Abstract

In this report, optical scattering coefficient and phase retardation quantitatively estimated from polarization-sensitive OCT (PSOCT) were used for ovarian tissue characterization. A total of 33 ex vivo ovaries (normal: n = 26, malignant: n = 7) obtained from 18 patients were investigated. A specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 86% were achieved by using estimated scattering coefficient alone; and a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 43% were obtained by using phase retardation alone. However, a superior specificity of 100% and sensitivity of 100% were achieved if these two parameters were used together for classifying normal and malignant ovaries. Quantitative measurement of collagen content obtained from Sirius red histology sections shows that it correlates with estimated scattering coefficient and phase retardation. Our initial results demonstrate that quantitative analysis of PSOCT could be a potentially valuable method for distinguishing normal from malignant ovarian tissues during minimally invasive surgery and help guide surgical intervention.

© 2012 OSA

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2011

2010

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Evans, I. Rizvi, T. Hasan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vitro ovarian tumor growth and treatment response dynamics visualized with time-lapse OCT imaging,” Opt. Express17(11), 8892–8906 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Kuo, N. K. Chou, C. Chou, C. M. Lai, H. J. Huang, S. S. Wang, and J. J. Shyu, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography for imaging human atherosclerosis,” Appl. Opt.46(13), 2520–2527 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

W. A. Rocca, B. R. Grossardt, M. de Andrade, G. D. Malkasian, and L. J. Melton, “Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study,” Lancet Oncol.7(10), 821–828 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

M. C. Pierce, R. L. Sheridan, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Collagen denaturation can be quantified in burned human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Burns30(6), 511–517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Strasswimmer, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, V. Neel, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of invasive basal cell carcinoma,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(2), 292–298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(8), 2606–2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

2002

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

1992

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirre, A.

Barakat, R. R.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barton, J. K.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Berchuck, A.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berek, J. S.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biswal, N. C.

Y. Yang, N. C. Biswal, T. Wang, P. D. Kumavor, M. Karimeddini, J. Vento, M. Sanders, M. Brewer, and Q. Zhu, “Potential role of a hybrid intraoperative probe based on OCT and positron detection for ovarian cancer detection and characterization,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(7), 1918–1930 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, T. Wang, N. C. Biswal, X. Wang, M. Sanders, M. Brewer, and Q. Zhu, “Optical scattering coefficient estimated by optical coherence tomography correlates with collagen content in ovarian tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(9), 090504 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonnema, G. T.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borgen, P. I.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouma, B. E.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, J.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brands, W. R.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Bressner, J. E.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breunig, T. M.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brewer, M.

Y. Yang, X. Li, T. Wang, P. D. Kumavor, A. Aguirre, K. K. Shung, Q. Zhou, M. Sanders, M. Brewer, and Q. Zhu, “Integrated optical coherence tomography, ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging for ovarian tissue characterization,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(9), 2551–2561 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, T. Wang, N. C. Biswal, X. Wang, M. Sanders, M. Brewer, and Q. Zhu, “Optical scattering coefficient estimated by optical coherence tomography correlates with collagen content in ovarian tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(9), 090504 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, N. C. Biswal, T. Wang, P. D. Kumavor, M. Karimeddini, J. Vento, M. Sanders, M. Brewer, and Q. Zhu, “Potential role of a hybrid intraoperative probe based on OCT and positron detection for ovarian cancer detection and characterization,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(7), 1918–1930 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brewer, M. A.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Burke, W. M.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castiel, M.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cense, B.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(8), 2606–2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, R. L. Sheridan, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Collagen denaturation can be quantified in burned human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Burns30(6), 511–517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chalas, E.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, T. C.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(8), 2606–2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Chou, C.

Chou, N. K.

Cliby, W. A.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daly, M. B.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, J. R.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

de Andrade, M.

W. A. Rocca, B. R. Grossardt, M. de Andrade, G. D. Malkasian, and L. J. Melton, “Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study,” Lancet Oncol.7(10), 821–828 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Boer, J. F.

C. L. Evans, I. Rizvi, T. Hasan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vitro ovarian tumor growth and treatment response dynamics visualized with time-lapse OCT imaging,” Opt. Express17(11), 8892–8906 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(8), 2606–2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, R. L. Sheridan, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Collagen denaturation can be quantified in burned human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Burns30(6), 511–517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Strasswimmer, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, V. Neel, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of invasive basal cell carcinoma,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(2), 292–298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. C. van Gemert, and J. S. Nelson, “Two-dimensional birefringence imaging in biological tissue by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.22(12), 934–936 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dwelle, J. C.

Edelson, M.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ellis, N. A.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elmaanaoui, B.

Evans, C. L.

Evans, G.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Featherstone, J. D. B.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fried, D.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B9(6), 903–908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garber, J. E.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gmitro, A. F.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grossardt, B. R.

W. A. Rocca, B. R. Grossardt, M. de Andrade, G. D. Malkasian, and L. J. Melton, “Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study,” Lancet Oncol.7(10), 821–828 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halpern, E.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hariri, L. P.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasan, T.

Hatch, K. D.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hee, M. R.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B9(6), 903–908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hensley, M.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Houser, S. L.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoyer, P. B.

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoying, J. B.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Huang, D.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B9(6), 903–908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, H. J.

Hudis, C. A.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunt, K.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Hyle Park, B.

M. C. Pierce, R. L. Sheridan, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Collagen denaturation can be quantified in burned human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Burns30(6), 511–517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isaacs, C.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanter, E. M.

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karimeddini, M.

Kauff, N. D.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawabata, K.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirkpatrick, N. D.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Korde, V.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumavor, P. D.

Kuo, W. C.

Lai, C. M.

Le, C.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S. S.

Lynch, H. T.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malkasian, G. D.

W. A. Rocca, B. R. Grossardt, M. de Andrade, G. D. Malkasian, and L. J. Melton, “Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study,” Lancet Oncol.7(10), 821–828 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marion, S. L.

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matloff, E.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsumoto, M.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McElroy, A. B.

Melton, L. J.

W. A. Rocca, B. R. Grossardt, M. de Andrade, G. D. Malkasian, and L. J. Melton, “Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study,” Lancet Oncol.7(10), 821–828 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milner, T. E.

Miyazawa, A.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, D. H.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nadkarni, S. K.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nafa, K.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakagawa, N.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narod, S. A.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neel, V.

J. Strasswimmer, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, V. Neel, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of invasive basal cell carcinoma,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(2), 292–298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, J. S.

Neuhausen, S. L.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norton, L.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offit, K.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olopade, O. I.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Otis, L.

Park, B. H.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Strasswimmer, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, V. Neel, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of invasive basal cell carcinoma,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(2), 292–298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(8), 2606–2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piao, D.

Pierce, M. C.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Strasswimmer, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, V. Neel, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of invasive basal cell carcinoma,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(2), 292–298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(8), 2606–2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, R. L. Sheridan, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Collagen denaturation can be quantified in burned human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Burns30(6), 511–517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rebbeck, T. R.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rizvi, I.

Robson, M. E.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rocca, W. A.

W. A. Rocca, B. R. Grossardt, M. de Andrade, G. D. Malkasian, and L. J. Melton, “Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study,” Lancet Oncol.7(10), 821–828 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rylander, H. G.

Sakai, S.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanders, M.

Satagopan, J. M.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheuer, L.

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, K.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shafi, S.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheridan, R. L.

M. C. Pierce, R. L. Sheridan, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Collagen denaturation can be quantified in burned human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Burns30(6), 511–517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shung, K. K.

Shyu, J. J.

Stevens, S. J.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strasswimmer, J.

J. Strasswimmer, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, V. Neel, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of invasive basal cell carcinoma,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(2), 292–298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugawara, T.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swanson, E. A.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B9(6), 903–908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tearney, G. J.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Utzinger, U.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

van Gemert, M. J. C.

Van’t Veer, L.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vento, J.

Walker, R. M.

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

Wang, S. S.

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Y. Yang, T. Wang, N. C. Biswal, X. Wang, M. Sanders, M. Brewer, and Q. Zhu, “Optical scattering coefficient estimated by optical coherence tomography correlates with collagen content in ovarian tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(9), 090504 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, B. L.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whittaker, P.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winkler, A. M.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, J.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamanari, M.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Yasuno, Y.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yatagai, T.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, Q.

Zhu, Q.

Appl. Opt.

Biomed. Opt. Express

Burns

M. C. Pierce, R. L. Sheridan, B. Hyle Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, “Collagen denaturation can be quantified in burned human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Burns30(6), 511–517 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gynecol. Oncol.

L. P. Hariri, G. T. Bonnema, K. Schmidt, A. M. Winkler, V. Korde, K. D. Hatch, J. R. Davis, M. A. Brewer, and J. K. Barton, “Laparoscopic optical coherence tomography imaging of human ovarian cancer,” Gynecol. Oncol.114(2), 188–194 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(8), 2606–2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of collagen and smooth muscle cell content in atherosclerotic plaques using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt.

E. M. Kanter, R. M. Walker, S. L. Marion, M. Brewer, P. B. Hoyer, and J. K. Barton, “Dual modality imaging of a novel rat model of ovarian carcinogenesis,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041123 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, “Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(4), 618–627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Strasswimmer, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, V. Neel, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of invasive basal cell carcinoma,” J. Biomed. Opt.9(2), 292–298 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, T. Wang, N. C. Biswal, X. Wang, M. Sanders, M. Brewer, and Q. Zhu, “Optical scattering coefficient estimated by optical coherence tomography correlates with collagen content in ovarian tissue,” J. Biomed. Opt.16(9), 090504 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Invest. Dermatol.

S. Sakai, M. Yamanari, A. Miyazawa, M. Matsumoto, N. Nakagawa, T. Sugawara, K. Kawabata, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “In vivo three-dimensional birefringence analysis shows collagen differences between young and old photo-aged human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol.128(7), 1641–1647 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Lancet Oncol.

W. A. Rocca, B. R. Grossardt, M. de Andrade, G. D. Malkasian, and L. J. Melton, “Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study,” Lancet Oncol.7(10), 821–828 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Engl. J. Med.

T. R. Rebbeck, H. T. Lynch, S. L. Neuhausen, S. A. Narod, L. Van’t Veer, J. E. Garber, G. Evans, C. Isaacs, M. B. Daly, E. Matloff, O. I. Olopade, B. L. Weber, and Prevention and Observation of Surgical End Points Study Group, “Prophylactic oophorectomy in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1616–1622 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Kauff, J. M. Satagopan, M. E. Robson, L. Scheuer, M. Hensley, C. A. Hudis, N. A. Ellis, J. Boyd, P. I. Borgen, R. R. Barakat, L. Norton, M. Castiel, K. Nafa, and K. Offit, “Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation,” N. Engl. J. Med.346(21), 1609–1615 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obstet. Gynecol.

J. S. Berek, E. Chalas, M. Edelson, D. H. Moore, W. M. Burke, W. A. Cliby, A. Berchuck, and Society of Gynecologic Oncologists Clinical Practice Committee, “Prophylactic and risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: recommendations based on risk of ovarian cancer,” Obstet. Gynecol.116(3), 733–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.

M. A. Brewer, U. Utzinger, J. K. Barton, J. B. Hoying, N. D. Kirkpatrick, W. R. Brands, J. R. Davis, K. Hunt, S. J. Stevens, and A. F. Gmitro, “Imaging of the ovary,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.3(6), 617–627 (2004).
[PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time domain polarization-sensitive OCT system configuration. P: polarizer; BS: beam splitter; PBS: polarization beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical scattering coefficient and average phase retardation measurement example. (a) conventional OCT image; (b) fitting curves; (c) phase retardation image; (d) result table. White dashed rectangular: selected area for fitting; scale bar: 0.5 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Conventional OCT (a, c) and phase retardation images (b, d) from normal (a, b) and malignant (c, d) ovarian tissue. Scale bar: 0.5 mm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Histograms of estimated scattering coefficient (a), phase retardation (b) and collagen area fraction (c) for normal and malignant ovary groups.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Scatter plots of estimated scattering coefficient (a), phase retardation (b) and CAF (c) of each ovary for normal and malignant ovary groups.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Two-parameter (estimated scattering coefficient and average phase retardation) plot.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Positive correlation demonstration between estimated scattering coefficient and collagen content; (b) Positive correlation demonstration between phase retardation and collagen content. The blue dashed lines show 95% prediction intervals.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Patient information and measurement results

Metrics