Abstract

In this study the encapsulation of core shell carboxyl CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) by phospholipids liposome complexes is presented. It makes the quantum dots water soluble and photo-stable. Fluorescence self-quenching of the QDs inside the liposomes was observed. Therefore, the thermal lens microscopy (TLM) was found to be an useful tool for measuring the encapsulation efficiency of the QDs by the liposomes, for which an optimum value of 36% was determined. The obtained limit of detection (LOD) for determining QDs concentration by TLM was 0.13 nM. Moreover, the encapsulated QDs showed no prominent cytotoxicity toward Breast cancer cells line MDA-MB-231. This study was supported by UV-visible spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and dynamic light scattering measurements (DLS).

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Microstructural and optical properties of CdSe/CdS/ZnS core-shell-shell quantum dots

Dea Uk Lee, Dae Hun Kim, Dong Hyuk Choi, Sang Wook Kim, Hong Seok Lee, Keon-Ho Yoo, and Tae Whan Kim
Opt. Express 24(2) A350-A357 (2016)

Incorporation of luminescent CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots and PbS quantum dots into solution-derived chalcogenide glass films

Spencer Novak, Luca Scarpantonio, Jacklyn Novak, Marta Dai Prè, Alessandro Martucci, Jonathan D. Musgraves, Nathan D. McClenaghan, and Kathleen Richardson
Opt. Mater. Express 3(6) 729-738 (2013)

Onion-like (CdSe)ZnS/CdSe/ZnS quantum-dot-quantum-well heteronanocrystals for investigation of multi-color emission

Sedat Nizamoglu and Hilmi Volkan Demir
Opt. Express 16(6) 3515-3526 (2008)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Sounderya and Y. Zhang, “Use of core/shell structured nanoparticles for biomedical applications,” Recent Pat. Biomed. Eng. 1(1), 34–42 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. K. So, H. Yao, and J. Rao, “Halo tag protein-mediated specific labeling of living cells with quantum dots,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 374(3), 419–423 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the cytotoxicity of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. D. Bothun, A. E. Rabideau, and M. A. Stoner, “Hepatoma cell uptake of cationic multifluorescent quantum dot liposomes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(22), 7725–7728 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. Susumu, B. C. Mei, and H. Mattoussi, “Multifunctional ligands based on dihydrolipoic acid and polyethylene glycol to promote biocompatibility of quantum dots,” Nat. Protoc. 4(3), 424–436 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. L. Spanhel, L. M. Haase, H. Weller, and A. Henglein, “Photochemistry of colloidal semiconductors. Surface modification and stability of strong luminescing CdS particles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109(19), 5649–5655 (1987).
  9. W. Zou, Z. J. Du, H. Q. Li, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of carboxyl functionalized CdSe quantum dots via ligands self-assembly and CdSe/epoxy fluorescence nanocomposites,” Polymer (Guildf.) 52(9), 1938–1943 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. Kalyuzhny and R. W. Murray, “Ligand effects on optical properties of CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(15), 7012–7021 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  14. B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. V. P. Torchilin, “Recent advances with liposomes as pharmaceutical carriers,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 4(2), 145–160 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
    [PubMed]
  17. H. Cabrera, D. Korte, and M. Franko, “Mode-mismatched confocal thermal-lens microscope with collimated probe beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 053701 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. R. A. Cruz, V. Pilla, and T. Catunda, “Quantum yield excitation spectrum (UV-visible) of CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots by thermal lens spectrometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(8), 0835041 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. E. Marín, Thermal Wave Physics and Related Photothermal Techniques: Basic Principles and Recent Developments (Transworld Research, Kerala India, 2009), Chap. 1.
  21. L. C. Malacarne, N. G. C. Astrath, A. N. Medina, L. S. Herculano, M. L. Baesso, P. R. B. Pedreira, J. Shen, Q. Wen, K. H. Michaelian, and C. Fairbridge, “Soret effect and photochemical reaction in liquids with laser-induced local heating,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4047–4058 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. N. Arnaud and J. Georges, “On the analytical use of the Soret-enhanced thermal lens signal in aqueous solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 445(2), 239–244 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. Cabrera, E. Sira, K. Rahn, and M. García-Sucre, “A thermal lens model including the Soret effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(051103), 1–3 (2009).
  24. A. D. Bangham, M. M. Standish, and J. C. Watkins, “Diffusion of univalent ions across the lamellae of swollen phospholipids,” J. Mol. Biol. 13(1), 238–252 (1965).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. R. H. Müller, C. Jacobs, and O. Kayser, “Nanosuspensions as particulate drug formulations in therapy. rationale for development and what we can expect for the future,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 47(1), 3–19 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. D. Simberg, S. Weisman, Y. Talmon, and Y. Barenholz, “DOTAP (and other cationic lipids): chemistry, biophysics, and transfection,” Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. 21(4), 257–317 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  30. R. A. Cruz, A. Marcano, C. Jacinto, and T. Catunda, “Ultrasensitive thermal lens spectroscopy of water,” Opt. Lett. 34(12), 1882–1884 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

H. Cabrera, D. Korte, and M. Franko, “Mode-mismatched confocal thermal-lens microscope with collimated probe beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 053701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

L. C. Malacarne, N. G. C. Astrath, A. N. Medina, L. S. Herculano, M. L. Baesso, P. R. B. Pedreira, J. Shen, Q. Wen, K. H. Michaelian, and C. Fairbridge, “Soret effect and photochemical reaction in liquids with laser-induced local heating,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4047–4058 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zou, Z. J. Du, H. Q. Li, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of carboxyl functionalized CdSe quantum dots via ligands self-assembly and CdSe/epoxy fluorescence nanocomposites,” Polymer (Guildf.) 52(9), 1938–1943 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R. A. Cruz, V. Pilla, and T. Catunda, “Quantum yield excitation spectrum (UV-visible) of CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots by thermal lens spectrometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(8), 0835041 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

K. Susumu, B. C. Mei, and H. Mattoussi, “Multifunctional ligands based on dihydrolipoic acid and polyethylene glycol to promote biocompatibility of quantum dots,” Nat. Protoc. 4(3), 424–436 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Bothun, A. E. Rabideau, and M. A. Stoner, “Hepatoma cell uptake of cationic multifluorescent quantum dot liposomes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(22), 7725–7728 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cabrera, E. Sira, K. Rahn, and M. García-Sucre, “A thermal lens model including the Soret effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(051103), 1–3 (2009).

R. A. Cruz, A. Marcano, C. Jacinto, and T. Catunda, “Ultrasensitive thermal lens spectroscopy of water,” Opt. Lett. 34(12), 1882–1884 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Sounderya and Y. Zhang, “Use of core/shell structured nanoparticles for biomedical applications,” Recent Pat. Biomed. Eng. 1(1), 34–42 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. K. So, H. Yao, and J. Rao, “Halo tag protein-mediated specific labeling of living cells with quantum dots,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 374(3), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

G. Kalyuzhny and R. W. Murray, “Ligand effects on optical properties of CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(15), 7012–7021 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. P. Torchilin, “Recent advances with liposomes as pharmaceutical carriers,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 4(2), 145–160 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the cytotoxicity of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Simberg, S. Weisman, Y. Talmon, and Y. Barenholz, “DOTAP (and other cationic lipids): chemistry, biophysics, and transfection,” Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. 21(4), 257–317 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

N. Arnaud and J. Georges, “On the analytical use of the Soret-enhanced thermal lens signal in aqueous solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 445(2), 239–244 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. H. Müller, C. Jacobs, and O. Kayser, “Nanosuspensions as particulate drug formulations in therapy. rationale for development and what we can expect for the future,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 47(1), 3–19 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

L. Spanhel, L. M. Haase, H. Weller, and A. Henglein, “Photochemistry of colloidal semiconductors. Surface modification and stability of strong luminescing CdS particles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109(19), 5649–5655 (1987).

1965 (1)

A. D. Bangham, M. M. Standish, and J. C. Watkins, “Diffusion of univalent ions across the lamellae of swollen phospholipids,” J. Mol. Biol. 13(1), 238–252 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Jamal, K. T.

W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Jamal, W. T.

W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Suwayeh, S. A.

L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arnaud, N.

N. Arnaud and J. Georges, “On the analytical use of the Soret-enhanced thermal lens signal in aqueous solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 445(2), 239–244 (2001).
[Crossref]

Astrath, N. G. C.

Baesso, M. L.

Bangham, A. D.

A. D. Bangham, M. M. Standish, and J. C. Watkins, “Diffusion of univalent ions across the lamellae of swollen phospholipids,” J. Mol. Biol. 13(1), 238–252 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barenholz, Y.

D. Simberg, S. Weisman, Y. Talmon, and Y. Barenholz, “DOTAP (and other cationic lipids): chemistry, biophysics, and transfection,” Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. 21(4), 257–317 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bhatia, S. N.

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the cytotoxicity of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bomans, P. H.

W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bothun, G. D.

G. D. Bothun, A. E. Rabideau, and M. A. Stoner, “Hepatoma cell uptake of cationic multifluorescent quantum dot liposomes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(22), 7725–7728 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brivanlou, A. H.

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruchez, M. P.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cabrera, H.

H. Cabrera, D. Korte, and M. Franko, “Mode-mismatched confocal thermal-lens microscope with collimated probe beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 053701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Cabrera, E. Sira, K. Rahn, and M. García-Sucre, “A thermal lens model including the Soret effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(051103), 1–3 (2009).

Catunda, T.

R. A. Cruz, V. Pilla, and T. Catunda, “Quantum yield excitation spectrum (UV-visible) of CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots by thermal lens spectrometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(8), 0835041 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. A. Cruz, A. Marcano, C. Jacinto, and T. Catunda, “Ultrasensitive thermal lens spectroscopy of water,” Opt. Lett. 34(12), 1882–1884 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, W. C. W.

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the cytotoxicity of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

Clark, S. W.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cordido, F.

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cruz, R. A.

R. A. Cruz, V. Pilla, and T. Catunda, “Quantum yield excitation spectrum (UV-visible) of CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots by thermal lens spectrometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(8), 0835041 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. A. Cruz, A. Marcano, C. Jacinto, and T. Catunda, “Ultrasensitive thermal lens spectroscopy of water,” Opt. Lett. 34(12), 1882–1884 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dabbousi, B. O.

M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
[Crossref]

Derfus, A. M.

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the cytotoxicity of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

Du, Z. J.

W. Zou, Z. J. Du, H. Q. Li, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of carboxyl functionalized CdSe quantum dots via ligands self-assembly and CdSe/epoxy fluorescence nanocomposites,” Polymer (Guildf.) 52(9), 1938–1943 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duan, H.

A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubertret, B.

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eritja, R.

A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fairbridge, C.

Fang, J. Y.

L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ford, W. E.

A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Franko, M.

H. Cabrera, D. Korte, and M. Franko, “Mode-mismatched confocal thermal-lens microscope with collimated probe beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 053701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frederik, P. M.

W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García-Sucre, M.

H. Cabrera, E. Sira, K. Rahn, and M. García-Sucre, “A thermal lens model including the Soret effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(051103), 1–3 (2009).

Generalov, R.

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

Georges, J.

N. Arnaud and J. Georges, “On the analytical use of the Soret-enhanced thermal lens signal in aqueous solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 445(2), 239–244 (2001).
[Crossref]

Guo, G.

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

Haase, L. M.

L. Spanhel, L. M. Haase, H. Weller, and A. Henglein, “Photochemistry of colloidal semiconductors. Surface modification and stability of strong luminescing CdS particles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109(19), 5649–5655 (1987).

He, Z.

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

Henglein, A.

L. Spanhel, L. M. Haase, H. Weller, and A. Henglein, “Photochemistry of colloidal semiconductors. Surface modification and stability of strong luminescing CdS particles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109(19), 5649–5655 (1987).

Herculano, L. S.

Jacinto, C.

Jacobs, C.

R. H. Müller, C. Jacobs, and O. Kayser, “Nanosuspensions as particulate drug formulations in therapy. rationale for development and what we can expect for the future,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 47(1), 3–19 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juzenas, P.

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

Kalyuzhny, G.

G. Kalyuzhny and R. W. Murray, “Ligand effects on optical properties of CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(15), 7012–7021 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kavaliauskiene, S.

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

Kayser, O.

R. H. Müller, C. Jacobs, and O. Kayser, “Nanosuspensions as particulate drug formulations in therapy. rationale for development and what we can expect for the future,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 47(1), 3–19 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, S.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Koktysh, D.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Korte, D.

H. Cabrera, D. Korte, and M. Franko, “Mode-mismatched confocal thermal-lens microscope with collimated probe beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 053701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kostarelos, K.

W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, S.

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

Kudera, S.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kuno, M.

M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
[Crossref]

Larson, D. R.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. K.

M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
[Crossref]

Li, H. Q.

W. Zou, Z. J. Du, H. Q. Li, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of carboxyl functionalized CdSe quantum dots via ligands self-assembly and CdSe/epoxy fluorescence nanocomposites,” Polymer (Guildf.) 52(9), 1938–1943 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

Libchaber, A.

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liedl, T.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

López-Rivera, S. A.

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

Malacarne, L. C.

Manna, L.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Marcano, A.

Mattoussi, H.

K. Susumu, B. C. Mei, and H. Mattoussi, “Multifunctional ligands based on dihydrolipoic acid and polyethylene glycol to promote biocompatibility of quantum dots,” Nat. Protoc. 4(3), 424–436 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Medina, A. N.

Mei, B. C.

K. Susumu, B. C. Mei, and H. Mattoussi, “Multifunctional ligands based on dihydrolipoic acid and polyethylene glycol to promote biocompatibility of quantum dots,” Nat. Protoc. 4(3), 424–436 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Michaelian, K. H.

Mikulec, F. V.

M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
[Crossref]

Moreno, P.

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

Müller, R. H.

R. H. Müller, C. Jacobs, and O. Kayser, “Nanosuspensions as particulate drug formulations in therapy. rationale for development and what we can expect for the future,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 47(1), 3–19 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murray, R. W.

G. Kalyuzhny and R. W. Murray, “Ligand effects on optical properties of CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(15), 7012–7021 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Natile, G.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nie, S.

A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noireaux, V.

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Norris, D. J.

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parak, W. J.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pedreira, P. R. B.

Pellegrino, T.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pilla, V.

R. A. Cruz, V. Pilla, and T. Catunda, “Quantum yield excitation spectrum (UV-visible) of CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots by thermal lens spectrometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(8), 0835041 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rabideau, A. E.

G. D. Bothun, A. E. Rabideau, and M. A. Stoner, “Hepatoma cell uptake of cationic multifluorescent quantum dot liposomes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(22), 7725–7728 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rädler, J.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rahn, K.

H. Cabrera, E. Sira, K. Rahn, and M. García-Sucre, “A thermal lens model including the Soret effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(051103), 1–3 (2009).

Rao, J.

M. K. So, H. Yao, and J. Rao, “Halo tag protein-mediated specific labeling of living cells with quantum dots,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 374(3), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rhyner, M. N.

A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rogach, A. L.

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ruan, G.

A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schroedter, A.

A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shen, J.

Simberg, D.

D. Simberg, S. Weisman, Y. Talmon, and Y. Barenholz, “DOTAP (and other cationic lipids): chemistry, biophysics, and transfection,” Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. 21(4), 257–317 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sira, E.

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Cabrera, E. Sira, K. Rahn, and M. García-Sucre, “A thermal lens model including the Soret effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(051103), 1–3 (2009).

Skourides, P.

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, A. M.

A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

So, M. K.

M. K. So, H. Yao, and J. Rao, “Halo tag protein-mediated specific labeling of living cells with quantum dots,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 374(3), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sounderya, N.

N. Sounderya and Y. Zhang, “Use of core/shell structured nanoparticles for biomedical applications,” Recent Pat. Biomed. Eng. 1(1), 34–42 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spanhel, L.

L. Spanhel, L. M. Haase, H. Weller, and A. Henglein, “Photochemistry of colloidal semiconductors. Surface modification and stability of strong luminescing CdS particles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109(19), 5649–5655 (1987).

Standish, M. M.

A. D. Bangham, M. M. Standish, and J. C. Watkins, “Diffusion of univalent ions across the lamellae of swollen phospholipids,” J. Mol. Biol. 13(1), 238–252 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoner, M. A.

G. D. Bothun, A. E. Rabideau, and M. A. Stoner, “Hepatoma cell uptake of cationic multifluorescent quantum dot liposomes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(22), 7725–7728 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Susumu, K.

K. Susumu, B. C. Mei, and H. Mattoussi, “Multifunctional ligands based on dihydrolipoic acid and polyethylene glycol to promote biocompatibility of quantum dots,” Nat. Protoc. 4(3), 424–436 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talmon, Y.

D. Simberg, S. Weisman, Y. Talmon, and Y. Barenholz, “DOTAP (and other cationic lipids): chemistry, biophysics, and transfection,” Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. 21(4), 257–317 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torchilin, V. P.

V. P. Torchilin, “Recent advances with liposomes as pharmaceutical carriers,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 4(2), 145–160 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Velázquez, A.

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

Watkins, J. C.

A. D. Bangham, M. M. Standish, and J. C. Watkins, “Diffusion of univalent ions across the lamellae of swollen phospholipids,” J. Mol. Biol. 13(1), 238–252 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Webb, W. W.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weisman, S.

D. Simberg, S. Weisman, Y. Talmon, and Y. Barenholz, “DOTAP (and other cationic lipids): chemistry, biophysics, and transfection,” Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. 21(4), 257–317 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weller, H.

A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Spanhel, L. M. Haase, H. Weller, and A. Henglein, “Photochemistry of colloidal semiconductors. Surface modification and stability of strong luminescing CdS particles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109(19), 5649–5655 (1987).

Wen, C. J.

L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, Q.

Wessels, J. M.

A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Westrøm, S.

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

Williams, R. M.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yao, H.

M. K. So, H. Yao, and J. Rao, “Halo tag protein-mediated specific labeling of living cells with quantum dots,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 374(3), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yen, T. C.

L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

W. Zou, Z. J. Du, H. Q. Li, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of carboxyl functionalized CdSe quantum dots via ligands self-assembly and CdSe/epoxy fluorescence nanocomposites,” Polymer (Guildf.) 52(9), 1938–1943 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. W.

L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

N. Sounderya and Y. Zhang, “Use of core/shell structured nanoparticles for biomedical applications,” Recent Pat. Biomed. Eng. 1(1), 34–42 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zipfel, W. R.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, W.

W. Zou, Z. J. Du, H. Q. Li, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of carboxyl functionalized CdSe quantum dots via ligands self-assembly and CdSe/epoxy fluorescence nanocomposites,” Polymer (Guildf.) 52(9), 1938–1943 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. (1)

R. H. Müller, C. Jacobs, and O. Kayser, “Nanosuspensions as particulate drug formulations in therapy. rationale for development and what we can expect for the future,” Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 47(1), 3–19 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

N. Arnaud and J. Georges, “On the analytical use of the Soret-enhanced thermal lens signal in aqueous solutions,” Anal. Chim. Acta 445(2), 239–244 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Cabrera, E. Sira, K. Rahn, and M. García-Sucre, “A thermal lens model including the Soret effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(051103), 1–3 (2009).

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1)

M. K. So, H. Yao, and J. Rao, “Halo tag protein-mediated specific labeling of living cells with quantum dots,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 374(3), 419–423 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Mec. (1)

H. Cabrera, F. Cordido, A. Velázquez, P. Moreno, E. Sira, and S. A. López-Rivera, “Measurement of the Soret coefficients in organic/water mixtures by thermal lens spectrometry,” C. R. Mec. 341(4-5), 372–377 (2013).
[Crossref]

Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. (1)

D. Simberg, S. Weisman, Y. Talmon, and Y. Barenholz, “DOTAP (and other cationic lipids): chemistry, biophysics, and transfection,” Crit. Rev. Ther. Drug Carrier Syst. 21(4), 257–317 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Int. J. Nanomedicine (1)

R. Generalov, S. Kavaliauskiene, S. Westrøm, W. Chen, S. Kristensen, and P. Juzenas, “Entrapment in phospholipid vesicles quenches photoactivity of quantum dots,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 6, 1875–1888 (2011).
[PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

L. Spanhel, L. M. Haase, H. Weller, and A. Henglein, “Photochemistry of colloidal semiconductors. Surface modification and stability of strong luminescing CdS particles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109(19), 5649–5655 (1987).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. A. Cruz, V. Pilla, and T. Catunda, “Quantum yield excitation spectrum (UV-visible) of CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots by thermal lens spectrometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(8), 0835041 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Kuno, J. K. Lee, B. O. Dabbousi, F. V. Mikulec, and M. G. Bawendi, “The Band Edge Luminescence of Surface Modified CdSe Nanocrystallites: Probing the Luminescing State,” J. Chem. Phys. 106(23), 9869–9882 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Biol. (1)

A. D. Bangham, M. M. Standish, and J. C. Watkins, “Diffusion of univalent ions across the lamellae of swollen phospholipids,” J. Mol. Biol. 13(1), 238–252 (1965).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nanopart. Res. (1)

L. W. Zhang, C. J. Wen, S. A. Al-Suwayeh, T. C. Yen, and J. Y. Fang, “Cisplatin and quantum dots encapsulated in liposomes as multifunctional nanocarriers for theranostic use in brain and skin,” J. Nanopart. Res. 14(7), 882–899 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

G. Kalyuzhny and R. W. Murray, “Ligand effects on optical properties of CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(15), 7012–7021 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Bothun, A. E. Rabideau, and M. A. Stoner, “Hepatoma cell uptake of cationic multifluorescent quantum dot liposomes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(22), 7725–7728 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Lett. (1)

G. Guo, W. Lin, J. Liang, Z. He, H. Xu, and X. Yang, “Probing the cytotoxicity of CdSe quantum dots with surface modification,” Mater. Lett. 61(8-9), 1641–1644 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the cytotoxicity of semiconductor quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Schroedter, H. Weller, R. Eritja, W. E. Ford, and J. M. Wessels, “Biofunctionalization of silica-coated CdTe and gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1363–1367 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Pellegrino, L. Manna, S. Kudera, T. Liedl, D. Koktysh, A. L. Rogach, S. Keller, J. Rädler, G. Natile, and W. J. Parak, “Hydrophobic nanocrystals coated with an amphiphilic polymer shell: a general route to water soluble nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4(4), 703–707 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nat. Protoc. (1)

K. Susumu, B. C. Mei, and H. Mattoussi, “Multifunctional ligands based on dihydrolipoic acid and polyethylene glycol to promote biocompatibility of quantum dots,” Nat. Protoc. 4(3), 424–436 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. (1)

V. P. Torchilin, “Recent advances with liposomes as pharmaceutical carriers,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 4(2), 145–160 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. M. Smith, H. Duan, M. N. Rhyner, G. Ruan, and S. Nie, “A systematic examination of surface coatings on the optical and chemical properties of semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3895–3903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polymer (Guildf.) (1)

W. Zou, Z. J. Du, H. Q. Li, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of carboxyl functionalized CdSe quantum dots via ligands self-assembly and CdSe/epoxy fluorescence nanocomposites,” Polymer (Guildf.) 52(9), 1938–1943 (2011).
[Crossref]

Recent Pat. Biomed. Eng. (1)

N. Sounderya and Y. Zhang, “Use of core/shell structured nanoparticles for biomedical applications,” Recent Pat. Biomed. Eng. 1(1), 34–42 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Cabrera, D. Korte, and M. Franko, “Mode-mismatched confocal thermal-lens microscope with collimated probe beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 053701 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

B. Dubertret, P. Skourides, D. J. Norris, V. Noireaux, A. H. Brivanlou, and A. Libchaber, “In vivo imaging of quantum dots encapsulated in phospholipid micelles,” Science 298(5599), 1759–1762 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, “Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo,” Science 300(5624), 1434–1436 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (1)

W. T. Al-Jamal, K. T. Al-Jamal, P. H. Bomans, P. M. Frederik, and K. Kostarelos, “Functionalized-quantum-dot-liposome hybrids as multimodal nanoparticles for cancer,” Small 4(9), 1406–1415 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. Marín, Thermal Wave Physics and Related Photothermal Techniques: Basic Principles and Recent Developments (Transworld Research, Kerala India, 2009), Chap. 1.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 UV-Vis. Absorption spectrum of 500 nM CdSe/ZnS QD655 QDs in water.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 TLM experimental setup.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 HR-TEM micrographs of the CdSe/ZnSe QDs encapsulated by the liposome complexes (lipodots).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calibration curve describing the TL intensity as a function of QDs concentration in aqueous solution 0 to 13 nM. The solid line represents a result of a best least squares linear fit with R2 = 0.99. Red circles correspond to measurements for QDs in water (without liposomes) and the black circles correspond to measurements for lipodots (QDs inside liposomes). The inset shows the curve below 5nM concentration for better visualization.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Encapsulation efficiency as a function of the initial concentration of QDs mixed with empty liposomes. The solid line is only for visualization purposes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Temporal evolution of the TL signal at 5 Hz and (b) its peak to peak value during 40 minutes excitation for 3.6 nM lipodots. The solid line represents the mean of the peak to peak values.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Cellular viability on MDA-MB-231 line cancer cells for concentrations (a) 0.41 nM to 3.3 nM. L (empty liposomes), L/QDs (lipodots) and QDs (quantum dots), (b) 1.7 nM to 13.3.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Size and z potentials for empty liposomes and lipodots

Metrics