Abstract

A brain needle biopsy procedure is performed for suspected brain lesions in order to sample tissue that is subsequently analysed using standard histopathology techniques. A common complication resulting from this procedure is brain hemorrhaging from blood vessels clipped off during tissue extraction. Interstitial optical tomography (iOT) has recently been introduced by our group as a mean to assess the presence of blood vessels in the vicinity of the needle. The clinical need to improve safety requires the detection of blood vessels within 2 mm from the outer surface of the needle, since this distance is representative of the volume of tissue that is aspirated durirng tissue extraction. Here, a sensitivity analysis is presented to establish the intrinsic detection limits of iOT based on simulations and experiments using brain tissue phantoms. It is demonstrated that absorbers can be detected with diameters >300 μm located up to >2 mm from the biopsy needle core for bulk optical properties consistent with brain tissue.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Sub-diffuse interstitial optical tomography to improve the safety of brain needle biopsies: a proof-of-concept study

Andréanne Goyette, Julien Pichette, Marie-Andrée Tremblay, Audrey Laurence, Michael Jermyn, Kelvin Mok, Keith D. Paulsen, David W. Roberts, Kevin Petrecca, Brian C. Wilson, and Frédéric Leblond
Opt. Lett. 40(2) 170-173 (2015)

5-ALA fluorescence and laser Doppler flowmetry for guidance in a stereotactic brain tumor biopsy

Neda Haj-Hosseini, Johan C. O. Richter, Peter Milos, Martin Hallbeck, and Karin Wårdell
Biomed. Opt. Express 9(5) 2284-2296 (2018)

Optical needle endoscope for safe and precise stereotactically guided biopsy sampling in neurosurgery

Werner Göbel, David Brucker, Yvonne Kienast, Ann Johansson, Gesa Kniebühler, Adrian Rühm, Sabina Eigenbrod, Stefan Fischer, Marcus Goetz, Friedrich-Wilhelm Kreth, André Ehrhardt, Herbert Stepp, Klaus-Martin Irion, and Jochen Herms
Opt. Express 20(24) 26117-26126 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. M. DeAngelis, “Brain Tumors,” N. Engl. J. Med. 344(2), 114–123 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. F. V. Aker, T. Hakan, S. Karadereler, and M. Erkan, “Accuracy and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis of brain masses: comparison of results of biopsy and resected surgical specimens,” Neuropathology 25(3), 207–213 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. N. Kongkham, E. Knifed, M. S. Tamber, and M. Bernstein, “Complications in 622 cases of frame-based stereotactic biopsy, a decreasing procedure,” Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 35(1), 79–84 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. S. Smith, A. Quiñones-Hinojosa, N. M. Barbaro, and M. W. McDermott, “Frame-based stereotactic biopsy remains an important diagnostic tool with distinct advantages over frameless stereotactic biopsy,” J. Neurooncol. 73(2), 173–179 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. R. Grossman, S. Sadetzki, R. Spiegelmann, and Z. Ram, “Haemorrhagic complications and the incidence of asymptomatic bleeding associated with stereotactic brain biopsies,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 147(6), 627–631 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S. Eibach, L. Weise, M. Setzer, V. Seifert, and C. Senft, “Intraoperative bleeding in stereotactic biopsies and its implication on postoperative management: Can we predict CT findings?” Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 92(2), 80–85 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. N. L. Dorward, T. S. Paleologos, O. Alberti, and D. G. T. Thomas, “The advantages of frameless stereotactic biopsy over frame-based biopsy,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 16(2), 110–118 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Goyette, J. Pichette, M. A. Tremblay, A. Laurence, M. Jermyn, K. Mok, K. D. Paulsen, D. W. Roberts, K. Petrecca, B. C. Wilson, and F. Leblond, “Sub-diffuse interstitial optical tomography to improve the safety of brain needle biopsies: a proof-of-concept study,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 170–173 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. P. A. Valdes, V. L. Jacobs, B. C. Wilson, F. Leblond, D. W. Roberts, and K. D. Paulsen, “System and methods for wide-field quantitative fluorescence imaging during neurosurgery,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2786–2788 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. L. Spinelli, M. Botwicz, N. Zolek, M. Kacprzak, D. Milej, P. Sawosz, A. Liebert, U. Weigel, T. Durduran, F. Foschum, A. Kienle, F. Baribeau, S. Leclair, J. P. Bouchard, I. Noiseux, P. Gallant, O. Mermut, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, A. Torricelli, R. Cubeddu, H. C. Ho, M. Mazurenka, H. Wabnitz, K. Klauenberg, O. Bodnar, C. Elster, M. Bénazech-Lavoué, Y. Bérubé-Lauzière, F. Lesage, D. Khoptyar, A. A. Subash, S. Andersson-Engels, P. Di Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Determination of reference values for optical properties of liquid phantoms based on Intralipid and India ink,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(7), 2037–2053 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. P. A. Valdés, A. Kim, F. Leblond, O. M. Conde, B. T. Harris, K. D. Paulsen, B. C. Wilson, and D. W. Roberts, “Combined fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy for in vivo quantification of cancer biomarkers in low- and high-grade glioma surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 116007 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Q. Fang, “Mesh-based Monte Carlo method using fast ray-tracing in Plücker coordinates,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 165–175 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. Q. Fang and D. R. Kaeli, “Accelerating mesh-based Monte Carlo method on modern CPU architectures,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(12), 3223–3230 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. S. Baldwin, “Compute Canada: advancing computational research,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 341, 012001 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. A. Prahl, “Tabulated Molar Extinction Coefficient for Hemoglobin in Water,” http://omlc.org/spectra/hemoglobin/summary.html .

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

Q. Fang and D. R. Kaeli, “Accelerating mesh-based Monte Carlo method on modern CPU architectures,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(12), 3223–3230 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Baldwin, “Compute Canada: advancing computational research,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 341, 012001 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

P. A. Valdés, A. Kim, F. Leblond, O. M. Conde, B. T. Harris, K. D. Paulsen, B. C. Wilson, and D. W. Roberts, “Combined fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy for in vivo quantification of cancer biomarkers in low- and high-grade glioma surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 116007 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, “Mesh-based Monte Carlo method using fast ray-tracing in Plücker coordinates,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 165–175 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

P. N. Kongkham, E. Knifed, M. S. Tamber, and M. Bernstein, “Complications in 622 cases of frame-based stereotactic biopsy, a decreasing procedure,” Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 35(1), 79–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Grossman, S. Sadetzki, R. Spiegelmann, and Z. Ram, “Haemorrhagic complications and the incidence of asymptomatic bleeding associated with stereotactic brain biopsies,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 147(6), 627–631 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. V. Aker, T. Hakan, S. Karadereler, and M. Erkan, “Accuracy and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis of brain masses: comparison of results of biopsy and resected surgical specimens,” Neuropathology 25(3), 207–213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Smith, A. Quiñones-Hinojosa, N. M. Barbaro, and M. W. McDermott, “Frame-based stereotactic biopsy remains an important diagnostic tool with distinct advantages over frameless stereotactic biopsy,” J. Neurooncol. 73(2), 173–179 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

N. L. Dorward, T. S. Paleologos, O. Alberti, and D. G. T. Thomas, “The advantages of frameless stereotactic biopsy over frame-based biopsy,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 16(2), 110–118 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

L. M. DeAngelis, “Brain Tumors,” N. Engl. J. Med. 344(2), 114–123 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aghi, M. K.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aker, F. V.

F. V. Aker, T. Hakan, S. Karadereler, and M. Erkan, “Accuracy and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis of brain masses: comparison of results of biopsy and resected surgical specimens,” Neuropathology 25(3), 207–213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akyar, S.

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alberti, O.

N. L. Dorward, T. S. Paleologos, O. Alberti, and D. G. T. Thomas, “The advantages of frameless stereotactic biopsy over frame-based biopsy,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 16(2), 110–118 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alves, H. L.

M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andersson-Engels, S.

Arnold, H.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Avezaat, C. J. J.

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baldwin, S.

S. Baldwin, “Compute Canada: advancing computational research,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 341, 012001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bani, A.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barbaro, N. M.

J. S. Smith, A. Quiñones-Hinojosa, N. M. Barbaro, and M. W. McDermott, “Frame-based stereotactic biopsy remains an important diagnostic tool with distinct advantages over frameless stereotactic biopsy,” J. Neurooncol. 73(2), 173–179 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baribeau, F.

Bénazech-Lavoué, M.

Berger, M. S.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernstein, M.

P. N. Kongkham, E. Knifed, M. S. Tamber, and M. Bernstein, “Complications in 622 cases of frame-based stereotactic biopsy, a decreasing procedure,” Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 35(1), 79–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bérubé-Lauzière, Y.

Bink, A. J. W.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Black, P. M.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloch, O.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bodnar, O.

Böker, D. K.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Botwicz, M.

Bouchard, J. P.

Brawanski, A.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brock, M.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brune, A.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ceyhan, K.

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cha, S.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, C. N.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. C.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chuang, C. C.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Claus, E. B.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Conde, O. M.

P. A. Valdés, A. Kim, F. Leblond, O. M. Conde, B. T. Harris, K. D. Paulsen, B. C. Wilson, and D. W. Roberts, “Combined fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy for in vivo quantification of cancer biomarkers in low- and high-grade glioma surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 116007 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cubeddu, R.

Dammers, R.

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeAngelis, L. M.

L. M. DeAngelis, “Brain Tumors,” N. Engl. J. Med. 344(2), 114–123 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dello-Iacono, D.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Ninni, P.

Dirven, C. M. F.

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorward, N. L.

N. L. Dorward, T. S. Paleologos, O. Alberti, and D. G. T. Thomas, “The advantages of frameless stereotactic biopsy over frame-based biopsy,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 16(2), 110–118 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Durduran, T.

Eibach, S.

S. Eibach, L. Weise, M. Setzer, V. Seifert, and C. Senft, “Intraoperative bleeding in stereotactic biopsies and its implication on postoperative management: Can we predict CT findings?” Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 92(2), 80–85 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elster, C.

Erden, E.

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erden, I.

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erich Wu, T. W.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erkan, M.

F. V. Aker, T. Hakan, S. Karadereler, and M. Erkan, “Accuracy and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis of brain masses: comparison of results of biopsy and resected surgical specimens,” Neuropathology 25(3), 207–213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Q.

Farina, A.

Fonoff, E. T.

M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foschum, F.

Franz, K.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallant, P.

Gilsbach, J. M.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goetz, C.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goyette, A.

Grossman, R.

R. Grossman, S. Sadetzki, R. Spiegelmann, and Z. Ram, “Haemorrhagic complications and the incidence of asymptomatic bleeding associated with stereotactic brain biopsies,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 147(6), 627–631 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grumme, T.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haitsma, I. K.

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hakan, T.

F. V. Aker, T. Hakan, S. Karadereler, and M. Erkan, “Accuracy and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis of brain masses: comparison of results of biopsy and resected surgical specimens,” Neuropathology 25(3), 207–213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S. J.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harris, B. T.

P. A. Valdés, A. Kim, F. Leblond, O. M. Conde, B. T. Harris, K. D. Paulsen, B. C. Wilson, and D. W. Roberts, “Combined fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy for in vivo quantification of cancer biomarkers in low- and high-grade glioma surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 116007 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hassler, W.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heper, A. O.

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, H. C.

Horlacher, A.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, L.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, P. W.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, Y. H.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. C.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacobs, V. L.

Jermyn, M.

Jolesz, F. A.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kacprzak, M.

Kaeli, D. R.

Kähler, U.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanpolat, Y.

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karadereler, S.

F. V. Aker, T. Hakan, S. Karadereler, and M. Erkan, “Accuracy and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis of brain masses: comparison of results of biopsy and resected surgical specimens,” Neuropathology 25(3), 207–213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kern, B. C.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khoptyar, D.

Kienle, A.

Kim, A.

P. A. Valdés, A. Kim, F. Leblond, O. M. Conde, B. T. Harris, K. D. Paulsen, B. C. Wilson, and D. W. Roberts, “Combined fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy for in vivo quantification of cancer biomarkers in low- and high-grade glioma surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 116007 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klauenberg, K.

Knifed, E.

P. N. Kongkham, E. Knifed, M. S. Tamber, and M. Bernstein, “Complications in 622 cases of frame-based stereotactic biopsy, a decreasing procedure,” Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 35(1), 79–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knopp, U.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kongkham, P. N.

P. N. Kongkham, E. Knifed, M. S. Tamber, and M. Bernstein, “Complications in 622 cases of frame-based stereotactic biopsy, a decreasing procedure,” Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 35(1), 79–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kros, J. M.

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langenbach, U.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lanksch, W.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laurence, A.

Leblond, F.

Leclair, S.

Lee, S. C.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. T.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lesage, F.

Liebert, A.

Lin, T. K.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lowe, J. S.

N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lui, T. N.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Macarthur, D. C.

N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mandel, M.

M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martelli, F.

Mayfrank, L.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazurenka, M.

McDermott, M. W.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Smith, A. Quiñones-Hinojosa, N. M. Barbaro, and M. W. McDermott, “Frame-based stereotactic biopsy remains an important diagnostic tool with distinct advantages over frameless stereotactic biopsy,” J. Neurooncol. 73(2), 173–179 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mehdorn, H. M.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meinel, T.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meisel, H. J.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mermut, O.

Milej, D.

Mok, K.

Nabavi, A.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noiseux, I.

Oertel, M. F.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oppel, F.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paleologos, T. S.

N. L. Dorward, T. S. Paleologos, O. Alberti, and D. G. T. Thomas, “The advantages of frameless stereotactic biopsy over frame-based biopsy,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 16(2), 110–118 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parsa, A. T.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulsen, K. D.

Petrecca, K.

Pichette, J.

Pichlmeier, U.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pietsch, T.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pifferi, A.

Pinzer, T.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quiñones-Hinojosa, A.

J. S. Smith, A. Quiñones-Hinojosa, N. M. Barbaro, and M. W. McDermott, “Frame-based stereotactic biopsy remains an important diagnostic tool with distinct advantages over frameless stereotactic biopsy,” J. Neurooncol. 73(2), 173–179 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ram, Z.

R. Grossman, S. Sadetzki, R. Spiegelmann, and Z. Ram, “Haemorrhagic complications and the incidence of asymptomatic bleeding associated with stereotactic brain biopsies,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 147(6), 627–631 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reulen, H. J.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberts, D. W.

Robson, D. K.

N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rohde, V.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosemberg, S.

M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sadetzki, S.

R. Grossman, S. Sadetzki, R. Spiegelmann, and Z. Ram, “Haemorrhagic complications and the incidence of asymptomatic bleeding associated with stereotactic brain biopsies,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 147(6), 627–631 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savas, A.

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sawosz, P.

Schackert, G.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schober, R.

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schouten, J. W.

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schulze, P. C.

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schumacher, W.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwartz, R. B.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwarzmaier, H.-J.

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seifert, V.

S. Eibach, L. Weise, M. Setzer, V. Seifert, and C. Senft, “Intraoperative bleeding in stereotactic biopsies and its implication on postoperative management: Can we predict CT findings?” Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 92(2), 80–85 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senft, C.

S. Eibach, L. Weise, M. Setzer, V. Seifert, and C. Senft, “Intraoperative bleeding in stereotactic biopsies and its implication on postoperative management: Can we predict CT findings?” Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 92(2), 80–85 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Setzer, M.

S. Eibach, L. Weise, M. Setzer, V. Seifert, and C. Senft, “Intraoperative bleeding in stereotactic biopsies and its implication on postoperative management: Can we predict CT findings?” Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 92(2), 80–85 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shastri-Hurst, N.

N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, J. S.

J. S. Smith, A. Quiñones-Hinojosa, N. M. Barbaro, and M. W. McDermott, “Frame-based stereotactic biopsy remains an important diagnostic tool with distinct advantages over frameless stereotactic biopsy,” J. Neurooncol. 73(2), 173–179 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spiegelmann, R.

R. Grossman, S. Sadetzki, R. Spiegelmann, and Z. Ram, “Haemorrhagic complications and the incidence of asymptomatic bleeding associated with stereotactic brain biopsies,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 147(6), 627–631 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spinelli, L.

Stolke, D.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stretz, T.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stummer, W.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Subash, A. A.

Sun, M. Z.

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talos, F.

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamber, M. S.

P. N. Kongkham, E. Knifed, M. S. Tamber, and M. Bernstein, “Complications in 622 cases of frame-based stereotactic biopsy, a decreasing procedure,” Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 35(1), 79–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teixeira, M. J.

M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, D. G. T.

N. L. Dorward, T. S. Paleologos, O. Alberti, and D. G. T. Thomas, “The advantages of frameless stereotactic biopsy over frame-based biopsy,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 16(2), 110–118 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tonn, J. C.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torricelli, A.

Tremblay, M. A.

Tsegaye, M.

N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turowski, B.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, O. W.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulrich, F.

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valdes, P. A.

Valdés, P. A.

P. A. Valdés, A. Kim, F. Leblond, O. M. Conde, B. T. Harris, K. D. Paulsen, B. C. Wilson, and D. W. Roberts, “Combined fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy for in vivo quantification of cancer biomarkers in low- and high-grade glioma surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 116007 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vesper, J.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vincent, A. J.

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vincent, A. J. P. E.

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wabnitz, H.

Weber, F.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, K. C.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weigel, U.

Weise, L.

S. Eibach, L. Weise, M. Setzer, V. Seifert, and C. Senft, “Intraoperative bleeding in stereotactic biopsies and its implication on postoperative management: Can we predict CT findings?” Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 92(2), 80–85 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westphal, M.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiedemayer, H.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiestler, O. D.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, B. C.

Winking, M.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woiciechowsky, C.

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C. T.

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yaroslavsky, A. N.

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yaroslavsky, I. V.

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaccanti, G.

Zolek, N.

Acta Neurochir. (Wien) (3)

R. Dammers, J. W. Schouten, I. K. Haitsma, A. J. P. E. Vincent, J. M. Kros, and C. M. F. Dirven, “Towards improving the safety and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in a single centre,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 152(11), 1915–1921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Grossman, S. Sadetzki, R. Spiegelmann, and Z. Ram, “Haemorrhagic complications and the incidence of asymptomatic bleeding associated with stereotactic brain biopsies,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 147(6), 627–631 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dammers, I. K. Haitsma, J. W. Schouten, J. M. Kros, C. J. J. Avezaat, and A. J. Vincent, “Safety and efficacy of frameless and frame-based intracranial biopsy techniques,” Acta Neurochir. (Wien) 150(1), 23–29 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. (1)

M. J. Teixeira, E. T. Fonoff, M. Mandel, H. L. Alves, and S. Rosemberg, “Stereotactic biopsies of brain lesions,” Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 67(1), 74–77 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (3)

Br. J. Neurosurg. (2)

N. L. Dorward, T. S. Paleologos, O. Alberti, and D. G. T. Thomas, “The advantages of frameless stereotactic biopsy over frame-based biopsy,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 16(2), 110–118 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Shastri-Hurst, M. Tsegaye, D. K. Robson, J. S. Lowe, and D. C. Macarthur, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: An audit of sampling reliability in a clinical case series,” Br. J. Neurosurg. 20(4), 222–226 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Can. J. Neurol. Sci. (1)

P. N. Kongkham, E. Knifed, M. S. Tamber, and M. Bernstein, “Complications in 622 cases of frame-based stereotactic biopsy, a decreasing procedure,” Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 35(1), 79–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cancer (1)

E. B. Claus, A. Horlacher, L. Hsu, R. B. Schwartz, D. Dello-Iacono, F. Talos, F. A. Jolesz, and P. M. Black, “Survival rates in patients with low-grade glioma after intraoperative magnetic resonance image guidance,” Cancer 103(6), 1227–1233 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. (1)

C. C. Chen, P. W. Hsu, T. W. Erich Wu, S. T. Lee, C. N. Chang, K. C. Wei, C. C. Chuang, C. T. Wu, T. N. Lui, Y. H. Hsu, T. K. Lin, S. C. Lee, and Y. C. Huang, “Stereotactic brain biopsy: Single center retrospective analysis of complications,” Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 111(10), 835–839 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

P. A. Valdés, A. Kim, F. Leblond, O. M. Conde, B. T. Harris, K. D. Paulsen, B. C. Wilson, and D. W. Roberts, “Combined fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopy for in vivo quantification of cancer biomarkers in low- and high-grade glioma surgery,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 116007 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Neurooncol. (1)

J. S. Smith, A. Quiñones-Hinojosa, N. M. Barbaro, and M. W. McDermott, “Frame-based stereotactic biopsy remains an important diagnostic tool with distinct advantages over frameless stereotactic biopsy,” J. Neurooncol. 73(2), 173–179 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Neurosurg. (1)

O. Bloch, S. J. Han, S. Cha, M. Z. Sun, M. K. Aghi, M. W. McDermott, M. S. Berger, and A. T. Parsa, “Impact of extent of resection for recurrent glioblastoma on overall survival: clinical article,” J. Neurosurg. 117(6), 1032–1038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

S. Baldwin, “Compute Canada: advancing computational research,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 341, 012001 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Engl. J. Med. (1)

L. M. DeAngelis, “Brain Tumors,” N. Engl. J. Med. 344(2), 114–123 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neuropathology (1)

F. V. Aker, T. Hakan, S. Karadereler, and M. Erkan, “Accuracy and diagnostic yield of stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis of brain masses: comparison of results of biopsy and resected surgical specimens,” Neuropathology 25(3), 207–213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neurosurgery (1)

W. Stummer, H. J. Reulen, T. Meinel, U. Pichlmeier, W. Schumacher, J. C. Tonn, V. Rohde, F. Oppel, B. Turowski, C. Woiciechowsky, K. Franz, T. Pietsch, F. Oppel, A. Brune, W. Lanksch, C. Woiciechowsky, M. Brock, J. Vesper, J. C. Tonn, C. Goetz, J. M. Gilsbach, L. Mayfrank, M. F. Oertel, V. Seifert, K. Franz, A. J. W. Bink, G. Schackert, T. Pinzer, W. Hassler, A. Bani, H. J. Meisel, B. C. Kern, H. M. Mehdorn, A. Nabavi, A. Brawanski, O. W. Ullrich, D. K. Böker, M. Winking, F. Weber, U. Langenbach, M. Westphal, U. Kähler, H. Arnold, U. Knopp, T. Grumme, T. Stretz, D. Stolke, H. Wiedemayer, B. Turowski, T. Pietsch, O. D. Wiestler, H. J. Reulen, W. Stummer, and ALA-Glioma Study Group, “Extent of resection and survival in glioblastoma multiforme: Identification of and adjustment for bias,” Neurosurgery 62(3), 564–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

A. N. Yaroslavsky, P. C. Schulze, I. V. Yaroslavsky, R. Schober, F. Ulrich, and H.-J. Schwarzmaier, “Optical properties of selected native and coagulated human brain tissues in vitro in the visible and near infrared spectral range,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(12), 2059–2073 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. (1)

S. Eibach, L. Weise, M. Setzer, V. Seifert, and C. Senft, “Intraoperative bleeding in stereotactic biopsies and its implication on postoperative management: Can we predict CT findings?” Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 92(2), 80–85 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surg. Neurol. (1)

A. O. Heper, E. Erden, A. Savas, K. Ceyhan, I. Erden, S. Akyar, and Y. Kanpolat, “An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: A prospective clinicopathologic study,” Surg. Neurol. 64(Suppl 2), S82–S88 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. A. Prahl, “Tabulated Molar Extinction Coefficient for Hemoglobin in Water,” http://omlc.org/spectra/hemoglobin/summary.html .

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (left) A commercial biopsy needle is composed of 2 hollow tubes, both with a rectangular hole close to their distal end. The outer tube is a cannula that is inserted into the brain while the inner tube can be slid in and out of the cannula. When the needle (with cannula and inner tube windows not aligned) has been inserted into the brain and has reached a location where tissue needs to be collected, the inner tube is rotated so that the two windows become aligned, exposing brain tissue to the interior of the inner tube. (right) A fibre optics tomography system can be integrated onto a commercial needle to prevent blood vessels from being clipped off during a brain biopsy procedure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (A) Experimental setup with the optical probe immersed in a brain tissue-simulating phantom. (B) Optical probe with an enlarged view of the tip showing the positioning of the illumination and detection fibres. (C) Contrast ratios at 600nm for a tissue phantom and normal brain: (left) carbon rod used to emulate blood vessels absorption in a fat emulsion liquid background, (right) in vivo brain image during open cranium surgery illustrating the optical contrast between cortex (gray matter) and blood vessels.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption spectrum of the blue coloring dye (@ 1:1000 V/V) used to fabricate tissue-mimicking phantoms.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (A) Mesh used for light transport simualtions in the medium surrounding the needle; detectors and sources are represented by spheres. (B) Modeling of the extended sources using a finite number of sub-sources.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (A) Schematic depiction of the cylindrical absorber configurations simulated: 7 diameters were considered each associated with 10 edge-to-edge distances (70 configurations in total). (B) Spatial distribution of the optodes for the experimental iOT system, (C) Spatial distribution of the optodes for a different imaging geometry.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (A) CT angiogram of porcine brain showing the complex architecture of vessels and arteries. (B) 3-D images showing a segmentation of the angiogram with a threshold allowing to highlight the vessels and the generating of a mesh. The separation between arteries (in red) and veins (in blue) has been made for the simulations but does not reflect the actual physiology.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Detailed sensitivity plots based on the Monte Carlo simulations. Each sub-figure includes graphs (one for each needle-inclusion distance) of sensitivity, Eq. (2), as a function of intrinsic absorption of the cylindrical inclusion. Each column is associated with one set of bulk optical properties and each line is associated with a different diameter of the cylindrical inclusion.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (A) Spectra acquired for a single O.D. = 720 μm carbon rod immersed in a non-absorbing diffusive medium (no blue dye) for distances from the needle (edge-to-edge) ranging from 0 to 2 mm. (B) Spectra acquired for the same rod and edge-to-edge distance this time immersed in an absorbing diffusive medium (with blue dye). (C, D) Sensitivity metric S computed for each wavelength in the case of non-absorbing (in C) and absorbing bulk media (in D) with absorption values labeled for selected wavelengths highlighted with vertical lines (see Fig. 3).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Comparing experimental and simulation results: inclusion O.D. = 720 μm, 4 different bulk absorptions (μa ranging from 0.001 to 0.370 mm−1 as shown in the legend) and μs= 6.77 mm−1. Experimental result are represented by full lines while MCS results are represented by single points (circles).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Left: Sensitivity metric S as a function of excitation wavelength for bulk media with different absorption coefficients. Right: Sensitivity for each bulk absorption values as a function of distance between the carbon rod and the optical probe: O.D.: 310 μm (A), 720 μm (B) and 1350 μm (C).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Four tomographic slices (top, arteries shown in red and veins in blue) and their optical sinograms @ 600 nm (bottom). Blood vessels close to the needle have a strong impact on the measurements and this can be observed on the optical sinograms: green and magenta circles show the blood vessels and their corresponding impacts on the sinogram.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Blood vessels near the needle for slice #17 (left). Corresponding optical sinograms for 12 fibres (center) and 36 (right). Being in the sub-diffuse regime, an increase in quality is observable.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Using the HbR and HbO spectra to fit the simulated spectroscopic data can lead to specific blood vessels detection and separation from other potential sources of absorption. (A) Reconstructed map of HbR (cyan) and HbO (magenta). (B) HbR and HbO maps overlaid with actual blood vessels locations segmented from CT angiograms (arteries in red and veins in blue). (C) 3D representation of the data shown in (B) with 2D maps wrapped around the needle, segmented blood vessels from the CT angiogram are shown in red (arteries) and blue (veins).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical properties considered for bulk tissue in numerical simulations.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Sensitivity function S computed for different inclusion O.D. and edge-to-edge separations between the needle for a low-absorbing bulk medium. The absorption contrast between the inclusion and the bulk medium is 50000:1.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Sensitivity function S computed for different inclusion O.D. and edge-to-edge separations between the needle for a high-absorbing bulk medium. The absorption contrast between the inclusion and the bulk medium is 50:1.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I= n=1 N exp ( k=1 K μ a k s k ),
S i =100× ( I i1 + I i+1 ) hetero ( I i1 + I i+1 ) homo ( I i1 + I i+1 ) homo ,

Metrics