Abstract

Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) microscopy coupled with polarization analysis has great potential for use in tissue characterization, as molecular and supramolecular structural details can be extracted. Such measurements are difficult to perform quickly and accurately. Here we present a new method that uses a liquid crystal modulator (LCM) located in the infinity space of a SHG laser scanning microscope that allows the generation of any desired linear or circular polarization state. As the device contains no moving parts, polarization can be rotated accurately and faster than by manual or motorized control. The performance in terms of polarization purity was validated using Stokes vector polarimetry, and found to have minimal residual polarization ellipticity. SHG polarization imaging characteristics were validated against well-characterized specimens having cylindrical and/or linear symmetries. The LCM has a small footprint and can be implemented easily in any standard microscope and is cost effective relative to other technologies.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).
  7. M. Strupler, A. M. Pena, M. Hernest, P. L. Tharaux, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Second harmonic imaging and scoring of collagen in fibrotic tissues,” Opt. Express15(7), 4054–4065 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. P. Pfeffer, B. R. Olsen, and F. Légaré, “Second harmonic generation imaging of fascia within thick tissue block,” Opt. Express15(12), 7296–7302 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy: applications to diseases diagnostics,” Anal. Chem.83(9), 3224–3231 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophys. J.90(2), 693–703 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. I. Gusachenko, G. Latour, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved Second Harmonic microscopy in anisotropic thick tissues,” Opt. Express18(18), 19339–19352 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. I. Gusachenko, V. Tran, Y. G. Houssen, J. M. Allain, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation in tendon upon mechanical stretching,” Biophys. J.102(9), 2220–2229 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. J. Su, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Determination of collagen nanostructure from second-order susceptibility tensor analysis,” Biophys. J.100(8), 2053–2062 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. Brasselet, “Polarization resolved nonlinear microscopy: application to structural molecular and biological imaging,” Adv. Opt. Photon.3(3), 205–271 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  27. C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. P. Schön, F. Munhoz, A. Gasecka, S. Brustlein, and S. Brasselet, “Polarization distortion effects in polarimetric two-photon microscopy,” Opt. Express16(25), 20891–20901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. X. Chen, O. Nadiarynkh, S. Plotnikov, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure,” Nat. Protoc.7(4), 654–669 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. F. Tiaho, G. Recher, and D. Rouède, “Estimation of helical angles of myosin and collagen by second harmonic generation imaging microscopy,” Opt. Express15(19), 12286–12295 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. O. Nadiarnykh and P. J. Campagnola, “Retention of polarization signatures in SHG microscopy of scattering tissues through optical clearing,” Opt. Express17(7), 5794–5806 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. O. Sandre, L. Moreaux, and F. Brochard-Wyart, “Dynamics of transient pores in stretched vesicles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.96(19), 10591–10596 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. X. Y. Chen, C. Raggio, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second-harmonic generation circular dichroism studies of osteogenesis imperfecta,” Opt. Lett.37(18), 3837–3839 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. D. Axelrod, “Carbocyanine dye orientation in red cell membrane studied by microscopic fluorescence polarization,” Biophys. J.26(3), 557–573 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. R. Oldenbourg and G. Mei, “New polarized light microscope with precision universal compensator,” J. Microsc.180(2), 140–147 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. X. Wang and L. V. Wang, “Propagation of polarized light in birefringent turbid media: a Monte Carlo study,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 279–290 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. J. Duboisset, D. Ait-Belkacem, M. Roche, H. Rigneault, and S. Brasselet, “Generic model of the molecular orientational distribution probed by polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A85(4), 043829 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  40. O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

X. Chen, O. Nadiarynkh, S. Plotnikov, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure,” Nat. Protoc.7(4), 654–669 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Chen, C. Raggio, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second-harmonic generation circular dichroism studies of osteogenesis imperfecta,” Opt. Lett.37(18), 3837–3839 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gusachenko, V. Tran, Y. G. Houssen, J. M. Allain, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation in tendon upon mechanical stretching,” Biophys. J.102(9), 2220–2229 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Duboisset, D. Ait-Belkacem, M. Roche, H. Rigneault, and S. Brasselet, “Generic model of the molecular orientational distribution probed by polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A85(4), 043829 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

S. Brasselet, “Polarization resolved nonlinear microscopy: application to structural molecular and biological imaging,” Adv. Opt. Photon.3(3), 205–271 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Su, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Determination of collagen nanostructure from second-order susceptibility tensor analysis,” Biophys. J.100(8), 2053–2062 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy: applications to diseases diagnostics,” Anal. Chem.83(9), 3224–3231 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Gusachenko, G. Latour, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved Second Harmonic microscopy in anisotropic thick tissues,” Opt. Express18(18), 19339–19352 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (7)

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Schön, F. Munhoz, A. Gasecka, S. Brustlein, and S. Brasselet, “Polarization distortion effects in polarimetric two-photon microscopy,” Opt. Express16(25), 20891–20901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

M. Strupler, A. M. Pena, M. Hernest, P. L. Tharaux, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Second harmonic imaging and scoring of collagen in fibrotic tissues,” Opt. Express15(7), 4054–4065 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Pfeffer, B. R. Olsen, and F. Légaré, “Second harmonic generation imaging of fascia within thick tissue block,” Opt. Express15(12), 7296–7302 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tiaho, G. Recher, and D. Rouède, “Estimation of helical angles of myosin and collagen by second harmonic generation imaging microscopy,” Opt. Express15(19), 12286–12295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophys. J.90(2), 693–703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang and L. V. Wang, “Propagation of polarized light in birefringent turbid media: a Monte Carlo study,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 279–290 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

O. Sandre, L. Moreaux, and F. Brochard-Wyart, “Dynamics of transient pores in stretched vesicles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.96(19), 10591–10596 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

R. Oldenbourg and G. Mei, “New polarized light microscope with precision universal compensator,” J. Microsc.180(2), 140–147 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

D. Axelrod, “Carbocyanine dye orientation in red cell membrane studied by microscopic fluorescence polarization,” Biophys. J.26(3), 557–573 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adams, D. J.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ait-Belkacem, D.

J. Duboisset, D. Ait-Belkacem, M. Roche, H. Rigneault, and S. Brasselet, “Generic model of the molecular orientational distribution probed by polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A85(4), 043829 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Allain, J. M.

I. Gusachenko, V. Tran, Y. G. Houssen, J. M. Allain, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation in tendon upon mechanical stretching,” Biophys. J.102(9), 2220–2229 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amar, M. J.

G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Axelrod, D.

D. Axelrod, “Carbocyanine dye orientation in red cell membrane studied by microscopic fluorescence polarization,” Biophys. J.26(3), 557–573 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balaban, R. S.

G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barzda, V.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beaurepaire, E.

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Strupler, A. M. Pena, M. Hernest, P. L. Tharaux, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Second harmonic imaging and scoring of collagen in fibrotic tissues,” Opt. Express15(7), 4054–4065 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bellanger, J. J.

D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanchard-Desce, M.

L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boucher, Y.

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brasselet, S.

Brochard-Wyart, F.

O. Sandre, L. Moreaux, and F. Brochard-Wyart, “Dynamics of transient pores in stretched vesicles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.96(19), 10591–10596 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brockbank, K. G.

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, E.

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brustlein, S.

Campagnola, P.

P. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy: applications to diseases diagnostics,” Anal. Chem.83(9), 3224–3231 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campagnola, P. J.

X. Y. Chen, C. Raggio, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second-harmonic generation circular dichroism studies of osteogenesis imperfecta,” Opt. Lett.37(18), 3837–3839 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, O. Nadiarynkh, S. Plotnikov, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure,” Nat. Protoc.7(4), 654–669 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Nadiarnykh and P. J. Campagnola, “Retention of polarization signatures in SHG microscopy of scattering tissues through optical clearing,” Opt. Express17(7), 5794–5806 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophys. J.90(2), 693–703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carli, P.

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

Chang, S.

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charpak, S.

L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. C.

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S. J.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S. U.

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. Y.

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-Y.

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, W. L.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Su, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Determination of collagen nanostructure from second-order susceptibility tensor analysis,” Biophys. J.100(8), 2053–2062 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, O. Nadiarynkh, S. Plotnikov, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure,” Nat. Protoc.7(4), 654–669 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X. Y.

Chen, Y. F.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Su, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Determination of collagen nanostructure from second-order susceptibility tensor analysis,” Biophys. J.100(8), 2053–2062 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-C.

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z. Z.

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chern, G.-W.

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, C. K.

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.-W.

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cicchi, R.

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

Cisek, R.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Conklin, M. W.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crestani, B.

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dauser, D.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Giorgi, V.

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

Débarre, D.

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

diTomaso, E.

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, C. Y.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Su, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Determination of collagen nanostructure from second-order susceptibility tensor analysis,” Biophys. J.100(8), 2053–2062 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dougherty, R. P.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duboisset, J.

J. Duboisset, D. Ait-Belkacem, M. Roche, H. Rigneault, and S. Brasselet, “Generic model of the molecular orientational distribution probed by polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A85(4), 043829 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, J. C.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eliceiri, K. W.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fabre, A.

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friedl, A.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fusi, L.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fwu, P. T.

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gasecka, A.

Ghazaryan, A.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gusachenko, I.

I. Gusachenko, V. Tran, Y. G. Houssen, J. M. Allain, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation in tendon upon mechanical stretching,” Biophys. J.102(9), 2220–2229 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gusachenko, G. Latour, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved Second Harmonic microscopy in anisotropic thick tissues,” Opt. Express18(18), 19339–19352 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamm-Alvarez, S. F.

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayrapetyan, G.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernest, M.

Hoppe, P. E.

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houssen, Y. G.

I. Gusachenko, V. Tran, Y. G. Houssen, J. M. Allain, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation in tendon upon mechanical stretching,” Biophys. J.102(9), 2220–2229 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inman, D. R.

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, R. K.

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, M. Y.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, L.

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joseph, C.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalajzic, I.

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapsokalyvas, D.

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keely, P. J.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kenny, A. M.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C. S.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. H.

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knittel, J. G.

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krouglov, S.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuchel, G. A.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwon, G. P.

G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Latour, G.

Lee, H. S.

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, W. J.

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Légaré, F.

Lewis, A.

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, Y. H.

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.-L.

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, S. J.

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linari, M.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lo, W.

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loew, L. M.

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lombardi, V.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lotti, T.

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacLellan, W. R.

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maio, V.

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malone, C. J.

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marchal-Somme, J.

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, J. L.

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Strupler, A. M. Pena, M. Hernest, P. L. Tharaux, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Second harmonic imaging and scoring of collagen in fibrotic tissues,” Opt. Express15(7), 4054–4065 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Massi, D.

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

McKee, T.

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mei, G.

R. Oldenbourg and G. Mei, “New polarized light microscope with precision universal compensator,” J. Microsc.180(2), 140–147 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mertz, J.

L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Millard, A. C.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophys. J.90(2), 693–703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohler, W. A.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophys. J.90(2), 693–703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreaux, L.

L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Sandre, L. Moreaux, and F. Brochard-Wyart, “Dynamics of transient pores in stretched vesicles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.96(19), 10591–10596 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munhoz, F.

Nadiarnykh, O.

O. Nadiarnykh and P. J. Campagnola, “Retention of polarization signatures in SHG microscopy of scattering tissues through optical clearing,” Opt. Express17(7), 5794–5806 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nadiarynkh, O.

X. Chen, O. Nadiarynkh, S. Plotnikov, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure,” Nat. Protoc.7(4), 654–669 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucciotti, V.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oldenbourg, R.

R. Oldenbourg and G. Mei, “New polarized light microscope with precision universal compensator,” J. Microsc.180(2), 140–147 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olsen, B. R.

Pavone, F. S.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

Pehlke, C. A.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pena, A. M.

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Strupler, A. M. Pena, M. Hernest, P. L. Tharaux, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Second harmonic imaging and scoring of collagen in fibrotic tissues,” Opt. Express15(7), 4054–4065 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeffer, C. P.

Piazzesi, G.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pilbeam, C. C.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plotnikov, S.

X. Chen, O. Nadiarynkh, S. Plotnikov, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure,” Nat. Protoc.7(4), 654–669 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plotnikov, S. V.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophys. J.90(2), 693–703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pluen, A.

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prent, N.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Provenzano, P. P.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raggio, C.

Recher, G.

D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tiaho, G. Recher, and D. Rouède, “Estimation of helical angles of myosin and collagen by second harmonic generation imaging microscopy,” Opt. Express15(19), 12286–12295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Redford-Badwal, D.

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Remaley, A. T.

G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riching, K. M.

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rigneault, H.

J. Duboisset, D. Ait-Belkacem, M. Roche, H. Rigneault, and S. Brasselet, “Generic model of the molecular orientational distribution probed by polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A85(4), 043829 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Roche, M.

J. Duboisset, D. Ait-Belkacem, M. Roche, H. Rigneault, and S. Brasselet, “Generic model of the molecular orientational distribution probed by polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A85(4), 043829 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rouède, D.

D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tiaho, G. Recher, and D. Rouède, “Estimation of helical angles of myosin and collagen by second harmonic generation imaging microscopy,” Opt. Express15(19), 12286–12295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rueden, C. T.

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sacconi, L.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandkuijl, D.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandre, O.

L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Sandre, L. Moreaux, and F. Brochard-Wyart, “Dynamics of transient pores in stretched vesicles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.96(19), 10591–10596 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schanne-Klein, M. C.

I. Gusachenko, V. Tran, Y. G. Houssen, J. M. Allain, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation in tendon upon mechanical stretching,” Biophys. J.102(9), 2220–2229 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gusachenko, G. Latour, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved Second Harmonic microscopy in anisotropic thick tissues,” Opt. Express18(18), 19339–19352 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Strupler, A. M. Pena, M. Hernest, P. L. Tharaux, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Second harmonic imaging and scoring of collagen in fibrotic tissues,” Opt. Express15(7), 4054–4065 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaub, E.

D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schenke-Layland, K.

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schön, P.

Schroeder, J. L.

G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scranton, V. L.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seed, B.

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sestini, S.

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

So, P. T. C.

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stringari, C.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strupler, M.

Su, P. J.

P. J. Su, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Determination of collagen nanostructure from second-order susceptibility tensor analysis,” Biophys. J.100(8), 2053–2062 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C. K.

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.-K.

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tai, D. C.

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, H. Y.

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, N.

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, H.

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teng, S. W.

W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Terasaki, M.

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tharaux, P. L.

Tiaho, F.

D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tiaho, G. Recher, and D. Rouède, “Estimation of helical angles of myosin and collagen by second harmonic generation imaging microscopy,” Opt. Express15(19), 12286–12295 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tran, V.

I. Gusachenko, V. Tran, Y. G. Houssen, J. M. Allain, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation in tendon upon mechanical stretching,” Biophys. J.102(9), 2220–2229 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, H. F.

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, T.-H.

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tuer, A. E.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Wiechen, A.

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanzi, F.

V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walsh, S. J.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. V.

X. Wang and L. V. Wang, “Propagation of polarized light in birefringent turbid media: a Monte Carlo study,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 279–290 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

X. Wang and L. V. Wang, “Propagation of polarized light in birefringent turbid media: a Monte Carlo study,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 279–290 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, M. D.

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, J. G.

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, B. C.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, H. Y.

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wuskell, J. P.

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, G.

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, J.

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, M.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, L.

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasufuku, K.

A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zubrowski, B.

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Am. J. Pathol. (1)

M. W. Conklin, J. C. Eickhoff, K. M. Riching, C. A. Pehlke, K. W. Eliceiri, P. P. Provenzano, A. Friedl, and P. J. Keely, “Aligned collagen is a prognostic signature for survival in human breast carcinoma,” Am. J. Pathol.178(3), 1221–1232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

P. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy: applications to diseases diagnostics,” Anal. Chem.83(9), 3224–3231 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biophys. J. (10)

R. Cicchi, S. Sestini, V. De Giorgi, P. Carli, D. Massi, and F. S. Pavone, “Basal cell carcinoma imaging and characterization by multiple nonlinear microscopy techniques,” Biophys. J.157a–157a (2007).

S. V. Plotnikov, A. C. Millard, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Characterization of the myosin-based source for second-harmonic generation from muscle sarcomeres,” Biophys. J.90(2), 693–703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, “Three-dimensional high-resolution second-harmonic generation imaging of endogenous structural proteins in biological tissues,” Biophys. J.82(1), 493–508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Millard, L. Jin, M. D. Wei, J. P. Wuskell, A. Lewis, and L. M. Loew, “Sensitivity of second harmonic generation from styryl dyes to transmembrane potential,” Biophys. J.86(2), 1169–1176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Moreaux, O. Sandre, S. Charpak, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Coherent scattering in multi-harmonic light microscopy,” Biophys. J.80(3), 1568–1574 (2001).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Rouède, J. J. Bellanger, E. Schaub, G. Recher, and F. Tiaho, “Theoretical and experimental SHG angular intensity patterns from healthy and proteolysed muscles,” Biophys. J.104(9), 1959–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Su, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Determination of collagen nanostructure from second-order susceptibility tensor analysis,” Biophys. J.100(8), 2053–2062 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Chu, S.-Y. Chen, G.-W. Chern, T.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Chen, B.-L. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Studies of chi(2)/chi(3) tensors in submicron-scaled bio-tissues by polarization harmonics optical microscopy,” Biophys. J.86(6), 3914–3922 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

BMC Med. (1)

P. P. Provenzano, D. R. Inman, K. W. Eliceiri, J. G. Knittel, L. Yan, C. T. Rueden, J. G. White, and P. J. Keely, “Collagen density promotes mammary tumor initiation and progression,” BMC Med.6(1), 11 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cell Tissue Bank. (1)

K. G. Brockbank, W. R. MacLellan, J. Xie, S. F. Hamm-Alvarez, Z. Z. Chen, and K. Schenke-Layland, “Quantitative second harmonic generation imaging of cartilage damage,” Cell Tissue Bank.9(4), 299–307 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Circulation (1)

G. P. Kwon, J. L. Schroeder, M. J. Amar, A. T. Remaley, and R. S. Balaban, “Contribution of macromolecular structure to the retention of low-density lipoprotein at arterial branch points,” Circulation117(22), 2919–2927 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Y. Chen, S. U. Chen, H. Y. Wu, W. J. Lee, Y. H. Liao, and C. K. Sun, “In Vivo virtual biopsy of human skin by using noninvasive higher harmonic generation microscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(3), 478–492 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J Biophotonics (1)

R. Cicchi, D. Kapsokalyvas, V. De Giorgi, V. Maio, A. Van Wiechen, D. Massi, T. Lotti, and F. S. Pavone, “Scoring of collagen organization in healthy and diseased human dermis by multiphoton microscopy,” J Biophotonics3(1-2), 34–43 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (6)

A. Ghazaryan, H. F. Tsai, G. Hayrapetyan, W. L. Chen, Y. F. Chen, M. Y. Jeong, C. S. Kim, S. J. Chen, and C. Y. Dong, “Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.18(3), 031105 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Plotnikov, A. M. Kenny, S. J. Walsh, B. Zubrowski, C. Joseph, V. L. Scranton, G. A. Kuchel, D. Dauser, M. Xu, C. C. Pilbeam, D. J. Adams, R. P. Dougherty, P. J. Campagnola, and W. A. Mohler, “Measurement of muscle disease by quantitative second-harmonic generation imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(4), 044018 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Chou, W. L. Chen, P. T. Fwu, S. J. Lin, H. S. Lee, and C. Y. Dong, “Polarization ellipticity compensation in polarization second-harmonic generation microscopy without specimen rotation,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(1), 014005 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun, S. Chang, D. C. Tai, N. Tan, G. Xiao, H. Tang, and H. Yu, “Nonlinear optical microscopy: use of second harmonic generation and two-photon microscopy for automated quantitative liver fibrosis studies,” J. Biomed. Opt.13(6), 064010 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang and L. V. Wang, “Propagation of polarized light in birefringent turbid media: a Monte Carlo study,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 279–290 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Nadiarnykh, S. Plotnikov, W. A. Mohler, I. Kalajzic, D. Redford-Badwal, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation imaging microscopy studies of Osteogenesis Imperfecta,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051805 (2007).
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A. E. Tuer, S. Krouglov, N. Prent, R. Cisek, D. Sandkuijl, K. Yasufuku, B. C. Wilson, and V. Barzda, “Nonlinear optical properties of type I collagen fibers studied by polarization dependent second harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B115(44), 12759–12769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Microsc. Res. Tech. (2)

A. M. Pena, A. Fabre, D. Débarre, J. Marchal-Somme, B. Crestani, J. L. Martin, E. Beaurepaire, and M. C. Schanne-Klein, “Three-dimensional investigation and scoring of extracellular matrix remodeling during lung fibrosis using multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech.70(2), 162–170 (2007).
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W. Lo, S. W. Teng, H. Y. Tan, K. H. Kim, H. C. Chen, H. S. Lee, Y. F. Chen, P. T. C. So, and C. Y. Dong, “Intact corneal stroma visualization of GFP mouse revealed by multiphoton imaging,” Microsc. Res. Tech.69(12), 973–975 (2006).
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Nat. Med. (1)

E. Brown, T. McKee, E. diTomaso, A. Pluen, B. Seed, Y. Boucher, and R. K. Jain, “Dynamic imaging of collagen and its modulation in tumors in vivo using second-harmonic generation,” Nat. Med.9(6), 796–801 (2003).
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Nat. Protoc. (1)

X. Chen, O. Nadiarynkh, S. Plotnikov, and P. J. Campagnola, “Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure,” Nat. Protoc.7(4), 654–669 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Duboisset, D. Ait-Belkacem, M. Roche, H. Rigneault, and S. Brasselet, “Generic model of the molecular orientational distribution probed by polarization-resolved second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A85(4), 043829 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2)

O. Sandre, L. Moreaux, and F. Brochard-Wyart, “Dynamics of transient pores in stretched vesicles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.96(19), 10591–10596 (1999).
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V. Nucciotti, C. Stringari, L. Sacconi, F. Vanzi, L. Fusi, M. Linari, G. Piazzesi, V. Lombardi, and F. S. Pavone, “Probing myosin structural conformation in vivo by second-harmonic generation microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(17), 7763–7768 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the SHG microscope with LCM polarization control and polarization analysis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Voltage dependent rotation of the LCM and measured V component of the Stokes vector over the 0-180 degrees of linear rotation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

3(a) TPEF linear (left) and circular (right) polarization responses of a GUV labeled with Di-8-ANEPPS. Scale bar = 40 microns. 3(b) The measured TPEF polarization dependent intensity is fit to the theoretical response for a quadratic process.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Single SHG optical sections from rat tail tendon. The scale bar is 20 um. (b) SHG intensity as a function of polarization range and the fit to the single axis mode. The error bars are standard deviations.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Single SHG optical sections from rat tail skeletal muscle. The scale bar is 20 um. (b) SHG intensity as a function of polarization range and the fit to the single axis mode. The error bars are standard deviations.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SHG-CD imaging of optically cleared tendon, showing the RH-CP and LH-CP SHG images and the resulting difference image (SHG-CD). Scale bar = 40 microns.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ I Q U V ]= I t [ S 0 S 1 S 2 S 3 ]=[ I( 0 )+I( 90 ) I( 0 )I( 90 ) I( 45 )I( 135 ) I(RHCP)I(LHCP) ]
e= s 3 1+ s 1 2 + s 2 2
I TPEF (Θ)= I o cos 4 Θ
I SHG (Θ)= | N P (2) | 2 =a{ ( sin 2 Θ+b cos 2 Θ) 2 + c 2 sin 2 Θ cos 2 Θ }

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