X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Liu, A. Cong, W. Cong, Y. Wang, and P. Dubey, “Digital spectral separation methods and systems for bioluminescence imaging,” Opt. Express16, 1719–1732 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express16, 15640–15654 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Med. Phys.35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner,” Radiology229(P), 566 (2003).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

S. Ahn, A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, C. A. Bouman, and R. M. Leahy, “Fast iterative image reconstruction methods for fully 3D multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol.53, 3921–3942 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Effect of optical property estimation accuracy on tomographic bioluminescence imaging: simulation of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system,” Phys. Med. Biol.51, 2045–2053 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. H. Contag and M. H. Bachmann, “Advances in in vivo bioluminescence imaging of gene expression,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng.4, 235–260 (2002).

[CrossRef]
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A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express17, 8062–8080 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Effect of optical property estimation accuracy on tomographic bioluminescence imaging: simulation of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system,” Phys. Med. Biol.51, 2045–2053 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Ahn, A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, C. A. Bouman, and R. M. Leahy, “Fast iterative image reconstruction methods for fully 3D multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol.53, 3921–3942 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Liu, A. Cong, W. Cong, Y. Wang, and P. Dubey, “Digital spectral separation methods and systems for bioluminescence imaging,” Opt. Express16, 1719–1732 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Liu, A. Cong, W. Cong, Y. Wang, and P. Dubey, “Digital spectral separation methods and systems for bioluminescence imaging,” Opt. Express16, 1719–1732 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, W. Cong, and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography from partial measurement.” Opt. Express15, 11095–11116 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. H. Contag and B. D. Ross, “It’s not just about anatomy: in vivo bioluminescence imaging as an eyepiece into biology,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging16, 378–387 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. H. Contag and M. H. Bachmann, “Advances in in vivo bioluminescence imaging of gene expression,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng.4, 235–260 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Rehemtulla, L. D. Stegman, S. J. Cardozo, S. Gupta, D. E. Hall, C. H. Contag, and B. D. Ross, “Rapid and quantitative assessment of cancer treatment response using in vivo bioluminescence imaging,” Neoplasia2, 491–495 (2000).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Ahn, A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, C. A. Bouman, and R. M. Leahy, “Fast iterative image reconstruction methods for fully 3D multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol.53, 3921–3942 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Med. Phys.35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express16, 15640–15654 (2008).

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[CrossRef]

A. Rehemtulla, L. D. Stegman, S. J. Cardozo, S. Gupta, D. E. Hall, C. H. Contag, and B. D. Ross, “Rapid and quantitative assessment of cancer treatment response using in vivo bioluminescence imaging,” Neoplasia2, 491–495 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. L. Hammer, P. Hansen, and B. Simeone, “Roof duality, complementation and persistency in quadratic 0–1 optimization,” Math. Program.28, 121–155 (1984).

[CrossRef]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner,” Radiology229(P), 566 (2003).

M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, W. Cong, and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography from partial measurement.” Opt. Express15, 11095–11116 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography,” Proc. SPIE5535, 335–351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, “Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography,” Med. Phys.31, 2289–2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Convergence studies on iterative algorithms for image reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging22, 569–579 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Boykov and V. Kolmogorov, “An experimental comparison of min-cut/max-flow algorithms for energy minimization in vision,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell.26, 1124–1137 (2004).

[CrossRef]

V. Kolmogorov and R. Zabin, “What energy functions can be minimized via graph cuts?” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell.26, 147–159 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Ahn, A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, C. A. Bouman, and R. M. Leahy, “Fast iterative image reconstruction methods for fully 3D multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol.53, 3921–3942 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, “Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography,” Med. Phys.31, 2289–2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Liu, A. Cong, W. Cong, Y. Wang, and P. Dubey, “Digital spectral separation methods and systems for bioluminescence imaging,” Opt. Express16, 1719–1732 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express17, 8062–8080 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express16, 15640–15654 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner,” Radiology229(P), 566 (2003).

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A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol.23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Piana and M. Bertero, “Projected landweber method and preconditioning,” Inverse Prob.13, 441–463 (1997).

[CrossRef]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Med. Phys.35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express16, 15640–15654 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Effect of optical property estimation accuracy on tomographic bioluminescence imaging: simulation of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system,” Phys. Med. Biol.51, 2045–2053 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Rehemtulla, L. D. Stegman, S. J. Cardozo, S. Gupta, D. E. Hall, C. H. Contag, and B. D. Ross, “Rapid and quantitative assessment of cancer treatment response using in vivo bioluminescence imaging,” Neoplasia2, 491–495 (2000).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol.23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. H. Contag and B. D. Ross, “It’s not just about anatomy: in vivo bioluminescence imaging as an eyepiece into biology,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging16, 378–387 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Rehemtulla, L. D. Stegman, S. J. Cardozo, S. Gupta, D. E. Hall, C. H. Contag, and B. D. Ross, “Rapid and quantitative assessment of cancer treatment response using in vivo bioluminescence imaging,” Neoplasia2, 491–495 (2000).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner,” Radiology229(P), 566 (2003).

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express17, 8062–8080 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express16, 15640–15654 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Liu, A. Cong, W. Cong, Y. Wang, and P. Dubey, “Digital spectral separation methods and systems for bioluminescence imaging,” Opt. Express16, 1719–1732 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, W. Cong, and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography from partial measurement.” Opt. Express15, 11095–11116 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner,” Radiology229(P), 566 (2003).

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Convergence studies on iterative algorithms for image reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging22, 569–579 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol.23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner,” Radiology229(P), 566 (2003).

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[CrossRef]

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F. Natterer and F. Wübbeling, Mathematical Methods in Image Reconstruction (SIAM, 2001).

[CrossRef]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

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B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
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B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Ma, J. Tian, C. Qin, X. Yang, B. Zhang, Z. Xue, X. Zhang, D. Han, D. Dong, and X. Liu, “Early detection of liver cancer based on bioluminescence tomography,” Appl. Opt.50, 1389–1395 (2011).

[CrossRef]
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B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
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Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express17, 8062–8080 (2009).

[CrossRef]
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B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

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B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
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K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express16, 15640–15654 (2008).

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C. H. Contag and B. D. Ross, “It’s not just about anatomy: in vivo bioluminescence imaging as an eyepiece into biology,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging16, 378–387 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. L. Hammer, P. Hansen, and B. Simeone, “Roof duality, complementation and persistency in quadratic 0–1 optimization,” Math. Program.28, 121–155 (1984).

[CrossRef]

H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using the reciprocity approach,” Med. Phys.35, 4863–4871 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, “Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography,” Med. Phys.31, 2289–2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol.23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Rudin and R. Weissleder, “Molecular imaging in drug discovery and development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discovery2, 123–131 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Rehemtulla, L. D. Stegman, S. J. Cardozo, S. Gupta, D. E. Hall, C. H. Contag, and B. D. Ross, “Rapid and quantitative assessment of cancer treatment response using in vivo bioluminescence imaging,” Neoplasia2, 491–495 (2000).

[CrossRef]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express16, 15640–15654 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Liu, A. Cong, W. Cong, Y. Wang, and P. Dubey, “Digital spectral separation methods and systems for bioluminescence imaging,” Opt. Express16, 1719–1732 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14, 7801–7809 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, W. Cong, and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography from partial measurement.” Opt. Express15, 11095–11116 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source reconstruction for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,” Opt. Express17, 8062–8080 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express18, 6477–6491 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol.50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Effect of optical property estimation accuracy on tomographic bioluminescence imaging: simulation of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system,” Phys. Med. Biol.51, 2045–2053 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol.52, 4497–4512 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, “Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography,” Proc. SPIE5535, 335–351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner,” Radiology229(P), 566 (2003).

M. Sonka, V. Hlavac, and R. Boyle, Image Processing, Analysis, and Machine Vision (Thompson Learning, 2008).

F. Natterer and F. Wübbeling, Mathematical Methods in Image Reconstruction (SIAM, 2001).

[CrossRef]

P. E. Gill, W. Murray, and M. H. Wright, Practical Optimization (Academic Press, 1981).