Abstract

Abnormal changes in orientation of myofibers are associated with various cardiac diseases such as arrhythmia, irregular contraction, and cardiomyopathy. To extract fiber information, we present a method of quantifying fiber orientation and reconstructing three-dimensional tractography of myofibers using optical coherence tomography (OCT). A gradient based algorithm was developed to quantify fiber orientation in three dimensions and particle filtering technique was employed to track myofibers. Prior to image processing, three-dimensional image data set were acquired from all cardiac chambers and ventricular septum of swine hearts using OCT system without optical clearing. The algorithm was validated through rotation test and comparison with manual measurements. The experimental results demonstrate that we are able to visualize three-dimensional fiber tractography in myocardium tissues.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

H.-C. Park, C. Song, M. Kang, Y. Jeong, K.-H. Jeong, “Forward imaging OCT endoscopic catheter based on MEMS lens scanning,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2673–2675 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Goergen, H. Radhakrishnan, S. Sakadžić, E. T. Mandeville, E. H. Lo, D. E. Sosnovik, V. J. Srinivasan, “Optical coherence tractography using intrinsic contrast,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3882–3884 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Pluijmert, W. Kroon, A. C. Rossi, P. H. M. Bovendeerd, T. Delhaas, “Why SIT Works: Normal Function Despite Typical Myofiber Pattern in Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) Hearts Derived by Shear-Induced Myofiber Reorientation,” PLOS Comput. Biol. 8(7), e1002611 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Ambrosi, V. V. Fedorov, R. B. Schuessler, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Quantification of fiber orientation in the canine atrial pacemaker complex using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7), 071309 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Klyen, T. Shavlakadze, H. G. Radley-Crabb, M. D. Grounds, D. D. Sampson, “Identification of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(7), 076013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, H. Wang, G. Amit, A. M. Rollins, “In vitro characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18(3), 3079–3092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, A. M. Rollins, “Toward guidance of epicardial cardiac radiofrequency ablation therapy using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(4), 041510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-R. Tsai, Y.-W. Chiu, M. T. Lo, C.-K. Sun, “Second-harmonic generation imaging of collagen fibers in myocardium for atrial fibrillation diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 026002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

D. E. Sosnovik, R. Wang, G. Dai, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Diffusion MR tractography of the heart,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 11(1), 47 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Ambrosi, N. Moazami, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Virtual histology of the human heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(5), 054002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, E. R. Hancock, C. Goodlett, G. Gerig, “Probabilistic white matter fiber tracking using particle filtering and von Mises-Fisher sampling,” Med. Image Anal. 13(1), 5–18 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gargesha, M. W. Jenkins, D. L. Wilson, A. M. Rollins, “High temporal resolution OCT using image-based retrospective gating,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10786–10799 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, C. M. Ripplinger, B. Webb, I. R. Efimov, A. M. Rollins, “Quantification of cardiac fiber orientation using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 030505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Pope, G. B. Sands, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, “Three-dimensional transmural organization of perimysial collagen in the heart,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 295(3), H1243–H1252 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-Y. I. Tseng, J. Dou, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Imaging myocardial fiber disarray and intramural strain hypokinesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with MRI,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 23(1), 1–8 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

P. Helm, M. F. Beg, M. I. Miller, R. L. Winslow, “Measuring and Mapping Cardiac Fiber and Laminar Architecture Using Diffusion Tensor Mr Imaging,” Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1047(1), 296–307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tobita, J. B. Garrison, L. J. Liu, J. P. Tinney, B. B. Keller, “Three-dimensional myofiber architecture of the embryonic left ventricle during normal development and altered mechanical loads,” Anat. Rec. A Discov. Mol. Cell. Evol. Biol. 283A(1), 193–201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

A. G. Kléber, Y. Rudy, “Basic Mechanisms of Cardiac Impulse Propagation and Associated Arrhythmias,” Physiol. Rev. 84(2), 431–488 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

M. Arulampalam, S. Maskell, N. Gordon, T. Clapp, “A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian tracking,” IEEE, Trans. Sig. Pro 50(2), 174–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. F. Scollan, A. Holmes, J. Zhang, R. L. Winslow, “Reconstruction of Cardiac Ventricular Geometry and Fiber Orientation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 28(8), 934–944 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Basser, S. Pajevic, C. Pierpaoli, J. Duda, A. Aldroubi, “In vivo fiber tractography using DT-MRI data,” Magn. Reson. Med. 44(4), 625–632 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

A. T. Armstrong, P. F. Binkley, P. B. Baker, P. D. Myerowitz, C. V. Leier, “Quantitative investigation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis over 6 years after cardiac transplantation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 32(3), 704–710 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Karlon, J. W. Covell, A. D. McCulloch, J. J. Hunter, J. H. Omens, “Automated measurement of myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras,” Anat. Rec. 252(4), 612–625 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Doevendans, M. J. Daemen, E. D. de Muinck, J. F. Smits, “Cardiovascular phenotyping in mice,” Cardiovasc. Res. 39(1), 34–49 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

P. J. Hunter, P. M. Nielsen, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, I. W. Hunter, “An anatomical heart model with applications to myocardial activation and ventricular mechanics,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 20(5-6), 403–426 (1992).
[PubMed]

1969

D. D. J. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1963

S. Konno, S. Sakakibara, “ENdo-myocardial biopsy,” Dis. Chest 44(4), 345–350 (1963).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aldroubi, A.

P. J. Basser, S. Pajevic, C. Pierpaoli, J. Duda, A. Aldroubi, “In vivo fiber tractography using DT-MRI data,” Magn. Reson. Med. 44(4), 625–632 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ambrosi, C. M.

C. M. Ambrosi, V. V. Fedorov, R. B. Schuessler, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Quantification of fiber orientation in the canine atrial pacemaker complex using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7), 071309 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Ambrosi, N. Moazami, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Virtual histology of the human heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(5), 054002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amit, G.

Armstrong, A. T.

A. T. Armstrong, P. F. Binkley, P. B. Baker, P. D. Myerowitz, C. V. Leier, “Quantitative investigation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis over 6 years after cardiac transplantation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 32(3), 704–710 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arruda, M.

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, N. Rosenthal, A. M. Rollins, M. Arruda, “First in vivo Real-Time Imaging of Endocardial RF Ablation by Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. In. Card. R. M2 (2011).

Arulampalam, M.

M. Arulampalam, S. Maskell, N. Gordon, T. Clapp, “A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian tracking,” IEEE, Trans. Sig. Pro 50(2), 174–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baker, P. B.

A. T. Armstrong, P. F. Binkley, P. B. Baker, P. D. Myerowitz, C. V. Leier, “Quantitative investigation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis over 6 years after cardiac transplantation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 32(3), 704–710 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basser, P. J.

P. J. Basser, S. Pajevic, C. Pierpaoli, J. Duda, A. Aldroubi, “In vivo fiber tractography using DT-MRI data,” Magn. Reson. Med. 44(4), 625–632 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beg, M. F.

P. Helm, M. F. Beg, M. I. Miller, R. L. Winslow, “Measuring and Mapping Cardiac Fiber and Laminar Architecture Using Diffusion Tensor Mr Imaging,” Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1047(1), 296–307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bel, A.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Binkley, P. F.

A. T. Armstrong, P. F. Binkley, P. B. Baker, P. D. Myerowitz, C. V. Leier, “Quantitative investigation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis over 6 years after cardiac transplantation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 32(3), 704–710 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bishop, A.

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjaalie, J. G.

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bolstad, I.

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bovendeerd, P. H. M.

M. Pluijmert, W. Kroon, A. C. Rossi, P. H. M. Bovendeerd, T. Delhaas, “Why SIT Works: Normal Function Despite Typical Myofiber Pattern in Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) Hearts Derived by Shear-Induced Myofiber Reorientation,” PLOS Comput. Biol. 8(7), e1002611 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruneval, P.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carrigan, T.

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiou, K.-R.

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiu, Y.-W.

M.-R. Tsai, Y.-W. Chiu, M. T. Lo, C.-K. Sun, “Second-harmonic generation imaging of collagen fibers in myocardium for atrial fibrillation diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 026002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clapp, T.

M. Arulampalam, S. Maskell, N. Gordon, T. Clapp, “A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian tracking,” IEEE, Trans. Sig. Pro 50(2), 174–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Couade, M.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Covell, J. W.

W. J. Karlon, J. W. Covell, A. D. McCulloch, J. J. Hunter, J. H. Omens, “Automated measurement of myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras,” Anat. Rec. 252(4), 612–625 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D’Arceuil, H.

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
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Daemen, M. J.

P. A. Doevendans, M. J. Daemen, E. D. de Muinck, J. F. Smits, “Cardiovascular phenotyping in mice,” Cardiovasc. Res. 39(1), 34–49 (1998).
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Dai, G.

D. E. Sosnovik, R. Wang, G. Dai, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Diffusion MR tractography of the heart,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 11(1), 47 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dale, A. M.

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Crespigny, A.

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Muinck, E. D.

P. A. Doevendans, M. J. Daemen, E. D. de Muinck, J. F. Smits, “Cardiovascular phenotyping in mice,” Cardiovasc. Res. 39(1), 34–49 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delhaas, T.

M. Pluijmert, W. Kroon, A. C. Rossi, P. H. M. Bovendeerd, T. Delhaas, “Why SIT Works: Normal Function Despite Typical Myofiber Pattern in Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) Hearts Derived by Shear-Induced Myofiber Reorientation,” PLOS Comput. Biol. 8(7), e1002611 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doevendans, P. A.

P. A. Doevendans, M. J. Daemen, E. D. de Muinck, J. F. Smits, “Cardiovascular phenotyping in mice,” Cardiovasc. Res. 39(1), 34–49 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dou, J.

W.-Y. I. Tseng, J. Dou, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Imaging myocardial fiber disarray and intramural strain hypokinesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with MRI,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 23(1), 1–8 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duda, J.

P. J. Basser, S. Pajevic, C. Pierpaoli, J. Duda, A. Aldroubi, “In vivo fiber tractography using DT-MRI data,” Magn. Reson. Med. 44(4), 625–632 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efimov, I. R.

C. M. Ambrosi, V. V. Fedorov, R. B. Schuessler, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Quantification of fiber orientation in the canine atrial pacemaker complex using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7), 071309 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Ambrosi, N. Moazami, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Virtual histology of the human heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(5), 054002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, C. M. Ripplinger, B. Webb, I. R. Efimov, A. M. Rollins, “Quantification of cardiac fiber orientation using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 030505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, C.

Fedorov, V. V.

C. M. Ambrosi, V. V. Fedorov, R. B. Schuessler, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Quantification of fiber orientation in the canine atrial pacemaker complex using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7), 071309 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fink, M.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Firmin, D.

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, C. P.

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, H. Wang, G. Amit, A. M. Rollins, “In vitro characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18(3), 3079–3092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, A. M. Rollins, “Toward guidance of epicardial cardiac radiofrequency ablation therapy using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(4), 041510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, C. M. Ripplinger, B. Webb, I. R. Efimov, A. M. Rollins, “Quantification of cardiac fiber orientation using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 030505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, N. Rosenthal, A. M. Rollins, M. Arruda, “First in vivo Real-Time Imaging of Endocardial RF Ablation by Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. In. Card. R. M2 (2011).

Gargesha, M.

Garrison, J. B.

K. Tobita, J. B. Garrison, L. J. Liu, J. P. Tinney, B. B. Keller, “Three-dimensional myofiber architecture of the embryonic left ventricle during normal development and altered mechanical loads,” Anat. Rec. A Discov. Mol. Cell. Evol. Biol. 283A(1), 193–201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gatehouse, P.

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gerig, G.

F. Zhang, E. R. Hancock, C. Goodlett, G. Gerig, “Probabilistic white matter fiber tracking using particle filtering and von Mises-Fisher sampling,” Med. Image Anal. 13(1), 5–18 (2009).
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Goergen, C. J.

Goodlett, C.

F. Zhang, E. R. Hancock, C. Goodlett, G. Gerig, “Probabilistic white matter fiber tracking using particle filtering and von Mises-Fisher sampling,” Med. Image Anal. 13(1), 5–18 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, N.

M. Arulampalam, S. Maskell, N. Gordon, T. Clapp, “A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian tracking,” IEEE, Trans. Sig. Pro 50(2), 174–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grounds, M. D.

B. R. Klyen, T. Shavlakadze, H. G. Radley-Crabb, M. D. Grounds, D. D. Sampson, “Identification of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(7), 076013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagège, A. A.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hancock, E. R.

F. Zhang, E. R. Hancock, C. Goodlett, G. Gerig, “Probabilistic white matter fiber tracking using particle filtering and von Mises-Fisher sampling,” Med. Image Anal. 13(1), 5–18 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helm, P.

P. Helm, M. F. Beg, M. I. Miller, R. L. Winslow, “Measuring and Mapping Cardiac Fiber and Laminar Architecture Using Diffusion Tensor Mr Imaging,” Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1047(1), 296–307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holmes, A.

D. F. Scollan, A. Holmes, J. Zhang, R. L. Winslow, “Reconstruction of Cardiac Ventricular Geometry and Fiber Orientation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 28(8), 934–944 (2000).
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Hucker, W. J.

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunter, I. W.

P. J. Hunter, P. M. Nielsen, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, I. W. Hunter, “An anatomical heart model with applications to myocardial activation and ventricular mechanics,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 20(5-6), 403–426 (1992).
[PubMed]

Hunter, J. J.

W. J. Karlon, J. W. Covell, A. D. McCulloch, J. J. Hunter, J. H. Omens, “Automated measurement of myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras,” Anat. Rec. 252(4), 612–625 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunter, P. J.

P. J. Hunter, P. M. Nielsen, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, I. W. Hunter, “An anatomical heart model with applications to myocardial activation and ventricular mechanics,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 20(5-6), 403–426 (1992).
[PubMed]

Jackowski, M.

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, M. W.

Jeong, K.-H.

Jeong, Y.

Kang, M.

Kang, W.

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlon, W. J.

W. J. Karlon, J. W. Covell, A. D. McCulloch, J. J. Hunter, J. H. Omens, “Automated measurement of myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras,” Anat. Rec. 252(4), 612–625 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, B. B.

K. Tobita, J. B. Garrison, L. J. Liu, J. P. Tinney, B. B. Keller, “Three-dimensional myofiber architecture of the embryonic left ventricle during normal development and altered mechanical loads,” Anat. Rec. A Discov. Mol. Cell. Evol. Biol. 283A(1), 193–201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kléber, A. G.

A. G. Kléber, Y. Rudy, “Basic Mechanisms of Cardiac Impulse Propagation and Associated Arrhythmias,” Physiol. Rev. 84(2), 431–488 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klyen, B. R.

B. R. Klyen, T. Shavlakadze, H. G. Radley-Crabb, M. D. Grounds, D. D. Sampson, “Identification of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(7), 076013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konno, S.

S. Konno, S. Sakakibara, “ENdo-myocardial biopsy,” Dis. Chest 44(4), 345–350 (1963).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kroon, W.

M. Pluijmert, W. Kroon, A. C. Rossi, P. H. M. Bovendeerd, T. Delhaas, “Why SIT Works: Normal Function Despite Typical Myofiber Pattern in Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) Hearts Derived by Shear-Induced Myofiber Reorientation,” PLOS Comput. Biol. 8(7), e1002611 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, W. N.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leergaard, T. B.

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
[CrossRef]

LeGrice, I. J.

A. J. Pope, G. B. Sands, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, “Three-dimensional transmural organization of perimysial collagen in the heart,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 295(3), H1243–H1252 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Hunter, P. M. Nielsen, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, I. W. Hunter, “An anatomical heart model with applications to myocardial activation and ventricular mechanics,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 20(5-6), 403–426 (1992).
[PubMed]

Leier, C. V.

A. T. Armstrong, P. F. Binkley, P. B. Baker, P. D. Myerowitz, C. V. Leier, “Quantitative investigation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis over 6 years after cardiac transplantation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 32(3), 704–710 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C.-P.

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L. J.

K. Tobita, J. B. Garrison, L. J. Liu, J. P. Tinney, B. B. Keller, “Three-dimensional myofiber architecture of the embryonic left ventricle during normal development and altered mechanical loads,” Anat. Rec. A Discov. Mol. Cell. Evol. Biol. 283A(1), 193–201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lo, E. H.

Lo, M. T.

M.-R. Tsai, Y.-W. Chiu, M. T. Lo, C.-K. Sun, “Second-harmonic generation imaging of collagen fibers in myocardium for atrial fibrillation diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 026002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandeville, E. T.

Maskell, S.

M. Arulampalam, S. Maskell, N. Gordon, T. Clapp, “A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian tracking,” IEEE, Trans. Sig. Pro 50(2), 174–188 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McCulloch, A. D.

W. J. Karlon, J. W. Covell, A. D. McCulloch, J. J. Hunter, J. H. Omens, “Automated measurement of myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras,” Anat. Rec. 252(4), 612–625 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mekkaoui, C.

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Messas, E.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, M. I.

P. Helm, M. F. Beg, M. I. Miller, R. L. Winslow, “Measuring and Mapping Cardiac Fiber and Laminar Architecture Using Diffusion Tensor Mr Imaging,” Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1047(1), 296–307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moazami, N.

C. M. Ambrosi, N. Moazami, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Virtual histology of the human heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(5), 054002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myerowitz, P. D.

A. T. Armstrong, P. F. Binkley, P. B. Baker, P. D. Myerowitz, C. V. Leier, “Quantitative investigation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis over 6 years after cardiac transplantation,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 32(3), 704–710 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nielles-Vallespin, S.

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, P. M.

P. J. Hunter, P. M. Nielsen, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, I. W. Hunter, “An anatomical heart model with applications to myocardial activation and ventricular mechanics,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 20(5-6), 403–426 (1992).
[PubMed]

Omens, J. H.

W. J. Karlon, J. W. Covell, A. D. McCulloch, J. J. Hunter, J. H. Omens, “Automated measurement of myofiber disarray in transgenic mice with ventricular expression of ras,” Anat. Rec. 252(4), 612–625 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pajevic, S.

P. J. Basser, S. Pajevic, C. Pierpaoli, J. Duda, A. Aldroubi, “In vivo fiber tractography using DT-MRI data,” Magn. Reson. Med. 44(4), 625–632 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H.-C.

Patel, D. P.

D. D. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. J. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pernot, M.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pierpaoli, C.

P. J. Basser, S. Pajevic, C. Pierpaoli, J. Duda, A. Aldroubi, “In vivo fiber tractography using DT-MRI data,” Magn. Reson. Med. 44(4), 625–632 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pluijmert, M.

M. Pluijmert, W. Kroon, A. C. Rossi, P. H. M. Bovendeerd, T. Delhaas, “Why SIT Works: Normal Function Despite Typical Myofiber Pattern in Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) Hearts Derived by Shear-Induced Myofiber Reorientation,” PLOS Comput. Biol. 8(7), e1002611 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pope, A. J.

A. J. Pope, G. B. Sands, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, “Three-dimensional transmural organization of perimysial collagen in the heart,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 295(3), H1243–H1252 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quan, K. J.

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, A. M. Rollins, “Toward guidance of epicardial cardiac radiofrequency ablation therapy using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(4), 041510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, H. Wang, G. Amit, A. M. Rollins, “In vitro characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18(3), 3079–3092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radhakrishnan, H.

Radley-Crabb, H. G.

B. R. Klyen, T. Shavlakadze, H. G. Radley-Crabb, M. D. Grounds, D. D. Sampson, “Identification of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(7), 076013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reese, T. G.

D. E. Sosnovik, R. Wang, G. Dai, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Diffusion MR tractography of the heart,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 11(1), 47 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-Y. I. Tseng, J. Dou, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Imaging myocardial fiber disarray and intramural strain hypokinesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with MRI,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 23(1), 1–8 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ripplinger, C. M.

C. P. Fleming, C. M. Ripplinger, B. Webb, I. R. Efimov, A. M. Rollins, “Quantification of cardiac fiber orientation using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 030505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rollins, A. M.

C. M. Ambrosi, V. V. Fedorov, R. B. Schuessler, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Quantification of fiber orientation in the canine atrial pacemaker complex using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7), 071309 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, H. Wang, G. Amit, A. M. Rollins, “In vitro characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18(3), 3079–3092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, A. M. Rollins, “Toward guidance of epicardial cardiac radiofrequency ablation therapy using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(4), 041510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gargesha, M. W. Jenkins, D. L. Wilson, A. M. Rollins, “High temporal resolution OCT using image-based retrospective gating,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10786–10799 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Ambrosi, N. Moazami, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Virtual histology of the human heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(5), 054002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, C. M. Ripplinger, B. Webb, I. R. Efimov, A. M. Rollins, “Quantification of cardiac fiber orientation using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 030505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, N. Rosenthal, A. M. Rollins, M. Arruda, “First in vivo Real-Time Imaging of Endocardial RF Ablation by Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. In. Card. R. M2 (2011).

Rosenthal, N.

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, N. Rosenthal, A. M. Rollins, M. Arruda, “First in vivo Real-Time Imaging of Endocardial RF Ablation by Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. In. Card. R. M2 (2011).

Ross, J.

D. D. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, J. J.

D. D. J. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rossi, A. C.

M. Pluijmert, W. Kroon, A. C. Rossi, P. H. M. Bovendeerd, T. Delhaas, “Why SIT Works: Normal Function Despite Typical Myofiber Pattern in Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) Hearts Derived by Shear-Induced Myofiber Reorientation,” PLOS Comput. Biol. 8(7), e1002611 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudy, Y.

A. G. Kléber, Y. Rudy, “Basic Mechanisms of Cardiac Impulse Propagation and Associated Arrhythmias,” Physiol. Rev. 84(2), 431–488 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakadžic, S.

Sakakibara, S.

S. Konno, S. Sakakibara, “ENdo-myocardial biopsy,” Dis. Chest 44(4), 345–350 (1963).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sampson, D. D.

B. R. Klyen, T. Shavlakadze, H. G. Radley-Crabb, M. D. Grounds, D. D. Sampson, “Identification of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(7), 076013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sands, G. B.

A. J. Pope, G. B. Sands, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, “Three-dimensional transmural organization of perimysial collagen in the heart,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 295(3), H1243–H1252 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuessler, R. B.

C. M. Ambrosi, V. V. Fedorov, R. B. Schuessler, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Quantification of fiber orientation in the canine atrial pacemaker complex using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7), 071309 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scollan, D. F.

D. F. Scollan, A. Holmes, J. Zhang, R. L. Winslow, “Reconstruction of Cardiac Ventricular Geometry and Fiber Orientation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 28(8), 934–944 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shavlakadze, T.

B. R. Klyen, T. Shavlakadze, H. G. Radley-Crabb, M. D. Grounds, D. D. Sampson, “Identification of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(7), 076013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smaill, B. H.

A. J. Pope, G. B. Sands, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, “Three-dimensional transmural organization of perimysial collagen in the heart,” Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 295(3), H1243–H1252 (2008).
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P. J. Hunter, P. M. Nielsen, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, I. W. Hunter, “An anatomical heart model with applications to myocardial activation and ventricular mechanics,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 20(5-6), 403–426 (1992).
[PubMed]

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P. A. Doevendans, M. J. Daemen, E. D. de Muinck, J. F. Smits, “Cardiovascular phenotyping in mice,” Cardiovasc. Res. 39(1), 34–49 (1998).
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Song, C.

Sonnenblick, E. H.

D. D. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. J. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sosnovik, D.

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sosnovik, D. E.

Spotnitz, H. M.

D. D. J. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
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D. D. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, V. J.

Streeter, D. D.

D. D. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. D. J. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
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Su, M.-Y. M.

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
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Sun, C.-K.

M.-R. Tsai, Y.-W. Chiu, M. T. Lo, C.-K. Sun, “Second-harmonic generation imaging of collagen fibers in myocardium for atrial fibrillation diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 026002 (2010).
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Tanter, M.

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
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Tinney, J. P.

K. Tobita, J. B. Garrison, L. J. Liu, J. P. Tinney, B. B. Keller, “Three-dimensional myofiber architecture of the embryonic left ventricle during normal development and altered mechanical loads,” Anat. Rec. A Discov. Mol. Cell. Evol. Biol. 283A(1), 193–201 (2005).
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K. Tobita, J. B. Garrison, L. J. Liu, J. P. Tinney, B. B. Keller, “Three-dimensional myofiber architecture of the embryonic left ventricle during normal development and altered mechanical loads,” Anat. Rec. A Discov. Mol. Cell. Evol. Biol. 283A(1), 193–201 (2005).
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Tsai, M.-R.

M.-R. Tsai, Y.-W. Chiu, M. T. Lo, C.-K. Sun, “Second-harmonic generation imaging of collagen fibers in myocardium for atrial fibrillation diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 026002 (2010).
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M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
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W.-Y. I. Tseng, J. Dou, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Imaging myocardial fiber disarray and intramural strain hypokinesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with MRI,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 23(1), 1–8 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
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C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, H. Wang, G. Amit, A. M. Rollins, “In vitro characterization of cardiac radiofrequency ablation lesions using optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 18(3), 3079–3092 (2010).
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D. E. Sosnovik, R. Wang, G. Dai, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Diffusion MR tractography of the heart,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 11(1), 47 (2009).
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C. P. Fleming, C. M. Ripplinger, B. Webb, I. R. Efimov, A. M. Rollins, “Quantification of cardiac fiber orientation using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 030505 (2008).
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D. E. Sosnovik, R. Wang, G. Dai, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Diffusion MR tractography of the heart,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 11(1), 47 (2009).
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M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
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T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
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P. Helm, M. F. Beg, M. I. Miller, R. L. Winslow, “Measuring and Mapping Cardiac Fiber and Laminar Architecture Using Diffusion Tensor Mr Imaging,” Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1047(1), 296–307 (2005).
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D. F. Scollan, A. Holmes, J. Zhang, R. L. Winslow, “Reconstruction of Cardiac Ventricular Geometry and Fiber Orientation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 28(8), 934–944 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, M.-T.

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C.-F.

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
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D. F. Scollan, A. Holmes, J. Zhang, R. L. Winslow, “Reconstruction of Cardiac Ventricular Geometry and Fiber Orientation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 28(8), 934–944 (2000).
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Ann. Biomed. Eng.

D. F. Scollan, A. Holmes, J. Zhang, R. L. Winslow, “Reconstruction of Cardiac Ventricular Geometry and Fiber Orientation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 28(8), 934–944 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.

P. Helm, M. F. Beg, M. I. Miller, R. L. Winslow, “Measuring and Mapping Cardiac Fiber and Laminar Architecture Using Diffusion Tensor Mr Imaging,” Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1047(1), 296–307 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express

Cardiovasc. Res.

P. A. Doevendans, M. J. Daemen, E. D. de Muinck, J. F. Smits, “Cardiovascular phenotyping in mice,” Cardiovasc. Res. 39(1), 34–49 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Circ. Res.

D. D. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. J. Streeter, H. M. Spotnitz, D. P. Patel, J. J. Ross, E. H. Sonnenblick, “Fiber orientation in the canine left ventricle during diastole and systole,” Circ. Res. 24(3), 339–347 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Circulation

M.-T. Wu, W.-Y. I. Tseng, M.-Y. M. Su, C.-P. Liu, K.-R. Chiou, V. J. Wedeen, T. G. Reese, C.-F. Yang, “Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping the Fiber Architecture Remodeling in Human Myocardium After Infarction: Correlation With Viability and Wall Motion,” Circulation 114(10), 1036–1045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng.

P. J. Hunter, P. M. Nielsen, B. H. Smaill, I. J. LeGrice, I. W. Hunter, “An anatomical heart model with applications to myocardial activation and ventricular mechanics,” Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 20(5-6), 403–426 (1992).
[PubMed]

Dis. Chest

S. Konno, S. Sakakibara, “ENdo-myocardial biopsy,” Dis. Chest 44(4), 345–350 (1963).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging

W. N. Lee, M. Pernot, M. Couade, E. Messas, P. Bruneval, A. Bel, A. A. Hagège, M. Fink, M. Tanter, “Mapping Myocardial Fiber Orientation Using Echocardiography-Based Shear Wave Imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 31(3), 554–562 (2012).
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M. Arulampalam, S. Maskell, N. Gordon, T. Clapp, “A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian tracking,” IEEE, Trans. Sig. Pro 50(2), 174–188 (2002).
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J. Biomed. Opt.

M.-R. Tsai, Y.-W. Chiu, M. T. Lo, C.-K. Sun, “Second-harmonic generation imaging of collagen fibers in myocardium for atrial fibrillation diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(2), 026002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, W. Kang, T. Carrigan, A. Bishop, N. Rosenthal, M. Arruda, A. M. Rollins, “In vivo intracardiac optical coherence tomography imaging through percutaneous access: toward image-guided radio-frequency ablation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(11), 110505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Ambrosi, N. Moazami, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Virtual histology of the human heart using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(5), 054002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, K. J. Quan, A. M. Rollins, “Toward guidance of epicardial cardiac radiofrequency ablation therapy using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(4), 041510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Ambrosi, V. V. Fedorov, R. B. Schuessler, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Quantification of fiber orientation in the canine atrial pacemaker complex using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7), 071309 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Hucker, C. M. Ripplinger, C. P. Fleming, V. V. Fedorov, A. M. Rollins, I. R. Efimov, “Bimodal biophotonic imaging of the structure-function relationship in cardiac tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5), 054012 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Fleming, C. M. Ripplinger, B. Webb, I. R. Efimov, A. M. Rollins, “Quantification of cardiac fiber orientation using optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3), 030505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Klyen, T. Shavlakadze, H. G. Radley-Crabb, M. D. Grounds, D. D. Sampson, “Identification of muscle necrosis in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy using three-dimensional optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16(7), 076013 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson.

C. Mekkaoui, S. Nielles-Vallespin, P. Gatehouse, M. Jackowski, D. Firmin, D. Sosnovik, “Diffusion MRI tractography of the human heart In Vivo at end-diastole and end-systole,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 14(Suppl 1), O49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Sosnovik, R. Wang, G. Dai, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Diffusion MR tractography of the heart,” J. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson. 11(1), 47 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Magn. Reson. Imaging

W.-Y. I. Tseng, J. Dou, T. G. Reese, V. J. Wedeen, “Imaging myocardial fiber disarray and intramural strain hypokinesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with MRI,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 23(1), 1–8 (2006).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Physiol. Rev.

A. G. Kléber, Y. Rudy, “Basic Mechanisms of Cardiac Impulse Propagation and Associated Arrhythmias,” Physiol. Rev. 84(2), 431–488 (2004).
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M. Pluijmert, W. Kroon, A. C. Rossi, P. H. M. Bovendeerd, T. Delhaas, “Why SIT Works: Normal Function Despite Typical Myofiber Pattern in Situs Inversus Totalis (SIT) Hearts Derived by Shear-Induced Myofiber Reorientation,” PLOS Comput. Biol. 8(7), e1002611 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

PLoS ONE

T. B. Leergaard, N. S. White, A. de Crespigny, I. Bolstad, H. D’Arceuil, J. G. Bjaalie, A. M. Dale, “Quantitative Histological Validation of Diffusion MRI Fiber Orientation Distributions in the Rat Brain,” PLoS ONE 5(1), e8595 (2010).
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