Abstract

Glistenings consist of multiple microvacuoles in intraocular lenses (IOLs) that cause retinal stray light and may affect quality of vision. For four IOL types, the microvacuole particle size distribution and particle volume density was measured using confocal light microscopy and dark field microscopy, and the corresponding extinction coefficient γ was determined. The light scatter contribution induced by microvacuoles was measured as function of both angle and extinction, and was verified by calculations using Mie theory. Two IOL types possessed significant glistenings having stray light levels higher than that of a healthy 20 year old crystalline lens corresponding to γ ≥ 0.08 mm−1.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Waite, N. Faulkner, and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings in the single-piece, hydrophobic, acrylic intraocular lenses,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(1), 143–144 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Christiansen, F. J. Durcan, R. J. Olson, and K. Christiansen, “Glistenings in the AcrySof intraocular lens: pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(5), 728–733 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Wilkins and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.132(5), 783–785 (2001).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. H. Nishihara, S. Yaguchi, T. Onishi, M. Chida, and M. Ayaki, “Surface scattering in implanted hydrophobic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(7), 1385–1388 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
    [PubMed]
  30. S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. K. Miyata, M. Honbo, S. Otani, R. Nejima, and K. Minami, “Effect on visual acuity of increased surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(2), 221–226 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

J. Colin, D. Praud, D. Touboul, and C. Schweitzer, “Incidence of glistenings with the latest generation of yellow-tinted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(7), 1140–1146 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hayashi, A. Hirata, M. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura, and H. Hayashi, “Long-term effect of surface light scattering and glistenings of intraocular lenses on visual function,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.154(2), 240–251, e2 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miyata, M. Honbo, S. Otani, R. Nejima, and K. Minami, “Effect on visual acuity of increased surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(2), 221–226 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin and I. Orignac, “Glistenings on intraocular lenses in healthy eyes: effects and associations,” J. Refract. Surg.27(12), 869–875 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Mönestam and A. Behndig, “Impact on visual function from light scattering and glistenings in intraocular lenses, a long-term study,” Acta Ophthalmol. (Copenh.)89(8), 724–728 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, R. H. James, R. J. Landry, D. Calogero, J. Anderson, and I. K. Ilev, “Quantification of glistenings in intraocular lenses using a ballistic-photon removing integrating-sphere method,” Appl. Opt.50(35), 6461–6467 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. van der Mooren, T. van den Berg, J. Coppens, and P. Piers, “Combining in vitro test methods for measuring light scatter in intraocular lenses,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(3), 505–510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Werner, “Glistenings and surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(8), 1398–1420 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin, I. Orignac, and D. Touboul, “Glistenings in a large series of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(12), 2121–2126 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Waite, N. Faulkner, and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings in the single-piece, hydrophobic, acrylic intraocular lenses,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(1), 143–144 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. van der Mooren, J. Coppens, M. Bandhauer, and T. van den Berg, “Light scatter characteristics of acrylic intraocular lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.48, E-abstract 3126 (2007).

2005

L. Cowley, P. Laven, and M. Vollmer, “Rings around the sun and moon: coronae and diffraction,” Phys. Educ.40(1), 51–59 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
[PubMed]

2003

H. Nishihara, S. Yaguchi, T. Onishi, M. Chida, and M. Ayaki, “Surface scattering in implanted hydrophobic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(7), 1385–1388 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moreno-Montañés, A. Alvarez, R. Rodríguez-Conde, and A. Fernández-Hortelano, “Clinical factors related to the frequency and intensity of glistenings in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(10), 1980–1984 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

N. Z. Gregori, T. S. Spencer, N. Mamalis, and R. J. Olson, “In vitro comparison of glistening formation among hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1262–1268 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Tognetto, L. Toto, G. Sanguinetti, and G. Ravalico, “Glistenings in foldable intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1211–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

E. Wilkins and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.132(5), 783–785 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Gunenc, F. H. Oner, S. Tongal, and M. Ferliel, “Effects on visual function of glistenings and folding marks in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(10), 1611–1614 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Oshika, Y. Shiokawa, S. Amano, and K. Mitomo, “Influence of glistenings on the optical quality of acrylic foldable intraocular lens,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.85(9), 1034–1037 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Christiansen, F. J. Durcan, R. J. Olson, and K. Christiansen, “Glistenings in the AcrySof intraocular lens: pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(5), 728–733 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

H. Minami, K. Toru, K. Hiroi, and S. Kazama, “Glistening of Acrylic Intraocular Lenses,” Rinsho Ganka53(5), 991–994 (1999) (Jpn. J. Clin. Ophthalmol.).

E. Peetermans and R. Hennekes, “Long-term results of wagon wheel packed acrylic intra-ocular lenses (AcrySof),” Bull. Soc. Belge Ophtalmol.271, 45–48 (1999).
[PubMed]

1996

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1926

Alldredge, O. C.

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alvarez, A.

J. Moreno-Montañés, A. Alvarez, R. Rodríguez-Conde, and A. Fernández-Hortelano, “Clinical factors related to the frequency and intensity of glistenings in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(10), 1980–1984 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amano, S.

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Oshika, Y. Shiokawa, S. Amano, and K. Mitomo, “Influence of glistenings on the optical quality of acrylic foldable intraocular lens,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.85(9), 1034–1037 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, J.

Apple, D. J.

S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ayaki, M.

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
[PubMed]

H. Nishihara, S. Yaguchi, T. Onishi, M. Chida, and M. Ayaki, “Surface scattering in implanted hydrophobic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(7), 1385–1388 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandhauer, M.

M. van der Mooren, J. Coppens, M. Bandhauer, and T. van den Berg, “Light scatter characteristics of acrylic intraocular lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.48, E-abstract 3126 (2007).

Barraquer, R. I.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behndig, A.

E. Mönestam and A. Behndig, “Impact on visual function from light scattering and glistenings in intraocular lenses, a long-term study,” Acta Ophthalmol. (Copenh.)89(8), 724–728 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calogero, D.

Chida, M.

H. Nishihara, S. Yaguchi, T. Onishi, M. Chida, and M. Ayaki, “Surface scattering in implanted hydrophobic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(7), 1385–1388 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christiansen, G.

G. Christiansen, F. J. Durcan, R. J. Olson, and K. Christiansen, “Glistenings in the AcrySof intraocular lens: pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(5), 728–733 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christiansen, K.

G. Christiansen, F. J. Durcan, R. J. Olson, and K. Christiansen, “Glistenings in the AcrySof intraocular lens: pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(5), 728–733 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coeckelbergh, T.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colin, J.

J. Colin, D. Praud, D. Touboul, and C. Schweitzer, “Incidence of glistenings with the latest generation of yellow-tinted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(7), 1140–1146 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin and I. Orignac, “Glistenings on intraocular lenses in healthy eyes: effects and associations,” J. Refract. Surg.27(12), 869–875 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin, I. Orignac, and D. Touboul, “Glistenings in a large series of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(12), 2121–2126 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coppens, J.

M. van der Mooren, T. van den Berg, J. Coppens, and P. Piers, “Combining in vitro test methods for measuring light scatter in intraocular lenses,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(3), 505–510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. van der Mooren, J. Coppens, M. Bandhauer, and T. van den Berg, “Light scatter characteristics of acrylic intraocular lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.48, E-abstract 3126 (2007).

Coppens, J. E.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowley, L.

L. Cowley, P. Laven, and M. Vollmer, “Rings around the sun and moon: coronae and diffraction,” Phys. Educ.40(1), 51–59 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Crandall, A. S.

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dhaliwal, D. K.

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durcan, F. J.

G. Christiansen, F. J. Durcan, R. J. Olson, and K. Christiansen, “Glistenings in the AcrySof intraocular lens: pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(5), 728–733 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emesz, M.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faulkner, N.

A. Waite, N. Faulkner, and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings in the single-piece, hydrophobic, acrylic intraocular lenses,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(1), 143–144 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferliel, M.

U. Gunenc, F. H. Oner, S. Tongal, and M. Ferliel, “Effects on visual function of glistenings and folding marks in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(10), 1611–1614 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fernández-Hortelano, A.

J. Moreno-Montañés, A. Alvarez, R. Rodríguez-Conde, and A. Fernández-Hortelano, “Clinical factors related to the frequency and intensity of glistenings in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(10), 1980–1984 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franssen, L.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gotoh, N.

H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grabner, G.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregori, N. Z.

N. Z. Gregori, T. S. Spencer, N. Mamalis, and R. J. Olson, “In vitro comparison of glistening formation among hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1262–1268 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gunenc, U.

U. Gunenc, F. H. Oner, S. Tongal, and M. Ferliel, “Effects on visual function of glistenings and folding marks in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(10), 1611–1614 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayashi, H.

K. Hayashi, A. Hirata, M. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura, and H. Hayashi, “Long-term effect of surface light scattering and glistenings of intraocular lenses on visual function,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.154(2), 240–251, e2 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayashi, K.

K. Hayashi, A. Hirata, M. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura, and H. Hayashi, “Long-term effect of surface light scattering and glistenings of intraocular lenses on visual function,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.154(2), 240–251, e2 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heine, C.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennekes, R.

E. Peetermans and R. Hennekes, “Long-term results of wagon wheel packed acrylic intra-ocular lenses (AcrySof),” Bull. Soc. Belge Ophtalmol.271, 45–48 (1999).
[PubMed]

Hirata, A.

K. Hayashi, A. Hirata, M. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura, and H. Hayashi, “Long-term effect of surface light scattering and glistenings of intraocular lenses on visual function,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.154(2), 240–251, e2 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hiroi, K.

H. Minami, K. Toru, K. Hiroi, and S. Kazama, “Glistening of Acrylic Intraocular Lenses,” Rinsho Ganka53(5), 991–994 (1999) (Jpn. J. Clin. Ophthalmol.).

Holladay, L. L.

Honbo, M.

K. Miyata, M. Honbo, S. Otani, R. Nejima, and K. Minami, “Effect on visual acuity of increased surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(2), 221–226 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilev, I. K.

James, R. H.

Kageyama, T.

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
[PubMed]

Kambhiranond, W.

S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazama, S.

H. Minami, K. Toru, K. Hiroi, and S. Kazama, “Glistening of Acrylic Intraocular Lenses,” Rinsho Ganka53(5), 991–994 (1999) (Jpn. J. Clin. Ophthalmol.).

Kim, D. H.

Landry, R. J.

Laven, P.

L. Cowley, P. Laven, and M. Vollmer, “Rings around the sun and moon: coronae and diffraction,” Phys. Educ.40(1), 51–59 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mamalis, N.

N. Z. Gregori, T. S. Spencer, N. Mamalis, and R. J. Olson, “In vitro comparison of glistening formation among hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1262–1268 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsui, E.

H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsushima, H.

S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michael, R.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minami, H.

H. Minami, K. Toru, K. Hiroi, and S. Kazama, “Glistening of Acrylic Intraocular Lenses,” Rinsho Ganka53(5), 991–994 (1999) (Jpn. J. Clin. Ophthalmol.).

Minami, K.

K. Miyata, M. Honbo, S. Otani, R. Nejima, and K. Minami, “Effect on visual acuity of increased surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(2), 221–226 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitomo, K.

T. Oshika, Y. Shiokawa, S. Amano, and K. Mitomo, “Influence of glistenings on the optical quality of acrylic foldable intraocular lens,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.85(9), 1034–1037 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyai, T.

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyake, K.

S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyata, K.

K. Miyata, M. Honbo, S. Otani, R. Nejima, and K. Minami, “Effect on visual acuity of increased surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(2), 221–226 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mönestam, E.

E. Mönestam and A. Behndig, “Impact on visual function from light scattering and glistenings in intraocular lenses, a long-term study,” Acta Ophthalmol. (Copenh.)89(8), 724–728 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno-Montañés, J.

J. Moreno-Montañés, A. Alvarez, R. Rodríguez-Conde, and A. Fernández-Hortelano, “Clinical factors related to the frequency and intensity of glistenings in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(10), 1980–1984 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukai, K.

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagata, M.

S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nejima, R.

K. Miyata, M. Honbo, S. Otani, R. Nejima, and K. Minami, “Effect on visual acuity of increased surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(2), 221–226 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nischler, C.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishihara, H.

S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
[PubMed]

H. Nishihara, S. Yaguchi, T. Onishi, M. Chida, and M. Ayaki, “Surface scattering in implanted hydrophobic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(7), 1385–1388 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohnishi, T.

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
[PubMed]

Olson, R. J.

A. Waite, N. Faulkner, and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings in the single-piece, hydrophobic, acrylic intraocular lenses,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(1), 143–144 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Z. Gregori, T. S. Spencer, N. Mamalis, and R. J. Olson, “In vitro comparison of glistening formation among hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1262–1268 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Christiansen, F. J. Durcan, R. J. Olson, and K. Christiansen, “Glistenings in the AcrySof intraocular lens: pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(5), 728–733 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Wilkins and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.132(5), 783–785 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Omar, O.

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oner, F. H.

U. Gunenc, F. H. Oner, S. Tongal, and M. Ferliel, “Effects on visual function of glistenings and folding marks in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(10), 1611–1614 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Onishi, T.

H. Nishihara, S. Yaguchi, T. Onishi, M. Chida, and M. Ayaki, “Surface scattering in implanted hydrophobic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(7), 1385–1388 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orignac, I.

J. Colin and I. Orignac, “Glistenings on intraocular lenses in healthy eyes: effects and associations,” J. Refract. Surg.27(12), 869–875 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin, I. Orignac, and D. Touboul, “Glistenings in a large series of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(12), 2121–2126 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oshika, T.

T. Oshika, Y. Shiokawa, S. Amano, and K. Mitomo, “Influence of glistenings on the optical quality of acrylic foldable intraocular lens,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.85(9), 1034–1037 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ota, I.

S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Otani, S.

K. Miyata, M. Honbo, S. Otani, R. Nejima, and K. Minami, “Effect on visual acuity of increased surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(2), 221–226 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peetermans, E.

E. Peetermans and R. Hennekes, “Long-term results of wagon wheel packed acrylic intra-ocular lenses (AcrySof),” Bull. Soc. Belge Ophtalmol.271, 45–48 (1999).
[PubMed]

Piers, P.

Praud, D.

J. Colin, D. Praud, D. Touboul, and C. Schweitzer, “Incidence of glistenings with the latest generation of yellow-tinted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(7), 1140–1146 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ravalico, G.

D. Tognetto, L. Toto, G. Sanguinetti, and G. Ravalico, “Glistenings in foldable intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1211–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodríguez-Conde, R.

J. Moreno-Montañés, A. Alvarez, R. Rodríguez-Conde, and A. Fernández-Hortelano, “Clinical factors related to the frequency and intensity of glistenings in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(10), 1980–1984 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samejima, T.

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanguinetti, G.

D. Tognetto, L. Toto, G. Sanguinetti, and G. Ravalico, “Glistenings in foldable intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1211–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schweitzer, C.

J. Colin, D. Praud, D. Touboul, and C. Schweitzer, “Incidence of glistenings with the latest generation of yellow-tinted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(7), 1140–1146 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Senoo, T.

S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, M. Nagata, N. Gotoh, E. Matsui, and T. Senoo, “Analysis of surface whitening of extracted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1927–1934 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiokawa, Y.

T. Oshika, Y. Shiokawa, S. Amano, and K. Mitomo, “Influence of glistenings on the optical quality of acrylic foldable intraocular lens,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.85(9), 1034–1037 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spencer, T. S.

N. Z. Gregori, T. S. Spencer, N. Mamalis, and R. J. Olson, “In vitro comparison of glistening formation among hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1262–1268 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stanley, D.

S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Terauchi, W.

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tognetto, D.

D. Tognetto, L. Toto, G. Sanguinetti, and G. Ravalico, “Glistenings in foldable intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1211–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tongal, S.

U. Gunenc, F. H. Oner, S. Tongal, and M. Ferliel, “Effects on visual function of glistenings and folding marks in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(10), 1611–1614 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toru, K.

H. Minami, K. Toru, K. Hiroi, and S. Kazama, “Glistening of Acrylic Intraocular Lenses,” Rinsho Ganka53(5), 991–994 (1999) (Jpn. J. Clin. Ophthalmol.).

Toto, L.

D. Tognetto, L. Toto, G. Sanguinetti, and G. Ravalico, “Glistenings in foldable intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.28(7), 1211–1216 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Touboul, D.

J. Colin, D. Praud, D. Touboul, and C. Schweitzer, “Incidence of glistenings with the latest generation of yellow-tinted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(7), 1140–1146 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin, I. Orignac, and D. Touboul, “Glistenings in a large series of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(12), 2121–2126 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van den Berg, T.

M. van der Mooren, T. van den Berg, J. Coppens, and P. Piers, “Combining in vitro test methods for measuring light scatter in intraocular lenses,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(3), 505–510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. van der Mooren, J. Coppens, M. Bandhauer, and T. van den Berg, “Light scatter characteristics of acrylic intraocular lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.48, E-abstract 3126 (2007).

Van Den Berg, T. J.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Mooren, M.

M. van der Mooren, T. van den Berg, J. Coppens, and P. Piers, “Combining in vitro test methods for measuring light scatter in intraocular lenses,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(3), 505–510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. van der Mooren, J. Coppens, M. Bandhauer, and T. van den Berg, “Light scatter characteristics of acrylic intraocular lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.48, E-abstract 3126 (2007).

Van Rijn, L. J.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vollmer, M.

L. Cowley, P. Laven, and M. Vollmer, “Rings around the sun and moon: coronae and diffraction,” Phys. Educ.40(1), 51–59 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wada, H.

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waite, A.

A. Waite, N. Faulkner, and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings in the single-piece, hydrophobic, acrylic intraocular lenses,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(1), 143–144 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T.

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
[PubMed]

Werner, L.

L. Werner, “Glistenings and surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(8), 1398–1420 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilhelm, H.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilkins, E.

E. Wilkins and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.132(5), 783–785 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yaguchi, S.

S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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K. Hayashi, A. Hirata, M. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura, and H. Hayashi, “Long-term effect of surface light scattering and glistenings of intraocular lenses on visual function,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.154(2), 240–251, e2 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshida, S.

S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Acta Ophthalmol. (Copenh.)

E. Mönestam and A. Behndig, “Impact on visual function from light scattering and glistenings in intraocular lenses, a long-term study,” Acta Ophthalmol. (Copenh.)89(8), 724–728 (2011).
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Am. J. Ophthalmol.

E. Wilkins and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lens,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.132(5), 783–785 (2001).
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A. Waite, N. Faulkner, and R. J. Olson, “Glistenings in the single-piece, hydrophobic, acrylic intraocular lenses,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(1), 143–144 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hayashi, A. Hirata, M. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura, and H. Hayashi, “Long-term effect of surface light scattering and glistenings of intraocular lenses on visual function,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.154(2), 240–251, e2 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. J. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol.144(3), 358–363, 363.e1 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Biomed. Opt. Express

Br. J. Ophthalmol.

K. Miyata, S. Otani, R. Nejima, T. Miyai, T. Samejima, M. Honbo, K. Minami, and S. Amano, “Comparison of postoperative surface light scattering of different intraocular lenses,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.93(5), 684–687 (2009).
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T. Oshika, Y. Shiokawa, S. Amano, and K. Mitomo, “Influence of glistenings on the optical quality of acrylic foldable intraocular lens,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.85(9), 1034–1037 (2001).
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Bull. Soc. Belge Ophtalmol.

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[PubMed]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.

M. van der Mooren, J. Coppens, M. Bandhauer, and T. van den Berg, “Light scatter characteristics of acrylic intraocular lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.48, E-abstract 3126 (2007).

J. Cataract Refract. Surg.

L. Werner, “Glistenings and surface light scattering in intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(8), 1398–1420 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagata, H. Matsushima, K. Mukai, W. Terauchi, T. Senoo, H. Wada, and S. Yoshida, “Clinical evaluation of the transparency of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens optics,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(12), 2056–2060 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin, I. Orignac, and D. Touboul, “Glistenings in a large series of hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(12), 2121–2126 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moreno-Montañés, A. Alvarez, R. Rodríguez-Conde, and A. Fernández-Hortelano, “Clinical factors related to the frequency and intensity of glistenings in AcrySof intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(10), 1980–1984 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Christiansen, F. J. Durcan, R. J. Olson, and K. Christiansen, “Glistenings in the AcrySof intraocular lens: pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(5), 728–733 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colin, D. Praud, D. Touboul, and C. Schweitzer, “Incidence of glistenings with the latest generation of yellow-tinted hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.38(7), 1140–1146 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Dhaliwal, N. Mamalis, R. J. Olson, A. S. Crandall, P. Zimmerman, O. C. Alldredge, F. J. Durcan, and O. Omar, “Visual significance of glistenings seen in the AcrySof intraocular lens,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.22(4), 452–457 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. Nishihara, S. Yaguchi, T. Onishi, M. Chida, and M. Ayaki, “Surface scattering in implanted hydrophobic intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(7), 1385–1388 (2003).
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J. Colin and I. Orignac, “Glistenings on intraocular lenses in healthy eyes: effects and associations,” J. Refract. Surg.27(12), 869–875 (2011).
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S. Yoshida, H. Matsushima, M. Nagata, T. Senoo, I. Ota, and K. Miyake, “Decreased visual function due to high-level light scattering in a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens,” Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.55(1), 62–66 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi

H. Nishihara, M. Ayaki, T. Watanabe, T. Ohnishi, T. Kageyama, and S. Yaguchi, “Comparison of surface light scattering of acrylic intraocular lenses made by lathe-cutting and cast-molding methods—long-term observation and experimental study,” Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi108(3), 157–161 (2004) (article in Japanese).
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Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging

S. Yaguchi, H. Nishihara, W. Kambhiranond, D. Stanley, and D. J. Apple, “Light scatter on the surface of AcrySof intraocular lenses: part I. Analysis of lenses retrieved from pseudophakic postmortem human eyes,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers Imaging39(3), 209–213 (2008).
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Other

H.C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover Publications Inc., 1981), pp. 129, 176, 222.

P. Laven, “MiePlot: A computer program for scattering of light from a sphere using Mie theory & the Debye series,” http://www.philiplaven.com/mieplot.htm , accessed January 2013.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Lunar corona.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microvacuole characteristics. The error bars indicate the standard deviation. The numbers of microvacuoles per cubic millimeter for the enVista IOLs and the Tecnis IOLs are so small that the bars are hardly visible.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top row shows dark field images and bottom row confocal images. The range of the extinction coefficients is displayed in between rows. The images from left to right with γ = 0.11 mm−1, γ = 0.00 mm−1, γ = 0.18 mm−1 and γ = 0.02 mm−1. Bar indicates 50 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Scatter level as a function of visual angle compared to a 20 yr and a 70 yr old healthy crystalline lens. The numbers in the legend denote extinction and symbols in the graph denote the IOL type (■Acrysof, ●enVista, ◊ and ♦iSymm, ▲Tecnis). The low angle measurements are represented with symbols; the actual measurements have much higher resolution.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Induced light scatter of two small-angle (solid black line γ = 0.11 mm−1 and solid red line γ = 0.18 mm−1) and two large-angle measurements (symbols: γ = 0.12 mm−1 and γ = 0.24 mm−1) compared to two outcomes using MIEPlot program for γ = 0.11 and 0.24 mm−1 (dashed).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Backward (left) and Forward (right) scatter for Acrysof lens at 45 degrees [17].

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Light transmission (%) left for image formation.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Luminance contrast as a function of extinction for three common daily tasks. Labels refer to the lighting conditions defined in Table 1.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dark field images Acrysof lens 10X (left) and 40X (right).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Description of Three Daily Tasks under Different Conditions

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γ= 0 π a 2 Q(a)N(a)da
Q(ρ)=2(4/ρ)sinρ+(4/ ρ 2 )(1cosρ)
f(γ)=1exp(γt)
s(θ,γ)=f(γ)I(θ) θ 2
I(θ)=4 μ 2 x 2 / (4 μ 2 + θ 2 ) 2 + x 4 ( (1+cosθ/2) 2 ( J 1 (xsinθ)/xsinθ) 2
C=( L t L b )/( L b L v )

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