Abstract

The detection of thermoelastic displacement by differential phase optical coherence tomography (DP-OCT) was analytically evaluated for identifying atherosclerotic plaques. Analytical solutions were developed to understand the dynamics of physical distribution of point hear sources during/after laser irradiation on thermoelastic responses of MION-injected tissue. Both analytical and experimental results demonstrated a delayed peak displacement along with slow decay after laser pulse due to heterogeneous distribution of the point heat sources. Detailed description of the heat sources in tissue as well as integration of a scanning mirror can improve computational accuracy as well as clinical applicability of DP-OCT for diagnosing vulnerable plaque.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [PubMed]

2012 (1)

P. Libby, “Inflammation in atherosclerosis,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.32(9), 2045–2051 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2008 (3)

D. C. Adler, S. W. Huang, R. Huber, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Photothermal detection of gold nanoparticles using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express16(7), 4376–4393 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. Oh, H. W. Kang, M. D. Feldman, and T. E. Milner, “Photothermal response of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles,” Lasers Surg. Med.40(6), 415–421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Skala, M. J. Crow, A. Wax, and J. A. Izatt, “Photothermal Optical Coherence Tomography of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Live Cells Using Immunotargeted Gold Nanospheres,” Nano Lett.8(10), 3461–3467 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

J. Kim, J. Oh, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, “Imaging nanoparticle flow using magneto-motive optical Doppler tomography,” Nanotechnology18(3), 035504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Oh, M. D. Feldman, J. Kim, C. Condit, S. Emelianov, and T. E. Milner, “Detection of magnetic nanoparticles in tissue using magneto-motive ultrasound,” Nanotechnology17(16), 4183–4190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

W. J. Rogers and P. Basu, “Factors regulating macrophage endocytosis of nanoparticles: implications for targeted magnetic resonance plaque imaging,” Atherosclerosis178(1), 67–73 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

M. A. Pulido, D. J. Angiolillo, and M. A. Costa, “Imaging of atherosclerotic plaque,” Int. J. Cardiovasc. Imaging20(6), 553–559 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, “Computation of quasi-discrete Hankel transforms of integer order for propagating optical wave fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A21(1), 53–58 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (6)

J. H. Davies, “Elastic Field in a Semi-Infinite Solid due to Thermal Expansion or a Coherently Misfitting Inclusion,” J. Appl. Mech.70(5), 655–660 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Libby, “Vascular biology of atherosclerosis: overview and state of the art,” Am. J. Cardiol.91(3), 3–6 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Barkhausen, W. Ebert, C. Heyer, J. F. Debatin, and H. J. Weinmann, “Detection of atherosclerotic plaque with Gadofluorine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation108(5), 605–609 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, “Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles,” Biophys. J.84(6), 4023–4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Akkin, D. P. Davé, J. I. Youn, S. A. Telenkov, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Imaging tissue response to electrical and photothermal stimulation with nanometer sensitivity,” Lasers Surg. Med.33(4), 219–225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. Verheye, G. R. De Meyer, G. Van Langenhove, M. W. Knaapen, and M. M. Kockx, “In vivo temperature heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaques is determined by plaque composition,” Circulation105(13), 1596–1601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Ruehm, C. Corot, P. Vogt, S. Kolb, and J. F. Debatin, “Magnetic resonance imaging of atherosclerotic plaque with ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Circulation103(3), 415–422 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Liu, M. J. Rodgers, Q. Wang, and L. M. Keer, “A Fast and Effective Method for Transient Thermoelastic Displacement Analyses,” J. Tribol.123(3), 479–485 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. P. Davé and T. E. Milner, “Optical low-coherence reflectometer for differential phase measurement,” Opt. Lett.25(4), 227–229 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

F. H. Epstein and R. Ross, “Atherosclerosis--an inflammatory disease,” N. Engl. J. Med.340(2), 115–126 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

S. C. Tyagi, “Homocysteine redox receptor and regulation of extracellular matrix components in vascular cells,” Am. J. Physiol.274(2 Pt 1), C396–C405 (1998).
[PubMed]

B. Bonnemain, “Superparamagnetic agents in magnetic resonance imaging: physicochemical characteristics and clinical applications. A review,” J. Drug Target.6(3), 167–174 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yu, M. Huang, M. Chen, W. Chen, W. Huang, and Z. Zhu, “Quasi-discrete Hankel transform,” Opt. Lett.23(6), 409–411 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

1979 (1)

K. Seo and T. Mura, “The Elastic Field in a Half Space Due to Ellipsoidal Inclusions With Uniform Dilatational Eigenstrains,” J. Appl. Mech.46(3), 568–572 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

R. D. Mindlin and D. H. Cheng, “Thermoelastic Stress in the Semi-Infinite Solid,” J. Appl. Mech.21, 931–933 (1950).

Adler, D. C.

Aguinaldo, J. G.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akkin, T.

T. Akkin, D. P. Davé, J. I. Youn, S. A. Telenkov, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Imaging tissue response to electrical and photothermal stimulation with nanometer sensitivity,” Lasers Surg. Med.33(4), 219–225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, R. R.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, “Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles,” Biophys. J.84(6), 4023–4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angiolillo, D. J.

M. A. Pulido, D. J. Angiolillo, and M. A. Costa, “Imaging of atherosclerotic plaque,” Int. J. Cardiovasc. Imaging20(6), 553–559 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barkhausen, J.

J. Barkhausen, W. Ebert, C. Heyer, J. F. Debatin, and H. J. Weinmann, “Detection of atherosclerotic plaque with Gadofluorine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation108(5), 605–609 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basu, P.

W. J. Rogers and P. Basu, “Factors regulating macrophage endocytosis of nanoparticles: implications for targeted magnetic resonance plaque imaging,” Atherosclerosis178(1), 67–73 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogdanov, A.

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

Bonnemain, B.

B. Bonnemain, “Superparamagnetic agents in magnetic resonance imaging: physicochemical characteristics and clinical applications. A review,” J. Drug Target.6(3), 167–174 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brady, T. J.

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

Casscells, S. W.

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, M.

Chen, W.

Cheng, D. H.

R. D. Mindlin and D. H. Cheng, “Thermoelastic Stress in the Semi-Infinite Solid,” J. Appl. Mech.21, 931–933 (1950).

Cohen, D. W.

Condit, C.

J. Oh, M. D. Feldman, J. Kim, C. Condit, S. Emelianov, and T. E. Milner, “Detection of magnetic nanoparticles in tissue using magneto-motive ultrasound,” Nanotechnology17(16), 4183–4190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Connolly, J. L.

Cornhill, J. F.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corot, C.

S. G. Ruehm, C. Corot, P. Vogt, S. Kolb, and J. F. Debatin, “Magnetic resonance imaging of atherosclerotic plaque with ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Circulation103(3), 415–422 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costa, M. A.

M. A. Pulido, D. J. Angiolillo, and M. A. Costa, “Imaging of atherosclerotic plaque,” Int. J. Cardiovasc. Imaging20(6), 553–559 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coupland, S. E.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crow, M. J.

M. C. Skala, M. J. Crow, A. Wax, and J. A. Izatt, “Photothermal Optical Coherence Tomography of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Live Cells Using Immunotargeted Gold Nanospheres,” Nano Lett.8(10), 3461–3467 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davé, D. P.

T. Akkin, D. P. Davé, J. I. Youn, S. A. Telenkov, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Imaging tissue response to electrical and photothermal stimulation with nanometer sensitivity,” Lasers Surg. Med.33(4), 219–225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Davé and T. E. Milner, “Optical low-coherence reflectometer for differential phase measurement,” Opt. Lett.25(4), 227–229 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davies, J. H.

J. H. Davies, “Elastic Field in a Semi-Infinite Solid due to Thermal Expansion or a Coherently Misfitting Inclusion,” J. Appl. Mech.70(5), 655–660 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Meyer, G. R.

S. Verheye, G. R. De Meyer, G. Van Langenhove, M. W. Knaapen, and M. M. Kockx, “In vivo temperature heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaques is determined by plaque composition,” Circulation105(13), 1596–1601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Debatin, J. F.

J. Barkhausen, W. Ebert, C. Heyer, J. F. Debatin, and H. J. Weinmann, “Detection of atherosclerotic plaque with Gadofluorine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation108(5), 605–609 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Ruehm, C. Corot, P. Vogt, S. Kolb, and J. F. Debatin, “Magnetic resonance imaging of atherosclerotic plaque with ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Circulation103(3), 415–422 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebert, W.

J. Barkhausen, W. Ebert, C. Heyer, J. F. Debatin, and H. J. Weinmann, “Detection of atherosclerotic plaque with Gadofluorine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation108(5), 605–609 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emelianov, S.

J. Oh, M. D. Feldman, J. Kim, C. Condit, S. Emelianov, and T. E. Milner, “Detection of magnetic nanoparticles in tissue using magneto-motive ultrasound,” Nanotechnology17(16), 4183–4190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Epstein, F. H.

F. H. Epstein and R. Ross, “Atherosclerosis--an inflammatory disease,” N. Engl. J. Med.340(2), 115–126 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fallon, J. T.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fayad, Z. A.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldman, M. D.

J. Kim, J. Oh, H. W. Kang, M. D. Feldman, and T. E. Milner, “Photothermal response of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles,” Lasers Surg. Med.40(6), 415–421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Oh, M. D. Feldman, J. Kim, C. Condit, S. Emelianov, and T. E. Milner, “Detection of magnetic nanoparticles in tissue using magneto-motive ultrasound,” Nanotechnology17(16), 4183–4190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fuster, V.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guizar-Sicairos, M.

Gust, R.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gutiérrez-Vega, J. C.

Heautot, J. F.

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

Herderick, E. E.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heyer, C.

J. Barkhausen, W. Ebert, C. Heyer, J. F. Debatin, and H. J. Weinmann, “Detection of atherosclerotic plaque with Gadofluorine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation108(5), 605–609 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, M.

Huang, S. W.

Huang, W.

Huber, R.

Itskovich, V. V.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izatt, J. A.

M. C. Skala, M. J. Crow, A. Wax, and J. A. Izatt, “Photothermal Optical Coherence Tomography of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Live Cells Using Immunotargeted Gold Nanospheres,” Nano Lett.8(10), 3461–3467 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joe, E. K.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, “Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles,” Biophys. J.84(6), 4023–4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, H. W.

J. Kim, J. Oh, H. W. Kang, M. D. Feldman, and T. E. Milner, “Photothermal response of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles,” Lasers Surg. Med.40(6), 415–421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katocs, A. S.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keer, L. M.

S. Liu, M. J. Rodgers, Q. Wang, and L. M. Keer, “A Fast and Effective Method for Transient Thermoelastic Displacement Analyses,” J. Tribol.123(3), 479–485 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, J. Oh, H. W. Kang, M. D. Feldman, and T. E. Milner, “Photothermal response of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles,” Lasers Surg. Med.40(6), 415–421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. Oh, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, “Imaging nanoparticle flow using magneto-motive optical Doppler tomography,” Nanotechnology18(3), 035504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Oh, M. D. Feldman, J. Kim, C. Condit, S. Emelianov, and T. E. Milner, “Detection of magnetic nanoparticles in tissue using magneto-motive ultrasound,” Nanotechnology17(16), 4183–4190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knaapen, M. W.

S. Verheye, G. R. De Meyer, G. Van Langenhove, M. W. Knaapen, and M. M. Kockx, “In vivo temperature heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaques is determined by plaque composition,” Circulation105(13), 1596–1601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kockx, M. M.

S. Verheye, G. R. De Meyer, G. Van Langenhove, M. W. Knaapen, and M. M. Kockx, “In vivo temperature heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaques is determined by plaque composition,” Circulation105(13), 1596–1601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolb, S.

S. G. Ruehm, C. Corot, P. Vogt, S. Kolb, and J. F. Debatin, “Magnetic resonance imaging of atherosclerotic plaque with ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Circulation103(3), 415–422 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolodgie, F. D.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kresse, M.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Largis, E. E.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H. C.

Lee, S. J.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Libby, P.

P. Libby, “Inflammation in atherosclerosis,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.32(9), 2045–2051 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Libby, “Vascular biology of atherosclerosis: overview and state of the art,” Am. J. Cardiol.91(3), 3–6 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. P.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, “Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles,” Biophys. J.84(6), 4023–4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Litovsky, S.

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, M. J. Rodgers, Q. Wang, and L. M. Keer, “A Fast and Effective Method for Transient Thermoelastic Displacement Analyses,” J. Tribol.123(3), 479–485 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Madjid, M.

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mani, V.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milner, T. E.

J. Kim, J. Oh, H. W. Kang, M. D. Feldman, and T. E. Milner, “Photothermal response of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles,” Lasers Surg. Med.40(6), 415–421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. Oh, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, “Imaging nanoparticle flow using magneto-motive optical Doppler tomography,” Nanotechnology18(3), 035504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Oh, M. D. Feldman, J. Kim, C. Condit, S. Emelianov, and T. E. Milner, “Detection of magnetic nanoparticles in tissue using magneto-motive ultrasound,” Nanotechnology17(16), 4183–4190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Akkin, D. P. Davé, J. I. Youn, S. A. Telenkov, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Imaging tissue response to electrical and photothermal stimulation with nanometer sensitivity,” Lasers Surg. Med.33(4), 219–225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Davé and T. E. Milner, “Optical low-coherence reflectometer for differential phase measurement,” Opt. Lett.25(4), 227–229 (2000).
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Mindlin, R. D.

R. D. Mindlin and D. H. Cheng, “Thermoelastic Stress in the Semi-Infinite Solid,” J. Appl. Mech.21, 931–933 (1950).

Misselwitz, B.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mondelblatt, A.

Mura, T.

K. Seo and T. Mura, “The Elastic Field in a Half Space Due to Ellipsoidal Inclusions With Uniform Dilatational Eigenstrains,” J. Appl. Mech.46(3), 568–572 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Naghavi, M.

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, J. S.

J. Kim, J. Oh, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, “Imaging nanoparticle flow using magneto-motive optical Doppler tomography,” Nanotechnology18(3), 035504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nossiff, N.

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

Oh, J.

J. Kim, J. Oh, H. W. Kang, M. D. Feldman, and T. E. Milner, “Photothermal response of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles,” Lasers Surg. Med.40(6), 415–421 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. Oh, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, “Imaging nanoparticle flow using magneto-motive optical Doppler tomography,” Nanotechnology18(3), 035504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Oh, M. D. Feldman, J. Kim, C. Condit, S. Emelianov, and T. E. Milner, “Detection of magnetic nanoparticles in tissue using magneto-motive ultrasound,” Nanotechnology17(16), 4183–4190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papisov, M. I.

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

Pitsillides, C. M.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, “Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles,” Biophys. J.84(6), 4023–4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pulido, M. A.

M. A. Pulido, D. J. Angiolillo, and M. A. Costa, “Imaging of atherosclerotic plaque,” Int. J. Cardiovasc. Imaging20(6), 553–559 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodgers, M. J.

S. Liu, M. J. Rodgers, Q. Wang, and L. M. Keer, “A Fast and Effective Method for Transient Thermoelastic Displacement Analyses,” J. Tribol.123(3), 479–485 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, W. J.

W. J. Rogers and P. Basu, “Factors regulating macrophage endocytosis of nanoparticles: implications for targeted magnetic resonance plaque imaging,” Atherosclerosis178(1), 67–73 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, R.

F. H. Epstein and R. Ross, “Atherosclerosis--an inflammatory disease,” N. Engl. J. Med.340(2), 115–126 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruehm, S. G.

S. G. Ruehm, C. Corot, P. Vogt, S. Kolb, and J. F. Debatin, “Magnetic resonance imaging of atherosclerotic plaque with ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Circulation103(3), 415–422 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rylander, H. G.

T. Akkin, D. P. Davé, J. I. Youn, S. A. Telenkov, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Imaging tissue response to electrical and photothermal stimulation with nanometer sensitivity,” Lasers Surg. Med.33(4), 219–225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaffer, B. K.

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

Schiffler, S.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitz, S. A.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semmler, W.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, K.

K. Seo and T. Mura, “The Elastic Field in a Half Space Due to Ellipsoidal Inclusions With Uniform Dilatational Eigenstrains,” J. Appl. Mech.46(3), 568–572 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sirol, M.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skala, M. C.

M. C. Skala, M. J. Crow, A. Wax, and J. A. Izatt, “Photothermal Optical Coherence Tomography of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Live Cells Using Immunotargeted Gold Nanospheres,” Nano Lett.8(10), 3461–3467 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Telenkov, S. A.

T. Akkin, D. P. Davé, J. I. Youn, S. A. Telenkov, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Imaging tissue response to electrical and photothermal stimulation with nanometer sensitivity,” Lasers Surg. Med.33(4), 219–225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toussaint, J. F.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, T. H.

Tyagi, S. C.

S. C. Tyagi, “Homocysteine redox receptor and regulation of extracellular matrix components in vascular cells,” Am. J. Physiol.274(2 Pt 1), C396–C405 (1998).
[PubMed]

Van Langenhove, G.

S. Verheye, G. R. De Meyer, G. Van Langenhove, M. W. Knaapen, and M. M. Kockx, “In vivo temperature heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaques is determined by plaque composition,” Circulation105(13), 1596–1601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verheye, S.

S. Verheye, G. R. De Meyer, G. Van Langenhove, M. W. Knaapen, and M. M. Kockx, “In vivo temperature heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaques is determined by plaque composition,” Circulation105(13), 1596–1601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Virmani, R.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogt, P.

S. G. Ruehm, C. Corot, P. Vogt, S. Kolb, and J. F. Debatin, “Magnetic resonance imaging of atherosclerotic plaque with ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Circulation103(3), 415–422 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, S.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

S. Liu, M. J. Rodgers, Q. Wang, and L. M. Keer, “A Fast and Effective Method for Transient Thermoelastic Displacement Analyses,” J. Tribol.123(3), 479–485 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wax, A.

M. C. Skala, M. J. Crow, A. Wax, and J. A. Izatt, “Photothermal Optical Coherence Tomography of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Live Cells Using Immunotargeted Gold Nanospheres,” Nano Lett.8(10), 3461–3467 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, X.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, “Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles,” Biophys. J.84(6), 4023–4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinmann, H. J.

M. Sirol, V. V. Itskovich, V. Mani, J. G. Aguinaldo, J. T. Fallon, B. Misselwitz, H. J. Weinmann, V. Fuster, J. F. Toussaint, and Z. A. Fayad, “Lipid-rich atherosclerotic plaques detected by gadofluorine-enhanced in vivo magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation109(23), 2890–2896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Barkhausen, W. Ebert, C. Heyer, J. F. Debatin, and H. J. Weinmann, “Detection of atherosclerotic plaque with Gadofluorine-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation108(5), 605–609 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weissleder, R.

R. Weissleder, J. F. Heautot, B. K. Schaffer, N. Nossiff, M. I. Papisov, A. Bogdanov, and T. J. Brady, “MR lymphography: study of a high-efficiency lymphotrophic agent,” Radiology191(1), 225–230 (1994).
[PubMed]

Willerson, J. T.

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winterhalter, S.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, K. J.

S. A. Schmitz, S. Winterhalter, S. Schiffler, R. Gust, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, S. E. Coupland, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “USPIO-enhanced direct MR imaging of thrombus: preclinical evaluation in rabbits,” Radiology221(1), 237–243 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Schmitz, S. E. Coupland, R. Gust, S. Winterhalter, S. Wagner, M. Kresse, W. Semmler, and K. J. Wolf, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MRI of atherosclerotic plaques in Watanabe hereditable hyperlipidemic rabbits,” Invest. Radiol.35(8), 460–471 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wrenn, S. M.

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Youn, J. I.

T. Akkin, D. P. Davé, J. I. Youn, S. A. Telenkov, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Imaging tissue response to electrical and photothermal stimulation with nanometer sensitivity,” Lasers Surg. Med.33(4), 219–225 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, L.

Zarrabi, A.

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, C.

Zhu, Z.

Am. J. Cardiol. (1)

P. Libby, “Vascular biology of atherosclerosis: overview and state of the art,” Am. J. Cardiol.91(3), 3–6 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Am. J. Physiol. (1)

S. C. Tyagi, “Homocysteine redox receptor and regulation of extracellular matrix components in vascular cells,” Am. J. Physiol.274(2 Pt 1), C396–C405 (1998).
[PubMed]

Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (2)

P. Libby, “Inflammation in atherosclerosis,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.32(9), 2045–2051 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. D. Kolodgie, A. S. Katocs, E. E. Largis, S. M. Wrenn, J. F. Cornhill, E. E. Herderick, S. J. Lee, and R. Virmani, “Hypercholesterolemia in the rabbit induced by feeding graded amounts of low-level cholesterol. Methodological considerations regarding individual variability in response to dietary cholesterol and development of lesion type,” Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.16(12), 1454–1464 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atherosclerosis (1)

W. J. Rogers and P. Basu, “Factors regulating macrophage endocytosis of nanoparticles: implications for targeted magnetic resonance plaque imaging,” Atherosclerosis178(1), 67–73 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biophys. J. (1)

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, “Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles,” Biophys. J.84(6), 4023–4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Circulation (5)

S. Litovsky, M. Madjid, A. Zarrabi, S. W. Casscells, J. T. Willerson, and M. Naghavi, “Superparamagnetic iron oxide-based method for quantifying recruitment of monocytes to mouse atherosclerotic lesions in vivo: enhancement by tissue necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma,” Circulation107(11), 1545–1549 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Verheye, G. R. De Meyer, G. Van Langenhove, M. W. Knaapen, and M. M. Kockx, “In vivo temperature heterogeneity of atherosclerotic plaques is determined by plaque composition,” Circulation105(13), 1596–1601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Surface displacement of semi-infinite half space insulating from point elastic potential: (a) thermoelastic displacement due to instantaneous heating of point heat source and (b) group of point heat sources

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement of thermoelastic displacements induced by 532-nm laser irradiation: (a) DP-OCT setup consisting of optical semiconductor amplifier light source (LS), lens (L), rapid scanning optical delay (RSOD) line, phase modulator (PM), mirror (M), calcite prism (CP), grating, (G), detector (D), and Wollaston prisms (W) and (b) detailed description of sample geometry indicating two separated locations (glass-air and air-artery boundaries)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation results of normalized thermoelastic surface displacement due to pulsed heating (pulse duration = 50 ms) of point heat source in semi-infinite medium at (a) various depths with fixed radius (r = 0, origin) and (b) various radial positions away from detection point at fixed depth (z = 5 μm)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation of normalized thermoelastic displacements due to pulsed laser irradiation (100 ms duration) in semi-infinite medium: (a) homogeneously distributed point heat sources with 5 μm intervals, (b) heterogeneously distributed heat sources with detection point above group of heat sources, and (c) heterogeneously distributed sources with detection point 300-μm distant from group of heat sources

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Thermoelastic surface displacements of rabbit arteries in response to 532-nm pulsed laser irradiation (100 ms duration)

Equations (10)

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u= 1 4π ( φ+ 2 φ 2 )
2 =( 34ν )+2z( /z )4(1v) k ^ 2 z
u 3 ( x,y,0,t )= α( 1+v ) π 0 ΔT( ξ ^ ,t ) × ξ 3 ( ( x ξ 1 ) 2 + ( y ξ 2 ) 2 + ξ 3 2 ) 3/2 d ξ 1 d ξ 2 d ξ 3
ΔT( ξ ^ ,t )= 1 8 ( πDt ) 3/2 Q ρ C p exp( ( c 2 + ξ 1 2 + ξ 2 2 + ξ 3 2 ) 4Dt )cosh( ξ 3 c 2Dt )
u 3 ( x,y,0,t;(0,0,c) )= α( 1+v ) 4π ( πDt ) 3/2 Q ρ C p exp( c 2 4Dt ) 0 cosh( ξ 3 c 2Dt )exp( ξ 3 2 4Dt )d ξ 3 × ξ 3 ( ( x ξ 1 ) 2 + ( y ξ 2 ) 2 + ξ 3 2 ) 3/2 exp( ( ξ 1 2 + ξ 2 2 ) 4Dt )d ξ 1 d ξ 2
u 3 ( k,0,t;(0,c) )= α( 1+v )Q ρ C p [ exp( 2πkc )erfc( 2πk Dt c/ 2 Dt ) +exp( 2πkc )erfc( 2πk Dt +c/ 2 Dt ) ]
u 3 ( r,0,t;(0,c) )=IHT[ u 3 ( k,0,t ) ]= 0 2π u 3 ( k,0,t ) J o ( 2πkr )k dk
u 3 ( r,0,t t p ;(0,c) )=IHT[ α( 1+v ) ρ C p 0 t Q ˙ { exp( 2πkc )erfc( 2πk Dt' c/ 2 Dt' ) +exp( 2πkc )erfc( 2πk Dt' +c/ 2 Dt' ) } dt' ]
u 3 ( r,0,t> t p ;(0,c) )=IHT[ α( 1+v ) ρ C p 0 t Q ˙ { exp( 2πkc )erfc( 2πk D(tt') c/ 2 D(tt') ) +exp( 2πkc )erfc( 2πk D(tt') +c/ 2 D(tt') ) } dt' ]
u 3 D ( r,0,t;( b i , c i ) )= i=1 N u 3 p ( r,0,t;( b i , c i ) )

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