Abstract

Image formation in optical coherence elastography (OCE) results from a combination of two processes: the mechanical deformation imparted to the sample and the detection of the resulting displacement using optical coherence tomography (OCT). We present a multiphysics model of these processes, validated by simulating strain elastograms acquired using phase-sensitive compression OCE, and demonstrating close correspondence with experimental results. Using the model, we present evidence that the approximation commonly used to infer sample displacement in phase-sensitive OCE is invalidated for smaller deformations than has been previously considered, significantly affecting the measurement precision, as quantified by the displacement sensitivity and the elastogram signal-to-noise ratio. We show how the precision of OCE is affected not only by OCT shot-noise, as is usually considered, but additionally by phase decorrelation due to the sample deformation. This multiphysics model provides a general framework that could be used to compare and contrast different OCE techniques.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014

B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “A review of optical coherence elastography: fundamentals, techniques and prospects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.20(2), 1–17 (2014).
[CrossRef]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, A. L. Matveyev, G. V. Gelikonov, and V. M. Gelikonov, “Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021107 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Makita, F. Jaillon, I. Jahan, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise statistics of phase-resolved optical coherence tomography imaging: single-and dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express22(4), 4830–4848 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, S. Es’haghian, L. Chin, R. A. McLaughlin, D. D. Sampson, and B. F. Kennedy, “Optical palpation: optical coherence tomography-based tactile imaging using a compliant sensor,” Opt. Lett.39(10), 3014–3017 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013

A. Nahas, M. Bauer, S. Roux, and A. C. Boccara, “3D static elastography at the micrometer scale using full field OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express4(10), 2138–2149 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. L. Matveyev, and V. M. Gelikonov, “A correlation-stability approach to elasticity mapping in optical coherence tomography,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(6), 065601 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Song, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Tracking mechanical wave propagation within tissue using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography: motion artifact and its compensation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121505 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, C. Ford, B. F. Kennedy, M. B. Bush, and D. D. Sampson, “Analysis of mechanical contrast in optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121508 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Crecea, A. Ahmad, and S. A. Boppart, “Magnetomotive optical coherence elastography for microrheology of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121504 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sun, B. Standish, B. Vuong, X.-Y. Wen, and V. Yang, “Digital image correlation-based optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121515 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fu, F. Pierron, and P. D. Ruiz, “Elastic stiffness characterization using three-dimensional full-field deformation obtained with optical coherence tomography and digital volume correlation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121512 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

L. Scolaro, R. A. McLaughlin, B. R. Klyen, B. A. Wood, P. D. Robbins, C. M. Saunders, S. L. Jacques, and D. D. Sampson, “Parametric imaging of the local attenuation coefficient in human axillary lymph nodes assessed using optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(2), 366–379 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, G. Guan, X. Cheng, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Quantitative elastography provided by surface acoustic waves measured by phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 722–724 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Razani, A. Mariampillai, C. Sun, T. W. H. Luk, V. X. D. Yang, and M. C. Kolios, “Feasibility of optical coherence elastography measurements of shear wave propagation in homogeneous tissue equivalent phantoms,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(5), 972–980 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lamouche, B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, C.-E. Bisaillon, A. Curatolo, G. Campbell, V. Pazos, and D. D. Sampson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms with controllable optical, mechanical and structural properties for use in optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(6), 1381–1398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for tissue boundary detection,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2310–2312 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, S. H. Koh, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, P. R. T. Munro, and D. D. Sampson, “Strain estimation in phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(8), 1865–1879 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, M. Wojtkowski, M. Szkulmowski, K. M. Kennedy, K. Karnowski, and D. D. Sampson, “Improved measurement of vibration amplitude in dynamic optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(12), 3138–3152 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

P. D. Ruiz, J. M. Huntley, and J. M. Coupland, “Depth-resolved imaging and displacement measurement techniques viewed as linear filtering operations,” Exp. Mech.51(4), 453–465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Curatolo, B. F. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “Structured three-dimensional optical phantom for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express19(20), 19480–19485 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

2008

C.-E. Bisaillon, G. Lamouche, R. Maciejko, M. Dufour, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Deformable and durable phantoms with controlled density of scatterers,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(13), N237–N247 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

R. K. Wang, S. Kirkpatrick, and M. Hinds, “Phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography for mapping tissue microstrains in real time,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 164105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. K. Wang, Z. Ma, and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Tissue Doppler optical coherence elastography for real time strain rate and strain mapping of soft tissue,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(14), 144103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Khalil, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “A combined FEM/genetic algorithm for vascular soft tissue elasticity estimation,” Cardiovasc. Eng.6(3), 93–102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Khalil, R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “Tissue elasticity estimation with optical coherence elastography: toward mechanical characterization of in vivo soft tissue,” Ann. Biomed. Eng.33(11), 1631–1639 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2001

D. D. Duncan and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Processing algorithms for tracking speckle shifts in optical elastography of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.6(4), 418–426 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

M. M. Doyley, P. M. Meaney, and J. C. Bamber, “Evaluation of an iterative reconstruction method for quantitative elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(6), 1521–1540 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

T. A. Krouskop, T. M. Wheeler, F. Kallel, B. S. Garra, and T. Hall, “Elastic moduli of breast and prostate tissues under compression,” Ultrason. Imaging20(4), 260–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Schmitt, “OCT elastography: imaging microscopic deformation and strain of tissue,” Opt. Express3(6), 199–211 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

1993

1971

Aalders, M. C.

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adie, S. G.

S. G. Adie, X. Liang, B. F. Kennedy, R. John, D. D. Sampson, and S. A. Boppart, “Spectroscopic optical coherence elastography,” Opt. Express18(25), 25519–25534 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Adie, B. F. Kennedy, J. J. Armstrong, S. A. Alexandrov, and D. D. Sampson, “Audio frequency in vivo optical coherence elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(10), 3129–3139 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aglyamov, S.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahmad, A.

V. Crecea, A. Ahmad, and S. A. Boppart, “Magnetomotive optical coherence elastography for microrheology of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121504 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexandrov, S. A.

S. G. Adie, B. F. Kennedy, J. J. Armstrong, S. A. Alexandrov, and D. D. Sampson, “Audio frequency in vivo optical coherence elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(10), 3129–3139 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armstrong, J. J.

S. G. Adie, B. F. Kennedy, J. J. Armstrong, S. A. Alexandrov, and D. D. Sampson, “Audio frequency in vivo optical coherence elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(10), 3129–3139 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnal, B.

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bamber, J. C.

M. M. Doyley, P. M. Meaney, and J. C. Bamber, “Evaluation of an iterative reconstruction method for quantitative elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(6), 1521–1540 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baraznji Sassoon, D. M.

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bauer, M.

Bisaillon, C.-E.

Boccara, A. C.

Bonner, R. F.

Boppart, S. A.

Bouma, B. E.

A. S. Khalil, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “A combined FEM/genetic algorithm for vascular soft tissue elasticity estimation,” Cardiovasc. Eng.6(3), 93–102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Khalil, R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “Tissue elasticity estimation with optical coherence elastography: toward mechanical characterization of in vivo soft tissue,” Ann. Biomed. Eng.33(11), 1631–1639 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, W. C. Karl, S. Nadkarni, A. S. Khalil, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, G. J. Tearney, M. R. Kaazempur-Mofrad, and B. E. Bouma, “OCT-based arterial elastography: robust estimation exploiting tissue biomechanics,” Opt. Express12(19), 4558–4572 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bush, M. B.

K. M. Kennedy, C. Ford, B. F. Kennedy, M. B. Bush, and D. D. Sampson, “Analysis of mechanical contrast in optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121508 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, G.

Carlier, S. G.

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, R. C.

A. S. Khalil, R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “Tissue elasticity estimation with optical coherence elastography: toward mechanical characterization of in vivo soft tissue,” Ann. Biomed. Eng.33(11), 1631–1639 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, W. C. Karl, S. Nadkarni, A. S. Khalil, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, G. J. Tearney, M. R. Kaazempur-Mofrad, and B. E. Bouma, “OCT-based arterial elastography: robust estimation exploiting tissue biomechanics,” Opt. Express12(19), 4558–4572 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chau, A. H.

A. S. Khalil, R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “Tissue elasticity estimation with optical coherence elastography: toward mechanical characterization of in vivo soft tissue,” Ann. Biomed. Eng.33(11), 1631–1639 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, W. C. Karl, S. Nadkarni, A. S. Khalil, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, G. J. Tearney, M. R. Kaazempur-Mofrad, and B. E. Bouma, “OCT-based arterial elastography: robust estimation exploiting tissue biomechanics,” Opt. Express12(19), 4558–4572 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, X.

Chin, L.

Coupland, J. M.

P. D. Ruiz, J. M. Huntley, and J. M. Coupland, “Depth-resolved imaging and displacement measurement techniques viewed as linear filtering operations,” Exp. Mech.51(4), 453–465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Crecea, V.

V. Crecea, A. Ahmad, and S. A. Boppart, “Magnetomotive optical coherence elastography for microrheology of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121504 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Crecea, A. L. Oldenburg, X. Liang, T. S. Ralston, and S. A. Boppart, “Magnetomotive nanoparticle transducers for optical rheology of viscoelastic materials,” Opt. Express17(25), 23114–23122 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curatolo, A.

Doyley, M. M.

M. M. Doyley, P. M. Meaney, and J. C. Bamber, “Evaluation of an iterative reconstruction method for quantitative elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(6), 1521–1540 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dufour, M.

C.-E. Bisaillon, G. Lamouche, R. Maciejko, M. Dufour, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Deformable and durable phantoms with controlled density of scatterers,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(13), N237–N247 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duncan, D. D.

D. D. Duncan and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Processing algorithms for tracking speckle shifts in optical elastography of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.6(4), 418–426 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emelianov, S.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Es’haghian, S.

Faber, D. J.

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ford, C.

K. M. Kennedy, C. Ford, B. F. Kennedy, M. B. Bush, and D. D. Sampson, “Analysis of mechanical contrast in optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121508 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, J.

J. Fu, F. Pierron, and P. D. Ruiz, “Elastic stiffness characterization using three-dimensional full-field deformation obtained with optical coherence tomography and digital volume correlation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121512 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garra, B. S.

T. A. Krouskop, T. M. Wheeler, F. Kallel, B. S. Garra, and T. Hall, “Elastic moduli of breast and prostate tissues under compression,” Ultrason. Imaging20(4), 260–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gelikonov, G. V.

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, A. L. Matveyev, G. V. Gelikonov, and V. M. Gelikonov, “Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021107 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. L. Matveyev, and V. M. Gelikonov, “A correlation-stability approach to elasticity mapping in optical coherence tomography,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(6), 065601 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gelikonov, V. M.

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, A. L. Matveyev, G. V. Gelikonov, and V. M. Gelikonov, “Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021107 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. L. Matveyev, and V. M. Gelikonov, “A correlation-stability approach to elasticity mapping in optical coherence tomography,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(6), 065601 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gong, P.

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guan, G.

Hall, T.

T. A. Krouskop, T. M. Wheeler, F. Kallel, B. S. Garra, and T. Hall, “Elastic moduli of breast and prostate tissues under compression,” Ultrason. Imaging20(4), 260–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillman, T. R.

Hinds, M.

R. K. Wang, S. Kirkpatrick, and M. Hinds, “Phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography for mapping tissue microstrains in real time,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 164105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horrigan, F. A.

Huang, Z.

S. Song, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Tracking mechanical wave propagation within tissue using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography: motion artifact and its compensation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121505 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, G. Guan, X. Cheng, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Quantitative elastography provided by surface acoustic waves measured by phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 722–724 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huntley, J. M.

P. D. Ruiz, J. M. Huntley, and J. M. Coupland, “Depth-resolved imaging and displacement measurement techniques viewed as linear filtering operations,” Exp. Mech.51(4), 453–465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iftimia, N.

Jacques, S. L.

Jahan, I.

Jaillon, F.

John, R.

Kaazempur-Mofrad, M. R.

Kallel, F.

T. A. Krouskop, T. M. Wheeler, F. Kallel, B. S. Garra, and T. Hall, “Elastic moduli of breast and prostate tissues under compression,” Ultrason. Imaging20(4), 260–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karl, W. C.

Karnowski, K.

Kennedy, B. F.

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “A review of optical coherence elastography: fundamentals, techniques and prospects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.20(2), 1–17 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kennedy, S. Es’haghian, L. Chin, R. A. McLaughlin, D. D. Sampson, and B. F. Kennedy, “Optical palpation: optical coherence tomography-based tactile imaging using a compliant sensor,” Opt. Lett.39(10), 3014–3017 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, C. Ford, B. F. Kennedy, M. B. Bush, and D. D. Sampson, “Analysis of mechanical contrast in optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121508 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for tissue boundary detection,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2310–2312 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, S. H. Koh, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, P. R. T. Munro, and D. D. Sampson, “Strain estimation in phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(8), 1865–1879 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, M. Wojtkowski, M. Szkulmowski, K. M. Kennedy, K. Karnowski, and D. D. Sampson, “Improved measurement of vibration amplitude in dynamic optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(12), 3138–3152 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lamouche, B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, C.-E. Bisaillon, A. Curatolo, G. Campbell, V. Pazos, and D. D. Sampson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms with controllable optical, mechanical and structural properties for use in optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(6), 1381–1398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Curatolo, B. F. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “Structured three-dimensional optical phantom for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express19(20), 19480–19485 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Adie, X. Liang, B. F. Kennedy, R. John, D. D. Sampson, and S. A. Boppart, “Spectroscopic optical coherence elastography,” Opt. Express18(25), 25519–25534 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, T. R. Hillman, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, and D. D. Sampson, “In vivo dynamic optical coherence elastography using a ring actuator,” Opt. Express17(24), 21762–21772 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Adie, B. F. Kennedy, J. J. Armstrong, S. A. Alexandrov, and D. D. Sampson, “Audio frequency in vivo optical coherence elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(10), 3129–3139 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kennedy, K. M.

K. M. Kennedy, S. Es’haghian, L. Chin, R. A. McLaughlin, D. D. Sampson, and B. F. Kennedy, “Optical palpation: optical coherence tomography-based tactile imaging using a compliant sensor,” Opt. Lett.39(10), 3014–3017 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “A review of optical coherence elastography: fundamentals, techniques and prospects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.20(2), 1–17 (2014).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, C. Ford, B. F. Kennedy, M. B. Bush, and D. D. Sampson, “Analysis of mechanical contrast in optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121508 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for tissue boundary detection,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2310–2312 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, S. H. Koh, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, P. R. T. Munro, and D. D. Sampson, “Strain estimation in phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(8), 1865–1879 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, M. Wojtkowski, M. Szkulmowski, K. M. Kennedy, K. Karnowski, and D. D. Sampson, “Improved measurement of vibration amplitude in dynamic optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(12), 3138–3152 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lamouche, B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, C.-E. Bisaillon, A. Curatolo, G. Campbell, V. Pazos, and D. D. Sampson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms with controllable optical, mechanical and structural properties for use in optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(6), 1381–1398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khalil, A. S.

A. S. Khalil, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “A combined FEM/genetic algorithm for vascular soft tissue elasticity estimation,” Cardiovasc. Eng.6(3), 93–102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Khalil, R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “Tissue elasticity estimation with optical coherence elastography: toward mechanical characterization of in vivo soft tissue,” Ann. Biomed. Eng.33(11), 1631–1639 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, W. C. Karl, S. Nadkarni, A. S. Khalil, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, G. J. Tearney, M. R. Kaazempur-Mofrad, and B. E. Bouma, “OCT-based arterial elastography: robust estimation exploiting tissue biomechanics,” Opt. Express12(19), 4558–4572 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirk Shung, K.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirkpatrick, S.

R. K. Wang, S. Kirkpatrick, and M. Hinds, “Phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography for mapping tissue microstrains in real time,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 164105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kirkpatrick, S. J.

R. K. Wang, Z. Ma, and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Tissue Doppler optical coherence elastography for real time strain rate and strain mapping of soft tissue,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(14), 144103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Duncan and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Processing algorithms for tracking speckle shifts in optical elastography of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.6(4), 418–426 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klyen, B. R.

Knüttel, A.

Koh, S. H.

Kolios, M. C.

Krouskop, T. A.

T. A. Krouskop, T. M. Wheeler, F. Kallel, B. S. Garra, and T. Hall, “Elastic moduli of breast and prostate tissues under compression,” Ultrason. Imaging20(4), 260–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamouche, G.

Larin, K. V.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Latham, B.

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Li, J.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, R.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, X.

Liew, Y. M.

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luk, T. W. H.

Ma, T.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Z.

R. K. Wang, Z. Ma, and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Tissue Doppler optical coherence elastography for real time strain rate and strain mapping of soft tissue,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(14), 144103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maciejko, R.

C.-E. Bisaillon, G. Lamouche, R. Maciejko, M. Dufour, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Deformable and durable phantoms with controlled density of scatterers,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(13), N237–N247 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makita, S.

Manapuram, R. K.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mariampillai, A.

Matveev, L. A.

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, A. L. Matveyev, G. V. Gelikonov, and V. M. Gelikonov, “Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021107 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. L. Matveyev, and V. M. Gelikonov, “A correlation-stability approach to elasticity mapping in optical coherence tomography,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(6), 065601 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Matveyev, A. L.

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, A. L. Matveyev, G. V. Gelikonov, and V. M. Gelikonov, “Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021107 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. L. Matveyev, and V. M. Gelikonov, “A correlation-stability approach to elasticity mapping in optical coherence tomography,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(6), 065601 (2013).
[CrossRef]

McLaughlin, R. A.

K. M. Kennedy, S. Es’haghian, L. Chin, R. A. McLaughlin, D. D. Sampson, and B. F. Kennedy, “Optical palpation: optical coherence tomography-based tactile imaging using a compliant sensor,” Opt. Lett.39(10), 3014–3017 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Scolaro, R. A. McLaughlin, B. R. Klyen, B. A. Wood, P. D. Robbins, C. M. Saunders, S. L. Jacques, and D. D. Sampson, “Parametric imaging of the local attenuation coefficient in human axillary lymph nodes assessed using optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(2), 366–379 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for tissue boundary detection,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2310–2312 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, S. H. Koh, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, P. R. T. Munro, and D. D. Sampson, “Strain estimation in phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(8), 1865–1879 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, T. R. Hillman, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, and D. D. Sampson, “In vivo dynamic optical coherence elastography using a ring actuator,” Opt. Express17(24), 21762–21772 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meaney, P. M.

M. M. Doyley, P. M. Meaney, and J. C. Bamber, “Evaluation of an iterative reconstruction method for quantitative elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(6), 1521–1540 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menodiado, F. M.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mofrad, M. R.

A. S. Khalil, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “A combined FEM/genetic algorithm for vascular soft tissue elasticity estimation,” Cardiovasc. Eng.6(3), 93–102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Khalil, R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “Tissue elasticity estimation with optical coherence elastography: toward mechanical characterization of in vivo soft tissue,” Ann. Biomed. Eng.33(11), 1631–1639 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monchalin, J.-P.

C.-E. Bisaillon, G. Lamouche, R. Maciejko, M. Dufour, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Deformable and durable phantoms with controlled density of scatterers,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(13), N237–N247 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munro, P. R. T.

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, S. H. Koh, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, P. R. T. Munro, and D. D. Sampson, “Strain estimation in phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(8), 1865–1879 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nadkarni, S.

Nahas, A.

Nguyen, T.-M.

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Donnell, M.

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oldenburg, A. L.

Pasterkamp, G.

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pazos, V.

Pierron, F.

J. Fu, F. Pierron, and P. D. Ruiz, “Elastic stiffness characterization using three-dimensional full-field deformation obtained with optical coherence tomography and digital volume correlation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121512 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, W.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quirk, B. C.

Ralston, T. S.

Razani, M.

Robbins, P. D.

Roux, S.

Ruiz, P. D.

J. Fu, F. Pierron, and P. D. Ruiz, “Elastic stiffness characterization using three-dimensional full-field deformation obtained with optical coherence tomography and digital volume correlation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121512 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Ruiz, J. M. Huntley, and J. M. Coupland, “Depth-resolved imaging and displacement measurement techniques viewed as linear filtering operations,” Exp. Mech.51(4), 453–465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sampson, D. D.

B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “A review of optical coherence elastography: fundamentals, techniques and prospects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.20(2), 1–17 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kennedy, S. Es’haghian, L. Chin, R. A. McLaughlin, D. D. Sampson, and B. F. Kennedy, “Optical palpation: optical coherence tomography-based tactile imaging using a compliant sensor,” Opt. Lett.39(10), 3014–3017 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, C. Ford, B. F. Kennedy, M. B. Bush, and D. D. Sampson, “Analysis of mechanical contrast in optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121508 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Scolaro, R. A. McLaughlin, B. R. Klyen, B. A. Wood, P. D. Robbins, C. M. Saunders, S. L. Jacques, and D. D. Sampson, “Parametric imaging of the local attenuation coefficient in human axillary lymph nodes assessed using optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(2), 366–379 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for tissue boundary detection,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2310–2312 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, S. H. Koh, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, P. R. T. Munro, and D. D. Sampson, “Strain estimation in phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(8), 1865–1879 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lamouche, B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, C.-E. Bisaillon, A. Curatolo, G. Campbell, V. Pazos, and D. D. Sampson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms with controllable optical, mechanical and structural properties for use in optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(6), 1381–1398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, M. Wojtkowski, M. Szkulmowski, K. M. Kennedy, K. Karnowski, and D. D. Sampson, “Improved measurement of vibration amplitude in dynamic optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(12), 3138–3152 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Curatolo, B. F. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “Structured three-dimensional optical phantom for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express19(20), 19480–19485 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Adie, X. Liang, B. F. Kennedy, R. John, D. D. Sampson, and S. A. Boppart, “Spectroscopic optical coherence elastography,” Opt. Express18(25), 25519–25534 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, T. R. Hillman, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, and D. D. Sampson, “In vivo dynamic optical coherence elastography using a ring actuator,” Opt. Express17(24), 21762–21772 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Adie, B. F. Kennedy, J. J. Armstrong, S. A. Alexandrov, and D. D. Sampson, “Audio frequency in vivo optical coherence elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(10), 3129–3139 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saunders, C. M.

Schmitt, J. M.

Scolaro, L.

Shishkov, M.

Singh, M.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, S.

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Song, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Tracking mechanical wave propagation within tissue using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography: motion artifact and its compensation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121505 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sonnenschein, C. M.

Standish, B.

C. Sun, B. Standish, B. Vuong, X.-Y. Wen, and V. Yang, “Digital image correlation-based optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121515 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

Szkulmowski, M.

Tearney, G. J.

Tien, A.

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Twa, M. D.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Meer, F. J.

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Leeuwen, T. G.

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Virmani, R.

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuong, B.

C. Sun, B. Standish, B. Vuong, X.-Y. Wen, and V. Yang, “Digital image correlation-based optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121515 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, R. K.

S. Song, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Tracking mechanical wave propagation within tissue using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography: motion artifact and its compensation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121505 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Li, G. Guan, X. Cheng, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Quantitative elastography provided by surface acoustic waves measured by phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 722–724 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Wang, S. Kirkpatrick, and M. Hinds, “Phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography for mapping tissue microstrains in real time,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 164105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Wang, Z. Ma, and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Tissue Doppler optical coherence elastography for real time strain rate and strain mapping of soft tissue,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(14), 144103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, X.-Y.

C. Sun, B. Standish, B. Vuong, X.-Y. Wen, and V. Yang, “Digital image correlation-based optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121515 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wheeler, T. M.

T. A. Krouskop, T. M. Wheeler, F. Kallel, B. S. Garra, and T. Hall, “Elastic moduli of breast and prostate tissues under compression,” Ultrason. Imaging20(4), 260–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wojtkowski, M.

Wong, E. Y.

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, B. A.

Wood, F. M.

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, V.

C. Sun, B. Standish, B. Vuong, X.-Y. Wen, and V. Yang, “Digital image correlation-based optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121515 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, V. X. D.

Yasuno, Y.

Zaitsev, V. Y.

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, A. L. Matveyev, G. V. Gelikonov, and V. M. Gelikonov, “Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021107 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. L. Matveyev, and V. M. Gelikonov, “A correlation-stability approach to elasticity mapping in optical coherence tomography,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(6), 065601 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ann. Biomed. Eng.

A. S. Khalil, R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “Tissue elasticity estimation with optical coherence elastography: toward mechanical characterization of in vivo soft tissue,” Ann. Biomed. Eng.33(11), 1631–1639 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

W. Qi, R. Li, T. Ma, J. Li, K. Kirk Shung, Q. Zhou, and Z. Chen, “Resonant acoustic radiation force optical coherence elastography,” Appl. Phys. Lett.103(10), 103704 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Wang, Z. Ma, and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Tissue Doppler optical coherence elastography for real time strain rate and strain mapping of soft tissue,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(14), 144103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Wang, S. Kirkpatrick, and M. Hinds, “Phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography for mapping tissue microstrains in real time,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 164105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biomed. Opt. Express

L. Scolaro, R. A. McLaughlin, B. R. Klyen, B. A. Wood, P. D. Robbins, C. M. Saunders, S. L. Jacques, and D. D. Sampson, “Parametric imaging of the local attenuation coefficient in human axillary lymph nodes assessed using optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(2), 366–379 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, S. H. Koh, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, P. R. T. Munro, and D. D. Sampson, “Strain estimation in phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(8), 1865–1879 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, M. Wojtkowski, M. Szkulmowski, K. M. Kennedy, K. Karnowski, and D. D. Sampson, “Improved measurement of vibration amplitude in dynamic optical coherence elastography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(12), 3138–3152 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nahas, M. Bauer, S. Roux, and A. C. Boccara, “3D static elastography at the micrometer scale using full field OCT,” Biomed. Opt. Express4(10), 2138–2149 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Razani, A. Mariampillai, C. Sun, T. W. H. Luk, V. X. D. Yang, and M. C. Kolios, “Feasibility of optical coherence elastography measurements of shear wave propagation in homogeneous tissue equivalent phantoms,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(5), 972–980 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lamouche, B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, C.-E. Bisaillon, A. Curatolo, G. Campbell, V. Pazos, and D. D. Sampson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms with controllable optical, mechanical and structural properties for use in optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(6), 1381–1398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Kennedy, L. Chin, A. Curatolo, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure,” Biomed. Opt. Express5(7), 2113–2124 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Cardiovasc. Eng.

A. S. Khalil, B. E. Bouma, and M. R. Mofrad, “A combined FEM/genetic algorithm for vascular soft tissue elasticity estimation,” Cardiovasc. Eng.6(3), 93–102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Exp. Mech.

P. D. Ruiz, J. M. Huntley, and J. M. Coupland, “Depth-resolved imaging and displacement measurement techniques viewed as linear filtering operations,” Exp. Mech.51(4), 453–465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

B. F. Kennedy, K. M. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “A review of optical coherence elastography: fundamentals, techniques and prospects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.20(2), 1–17 (2014).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging

F. J. van der Meer, D. J. Faber, D. M. Baraznji Sassoon, M. C. Aalders, G. Pasterkamp, and T. G. van Leeuwen, “Localized measurement of optical attenuation coefficients of atherosclerotic plaque constituents by quantitative optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging24(10), 1369–1376 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt.

C. Xu, J. M. Schmitt, S. G. Carlier, and R. Virmani, “Characterization of atherosclerosis plaques by measuring both backscattering and attenuation coefficients in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(3), 034003 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Gong, R. A. McLaughlin, Y. M. Liew, P. R. T. Munro, F. M. Wood, and D. D. Sampson, “Assessment of human burn scars with optical coherence tomography by imaging the attenuation coefficient of tissue after vascular masking,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021111 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Song, Z. Huang, and R. K. Wang, “Tracking mechanical wave propagation within tissue using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography: motion artifact and its compensation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121505 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Duncan and S. J. Kirkpatrick, “Processing algorithms for tracking speckle shifts in optical elastography of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.6(4), 418–426 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, R. A. McLaughlin, B. F. Kennedy, A. Tien, B. Latham, C. M. Saunders, and D. D. Sampson, “Needle optical coherence elastography for the measurement of microscale mechanical contrast deep within human breast tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121510 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Song, Z. Huang, T.-M. Nguyen, E. Y. Wong, B. Arnal, M. O’Donnell, and R. K. Wang, “Shear modulus imaging by direct visualization of propagating shear waves with phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121509 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Wang, R. K. Manapuram, M. Singh, F. M. Menodiado, S. Aglyamov, S. Emelianov, M. D. Twa, and K. V. Larin, “Dynamic optical coherence tomography measurements of elastic wave propagation in tissue-mimicking phantoms and mouse cornea in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121503 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Crecea, A. Ahmad, and S. A. Boppart, “Magnetomotive optical coherence elastography for microrheology of biological tissues,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121504 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sun, B. Standish, B. Vuong, X.-Y. Wen, and V. Yang, “Digital image correlation-based optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121515 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fu, F. Pierron, and P. D. Ruiz, “Elastic stiffness characterization using three-dimensional full-field deformation obtained with optical coherence tomography and digital volume correlation,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121512 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Kennedy, C. Ford, B. F. Kennedy, M. B. Bush, and D. D. Sampson, “Analysis of mechanical contrast in optical coherence elastography,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(12), 121508 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, A. L. Matveyev, G. V. Gelikonov, and V. M. Gelikonov, “Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability,” J. Biomed. Opt.19(2), 021107 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Laser Phys. Lett.

V. Y. Zaitsev, L. A. Matveev, G. V. Gelikonov, A. L. Matveyev, and V. M. Gelikonov, “A correlation-stability approach to elasticity mapping in optical coherence tomography,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(6), 065601 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

R. C. Chan, A. H. Chau, W. C. Karl, S. Nadkarni, A. S. Khalil, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, G. J. Tearney, M. R. Kaazempur-Mofrad, and B. E. Bouma, “OCT-based arterial elastography: robust estimation exploiting tissue biomechanics,” Opt. Express12(19), 4558–4572 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Kennedy, T. R. Hillman, R. A. McLaughlin, B. C. Quirk, and D. D. Sampson, “In vivo dynamic optical coherence elastography using a ring actuator,” Opt. Express17(24), 21762–21772 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Crecea, A. L. Oldenburg, X. Liang, T. S. Ralston, and S. A. Boppart, “Magnetomotive nanoparticle transducers for optical rheology of viscoelastic materials,” Opt. Express17(25), 23114–23122 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Adie, X. Liang, B. F. Kennedy, R. John, D. D. Sampson, and S. A. Boppart, “Spectroscopic optical coherence elastography,” Opt. Express18(25), 25519–25534 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Curatolo, B. F. Kennedy, and D. D. Sampson, “Structured three-dimensional optical phantom for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express19(20), 19480–19485 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Makita, F. Jaillon, I. Jahan, and Y. Yasuno, “Noise statistics of phase-resolved optical coherence tomography imaging: single-and dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express22(4), 4830–4848 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Schmitt, “OCT elastography: imaging microscopic deformation and strain of tissue,” Opt. Express3(6), 199–211 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Med. Biol.

C.-E. Bisaillon, G. Lamouche, R. Maciejko, M. Dufour, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Deformable and durable phantoms with controlled density of scatterers,” Phys. Med. Biol.53(13), N237–N247 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Doyley, P. M. Meaney, and J. C. Bamber, “Evaluation of an iterative reconstruction method for quantitative elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.45(6), 1521–1540 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Adie, B. F. Kennedy, J. J. Armstrong, S. A. Alexandrov, and D. D. Sampson, “Audio frequency in vivo optical coherence elastography,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(10), 3129–3139 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ultrason. Imaging

T. A. Krouskop, T. M. Wheeler, F. Kallel, B. S. Garra, and T. Hall, “Elastic moduli of breast and prostate tissues under compression,” Ultrason. Imaging20(4), 260–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. Curatolo, B. F. Kennedy, D. D. Sampson, and T. R. Hillman, “Speckle in Optical Coherence Tomography,” in Advanced Biophotonics: Tissue Optical Sectioning, V. V. Tuchin, and R. K. Wang, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2013), pp. 211–277.

R. A. Leitgeb and M. Wojtkowski, “Complex and Coherence Noise Free Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography,” in Optical Coherence Tomography: Technology and Applications, W. Drexler, and J. G. Fujimoto, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 177–207.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

O. C. Zienkiewicz, R. L. Taylor, and J. Z. Zhu, The Finite Element Method: Its Basis and Fundamentals (Elsevier, 2005).

M. de Berg, O. Cheong, M. van Kreveld, and M. Overmars, Computational Geometry: Algorithms and Applications (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

A. A. Ungar, Barycentric Calculus in Euclidean and Hyperbolic Geometry: A Comparative Introduction (World Scientific, 2010).

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