Abstract

Emerging high-throughput optical imaging modalities, in particular those providing phase information, necessitate a demanding speed regime (e.g. megahertz sweep rate) for those conventional swept sources; while an effective solution is yet to be demonstrated. We demonstrate a stable breathing laser as inertia-free swept source (BLISS) operating at a wavelength sweep rate of 28 MHz, particularly for the ultrafast interferometric imaging modality at 1.0 μm. Leveraging a tunable dispersion compensation element inside the laser cavity, the wavelength sweep range of BLISS can be tuned from ~10 nm to ~63 nm. It exhibits a good intensity stability, which is quantified by the ratio of standard deviation to the mean of the pulse intensity, i.e. 1.6%. Its excellent wavelength repeatability, <0.05% per sweep, enables the single-shot imaging at an ultrafast line-scan rate without averaging. To showcase its potential applications, it is applied to the ultrafast (28-MHz line-scan rate) interferometric time-stretch (iTS) microscope to provide quantitative morphological information on a biological specimen at a lateral resolution of 1.2 μm. This fiber-based inertia-free swept source is demonstrated to be robust and broadband, and can be applied to other established imaging modalities, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), of which an axial resolution better than 12 μm can be achieved.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (2)

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Chen, A. Mahjoubfar, and B. Jalali, “Optical data compression in time stretch imaging,” PLoS One 10(4), e0125106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

X. Wei, J. Xu, Y. Xu, L. Yu, J. Xu, B. Li, A. K. S. Lau, X. Wang, C. Zhang, K. K. Tsia, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Breathing laser as an inertia-free swept source for high-quality ultrafast optical bioimaging,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6593–6596 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Kalyoncu, R. Torun, Y. Huang, Q. Zhao, and O. Boyraz, “Fast dispersive laser scanner by using digital micro mirror arrays,” J. Micro Nano Manuf. 2(2), 021004 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, C. Zhang, J. Xu, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Megahertz all-optical swept-source optical coherence tomography based on broadband amplified optical time-stretch,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 622–625 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, X. Wei, L. Yu, C. Zhang, J. Xu, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Performance of megahertz amplified optical time-stretch optical coherence tomography (AOT-OCT),” Opt. Express 22(19), 22498–22512 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bonesi, M. P. Minneman, J. Ensher, B. Zabihian, H. Sattmann, P. Boschert, E. Hoover, R. A. Leitgeb, M. Crawford, and W. Drexler, “Akinetic all-semiconductor programmable swept-source at 1550 nm and 1310 nm with centimeters coherence length,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2632–2655 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength–time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 48–51 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2003 (3)

1998 (2)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adam, J.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ai, S.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alic, N.

Ayazi, A.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bale, B. G.

Bégin, S.

Biedermann, B. R.

Bonesi, M.

Boschert, P.

Boudoux, C.

Bouma, B. E.

Boyraz, O.

S. K. Kalyoncu, R. Torun, Y. Huang, Q. Zhao, and O. Boyraz, “Fast dispersive laser scanner by using digital micro mirror arrays,” J. Micro Nano Manuf. 2(2), 021004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brown, R.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buckley, J.

Burgoyne, B.

Cable, A. E.

Capewell, D.

Chan, A. C. S.

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, J.

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

Chen, C. L.

C. L. Chen, A. Mahjoubfar, and B. Jalali, “Optical data compression in time stretch imaging,” PLoS One 10(4), e0125106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, E.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, T.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, A.

Chou, J.

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength–time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 48–51 (2008).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

Côté, D.

Crawford, M.

Dantus, M.

Di Carlo, D.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

Duker, J. S.

Eigenwillig, C. M.

Ensher, J.

Fainman, Y.

Fard, A.

K. Goda, A. Fard, O. Malik, G. Fu, A. Quach, and B. Jalali, “High-throughput optical coherence tomography at 800 nm,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19612–19617 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fercher, A.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, G.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Goda, K.

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, A. Fard, O. Malik, G. Fu, A. Quach, and B. Jalali, “High-throughput optical coherence tomography at 800 nm,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19612–19617 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. K. Tsia, K. Goda, D. Capewell, and B. Jalali, “Performance of serial time-encoded amplified microscope,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10016–10028 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gossett, D. R.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grulkowski, I.

Haus, H. A.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hitzenberger, C.

Ho, K. K. Y.

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoover, E.

Hsieh, J. C.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

S. K. Kalyoncu, R. Torun, Y. Huang, Q. Zhao, and O. Boyraz, “Fast dispersive laser scanner by using digital micro mirror arrays,” J. Micro Nano Manuf. 2(2), 021004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huber, R.

Huo, T.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikeda, K.

Ilday, F.

Ippen, E. P.

Jalali, B.

C. L. Chen, A. Mahjoubfar, and B. Jalali, “Optical data compression in time stretch imaging,” PLoS One 10(4), e0125106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Mahjoubfar, C. Chen, K. R. Niazi, S. Rabizadeh, and B. Jalali, “Label-free high-throughput cell screening in flow,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(9), 1618–1625 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, A. Fard, O. Malik, G. Fu, A. Quach, and B. Jalali, “High-throughput optical coherence tomography at 800 nm,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19612–19617 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. K. Tsia, K. Goda, D. Capewell, and B. Jalali, “Performance of serial time-encoded amplified microscope,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10016–10028 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength–time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 48–51 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jayaraman, V.

Jiang, J.

Kalyoncu, S. K.

S. K. Kalyoncu, R. Torun, Y. Huang, Q. Zhao, and O. Boyraz, “Fast dispersive laser scanner by using digital micro mirror arrays,” J. Micro Nano Manuf. 2(2), 021004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kampik, A.

Kärtner, F.

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, C.

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. Y.

Klein, T.

Lam, E. Y.

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
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Lau, A. K. S.

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
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X. Wei, J. Xu, Y. Xu, L. Yu, J. Xu, B. Li, A. K. S. Lau, X. Wang, C. Zhang, K. K. Tsia, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Breathing laser as an inertia-free swept source for high-quality ultrafast optical bioimaging,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6593–6596 (2014).
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Leitgeb, R.

Leitgeb, R. A.

Li, B.

Liao, W.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
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D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
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Liu, H.

Liu, J. J.

Liu, Y.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, C. D.

Mahjoubfar, A.

C. L. Chen, A. Mahjoubfar, and B. Jalali, “Optical data compression in time stretch imaging,” PLoS One 10(4), e0125106 (2015).
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A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Mahjoubfar, C. Chen, K. R. Niazi, S. Rabizadeh, and B. Jalali, “Label-free high-throughput cell screening in flow,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(9), 1618–1625 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malik, O.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, A. Fard, O. Malik, G. Fu, A. Quach, and B. Jalali, “High-throughput optical coherence tomography at 800 nm,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19612–19617 (2012).
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Mercier, V.

Minneman, M. P.

Moon, S.

Nelson, L. E.

Neubauer, A.

Niazi, K. R.

Nie, B.

Nilsson, J.

Potsaid, B.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
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Quach, A.

Rabizadeh, S.

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P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
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Saperstein, R. E.

Sarkhosh, N.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
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Sattmann, H.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
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Shum, H. C.

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slutsky, B.

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength–time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 48–51 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sollier, E.

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
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Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
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Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
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Takubo, Y.

Tamura, K.

Tang, M. T. H.

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
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Tearney, G. J.

Torun, R.

S. K. Kalyoncu, R. Torun, Y. Huang, Q. Zhao, and O. Boyraz, “Fast dispersive laser scanner by using digital micro mirror arrays,” J. Micro Nano Manuf. 2(2), 021004 (2014).
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Vallée, R.

Villeneuve, A.

Wabnitz, S.

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T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
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K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
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Wang, X.

Watanabe, M.

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
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Webb, R. H.

Wei, X.

Wieser, W.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Wojtkowski, M.

Wong, K. K. Y.

Wong, T. T. W.

A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

Xu, Y.

Xue, P.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
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Yamashita, S.

Yazaki, A.

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
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Yu, L.

Yun, S. H.

Zabihian, B.

Zamek, S.

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Zhang, W.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
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Zhang, X.

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
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Zhao, Q.

S. K. Kalyoncu, R. Torun, Y. Huang, Q. Zhao, and O. Boyraz, “Fast dispersive laser scanner by using digital micro mirror arrays,” J. Micro Nano Manuf. 2(2), 021004 (2014).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Yazaki, C. Kim, J. Chan, A. Mahjoubfar, K. Goda, M. Watanabe, and B. Jalali, “Ultrafast dark-field surface inspection with hybrid-dispersion laser scanning,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251106 (2014).
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Biomed. Opt. Express (4)

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

T. Huo, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Chen, W. Liao, W. Zhang, S. Ai, J. C. Hsieh, and P. Xue, “Ultrahigh-speed optical coherence tomography utilizing all-optical 40 MHz swept-source,” J. Biomed. Opt. 20(3), 030503 (2015).
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A. K. S. Lau, T. T. W. Wong, K. K. Y. Ho, M. T. H. Tang, A. C. S. Chan, X. Wei, E. Y. Lam, H. C. Shum, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Interferometric time-stretch microscopy for ultrafast quantitative cellular and tissue imaging at 1 μm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 19(7), 076001 (2014).
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J. Micro Nano Manuf. (1)

S. K. Kalyoncu, R. Torun, Y. Huang, Q. Zhao, and O. Boyraz, “Fast dispersive laser scanner by using digital micro mirror arrays,” J. Micro Nano Manuf. 2(2), 021004 (2014).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, “Amplified wavelength–time transformation for real-time spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 2(1), 48–51 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
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Opt. Express (13)

R. Leitgeb, C. Hitzenberger, and A. Fercher, “Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 11(8), 889–894 (2003).
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A. Chong, H. Liu, B. Nie, B. G. Bale, S. Wabnitz, W. H. Renninger, M. Dantus, and F. W. Wise, “Pulse generation without gain-bandwidth limitation in a laser with self-similar evolution,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14213–14220 (2012).
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K. Goda, A. Fard, O. Malik, G. Fu, A. Quach, and B. Jalali, “High-throughput optical coherence tomography at 800 nm,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19612–19617 (2012).
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F. Ilday, J. Chen, and F. Kärtner, “Generation of sub-100-fs pulses at up to 200 MHz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13(7), 2716–2721 (2005).
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R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Fourier Domain Mode Locking (FDML): A new laser operating regime and applications for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3225–3237 (2006).
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A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10095–10100 (2006).
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S. Moon and D. Y. Kim, “Ultra-high-speed optical coherence tomography with a stretched pulse supercontinuum source,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11575–11584 (2006).
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R. E. Saperstein, N. Alic, S. Zamek, K. Ikeda, B. Slutsky, and Y. Fainman, “Processing advantages of linear chirped fiber Bragg gratings in the time domain realization of optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15464–15479 (2007).
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K. K. Tsia, K. Goda, D. Capewell, and B. Jalali, “Performance of serial time-encoded amplified microscope,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10016–10028 (2010).
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W. Wieser, B. R. Biedermann, T. Klein, C. M. Eigenwillig, and R. Huber, “Multi-Megahertz OCT: High quality 3D imaging at 20 million A-scans and 4.5 GVoxels per second,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14685–14704 (2010).
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Y. Takubo and S. Yamashita, “High-speed dispersion-tuned wavelength-swept fiber laser using a reflective SOA and a chirped FBG,” Opt. Express 21(4), 5130–5139 (2013).
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M. Bonesi, M. P. Minneman, J. Ensher, B. Zabihian, H. Sattmann, P. Boschert, E. Hoover, R. A. Leitgeb, M. Crawford, and W. Drexler, “Akinetic all-semiconductor programmable swept-source at 1550 nm and 1310 nm with centimeters coherence length,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2632–2655 (2014).
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Opt. Lett. (6)

PLoS One (1)

C. L. Chen, A. Mahjoubfar, and B. Jalali, “Optical data compression in time stretch imaging,” PLoS One 10(4), e0125106 (2015).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

K. Goda, A. Mahjoubfar, C. Wang, A. Fard, J. Adam, D. R. Gossett, A. Ayazi, E. Sollier, O. Malik, E. Chen, Y. Liu, R. Brown, N. Sarkhosh, D. Di Carlo, and B. Jalali, “Hybrid Dispersion Laser Scanner,” Sci. Rep. 2, 445 (2012).
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Science (2)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
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X. Wei, Y. Xu, A. K. S. Lau, K. K. Tsia, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Ultrafast swept source at 1.0 μm for high-speed phase sensitive imaging,” in Optics in the Life Sciences, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper BW2A.2.

B. Potsaid, V. Jayaraman, J. G. Fujimoto, J. Jiang, P. J. S. Heim, and A. E. Cable, “MEMS tunable VCSEL light source for ultrahigh speed 60kHz-1MHz axial scan rate and long range centimeter class OCT imaging,” in SPIE BiOS, (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2012), 82130M–82130M–82138.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The experimental setup of the 1.0-μm BLISS and iTS microscope.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The spectral tunability of the 1.0-μm BLISS. Noted, the net dispersion of the cavity was tuned by adjusting the separation of the grating pair, resulting in net dispersion amounts of ~0.032 ps2 (red), ~0.025 ps2 (green) and ~0.011 ps2 (blue), respecrively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The intensity histogram of APM pulse train. (b) The rf power spectral density of APM pusle with a rf range of 2 MHz. The resolution bandwidth was set to 10 Hz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The wavelength-swept waveform of the 1.0-μm BLISS. (b) 8192 wavelength-swept BLISS pulses overlapped together.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The train of temporal interferogram with balanced detection. Inset: the corresponding optical spectrum captured by OSA. (b) The unwrapped phases overlapped together. (c) The collection of the phase difference of each sweep referred to their mean. (d) The standard deviation of the phase differences over the sweeping span.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The sensitivity roll-off characteristic of the 1.0-μm BLISS. (b) The measured axial resolution.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) The light microscope image of the resolution target. (b)-(c) The iTS images with blocked and unblocked reference arm, respectively. Noted, a different scale is used for (c) to clearly illustrate those dense interference fringes.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The light microscope image of the lung tissue. (b)-(c) The iTS images with blocked and unblocked reference arm, respectively. (d) The quantitative phase profile of the mouse lung tissue, retrieved from (c). The color bar represents the phase in radians.

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