Abstract

The sensitivity to surface profile of non-contact optical imaging, such as spatial frequency domain imaging, may lead to incorrect measurements of optical properties and consequently erroneous extrapolation of physiological parameters of interest. Previous correction methods have focused on calibration-based, model-based, and computation-based approached. We propose an experimental method to correct the effect of surface profile on spectral images. Three-dimensional (3D) phantoms were built with acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) plastic using an accurate 3D imaging and an emergent 3D printing technique. In this study, our method was utilized for the correction of optical properties (absorption coefficient μa and reduced scattering coefficient μs′) of objects obtained with a spatial frequency domain imaging system. The correction method was verified on three objects with simple to complex shapes. Incorrect optical properties due to surface with minimum 4 mm variation in height and 80 degree in slope were detected and improved, particularly for the absorption coefficients. The 3D phantom-based correction method is applicable for a wide range of purposes. The advantages and drawbacks of the 3D phantom-based correction methods are discussed in details.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (2)

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geng, “Structured-light 3D surface imaging: a tutorial,” Adv. Opt. Photonics3(2), 128–160 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.-K. Carton, P. Bakic, C. Ullberg, and A. D. A. Maidment, “Development of a 3D high-resolution physical anthropomorphic breast phantom,” Proc. SPIE7622, 762206, 762206-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Vo, Z. Wang, T. Hoang, and D. Nguyen, “Flexible calibration technique for fringe-projection-based three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Lett.35(19), 3192–3194 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

M. B. Bouchard, B. R. Chen, S. A. Burgess, and E. M. C. Hillman, “Ultra-fast multispectral optical imaging of cortical oxygenation, blood flow, and intracellular calcium dynamics,” Opt. Express17(18), 15670–15678 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, F. R. Ayers, and B. J. Tromberg, “Quantitation and mapping of tissue optical properties using modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(2), 024012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Ramella-Roman and S. C. Mathews, “Spectroscopic measurements of oxygen saturation in the retina,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13, 0000­9999 (2007).

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

B. W. Pogue and M. S. Patterson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms for optical spectroscopy, imaging and dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Moffitt, Y. C. Chen, and S. A. Prahl, “Preparation and characterization of polyurethane optical phantoms,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

S. S. Maganti and A. P. Dhawan, “Optical nevoscope reconstructions using photon diffusion theory,” Proc. SPIE2979, 608–618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. M. Quan, G. B. Christison, H. A. MacKenzie, and P. Hodgson, “Glucose determination by a pulsed photoacoustic technique: an experimental study using a gelatin-based tissue phantom,” Phys. Med. Biol.38(12), 1911–1922 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

Adler, S.

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amyot, F.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arridge, S. R.

Ayers, F. R.

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, F. R. Ayers, and B. J. Tromberg, “Quantitation and mapping of tissue optical properties using modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(2), 024012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bakic, P.

A.-K. Carton, P. Bakic, C. Ullberg, and A. D. A. Maidment, “Development of a 3D high-resolution physical anthropomorphic breast phantom,” Proc. SPIE7622, 762206, 762206-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, H. H.

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bassi, A.

Bevilacqua, F.

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, F. R. Ayers, and B. J. Tromberg, “Quantitation and mapping of tissue optical properties using modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(2), 024012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, and B. J. Tromberg, “Modulated imaging: quantitative analysis and tomography of turbid media in the spatial-frequency domain,” Opt. Lett.30(11), 1354–1356 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouchard, M. B.

Burgess, S. A.

Carton, A.-K.

A.-K. Carton, P. Bakic, C. Ullberg, and A. D. A. Maidment, “Development of a 3D high-resolution physical anthropomorphic breast phantom,” Proc. SPIE7622, 762206, 762206-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H.

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B. R.

Chen, Y. C.

T. Moffitt, Y. C. Chen, and S. A. Prahl, “Preparation and characterization of polyurethane optical phantoms,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chernomordik, V.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chernomordik, V. V.

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christison, G. B.

K. M. Quan, G. B. Christison, H. A. MacKenzie, and P. Hodgson, “Glucose determination by a pulsed photoacoustic technique: an experimental study using a gelatin-based tissue phantom,” Phys. Med. Biol.38(12), 1911–1922 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cross, K. M.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cuccia, D. J.

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, F. R. Ayers, and B. J. Tromberg, “Quantitation and mapping of tissue optical properties using modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(2), 024012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bassi, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, and B. J. Tromberg, “Spatial shift of spatially modulated light projected on turbid media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A25(11), 2833–2839 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, and B. J. Tromberg, “Modulated imaging: quantitative analysis and tomography of turbid media in the spatial-frequency domain,” Opt. Lett.30(11), 1354–1356 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daly, M. J.

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dasgeb, B.

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dehghani, H.

Delori, F. C.

Delpy, D. T.

Demos, S. G.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dhawan, A. P.

S. S. Maganti and A. P. Dhawan, “Optical nevoscope reconstructions using photon diffusion theory,” Proc. SPIE2979, 608–618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Durkin, A. J.

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, F. R. Ayers, and B. J. Tromberg, “Quantitation and mapping of tissue optical properties using modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(2), 024012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bassi, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, and B. J. Tromberg, “Spatial shift of spatially modulated light projected on turbid media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A25(11), 2833–2839 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, and B. J. Tromberg, “Modulated imaging: quantitative analysis and tomography of turbid media in the spatial-frequency domain,” Opt. Lett.30(11), 1354–1356 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ehler, M.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fish, J. S.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frangioni, J. V.

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fry, M. E.

Fryé, T.

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furenlid, L. R.

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gandjbakhche, A. H.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, “Structured-light 3D surface imaging: a tutorial,” Adv. Opt. Photonics3(2), 128–160 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Giesel, F. L.

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gioux, S.

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomez, M.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hassan, M.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hebden, J. C.

Hillman, E. M. C.

Hitzenberger, C. K.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoang, T.

Hodgson, P.

K. M. Quan, G. B. Christison, H. A. MacKenzie, and P. Hodgson, “Glucose determination by a pulsed photoacoustic technique: an experimental study using a gelatin-based tissue phantom,” Phys. Med. Biol.38(12), 1911–1922 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Irish, J. C.

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, M. H.

T. T. A. Nguyen, J. W. Shupp, L. T. Moffatt, M. H. Jordan, E. J. Leto, and J. C. Ramella-Roman, “Assessment of the pathophysiology of injured tissue with an in vivo electrical injury model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Kainerstorfer, J. M.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kauczor, H.-U.

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonardi, L.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leto, E. J.

T. T. A. Nguyen, J. W. Shupp, L. T. Moffatt, M. H. Jordan, E. J. Leto, and J. C. Ramella-Roman, “Assessment of the pathophysiology of injured tissue with an in vivo electrical injury model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Levasseur, M. A.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Little, R. F.

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacKenzie, H. A.

K. M. Quan, G. B. Christison, H. A. MacKenzie, and P. Hodgson, “Glucose determination by a pulsed photoacoustic technique: an experimental study using a gelatin-based tissue phantom,” Phys. Med. Biol.38(12), 1911–1922 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maganti, S. S.

S. S. Maganti and A. P. Dhawan, “Optical nevoscope reconstructions using photon diffusion theory,” Proc. SPIE2979, 608–618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Maidment, A. D. A.

A.-K. Carton, P. Bakic, C. Ullberg, and A. D. A. Maidment, “Development of a 3D high-resolution physical anthropomorphic breast phantom,” Proc. SPIE7622, 762206, 762206-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mathews, S. C.

J. C. Ramella-Roman and S. C. Mathews, “Spectroscopic measurements of oxygen saturation in the retina,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13, 0000­9999 (2007).

Mazhar, A.

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehndiratta, A.

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, B. W.

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moffatt, L. T.

T. T. A. Nguyen, J. W. Shupp, L. T. Moffatt, M. H. Jordan, E. J. Leto, and J. C. Ramella-Roman, “Assessment of the pathophysiology of injured tissue with an in vivo electrical injury model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Moffitt, T.

T. Moffitt, Y. C. Chen, and S. A. Prahl, “Preparation and characterization of polyurethane optical phantoms,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, J. W.

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nguyen, D.

Nguyen, T. T. A.

T. T. A. Nguyen, J. W. Shupp, L. T. Moffatt, M. H. Jordan, E. J. Leto, and J. C. Ramella-Roman, “Assessment of the pathophysiology of injured tissue with an in vivo electrical injury model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Patterson, M. S.

B. W. Pogue and M. S. Patterson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms for optical spectroscopy, imaging and dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payette, J. R.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pogue, B. W.

B. W. Pogue and M. S. Patterson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms for optical spectroscopy, imaging and dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prahl, S. A.

T. Moffitt, Y. C. Chen, and S. A. Prahl, “Preparation and characterization of polyurethane optical phantoms,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pursley, R.

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quan, K. M.

K. M. Quan, G. B. Christison, H. A. MacKenzie, and P. Hodgson, “Glucose determination by a pulsed photoacoustic technique: an experimental study using a gelatin-based tissue phantom,” Phys. Med. Biol.38(12), 1911–1922 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramella-Roman, J. C.

J. C. Ramella-Roman and S. C. Mathews, “Spectroscopic measurements of oxygen saturation in the retina,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13, 0000­9999 (2007).

T. T. A. Nguyen, J. W. Shupp, L. T. Moffatt, M. H. Jordan, E. J. Leto, and J. C. Ramella-Roman, “Assessment of the pathophysiology of injured tissue with an in vivo electrical injury model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Rengier, F.

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riley, J. D.

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schattka, B. J.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, F. E. W.

Schweiger, M.

Sery, J.

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shupp, J. W.

T. T. A. Nguyen, J. W. Shupp, L. T. Moffatt, M. H. Jordan, E. J. Leto, and J. C. Ramella-Roman, “Assessment of the pathophysiology of injured tissue with an in vivo electrical injury model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Siewerdsen, J. H.

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sowa, M. G.

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tao, Y.

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tromberg, B. J.

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, F. R. Ayers, and B. J. Tromberg, “Quantitation and mapping of tissue optical properties using modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(2), 024012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bassi, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, and B. J. Tromberg, “Spatial shift of spatially modulated light projected on turbid media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A25(11), 2833–2839 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, and B. J. Tromberg, “Modulated imaging: quantitative analysis and tomography of turbid media in the spatial-frequency domain,” Opt. Lett.30(11), 1354–1356 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ullberg, C.

A.-K. Carton, P. Bakic, C. Ullberg, and A. D. A. Maidment, “Development of a 3D high-resolution physical anthropomorphic breast phantom,” Proc. SPIE7622, 762206, 762206-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Unterhinninghofen, R.

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veenstra, H.

Vescan, A. D.

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vo, M.

Vogel, A.

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von Tengg-Kobligk, H.

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Witterick, I.

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yarchoan, R.

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zechmann, C. M.

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

J. Geng, “Structured-light 3D surface imaging: a tutorial,” Adv. Opt. Photonics3(2), 128–160 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. C. Ramella-Roman and S. C. Mathews, “Spectroscopic measurements of oxygen saturation in the retina,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13, 0000­9999 (2007).

T. T. A. Nguyen, J. W. Shupp, L. T. Moffatt, M. H. Jordan, E. J. Leto, and J. C. Ramella-Roman, “Assessment of the pathophysiology of injured tissue with an in vivo electrical injury model,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Int. J. CARS (1)

F. Rengier, A. Mehndiratta, H. von Tengg-Kobligk, C. M. Zechmann, R. Unterhinninghofen, H.-U. Kauczor, and F. L. Giesel, “3D printing based on imaging data: review of medical applications,” Int. J. CARS5(4), 335–341 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (6)

A. Vogel, V. V. Chernomordik, J. D. Riley, M. Hassan, F. Amyot, B. Dasgeb, S. G. Demos, R. Pursley, R. F. Little, R. Yarchoan, Y. Tao, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, “Using noninvasive multispectral imaging to quantitatively assess tissue vasculature,” J. Biomed. Opt.12(5), 051604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Moffitt, Y. C. Chen, and S. A. Prahl, “Preparation and characterization of polyurethane optical phantoms,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041103 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cuccia, F. Bevilacqua, A. J. Durkin, F. R. Ayers, and B. J. Tromberg, “Quantitation and mapping of tissue optical properties using modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(2), 024012 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gioux, A. Mazhar, D. J. Cuccia, A. J. Durkin, B. J. Tromberg, and J. V. Frangioni, “Three-dimensional surface profile intensity correction for spatially modulated imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(3), 034045 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Kainerstorfer, F. Amyot, M. Ehler, M. Hassan, S. G. Demos, V. Chernomordik, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. H. Gandjbakhche, and J. D. Riley, “Direct curvature correction for noncontact imaging modalities applied to multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(4), 046013 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. W. Pogue and M. S. Patterson, “Review of tissue simulating phantoms for optical spectroscopy, imaging and dosimetry,” J. Biomed. Opt.11(4), 041102 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

B. W. Miller, J. W. Moore, H. H. Barrett, T. Fryé, S. Adler, J. Sery, and L. R. Furenlid, “3D printing in X-ray and Gamma-Ray Imaging: A novel method for fabricating high-density imaging apertures,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A659(1), 262–268 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

K. M. Quan, G. B. Christison, H. A. MacKenzie, and P. Hodgson, “Glucose determination by a pulsed photoacoustic technique: an experimental study using a gelatin-based tissue phantom,” Phys. Med. Biol.38(12), 1911–1922 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (3)

A.-K. Carton, P. Bakic, C. Ullberg, and A. D. A. Maidment, “Development of a 3D high-resolution physical anthropomorphic breast phantom,” Proc. SPIE7622, 762206, 762206-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Vescan, H. Chan, M. J. Daly, I. Witterick, J. C. Irish, and J. H. Siewerdsen, “C-arm cone beam CT guidance of sinus and skull base surgery: quantitative surgical performance evaluation and development of a novel high-fidelity phantom,” Proc. SPIE7261, 72610L, 72610L-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Maganti and A. P. Dhawan, “Optical nevoscope reconstructions using photon diffusion theory,” Proc. SPIE2979, 608–618 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wound Repair Regen. (1)

K. M. Cross, L. Leonardi, J. R. Payette, M. Gomez, M. A. Levasseur, B. J. Schattka, M. G. Sowa, and J. S. Fish, “Clinical utilization of near-infrared spectroscopy devices for burn depth assessment,” Wound Repair Regen.15(3), 332–340 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (7)

D. J. Cuccia, “Modulated imaging: a spatial frequency domain imaging method for wide-field spectroscopy and tomography of turbid media,” Ph.D thesis (Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California Irvine, 2006).

S. L. Jacques, Spectroscopic determination of tissue optical properties using optical fiber spectrometer, available at http://omlc.ogi.edu/news/apr08/skinspectra/index.html

R. Grunert, G. Strauss, H. Moeckel, M. Hofer, A. Poessneck, U. Fickweiler, M. Thalheima, R. Schmiedel, P. Jannin, T. Schulz, J. Ocken, A. Dietz, and W. Korb, “ElePhant—an anatomical electronic phantom as simulation-system for otologic surgery,” in 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006. EMBS '06 (2006), vol. 1, pp. 4408–4411.

M. A. Miller and G. D. Hutchins, “Development of anatomically realistic PET and PET/CT phantoms with rapid prototyping technology,” in IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record,2007. NSS '07 (IEEE, 2007), pp. 4252–4257.

M. Ehler, J. M. Kainerstorfer, D. Cunningham, M. Bono, B. P. Brooks, and R. F. Bonner, “Extended correction model for retinal optical imaging”, in Conf. Proc. Computational Advances in Bio and Medical Sciences, 93–98 (2011).

E. J. Troy, A. C. Fazey, and E. Crook, “A new impact modifier for toughening clear APET,” in Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference ANTEC (2000), Vol. 58, pp. 2841–2843.

V. V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics: Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis, 2nd. ed. (SPIE, 2007), Chap. 1.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the combined system for three dimensional profiling and optical property measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Changes in absorption coefficient (left) and reduced scattering coefficient (right) due to height changes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A reduced scattering coefficient map of a 3D phantom with plastic filament effect before (left) and after (right) applying a low-pass filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

A block diagram for the correction method using 3D ABS phantom.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption coefficient (left) and reduced scattering coefficient (right) of ABS plastic, measured by IAD.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

A reconstructed 3D image of the cylindrical phantom and the regenerated ABS 3D phantom.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Optical property measurement of a cylindrical polyurethane element (real object): mean values along the Y-axis of the uncorrected data (thick solid curves) and corrected data (dashed curves) and expected values from IAD (thin solid curves) of absorption coefficients (left) and reduced scattering coefficients (right). Raw data is shown in Fig. 7(a) and curve-fitted data is shown in Fig. 7(b).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

A reconstructed 3D image of the gelatin eyeball phantom, and the regenerated ABS 3D phantom.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Maps of absorption coefficients (a) and reduced scattering coefficients (b) of a gelatin eyeball phantom with and without correction.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Optical property measurement of a gelatin eyeball phantom: vertical cross-sectional plots, through the center of the eyeball, of the uncorrected data (thick solid curves) and corrected data (dashed curves) and expected values from IAD (thin solid curves) of absorption coefficients (left) and reduced scattering coefficients (right). Raw data is shown in Fig. 10(a) and curve-fitted data is shown in Fig. 10(b).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

A reconstructed 3D image of the back of the gelatin mouse phantom and the regenerated ABS 3D phantom.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Maps of absorption coefficients (a) and reduced scattering coefficients (b) of the gelatin mouse phantom with and without correction.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Optical property measurement of a gelatin mouse phantom: vertical cross-sectional plots, through the center of the eyeball, of the uncorrected data (thick solid curves) and corrected data (dashed curves) and expected values from IAD (thin solid curves) of absorption coefficients (left) and reduced scattering coefficients (right). Raw data is shown in Fig. 13(a) and curve-fitted data is shown in Fig. 13(b).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D C ( x i ) = 1 3 [ I 1 ( x i ) + I 2 ( x i ) + I 3 ( x i ) ]
A C ( x i , f x ) = 2 1 / 2 3 { [ I ( x i ) 1 I 2 ( x i ) ] 2 + [ I ( x i ) 2 I 3 ( x i ) ] 2 + [ I ( x i ) 3 I 1 ( x i ) ] 2 }
R d ( x i , f x ) = A C ( x i , f x ) A C r e f ( x i , f x ) R d _ r e f ( x i , f x )
R d ( x i , 0 ) = D C ( x i ) D C r e f ( x i ) R d _ r e f ( x i , 0 )

Metrics