Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disorder, which has been associated with atypical neural synchronization. In this study, functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to study the differences in functional connectivity in bilateral inferior frontal cortices (IFC) and bilateral temporal cortices (TC) between ASD and typically developing (TD) children between 8 and 11 years of age. As the first report of fNIRS study on the resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in children with ASD, ten children with ASD and ten TD children were recruited in this study for 8 minute resting state measurement. Compared to TD children, children with ASD showed reduced interhemispheric connectivity in TC. Children with ASD also showed significantly lower local connectivity in bilateral temporal cortices. In contrast to TD children, children with ASD did not show typical patterns of symmetry in functional connectivity in temporal cortex. These results support the feasibility of using the fNIRS method to assess atypical functional connectivity of cortical responses of ASD and its potential application in diagnosis.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Atypical prefrontal cortical responses to joint/non-joint attention in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD): A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study

Huilin Zhu, Jun Li, Yuebo Fan, Xinge Li, Dan Huang, and Sailing He
Biomed. Opt. Express 6(3) 690-701 (2015)

Optical imaging of the prefrontal activity in joint attention experience

Lina Qiu, Xiao Zhang, and Jun Li
Biomed. Opt. Express 6(9) 3437-3448 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. F. Jöbsis, “Noninvasive, infrared monitoring of cerebral and myocardial oxygen sufficiency and circulatory parameters,” Science 198(4323), 1264–1267 (1977).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. Villringer and B. Chance, “Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function,” Trends Neurosci. 20(10), 435–442 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. Tamura, Y. Hoshi, and F. Okada, “Localized near-infrared spectroscopy and functional optical imaging of brain activity,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 352(1354), 737–742 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Z. Guo, F. Cai, and S. He, “Optimization for Brain Activity Monitoring with Near Infrared Light in a Four-Layered Model of the Human Head,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 140, 277–295 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. R. C. Mesquita, M. A. Franceschini, and D. A. Boas, “Resting state functional connectivity of the whole head with near-infrared spectroscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 324–336 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. E. Vanderwert and C. A. Nelson, “The use of near-infrared spectroscopy in the study of typical and atypical development,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 264–271 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. B. Biswal, F. Z. Yetkin, V. M. Haughton, and J. S. Hyde, “Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI,” Magn. Reson. Med. 34(4), 537–541 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. E. Raichle, “Two views of brain function,” Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 14(4), 180–190 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. P. J. Uhlhaas and W. Singer, “Neural synchrony in brain disorders: relevance for cognitive dysfunctions and pathophysiology,” Neuron 52(1), 155–168 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. American Psychiatry Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR® (American Psychiatric Pub, 2000).
  14. E. Courchesne, R. Carper, and N. Akshoomoff, “Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism,” JAMA 290(3), 337–344 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. R. A. Carper and E. Courchesne, “Inverse correlation between frontal lobe and cerebellum sizes in children with autism,” Brain 123(4), 836–844 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “Inhibitory control in high-functioning autism: decreased activation and underconnectivity in inhibition networks,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 198–206 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. G. Dawson, C. Finley, S. Phillips, and L. Galpert, “Hemispheric specialization and the language abilities of autistic children,” Child Dev. 57(6), 1440–1453 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. M. R. Prior and J. L. Bradshaw, “Hemisphere functioning in autistic children,” Cortex 15(1), 73–81 (1979).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. U. Frith and C. D. Frith, “Development and neurophysiology of mentalizing,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 358(1431), 459–473 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. F. Castelli, C. Frith, F. Happé, and U. Frith, “Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes,” Brain 125(8), 1839–1849 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. L. Brothers, “The social brain: a project for integrating primate behavior and neurophysiology in a new domain,” Concepts Neurosci. 1, 27–51 (1990).
  25. S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. A. Just, V. L. Cherkassky, T. A. Keller, and N. J. Minshew, “Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity,” Brain 127(8), 1811–1821 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. G. Rizzolatti and L. Craighero, “The mirror-neuron system,” Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27(1), 169–192 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. M. Murias, S. J. Webb, J. Greenson, and G. Dawson, “Resting state cortical connectivity reflected in EEG coherence in individuals with autism,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 270–273 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. V. L. Cherkassky, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, and M. A. Just, “Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism,” Neuroreport 17(16), 1687–1690 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. D. P. Kennedy and E. Courchesne, “The intrinsic functional organization of the brain is altered in autism,” Neuroimage 39(4), 1877–1885 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  39. Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. P. M. Macey, K. E. Macey, R. Kumar, and R. M. Harper, “A method for removal of global effects from fMRI time series,” Neuroimage 22(1), 360–366 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. M. D. Fox, D. Zhang, A. Z. Snyder, and M. E. Raichle, “The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks,” J. Neurophysiol. 101(6), 3270–3283 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. D. A. Boas, C. E. Elwell, M. Ferrari, and G. Taga, “Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 1–5 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).
  45. G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “The cortical organization of speech processing,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 8(5), 393–402 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  46. A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  47. B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

R. E. Vanderwert and C. A. Nelson, “The use of near-infrared spectroscopy in the study of typical and atypical development,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 264–271 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas, C. E. Elwell, M. Ferrari, and G. Taga, “Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

Z. Guo, F. Cai, and S. He, “Optimization for Brain Activity Monitoring with Near Infrared Light in a Four-Layered Model of the Human Head,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 140, 277–295 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Mesquita, M. A. Franceschini, and D. A. Boas, “Resting state functional connectivity of the whole head with near-infrared spectroscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 324–336 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. E. Raichle, “Two views of brain function,” Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 14(4), 180–190 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Fox, D. Zhang, A. Z. Snyder, and M. E. Raichle, “The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks,” J. Neurophysiol. 101(6), 3270–3283 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

D. P. Kennedy and E. Courchesne, “The intrinsic functional organization of the brain is altered in autism,” Neuroimage 39(4), 1877–1885 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “Inhibitory control in high-functioning autism: decreased activation and underconnectivity in inhibition networks,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 198–206 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Murias, S. J. Webb, J. Greenson, and G. Dawson, “Resting state cortical connectivity reflected in EEG coherence in individuals with autism,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 270–273 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “The cortical organization of speech processing,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 8(5), 393–402 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

V. L. Cherkassky, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, and M. A. Just, “Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism,” Neuroreport 17(16), 1687–1690 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Uhlhaas and W. Singer, “Neural synchrony in brain disorders: relevance for cognitive dysfunctions and pathophysiology,” Neuron 52(1), 155–168 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (6)

P. M. Macey, K. E. Macey, R. Kumar, and R. M. Harper, “A method for removal of global effects from fMRI time series,” Neuroimage 22(1), 360–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Just, V. L. Cherkassky, T. A. Keller, and N. J. Minshew, “Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity,” Brain 127(8), 1811–1821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Rizzolatti and L. Craighero, “The mirror-neuron system,” Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27(1), 169–192 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

U. Frith and C. D. Frith, “Development and neurophysiology of mentalizing,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 358(1431), 459–473 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Courchesne, R. Carper, and N. Akshoomoff, “Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism,” JAMA 290(3), 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

F. Castelli, C. Frith, F. Happé, and U. Frith, “Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes,” Brain 125(8), 1839–1849 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. A. Carper and E. Courchesne, “Inverse correlation between frontal lobe and cerebellum sizes in children with autism,” Brain 123(4), 836–844 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

A. Villringer and B. Chance, “Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function,” Trends Neurosci. 20(10), 435–442 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tamura, Y. Hoshi, and F. Okada, “Localized near-infrared spectroscopy and functional optical imaging of brain activity,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 352(1354), 737–742 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

B. Biswal, F. Z. Yetkin, V. M. Haughton, and J. S. Hyde, “Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI,” Magn. Reson. Med. 34(4), 537–541 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

L. Brothers, “The social brain: a project for integrating primate behavior and neurophysiology in a new domain,” Concepts Neurosci. 1, 27–51 (1990).

1986 (1)

G. Dawson, C. Finley, S. Phillips, and L. Galpert, “Hemispheric specialization and the language abilities of autistic children,” Child Dev. 57(6), 1440–1453 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

M. R. Prior and J. L. Bradshaw, “Hemisphere functioning in autistic children,” Cortex 15(1), 73–81 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

F. F. Jöbsis, “Noninvasive, infrared monitoring of cerebral and myocardial oxygen sufficiency and circulatory parameters,” Science 198(4323), 1264–1267 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abildskov, T.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akshoomoff, N.

E. Courchesne, R. Carper, and N. Akshoomoff, “Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism,” JAMA 290(3), 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alexander, A. L.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andermann, M. L.

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, J. S.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Artiges, E.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assaf, M.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bandettini, P. A.

K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baron-Cohen, S.

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barthélémy, C.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Behrmann, M.

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benhadid, A.

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bigler, E. D.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birn, R. M.

K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biswal, B.

B. Biswal, F. Z. Yetkin, V. M. Haughton, and J. S. Hyde, “Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI,” Magn. Reson. Med. 34(4), 537–541 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biswal, B. B.

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boas, D. A.

D. A. Boas, C. E. Elwell, M. Ferrari, and G. Taga, “Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Mesquita, M. A. Franceschini, and D. A. Boas, “Resting state functional connectivity of the whole head with near-infrared spectroscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 1(1), 324–336 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boddaert, N.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bookheimer, S. Y.

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bourgeois, M.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradshaw, J. L.

M. R. Prior and J. L. Bradshaw, “Hemisphere functioning in autistic children,” Cortex 15(1), 73–81 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brammer, M. J.

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braun, M.

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brothers, L.

L. Brothers, “The social brain: a project for integrating primate behavior and neurophysiology in a new domain,” Concepts Neurosci. 1, 27–51 (1990).

Brunelle, F.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bullmore, E. T.

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, F.

Z. Guo, F. Cai, and S. He, “Optimization for Brain Activity Monitoring with Near Infrared Light in a Four-Layered Model of the Human Head,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 140, 277–295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Calhoun, V. D.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cariello, A. N.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carper, R.

E. Courchesne, R. Carper, and N. Akshoomoff, “Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism,” JAMA 290(3), 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carper, R. A.

R. A. Carper and E. Courchesne, “Inverse correlation between frontal lobe and cerebellum sizes in children with autism,” Brain 123(4), 836–844 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carrasco, M.

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castelli, F.

F. Castelli, C. Frith, F. Happé, and U. Frith, “Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes,” Brain 125(8), 1839–1849 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caviness, V. S.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chabane, N.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chance, B.

A. Villringer and B. Chance, “Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function,” Trends Neurosci. 20(10), 435–442 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaudhary, U.

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cherkassky, V. L.

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. L. Cherkassky, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, and M. A. Just, “Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism,” Neuroreport 17(16), 1687–1690 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Just, V. L. Cherkassky, T. A. Keller, and N. J. Minshew, “Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity,” Brain 127(8), 1811–1821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheung, C.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheung, V.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chua, S. E.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, A. L.

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cooperrider, J. R.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Courchesne, E.

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Kennedy and E. Courchesne, “The intrinsic functional organization of the brain is altered in autism,” Neuroimage 39(4), 1877–1885 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Courchesne, R. Carper, and N. Akshoomoff, “Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism,” JAMA 290(3), 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Carper and E. Courchesne, “Inverse correlation between frontal lobe and cerebellum sizes in children with autism,” Brain 123(4), 836–844 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Craighero, L.

G. Rizzolatti and L. Craighero, “The mirror-neuron system,” Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27(1), 169–192 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Culver, J. P.

B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dale, A. M.

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dapretto, M.

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davies, M. S.

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dawson, G.

M. Murias, S. J. Webb, J. Greenson, and G. Dawson, “Resting state cortical connectivity reflected in EEG coherence in individuals with autism,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 270–273 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Dawson, C. Finley, S. Phillips, and L. Galpert, “Hemispheric specialization and the language abilities of autistic children,” Child Dev. 57(6), 1440–1453 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Devor, A.

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dinstein, I.

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dirnagl, U.

A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Druzgal, T. J.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DuBray, M. B.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunn, A. K.

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elwell, C. E.

D. A. Boas, C. E. Elwell, M. Ferrari, and G. Taga, “Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eyler, L.

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Felblinger, J.

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferradal, S. L.

B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrari, M.

D. A. Boas, C. E. Elwell, M. Ferrari, and G. Taga, “Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Filipek, P. A.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Finley, C.

G. Dawson, C. Finley, S. Phillips, and L. Galpert, “Hemispheric specialization and the language abilities of autistic children,” Child Dev. 57(6), 1440–1453 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fox, M. D.

M. D. Fox, D. Zhang, A. Z. Snyder, and M. E. Raichle, “The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks,” J. Neurophysiol. 101(6), 3270–3283 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frackowiak, R. S.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franceschini, M. A.

Frith, C.

F. Castelli, C. Frith, F. Happé, and U. Frith, “Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes,” Brain 125(8), 1839–1849 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frith, C. D.

U. Frith and C. D. Frith, “Development and neurophysiology of mentalizing,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 358(1431), 459–473 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frith, U.

U. Frith and C. D. Frith, “Development and neurophysiology of mentalizing,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 358(1431), 459–473 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Castelli, C. Frith, F. Happé, and U. Frith, “Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes,” Brain 125(8), 1839–1849 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Froehlich, A.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galpert, L.

G. Dawson, C. Finley, S. Phillips, and L. Galpert, “Hemispheric specialization and the language abilities of autistic children,” Child Dev. 57(6), 1440–1453 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gervais, H.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Godavarty, A.

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Good, C. D.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goto, T.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greenson, J.

M. Murias, S. J. Webb, J. Greenson, and G. Dawson, “Resting state cortical connectivity reflected in EEG coherence in individuals with autism,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 270–273 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gunji, A.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

Z. Guo, F. Cai, and S. He, “Optimization for Brain Activity Monitoring with Near Infrared Light in a Four-Layered Model of the Human Head,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 140, 277–295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gutierrez, A.

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hall, M.

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Handwerker, D. A.

K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Happé, F.

F. Castelli, C. Frith, F. Happé, and U. Frith, “Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes,” Brain 125(8), 1839–1849 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harper, R. M.

P. M. Macey, K. E. Macey, R. Kumar, and R. M. Harper, “A method for removal of global effects from fMRI time series,” Neuroimage 22(1), 360–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haughton, V. M.

B. Biswal, F. Z. Yetkin, V. M. Haughton, and J. S. Hyde, “Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI,” Magn. Reson. Med. 34(4), 537–541 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, S.

Z. Guo, F. Cai, and S. He, “Optimization for Brain Activity Monitoring with Near Infrared Light in a Four-Layered Model of the Human Head,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 140, 277–295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Herbert, M. R.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hickok, G.

G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “The cortical organization of speech processing,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 8(5), 393–402 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hock, C.

A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoshi, Y.

M. Tamura, Y. Hoshi, and F. Okada, “Localized near-infrared spectroscopy and functional optical imaging of brain activity,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 352(1354), 737–742 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hosokawa, T.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hyde, J. S.

B. Biswal, F. Z. Yetkin, V. M. Haughton, and J. S. Hyde, “Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI,” Magn. Reson. Med. 34(4), 537–541 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iacoboni, M.

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inagaki, M.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inder, T. E.

B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jagannathan, K.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jöbsis, F. F.

F. F. Jöbsis, “Noninvasive, infrared monitoring of cerebral and myocardial oxygen sufficiency and circulatory parameters,” Science 198(4323), 1264–1267 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, S. R.

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, T. B.

K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Just, M. A.

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “Inhibitory control in high-functioning autism: decreased activation and underconnectivity in inhibition networks,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 198–206 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. L. Cherkassky, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, and M. A. Just, “Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism,” Neuroreport 17(16), 1687–1690 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Just, V. L. Cherkassky, T. A. Keller, and N. J. Minshew, “Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity,” Brain 127(8), 1811–1821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaga, M.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kana, R. K.

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “Inhibitory control in high-functioning autism: decreased activation and underconnectivity in inhibition networks,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 198–206 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. L. Cherkassky, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, and M. A. Just, “Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism,” Neuroreport 17(16), 1687–1690 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasai, K.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kato, N.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawakubo, Y.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, T. A.

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “Inhibitory control in high-functioning autism: decreased activation and underconnectivity in inhibition networks,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 198–206 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. L. Cherkassky, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, and M. A. Just, “Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism,” Neuroreport 17(16), 1687–1690 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Just, V. L. Cherkassky, T. A. Keller, and N. J. Minshew, “Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity,” Brain 127(8), 1811–1821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kemper, T. L.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kennedy, D. N.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kennedy, D. P.

D. P. Kennedy and E. Courchesne, “The intrinsic functional organization of the brain is altered in autism,” Neuroimage 39(4), 1877–1885 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kita, Y.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koessler, L.

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kono, T.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koshino, H.

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, R.

P. M. Macey, K. E. Macey, R. Kumar, and R. M. Harper, “A method for removal of global effects from fMRI time series,” Neuroimage 22(1), 360–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuwabara, H.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lainhart, J. E.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lam, G. Y.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lange, N.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, S. M.

B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lord, C.

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, C.-M.

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

Macey, K. E.

P. M. Macey, K. E. Macey, R. Kumar, and R. M. Harper, “A method for removal of global effects from fMRI time series,” Neuroimage 22(1), 360–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Macey, P. M.

P. M. Macey, K. E. Macey, R. Kumar, and R. M. Harper, “A method for removal of global effects from fMRI time series,” Neuroimage 22(1), 360–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maillard, L.

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Makris, N.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malach, R.

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McAlonan, G. M.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mesquita, R. C.

Messinger, D.

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miller, L.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minowa, I.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minowa, M.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minshew, N. J.

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “Inhibitory control in high-functioning autism: decreased activation and underconnectivity in inhibition networks,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 198–206 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Just, V. L. Cherkassky, T. A. Keller, and N. J. Minshew, “Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity,” Brain 127(8), 1811–1821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monk, C. S.

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mouren, M. C.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murias, M.

M. Murias, S. J. Webb, J. Greenson, and G. Dawson, “Resting state cortical connectivity reflected in EEG coherence in individuals with autism,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 270–273 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murphy, D. G.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murphy, K.

K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Narayanan, S. N.

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, C. A.

R. E. Vanderwert and C. A. Nelson, “The use of near-infrared spectroscopy in the study of typical and atypical development,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 264–271 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nielsen, J. A.

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishida, H.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Normandin, J. J.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Boyle, J. G.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okada, F.

M. Tamura, Y. Hoshi, and F. Okada, “Localized near-infrared spectroscopy and functional optical imaging of brain activity,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 352(1354), 737–742 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pearlson, G. D.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peltier, S. J.

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, D.-L.

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

Petersen, S. E.

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, J. H.

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phillips, S.

G. Dawson, C. Finley, S. Phillips, and L. Galpert, “Hemispheric specialization and the language abilities of autistic children,” Child Dev. 57(6), 1440–1453 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pierce, K.

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Planck, J.

A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plumet, M. H.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poeppel, D.

G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “The cortical organization of speech processing,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 8(5), 393–402 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prior, M. R.

M. R. Prior and J. L. Bradshaw, “Hemisphere functioning in autistic children,” Cortex 15(1), 73–81 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raichle, M. E.

M. E. Raichle, “Two views of brain function,” Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 14(4), 180–190 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Fox, D. Zhang, A. Z. Snyder, and M. E. Raichle, “The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks,” J. Neurophysiol. 101(6), 3270–3283 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rey, G.

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ring, H. A.

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Risi, S.

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rizzolatti, G.

G. Rizzolatti and L. Craighero, “The mirror-neuron system,” Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27(1), 169–192 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sahl, R.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakihara, K.

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Samson, Y.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanders, H. A.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schlaggar, B. L.

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schleinkofer, L.

A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, R. T.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott, A. A.

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sigman, M.

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simmons, A.

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singer, W.

P. J. Uhlhaas and W. Singer, “Neural synchrony in brain disorders: relevance for cognitive dysfunctions and pathophysiology,” Neuron 52(1), 155–168 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snyder, A. Z.

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Fox, D. Zhang, A. Z. Snyder, and M. E. Raichle, “The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks,” J. Neurophysiol. 101(6), 3270–3283 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solso, S.

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Someya, T.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stevens, M. C.

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suckling, J.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugiyama, T.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taga, G.

D. A. Boas, C. E. Elwell, M. Ferrari, and G. Taga, “Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tai, K. S.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamura, M.

M. Tamura, Y. Hoshi, and F. Okada, “Localized near-infrared spectroscopy and functional optical imaging of brain activity,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 352(1354), 737–742 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uhlhaas, P. J.

P. J. Uhlhaas and W. Singer, “Neural synchrony in brain disorders: relevance for cognitive dysfunctions and pathophysiology,” Neuron 52(1), 155–168 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulbert, I.

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vanderwert, R. E.

R. E. Vanderwert and C. A. Nelson, “The use of near-infrared spectroscopy in the study of typical and atypical development,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 264–271 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vespignani, H.

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vignal, J. P.

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villringer, A.

A. Villringer and B. Chance, “Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function,” Trends Neurosci. 20(10), 435–442 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, K.-i.

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Webb, S. J.

M. Murias, S. J. Webb, J. Greenson, and G. Dawson, “Resting state cortical connectivity reflected in EEG coherence in individuals with autism,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 270–273 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weng, S.-J.

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wheelwright, S.

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, B. R.

B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiggins, J. L.

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, S. C.

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yetkin, F. Z.

B. Biswal, F. Z. Yetkin, V. M. Haughton, and J. S. Hyde, “Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI,” Magn. Reson. Med. 34(4), 537–541 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yip, L.

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zang, Y.-F.

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

M. D. Fox, D. Zhang, A. Z. Snyder, and M. E. Raichle, “The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks,” J. Neurophysiol. 101(6), 3270–3283 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.-J.

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, C.-Z.

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

Ziegler, D. A.

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zilbovicius, M.

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ann. Neurol. (1)

M. R. Herbert, D. A. Ziegler, N. Makris, P. A. Filipek, T. L. Kemper, J. J. Normandin, H. A. Sanders, D. N. Kennedy, and V. S. Caviness., “Localization of white matter volume increase in autism and developmental language disorder,” Ann. Neurol. 55(4), 530–540 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Neurosci. (1)

G. Rizzolatti and L. Craighero, “The mirror-neuron system,” Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27(1), 169–192 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biol. Psychiatry (2)

M. Murias, S. J. Webb, J. Greenson, and G. Dawson, “Resting state cortical connectivity reflected in EEG coherence in individuals with autism,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 270–273 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “Inhibitory control in high-functioning autism: decreased activation and underconnectivity in inhibition networks,” Biol. Psychiatry 62(3), 198–206 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Brain (4)

F. Castelli, C. Frith, F. Happé, and U. Frith, “Autism, Asperger syndrome and brain mechanisms for the attribution of mental states to animated shapes,” Brain 125(8), 1839–1849 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. McAlonan, V. Cheung, C. Cheung, J. Suckling, G. Y. Lam, K. S. Tai, L. Yip, D. G. Murphy, and S. E. Chua, “Mapping the brain in autism. A voxel-based MRI study of volumetric differences and intercorrelations in autism,” Brain 128(2), 268–276 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Carper and E. Courchesne, “Inverse correlation between frontal lobe and cerebellum sizes in children with autism,” Brain 123(4), 836–844 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Just, V. L. Cherkassky, T. A. Keller, and N. J. Minshew, “Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivity,” Brain 127(8), 1811–1821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brain Dev. (1)

Y. Kita, A. Gunji, Y. Inoue, T. Goto, K. Sakihara, M. Kaga, M. Inagaki, and T. Hosokawa, “Self-face recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: a near-infrared spectroscopy study,” Brain Dev. 33(6), 494–503 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brain Res. (1)

S.-J. Weng, J. L. Wiggins, S. J. Peltier, M. Carrasco, S. Risi, C. Lord, and C. S. Monk, “Alterations of resting state functional connectivity in the default network in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders,” Brain Res. 1313, 202–214 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cereb. Cortex (2)

J. S. Anderson, T. J. Druzgal, A. Froehlich, M. B. DuBray, N. Lange, A. L. Alexander, T. Abildskov, J. A. Nielsen, A. N. Cariello, J. R. Cooperrider, E. D. Bigler, and J. E. Lainhart, “Decreased interhemispheric functional connectivity in autism,” Cereb. Cortex 21(5), 1134–1146 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Koshino, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, V. L. Cherkassky, N. J. Minshew, and M. A. Just, “fMRI investigation of working memory for faces in autism: visual coding and underconnectivity with frontal areas,” Cereb. Cortex 18(2), 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Child Dev. (1)

G. Dawson, C. Finley, S. Phillips, and L. Galpert, “Hemispheric specialization and the language abilities of autistic children,” Child Dev. 57(6), 1440–1453 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Concepts Neurosci. (1)

L. Brothers, “The social brain: a project for integrating primate behavior and neurophysiology in a new domain,” Concepts Neurosci. 1, 27–51 (1990).

Cortex (1)

M. R. Prior and J. L. Bradshaw, “Hemisphere functioning in autistic children,” Cortex 15(1), 73–81 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eur. J. Neurosci. (1)

S. Baron-Cohen, H. A. Ring, S. Wheelwright, E. T. Bullmore, M. J. Brammer, A. Simmons, and S. C. Williams, “Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study,” Eur. J. Neurosci. 11(6), 1891–1898 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

Y.-J. Zhang, C.-M. Lu, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Detecting resting-state functional connectivity in the language system using functional near-infrared spectroscopy,”J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 047003 (2010).

J. Neurophysiol. (1)

M. D. Fox, D. Zhang, A. Z. Snyder, and M. E. Raichle, “The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks,” J. Neurophysiol. 101(6), 3270–3283 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Neurosci. Methods (1)

C.-M. Lu, Y.-J. Zhang, B. B. Biswal, Y.-F. Zang, D.-L. Peng, and C.-Z. Zhu, “Use of fNIRS to assess resting state functional connectivity,” J. Neurosci. Methods 186(2), 242–249 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

JAMA (1)

E. Courchesne, R. Carper, and N. Akshoomoff, “Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism,” JAMA 290(3), 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Magn. Reson. Med. (1)

B. Biswal, F. Z. Yetkin, V. M. Haughton, and J. S. Hyde, “Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI,” Magn. Reson. Med. 34(4), 537–541 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Neurosci. (1)

M. Dapretto, M. S. Davies, J. H. Pfeifer, A. A. Scott, M. Sigman, S. Y. Bookheimer, and M. Iacoboni, “Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders,” Nat. Neurosci. 9(1), 28–30 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Rev. Neurosci. (1)

G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “The cortical organization of speech processing,” Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 8(5), 393–402 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neuroimage (10)

D. A. Boas, C. E. Elwell, M. Ferrari, and G. Taga, “Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Assaf, K. Jagannathan, V. D. Calhoun, L. Miller, M. C. Stevens, R. Sahl, J. G. O’Boyle, R. T. Schultz, and G. D. Pearlson, “Abnormal functional connectivity of default mode sub-networks in autism spectrum disorder patients,” Neuroimage 53(1), 247–256 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Kennedy and E. Courchesne, “The intrinsic functional organization of the brain is altered in autism,” Neuroimage 39(4), 1877–1885 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Koessler, L. Maillard, A. Benhadid, J. P. Vignal, J. Felblinger, H. Vespignani, and M. Braun, “Automated cortical projection of EEG sensors: Anatomical correlation via the international 10-10 system,” Neuroimage 46(1), 64–72 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. M. Macey, K. E. Macey, R. Kumar, and R. M. Harper, “A method for removal of global effects from fMRI time series,” Neuroimage 22(1), 360–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. Vanderwert and C. A. Nelson, “The use of near-infrared spectroscopy in the study of typical and atypical development,” Neuroimage 85(Pt 1), 264–271 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Boddaert, N. Chabane, H. Gervais, C. D. Good, M. Bourgeois, M. H. Plumet, C. Barthélémy, M. C. Mouren, E. Artiges, Y. Samson, F. Brunelle, R. S. Frackowiak, and M. Zilbovicius, “Superior temporal sulcus anatomical abnormalities in childhood autism: a voxel-based morphometry MRI study,” Neuroimage 23(1), 364–369 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. White, S. M. Liao, S. L. Ferradal, T. E. Inder, and J. P. Culver, “Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates,” Neuroimage 59(3), 2529–2538 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. White, A. Z. Snyder, A. L. Cohen, S. E. Petersen, M. E. Raichle, B. L. Schlaggar, and J. P. Culver, “Resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain revealed with diffuse optical tomography,” Neuroimage 47(1), 148–156 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Murphy, R. M. Birn, D. A. Handwerker, T. B. Jones, and P. A. Bandettini, “The impact of global signal regression on resting state correlations: are anti-correlated networks introduced?” Neuroimage 44(3), 893–905 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neuron (2)

P. J. Uhlhaas and W. Singer, “Neural synchrony in brain disorders: relevance for cognitive dysfunctions and pathophysiology,” Neuron 52(1), 155–168 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Dinstein, K. Pierce, L. Eyler, S. Solso, R. Malach, M. Behrmann, and E. Courchesne, “Disrupted neural synchronization in toddlers with autism,” Neuron 70(6), 1218–1225 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neuroreport (1)

V. L. Cherkassky, R. K. Kana, T. A. Keller, and M. A. Just, “Functional connectivity in a baseline resting-state network in autism,” Neuroreport 17(16), 1687–1690 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neurosci. Lett. (1)

A. Villringer, J. Planck, C. Hock, L. Schleinkofer, and U. Dirnagl, “Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): a new tool to study hemodynamic changes during activation of brain function in human adults,” Neurosci. Lett. 154(1-2), 101–104 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. (2)

M. Tamura, Y. Hoshi, and F. Okada, “Localized near-infrared spectroscopy and functional optical imaging of brain activity,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 352(1354), 737–742 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Frith and C. D. Frith, “Development and neurophysiology of mentalizing,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 358(1431), 459–473 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

PLoS ONE (1)

Y. Kawakubo, H. Kuwabara, K.-i. Watanabe, M. Minowa, T. Someya, I. Minowa, T. Kono, H. Nishida, T. Sugiyama, N. Kato, and K. Kasai, “Impaired prefrontal hemodynamic maturation in autism and unaffected siblings,” PLoS ONE 4(9), e6881 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

A. Devor, I. Ulbert, A. K. Dunn, S. N. Narayanan, S. R. Jones, M. L. Andermann, D. A. Boas, and A. M. Dale, “Coupling of the cortical hemodynamic response to cortical and thalamic neuronal activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(10), 3822–3827 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

U. Chaudhary, M. Hall, A. Gutierrez, D. Messinger, G. Rey, and A. Godavarty, “Joint attention studies in normal and autistic children using NIRS,” Proc. SPIE 7883, 788348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prog. Electromagnetics Res. (1)

Z. Guo, F. Cai, and S. He, “Optimization for Brain Activity Monitoring with Near Infrared Light in a Four-Layered Model of the Human Head,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 140, 277–295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

F. F. Jöbsis, “Noninvasive, infrared monitoring of cerebral and myocardial oxygen sufficiency and circulatory parameters,” Science 198(4323), 1264–1267 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) (1)

M. E. Raichle, “Two views of brain function,” Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 14(4), 180–190 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trends Neurosci. (1)

A. Villringer and B. Chance, “Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function,” Trends Neurosci. 20(10), 435–442 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

American Psychiatry Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR® (American Psychiatric Pub, 2000).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The position of the optical probes (7 sources: red circles, 8 detectors: blue circles) in the left hemisphere. A black line connecting a source and a detector presents a data channel, which has a number alongside. 22 channels were used to cover inferior frontal cortex (IFC) and temporal cortex (TC). There were 7 channels (left hemisphere: from Channel 1 to Channel 7, right hemisphere: from Channel 23 to Channel 29) covering IFC and 15 channels (left hemisphere: from Channel 8 to Channel 22, right hemisphere: from Channel 30 to Channel 44) covering TC. IFC was boxed with the blue line and TC with the red line in Figs. 1(a)1(c). Channels 4, 9, 14 (26, 31, 36 in symmetry in the right hemisphere) were located in the F7, FT7 and T7 in the international 10-10 system, respectively. The settings of the optical probes in the right hemisphere were identical to those of the probes in the left hemisphere through the anatomical symmetry. Channels’ numbers were marked on the left hemisphere (Fig. 1(b)) and right hemisphere (Fig. 1(c)) of the brain. We used an image of standard brain to visualize where the channels were mostly likely located in the cortex.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interhemispheric correlation in ROIs of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, red, n = 10) and typically developing (TD) children (blue, n = 10). Error bars are standard error of mean across participants. Children with ASD showed significantly reduced interhemispheric correlation in overall (including all the channels, p = 0.018) and temporal cortex (TC, p = 0.002) than TDs in terms of HbO.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Inter-region correlation (HbO) between four ROIs and six seeds of children with ASD (red line, n = 10) and TDs (blue line, n = 10). Four ROIs are left interior frontal cortex (a), right inferior frontal cortex (b), left temporal cortex (c), and right temporal cortex (d). Six seeds are left inferior frontal gyrus (Channel 4), left superior temporal gyrus (Channel 9), left middle temporal gyrus (Chanel 14), right inferior frontal gyrus (Channel 26), right superior temporal gyrus (Channel 31), and right middle temporal gyrus (Channel 36). Error bars are standard error of mean across participants. Significant group difference was marked with red asterisks: * means 0.01<p<0.05, ** means p<0.01. The ASDs showed significantly weaker inter-region correlation between right TC and left STG, and weaker local correlation in right TC than controls (d).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

HbO correlation maps for a typically developing (TD) child and an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) child. The selected seeds (Channel 4, Channel 9, Channel 14 in the left hemisphere and Channel 26, Channel 31, Channel 36 in the right hemisphere) were marked on the maps. (a) HbO correlation maps for a TD child (interhemispheric correlation value is 0.530). (b) HbO correlation maps for an ASD child (interhemispheric correlation value is 0.036). Color bar represents the strength of the correlation with the seed.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Means and standard errors of means across all participants for maximum correlation of HbO and Hb, between 4 ROIs and 6 seeds.

Metrics