwen, F. E.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van’t Veer, L.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Visscher, W.

D. A. Hoffman, J. E. Lonstein, M. M. Morin, W. Visscher, B. S. H. Harris, and J. D. Boice., “Breast Cancer in Women With Scoliosis Exposed to Multiple Diagnostic X Rays,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 81(17), 1307–1312 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, T.

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, L.

L. Yao and J. K. Lee, “Occult intraosseous fracture: detection with MR imaging,” Radiology 167(3), 749–751 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zalevsky, Z.

N. Ozana, N. Arbel, Y. Beiderman, V. Mico, M. Sanz, J. Garcia, A. Anand, B. Javidi, Y. Epstein, and Z. Zalevsky, “Improved noncontact optical sensor for detection of glucose concentration and indication of dehydration level,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(6), 1926–1940 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Shenhav, Z. Brodie, Y. Beiderman, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical sensor for remote estimation of alcohol concentration in blood stream,” Opt. Commun. 289, 149–157 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Beiderman, R. Blumenberg, N. Rabani, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Demonstration of remote optical measurement configuration that correlates to glucose concentration in blood,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 858–870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Beiderman, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Optical technique for classification, recognition and identification of obscured objects,” Opt. Commun. 283(21), 4274–4282 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

Z. Zalevsky, Y. Beiderman, I. Margalit, S. Gingold, M. Teicher, V. Mico, and J. Garcia, “Simultaneous remote extraction of multiple speech sources and heart beats from secondary speckles pattern,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21566–21580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, W.

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Biomater. (1)

S. Suresh, “Biomechanics and biophysics of cancer cells,” Acta Biomater. 3(4), 413–438 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. (1)

D. Brenner, C. Elliston, E. Hall, and W. Berdon, “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT,” AJR Am. J. Roentgenol. 176(2), 289–296 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

Br. J. Cancer (1)

X. O. Shu, F. Jin, M. S. Linet, W. Zheng, J. Clemens, J. Mills, and Y. T. Gao, “Diagnostic X-ray and ultrasound exposure and risk of childhood cancer,” Br. J. Cancer 70(3), 531–536 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

CA Cancer J. Clin. (1)

M. S. Linet, T. L. Slovis, D. L. Miller, R. Kleinerman, C. Lee, P. Rajaraman, and A. Berrington de Gonzalez, “Cancer risks associated with external radiation from diagnostic imaging procedures,” CA Cancer J. Clin. 62(2), 75–100 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cancer (1)

W. T. Longstreth, L. E. Phillips, M. Drangsholt, T. D. Koepsell, B. S. Custer, J. A. Gehrels, and G. van Belle, “Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study,” Cancer 100(5), 1026–1034 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

Y. Beiderman, I. Horovitz, N. Burshtein, M. Teicher, J. Garcia, V. Mico, and Z. Zalevsky, “Remote estimation of blood pulse pressure via temporal tracking of reflected secondary speckles pattern,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6), 061707 (2010).

J. Biophotonics (1)

Y. Bishitz, H. Gabai, P. Girshovitz, and N. T. Shaked, “Optical-mechanical signatures of cancer cells based on fluctuation profiles measured by interferometry,” J. Biophotonics 7(8), 624–630 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bone Miner. Res. (1)

L. A. Feldkamp, S. A. Goldstein, A. M. Parfitt, G. Jesion, and M. Kleerekoper, “The direct examination of three-dimensional bone architecture in vitro by computed tomography,” J. Bone Miner. Res. 4(1), 3–11 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Clin. Oncol. (1)

N. Andrieu, D. F. Easton, J. Chang-Claude, M. A. Rookus, R. Brohet, E. Cardis, A. C. Antoniou, T. Wagner, J. Simard, G. Evans, S. Peock, J. P. Fricker, C. Nogues, L. Van’t Veer, F. E. Van Leeuwen, and D. E. Goldgar, “Effect of chest X-rays on the risk of breast cancer among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in the international BRCA1/2 carrier cohort study: a report from the EMBRACE, GENEPSO, GEO-HEBON, and IBCCS Collaborators’ Group,” J. Clin. Oncol. 24(21), 3361–3366 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The temporal change in the position of the correlation peak (in pixels) versus time (the inset presents zoom of the temporal signal over 6 of its periods).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Frequency response of complete bone. (b) Frequency response of broken bone. The excitation frequency during this experiment is 150 Hz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The optical configuration for remote measuring of bone fractures. The bone fracture is positioned under a laser illumination.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a). The optical configuration for remote measuring of middle phalanx hands bone. The finger bone is positioned under a laser illumination. (b). Displacement of the correlation peak of the fingers bone. The excitation frequency during this experiment is 150 Hz. (c). Stability test of human bone, the difference in values from the average is displayed (in percentages).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Optical samples of broken bone being compared to complete whole bone (red line). Each different shape represents another excitation frequency. (b) Zoom in of the optical samples of broken bone compared to whole bone (red line). Each different shape represents another excitation frequency.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a). Optical samples of broken bone while we illuminated a piece of chicken compared to a reference complete bone (red line). (b). A zoom-in of the optical samples of broken bone while we illuminated a piece of chicken, compared to a complete reference bone (red line).

Equations (2)

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β= 4πtanα λ 4πα λ
X(k)= j=1 N x(j) e 2πijk/N

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