Abstract

Abstract: A novel clinical Raman probe for sampling superficial tissue to improve in vivo detection of epithelial malignancies is compared to a non-superficial probe regarding depth response function and signal-to-noise ratio. Depth response measurements were performed in a phantom tissue model consisting of a polyethylene terephthalate disc in an 20%-Intralipid® solution. Sampling ranges of 0-200 and 0-300 μm were obtained for the superficial and non-superficial probe, respectively. The mean signal-to-noise ratio of the superficial probe increased by a factor of 2 compared with the non-superficial probe. This newly developed superficial Raman probe is expected to improve epithelial cancer detection in vivo.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2011 (3)

P. Di Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Effect of dependent scattering on the optical properties of Intralipid tissue phantoms,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(8), 2265–2278 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Intralipid: towards a diffusive reference standard for optical tissue phantoms,” Phys. Med. Biol.56(2), N21–N28 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mo, W. Zheng, and Z. Huang, “Fiber-optic Raman probe couples ball lens for depth-selected Raman measurements of epithelial tissue,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(1), 17–30 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mo, W. Zheng, J. J. Low, J. Ng, A. Ilancheran, and Z. Huang, “High wavenumber Raman spectroscopy for in vivo detection of cervical dysplasia,” Anal. Chem.81(21), 8908–8915 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, J. Mo, K. Lin, X. Shao, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, and K. G. Yeoh, “Integrated Raman spectroscopy and trimodal wide-field imaging techniques for real-time in vivo tissue Raman measurements at endoscopy,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 758–760 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

G. Shetty, C. Kendall, N. Shepherd, N. Stone, and H. Barr, “Raman spectroscopy: elucidation of biochemical changes in carcinogenesis of oesophagus,” Br. J. Cancer94(10), 1460–1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

P. Crow, J. S. Uff, J. A. Farmer, M. P. Wright, and N. Stone, “The use of Raman spectroscopy to identify and characterize transitional cell carcinoma in vitro,” BJU Int.93(9), 1232–1236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Motz, M. Hunter, L. H. Galindo, J. A. Gardecki, J. R. Kramer, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Optical fiber probe for biomedical Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt.43(3), 542–554 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. A. Lieber and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Automated method for subtraction of fluorescence from biological Raman spectra,” Appl. Spectrosc.57(11), 1363–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Molckovsky, L. M. Song, M. G. Shim, N. E. Marcon, and B. C. Wilson, “Diagnostic potential of near-infrared Raman spectroscopy in the colon: differentiating adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps,” Gastrointest. Endosc.57(3), 396–402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

A. Mahadevan-Jansen, M. F. Mitchell, N. Ramanujam, U. Utzinger, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo,” Photochem. Photobiol.68(3), 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

M. G. Shim and B. Wilson, “Development of an In Vivo Raman Spectroscopic System for Diagnostic Applications,” J. Raman Spectros.28(2-3), 131–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

Asakura, T.

Barr, H.

G. Shetty, C. Kendall, N. Shepherd, N. Stone, and H. Barr, “Raman spectroscopy: elucidation of biochemical changes in carcinogenesis of oesophagus,” Br. J. Cancer94(10), 1460–1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ben-Amotz, D.

Bennett, R.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergholt, M. S.

J. Wang, M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, and Z. Huang, “Development of a beveled fiber-optic confocal Raman probe for enhancing in vivo epithelial tissue Raman measurements at endoscopy,” Opt. Lett.38(13), 2321–2323 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Born, C.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crow, P.

P. Crow, J. S. Uff, J. A. Farmer, M. P. Wright, and N. Stone, “The use of Raman spectroscopy to identify and characterize transitional cell carcinoma in vitro,” BJU Int.93(9), 1232–1236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dasari, R. R.

Day, J. C.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Ninni, P.

Draga, R. O.

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farmer, J. A.

P. Crow, J. S. Uff, J. A. Farmer, M. P. Wright, and N. Stone, “The use of Raman spectroscopy to identify and characterize transitional cell carcinoma in vitro,” BJU Int.93(9), 1232–1236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feld, M. S.

Galindo, L. H.

Gardecki, J. A.

Grimbergen, M. C.

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hattori, Y.

Ho, K. Y.

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, J. Mo, K. Lin, X. Shao, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, and K. G. Yeoh, “Integrated Raman spectroscopy and trimodal wide-field imaging techniques for real-time in vivo tissue Raman measurements at endoscopy,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 758–760 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

Hunter, M.

Hutchings, J.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilancheran, A.

J. Mo, W. Zheng, J. J. Low, J. Ng, A. Ilancheran, and Z. Huang, “High wavenumber Raman spectroscopy for in vivo detection of cervical dysplasia,” Anal. Chem.81(21), 8908–8915 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jonges, T. G.

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, G.

Kanter, E. M.

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, M. D.

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kendall, C.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Shetty, C. Kendall, N. Shepherd, N. Stone, and H. Barr, “Raman spectroscopy: elucidation of biochemical changes in carcinogenesis of oesophagus,” Br. J. Cancer94(10), 1460–1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Komachi, Y.

Kramer, J. R.

Kummer, J. A.

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laplant, F. P.

Lieber, C. A.

Lin, K.

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, J. Mo, K. Lin, X. Shao, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, and K. G. Yeoh, “Integrated Raman spectroscopy and trimodal wide-field imaging techniques for real-time in vivo tissue Raman measurements at endoscopy,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 758–760 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Low, J. J.

J. Mo, W. Zheng, J. J. Low, J. Ng, A. Ilancheran, and Z. Huang, “High wavenumber Raman spectroscopy for in vivo detection of cervical dysplasia,” Anal. Chem.81(21), 8908–8915 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mahadevan-Jansen, A.

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. A. Lieber and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Automated method for subtraction of fluorescence from biological Raman spectra,” Appl. Spectrosc.57(11), 1363–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mahadevan-Jansen, M. F. Mitchell, N. Ramanujam, U. Utzinger, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo,” Photochem. Photobiol.68(3), 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Majumder, S.

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcon, N. E.

A. Molckovsky, L. M. Song, M. G. Shim, N. E. Marcon, and B. C. Wilson, “Diagnostic potential of near-infrared Raman spectroscopy in the colon: differentiating adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps,” Gastrointest. Endosc.57(3), 396–402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marple, E.

Martelli, F.

P. D. Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Intralipid: towards a diffusive reference standard for optical tissue phantoms,” Phys. Med. Biol.56(2), N21–N28 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Di Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Effect of dependent scattering on the optical properties of Intralipid tissue phantoms,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(8), 2265–2278 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meaden, G. M.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitchell, M. F.

A. Mahadevan-Jansen, M. F. Mitchell, N. Ramanujam, U. Utzinger, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo,” Photochem. Photobiol.68(3), 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mo, J.

Moes, C. J.

Molckovsky, A.

A. Molckovsky, L. M. Song, M. G. Shim, N. E. Marcon, and B. C. Wilson, “Diagnostic potential of near-infrared Raman spectroscopy in the colon: differentiating adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps,” Gastrointest. Endosc.57(3), 396–402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motz, J. T.

Ng, J.

J. Mo, W. Zheng, J. J. Low, J. Ng, A. Ilancheran, and Z. Huang, “High wavenumber Raman spectroscopy for in vivo detection of cervical dysplasia,” Anal. Chem.81(21), 8908–8915 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ninni, P. D.

P. D. Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Intralipid: towards a diffusive reference standard for optical tissue phantoms,” Phys. Med. Biol.56(2), N21–N28 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prahl, S. A.

Ramanujam, N.

A. Mahadevan-Jansen, M. F. Mitchell, N. Ramanujam, U. Utzinger, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo,” Photochem. Photobiol.68(3), 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, G. G.

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reynolds, J. S.

Richards-Kortum, R.

A. Mahadevan-Jansen, M. F. Mitchell, N. Ramanujam, U. Utzinger, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo,” Photochem. Photobiol.68(3), 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruud Bosch, J. L.

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sato, H.

Shao, X.

Shepherd, N.

G. Shetty, C. Kendall, N. Shepherd, N. Stone, and H. Barr, “Raman spectroscopy: elucidation of biochemical changes in carcinogenesis of oesophagus,” Br. J. Cancer94(10), 1460–1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shetty, G.

G. Shetty, C. Kendall, N. Shepherd, N. Stone, and H. Barr, “Raman spectroscopy: elucidation of biochemical changes in carcinogenesis of oesophagus,” Br. J. Cancer94(10), 1460–1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, M. G.

A. Molckovsky, L. M. Song, M. G. Shim, N. E. Marcon, and B. C. Wilson, “Diagnostic potential of near-infrared Raman spectroscopy in the colon: differentiating adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps,” Gastrointest. Endosc.57(3), 396–402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Shim, B. Wilson, E. Marple, and M. Wach, “Study of Fiber-Optic probes for in Vivo Medical Raman Spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc.53(6), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Shim and B. Wilson, “Development of an In Vivo Raman Spectroscopic System for Diagnostic Applications,” J. Raman Spectros.28(2-3), 131–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shimosegawa, T.

Smith, B.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, L. M.

A. Molckovsky, L. M. Song, M. G. Shim, N. E. Marcon, and B. C. Wilson, “Diagnostic potential of near-infrared Raman spectroscopy in the colon: differentiating adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps,” Gastrointest. Endosc.57(3), 396–402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, N.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Shetty, C. Kendall, N. Shepherd, N. Stone, and H. Barr, “Raman spectroscopy: elucidation of biochemical changes in carcinogenesis of oesophagus,” Br. J. Cancer94(10), 1460–1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Crow, J. S. Uff, J. A. Farmer, M. P. Wright, and N. Stone, “The use of Raman spectroscopy to identify and characterize transitional cell carcinoma in vitro,” BJU Int.93(9), 1232–1236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tashiro, H.

Teh, M.

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, J. Mo, K. Lin, X. Shao, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, and K. G. Yeoh, “Integrated Raman spectroscopy and trimodal wide-field imaging techniques for real-time in vivo tissue Raman measurements at endoscopy,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 758–760 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teh, S. K.

Thompson, C. A.

Uff, J. S.

P. Crow, J. S. Uff, J. A. Farmer, M. P. Wright, and N. Stone, “The use of Raman spectroscopy to identify and characterize transitional cell carcinoma in vitro,” BJU Int.93(9), 1232–1236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Utzinger, U.

A. Mahadevan-Jansen, M. F. Mitchell, N. Ramanujam, U. Utzinger, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo,” Photochem. Photobiol.68(3), 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Gemert, M. J.

van Marie, J.

van Staveren, H. J.

van Swol, C. F.

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vargis, E.

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vijverberg, P. L.

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wach, M.

Wang, J.

Webb, K. J.

Wilson, B.

M. G. Shim, B. Wilson, E. Marple, and M. Wach, “Study of Fiber-Optic probes for in Vivo Medical Raman Spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc.53(6), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Shim and B. Wilson, “Development of an In Vivo Raman Spectroscopic System for Diagnostic Applications,” J. Raman Spectros.28(2-3), 131–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, B. C.

A. Molckovsky, L. M. Song, M. G. Shim, N. E. Marcon, and B. C. Wilson, “Diagnostic potential of near-infrared Raman spectroscopy in the colon: differentiating adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps,” Gastrointest. Endosc.57(3), 396–402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woeste, E.

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wright, M. P.

P. Crow, J. S. Uff, J. A. Farmer, M. P. Wright, and N. Stone, “The use of Raman spectroscopy to identify and characterize transitional cell carcinoma in vitro,” BJU Int.93(9), 1232–1236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan So, J. B.

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeoh, K. G.

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, J. Mo, K. Lin, X. Shao, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, and K. G. Yeoh, “Integrated Raman spectroscopy and trimodal wide-field imaging techniques for real-time in vivo tissue Raman measurements at endoscopy,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 758–760 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, S.

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaccanti, G.

P. D. Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Intralipid: towards a diffusive reference standard for optical tissue phantoms,” Phys. Med. Biol.56(2), N21–N28 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Di Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Effect of dependent scattering on the optical properties of Intralipid tissue phantoms,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(8), 2265–2278 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, W.

Anal. Chem. (2)

R. O. Draga, M. C. Grimbergen, P. L. Vijverberg, C. F. van Swol, T. G. Jonges, J. A. Kummer, and J. L. Ruud Bosch, “In vivo bladder cancer diagnosis by high-volume Raman spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem.82(14), 5993–5999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mo, W. Zheng, J. J. Low, J. Ng, A. Ilancheran, and Z. Huang, “High wavenumber Raman spectroscopy for in vivo detection of cervical dysplasia,” Anal. Chem.81(21), 8908–8915 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. (3)

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

BJU Int. (1)

P. Crow, J. S. Uff, J. A. Farmer, M. P. Wright, and N. Stone, “The use of Raman spectroscopy to identify and characterize transitional cell carcinoma in vitro,” BJU Int.93(9), 1232–1236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Br. J. Cancer (1)

G. Shetty, C. Kendall, N. Shepherd, N. Stone, and H. Barr, “Raman spectroscopy: elucidation of biochemical changes in carcinogenesis of oesophagus,” Br. J. Cancer94(10), 1460–1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gastrointest. Endosc. (1)

A. Molckovsky, L. M. Song, M. G. Shim, N. E. Marcon, and B. C. Wilson, “Diagnostic potential of near-infrared Raman spectroscopy in the colon: differentiating adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps,” Gastrointest. Endosc.57(3), 396–402 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Cancer (1)

M. S. Bergholt, W. Zheng, K. Lin, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, J. B. Yan So, and Z. Huang, “In vivo diagnosis of gastric cancer using Raman endoscopy and ant colony optimization techniques,” Int. J. Cancer128(11), 2673–2680 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biophotonics (1)

E. M. Kanter, E. Vargis, S. Majumder, M. D. Keller, E. Woeste, G. G. Rao, and A. Mahadevan-Jansen, “Application of Raman spectroscopy for cervical dysplasia diagnosis,” J. Biophotonics2(1-2), 81–90 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Raman Spectros. (1)

M. G. Shim and B. Wilson, “Development of an In Vivo Raman Spectroscopic System for Diagnostic Applications,” J. Raman Spectros.28(2-3), 131–142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photochem. Photobiol. (1)

A. Mahadevan-Jansen, M. F. Mitchell, N. Ramanujam, U. Utzinger, and R. Richards-Kortum, “Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo,” Photochem. Photobiol.68(3), 427–431 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Med. Biol. (2)

J. C. Day, R. Bennett, B. Smith, C. Kendall, J. Hutchings, G. M. Meaden, C. Born, S. Yu, and N. Stone, “A miniature confocal Raman probe for endoscopic use,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(23), 7077–7087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Ninni, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, “Intralipid: towards a diffusive reference standard for optical tissue phantoms,” Phys. Med. Biol.56(2), N21–N28 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Marple, E. Filtered Fiber Optic Probe. 12/630,640[US 8,175,432 B2], 0–11. 2012. Florida/USA. 12–3-2009. Ref Type: Patent.

R. L. McCreery, “Signal-to-noise in Raman spectroscopy,” in Raman Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (Wiley, 2000), p. 49.

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