Abstract

We hypothesize that an intraocular lens (IOL) with higher-order aspheric surfaces customized for an individual eye provides improved retinal image quality, despite the misalignments that accompany cataract surgery. To test this hypothesis, ray-tracing eye models were used to investigate 10 designs of mono-focal single lens IOLs with rotationally symmetric spherical, aspheric, and customized surfaces. Retinal image quality of pseudo-phakic eyes using these IOLs together with individual variations in ocular and IOL parameters, are evaluated using a Monte Carlo analysis. We conclude that customized lenses should give improved retinal image quality despite the random errors resulting from IOL insertion.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  2. J. Tabernero, P. Piers, and P. Artal, “Intraocular lens to correct corneal coma,” Opt. Lett.32(4), 406–408 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. A. Atchison, “Design of aspheric intraocular lenses,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.11(2), 137–146 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Bellucci and S. Morselli, “Optimizing higher-order aberrations with intraocular lens technology,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol.18(1), 67–73 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Effect of decentration of wavefront-corrected intraocular lenses on the higher-order aberrations of the eye,” Arch. Ophthalmol.123(9), 1226–1230 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. H. Dietze and M. J. Cox, “Limitations of correcting spherical aberration with aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.21(5), S541–S546 (2005).
    [PubMed]
  8. P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
    [PubMed]
  9. I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Aramberri, “Intraocular lens power calculation after corneal refractive surgery: double-K method,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(11), 2063–2068 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. V. Gimbel and R. Sun, “Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(4), 571–576 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. Seitz and A. Langenbucher, “Intraocular lens power calculation in eyes after corneal refractive surgery,” J. Refract. Surg.16(3), 349–361 (2000).
    [PubMed]
  14. H. Shammas, ed., Intraocular lens power calculation (SLACK Incoporated, 2004).
  15. M. Packer, I. H. Fine, and R. S. Hoffman, “Aspheric intraocular lens selection based on corneal wavefront,” J. Refract. Surg.25(1), 12–20 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  16. P. R. Preussner, J. Wahl, and D. Weitzel, “Topography-based intraocular lens power selection,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 525–533 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Canovas and P. Artal, “Customized eye models for determining optimized intraocular lenses power,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(6), 1649–1662 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Zhao, “Optical ensemble analysis of intraocular lens performance through a simulated clinical trial with ZEMAX,” Opt. Lett.34(1), 7–9 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Montejo, and C. Dorronsoro, “Design of isoplanatic aspheric monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express19(7), 6215–6230 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Barbero and S. Marcos, “Analytical tools for customized design of monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(14), 8576–8591 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. Hong and X. X. Zhang, “Optimizing distance image quality of an aspheric multifocal intraocular lens using a comprehensive statistical design approach,” Opt. Express16(25), 20920–20934 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
    [PubMed]
  23. Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
    [PubMed]
  24. A. Langenbucher, T. Eppig, B. Seitz, and E. Janunts, “Customized aspheric IOL design by raytracing through the eye containing quadric surfaces,” Curr. Eye Res.36(7), 637–646 (2011).
    [PubMed]
  25. F. Rao, Z. Q. Wang, Y. J. Liu, and Y. Wang, “A novel approach to design intraocular lenses with extended depth of focus in a pseudophakic eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)122(11), 991–995 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Siedlecki, M. Zajac, and J. Nowak, “Retinal images in a model of a pseudophakic eye with classic and hybrid intraocular lenses,” J. Mod. Opt.55(4-5), 653–669 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Ho, F. Manns, T. Pham, and J. M. Parel, “Predicting the performance of accommodating intraocular lenses using ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.32(1), 129–136 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zuo, “Intraocular lens design for treating high myopia based on individual eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)118(2), 88–93 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. P. Rosales and S. Marcos, “Customized computer models of eyes with intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(5), 2204–2218 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. M. Dubbelman, V. A. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, “The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea,” Vision Res.46(6-7), 993–1001 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, “Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(12), 4312–4319 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Change in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with 2 types of aspherical intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(2), 217–226 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. D. A. Atchison, “Optical models for human myopic eyes,” Vision Res.46(14), 2236–2250 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. R. G. Anera, A. Alarcón, J. R. Jiménez, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Characterizing corneal shape after LASIK using a reference system intrinsic to the cornea,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(7), 1549–1554 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. S. Norrby, “Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.34(3), 368–376 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. E. Berrio, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations and alignment of the eye with age,” J. Vis.10(14), 34 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. D. A. Atchison, “Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance,” Optom. Vis. Sci.66(8), 492–506 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. International Organization for Standardization, “Ophthalmic implants - intraocular lenses - Part 2: Optical properties and test methods,” (1999).
  43. H. Guo, A. Goncharov, and C. Dainty, “Intraocular lens implantation position sensitivity as a function of refractive error,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.32(2), 117–124 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” J. Vis.4(4), 9 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  46. M. A. Nanavaty, D. J. Spalton, and J. Marshall, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on vertical coma aberration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(2), 215–221 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, “Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(4), 652–660 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. T. Kohnen, O. K. Klaproth, and J. Bühren, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on quality of vision after cataract removal: an intraindividual comparison,” Ophthalmology116(9), 1697–1706 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. Y. Nochez, A. Favard, S. Majzoub, and P. J. Pisella, “Measurement of corneal aberrations for customisation of intraocular lens asphericity: impact on quality of vision after micro-incision cataract surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(4), 440–444 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  50. W. Fiala, “Remarks on WaveFront designed aberration correcting intraocular lenses,” Optom. Vis. Sci.86(5), 529–536 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Custom optimization of intraocular lens asphericity,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(10), 1713–1720 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

H. Guo, A. Goncharov, and C. Dainty, “Intraocular lens implantation position sensitivity as a function of refractive error,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.32(2), 117–124 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

C. Canovas and P. Artal, “Customized eye models for determining optimized intraocular lenses power,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(6), 1649–1662 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Montejo, and C. Dorronsoro, “Design of isoplanatic aspheric monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express19(7), 6215–6230 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
[PubMed]

A. Langenbucher, T. Eppig, B. Seitz, and E. Janunts, “Customized aspheric IOL design by raytracing through the eye containing quadric surfaces,” Curr. Eye Res.36(7), 637–646 (2011).
[PubMed]

F. Rao, Z. Q. Wang, Y. J. Liu, and Y. Wang, “A novel approach to design intraocular lenses with extended depth of focus in a pseudophakic eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)122(11), 991–995 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. G. Anera, A. Alarcón, J. R. Jiménez, and L. Jiménez Del Barco, “Characterizing corneal shape after LASIK using a reference system intrinsic to the cornea,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(7), 1549–1554 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Berrio, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations and alignment of the eye with age,” J. Vis.10(14), 34 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Nanavaty, D. J. Spalton, and J. Marshall, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on vertical coma aberration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(2), 215–221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nochez, A. Favard, S. Majzoub, and P. J. Pisella, “Measurement of corneal aberrations for customisation of intraocular lens asphericity: impact on quality of vision after micro-incision cataract surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(4), 440–444 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

W. Fiala, “Remarks on WaveFront designed aberration correcting intraocular lenses,” Optom. Vis. Sci.86(5), 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohnen, O. K. Klaproth, and J. Bühren, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on quality of vision after cataract removal: an intraindividual comparison,” Ophthalmology116(9), 1697–1706 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, “Optical ensemble analysis of intraocular lens performance through a simulated clinical trial with ZEMAX,” Opt. Lett.34(1), 7–9 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Packer, I. H. Fine, and R. S. Hoffman, “Aspheric intraocular lens selection based on corneal wavefront,” J. Refract. Surg.25(1), 12–20 (2009).
[PubMed]

J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

S. Norrby, “Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.34(3), 368–376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Siedlecki, M. Zajac, and J. Nowak, “Retinal images in a model of a pseudophakic eye with classic and hybrid intraocular lenses,” J. Mod. Opt.55(4-5), 653–669 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Hong and X. X. Zhang, “Optimizing distance image quality of an aspheric multifocal intraocular lens using a comprehensive statistical design approach,” Opt. Express16(25), 20920–20934 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (10)

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Custom optimization of intraocular lens asphericity,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(10), 1713–1720 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

S. Barbero and S. Marcos, “Analytical tools for customized design of monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(14), 8576–8591 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zuo, “Intraocular lens design for treating high myopia based on individual eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)118(2), 88–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales and S. Marcos, “Customized computer models of eyes with intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(5), 2204–2218 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Change in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with 2 types of aspherical intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(2), 217–226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, and P. Artal, “Intraocular lens to correct corneal coma,” Opt. Lett.32(4), 406–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bellucci and S. Morselli, “Optimizing higher-order aberrations with intraocular lens technology,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol.18(1), 67–73 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

2006 (3)

D. A. Atchison, “Optical models for human myopic eyes,” Vision Res.46(14), 2236–2250 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dubbelman, V. A. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, “The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea,” Vision Res.46(6-7), 993–1001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ho, F. Manns, T. Pham, and J. M. Parel, “Predicting the performance of accommodating intraocular lenses using ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.32(1), 129–136 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Effect of decentration of wavefront-corrected intraocular lenses on the higher-order aberrations of the eye,” Arch. Ophthalmol.123(9), 1226–1230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Dietze and M. J. Cox, “Limitations of correcting spherical aberration with aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.21(5), S541–S546 (2005).
[PubMed]

P. R. Preussner, J. Wahl, and D. Weitzel, “Topography-based intraocular lens power selection,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 525–533 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” J. Vis.4(4), 9 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, “Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(12), 4312–4319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

J. Aramberri, “Intraocular lens power calculation after corneal refractive surgery: double-K method,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(11), 2063–2068 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, “Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(4), 652–660 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (1)

H. V. Gimbel and R. Sun, “Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(4), 571–576 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

B. Seitz and A. Langenbucher, “Intraocular lens power calculation in eyes after corneal refractive surgery,” J. Refract. Surg.16(3), 349–361 (2000).
[PubMed]

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

D. A. Atchison, “Design of aspheric intraocular lenses,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.11(2), 137–146 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

D. A. Atchison, “Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance,” Optom. Vis. Sci.66(8), 492–506 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abramson, J.

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alarcón, A.

Anera, R. G.

Anterist, N.

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, “Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(4), 652–660 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Applegate, R. A.

L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” J. Vis.4(4), 9 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aramberri, J.

J. Aramberri, “Intraocular lens power calculation after corneal refractive surgery: double-K method,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(11), 2063–2068 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Artal, P.

C. Canovas and P. Artal, “Customized eye models for determining optimized intraocular lenses power,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(6), 1649–1662 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Berrio, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations and alignment of the eye with age,” J. Vis.10(14), 34 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, and P. Artal, “Intraocular lens to correct corneal coma,” Opt. Lett.32(4), 406–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, “Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(12), 4312–4319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atchison, D. A.

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, “Optical models for human myopic eyes,” Vision Res.46(14), 2236–2250 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, “Design of aspheric intraocular lenses,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.11(2), 137–146 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, “Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance,” Optom. Vis. Sci.66(8), 492–506 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbero, S.

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Montejo, and C. Dorronsoro, “Design of isoplanatic aspheric monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express19(7), 6215–6230 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Barbero and S. Marcos, “Analytical tools for customized design of monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(14), 8576–8591 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bellucci, R.

R. Bellucci and S. Morselli, “Optimizing higher-order aberrations with intraocular lens technology,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol.18(1), 67–73 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bende, T.

J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berrio, E.

E. Berrio, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations and alignment of the eye with age,” J. Vis.10(14), 34 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bingham, S.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bradley, A.

L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” J. Vis.4(4), 9 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broadway, D. C.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bühren, J.

T. Kohnen, O. K. Klaproth, and J. Bühren, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on quality of vision after cataract removal: an intraindividual comparison,” Ophthalmology116(9), 1697–1706 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Canovas, C.

Chai, X. Y.

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chokshi, A. R.

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cox, M. J.

H. H. Dietze and M. J. Cox, “Limitations of correcting spherical aberration with aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.21(5), S541–S546 (2005).
[PubMed]

Dainty, C.

H. Guo, A. Goncharov, and C. Dainty, “Intraocular lens implantation position sensitivity as a function of refractive error,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.32(2), 117–124 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalzell, N.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dietze, H. H.

H. H. Dietze and M. J. Cox, “Limitations of correcting spherical aberration with aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.21(5), S541–S546 (2005).
[PubMed]

Dillinger, P.

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, “Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(4), 652–660 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorronsoro, C.

Dubbelman, M.

M. Dubbelman, V. A. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, “The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea,” Vision Res.46(6-7), 993–1001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Einighammer, J.

J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eppig, T.

Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
[PubMed]

A. Langenbucher, T. Eppig, B. Seitz, and E. Janunts, “Customized aspheric IOL design by raytracing through the eye containing quadric surfaces,” Curr. Eye Res.36(7), 637–646 (2011).
[PubMed]

Favard, A.

Y. Nochez, A. Favard, S. Majzoub, and P. J. Pisella, “Measurement of corneal aberrations for customisation of intraocular lens asphericity: impact on quality of vision after micro-incision cataract surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(4), 440–444 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feudner, E.

J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fiala, W.

W. Fiala, “Remarks on WaveFront designed aberration correcting intraocular lenses,” Optom. Vis. Sci.86(5), 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fine, I. H.

M. Packer, I. H. Fine, and R. S. Hoffman, “Aspheric intraocular lens selection based on corneal wavefront,” J. Refract. Surg.25(1), 12–20 (2009).
[PubMed]

Foster, P. J.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gimbel, H. V.

H. V. Gimbel and R. Sun, “Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(4), 571–576 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goncharov, A.

H. Guo, A. Goncharov, and C. Dainty, “Intraocular lens implantation position sensitivity as a function of refractive error,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.32(2), 117–124 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guirao, A.

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, “Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(12), 4312–4319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, H.

H. Guo, A. Goncharov, and C. Dainty, “Intraocular lens implantation position sensitivity as a function of refractive error,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.32(2), 117–124 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanselmayer, G.

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayat, S.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, Y. L.

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, A.

A. Ho, F. Manns, T. Pham, and J. M. Parel, “Predicting the performance of accommodating intraocular lenses using ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.32(1), 129–136 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoffman, R. S.

M. Packer, I. H. Fine, and R. S. Hoffman, “Aspheric intraocular lens selection based on corneal wavefront,” J. Refract. Surg.25(1), 12–20 (2009).
[PubMed]

Holladay, J. T.

J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hong, X.

X. Hong and X. X. Zhang, “Optimizing distance image quality of an aspheric multifocal intraocular lens using a comprehensive statistical design approach,” Opt. Express16(25), 20920–20934 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” J. Vis.4(4), 9 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Janunts, E.

A. Langenbucher, T. Eppig, B. Seitz, and E. Janunts, “Customized aspheric IOL design by raytracing through the eye containing quadric surfaces,” Curr. Eye Res.36(7), 637–646 (2011).
[PubMed]

Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
[PubMed]

Jean, B.

J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiménez, J. R.

Jiménez Del Barco, L.

Jiménez-Alfaro, I.

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Change in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with 2 types of aspherical intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(2), 217–226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, M.

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, C. E.

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasthurirangan, S.

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khaw, K. T.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klaproth, O. K.

T. Kohnen, O. K. Klaproth, and J. Bühren, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on quality of vision after cataract removal: an intraindividual comparison,” Ophthalmology116(9), 1697–1706 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, D. D.

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Custom optimization of intraocular lens asphericity,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(10), 1713–1720 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Effect of decentration of wavefront-corrected intraocular lenses on the higher-order aberrations of the eye,” Arch. Ophthalmol.123(9), 1226–1230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohnen, T.

T. Kohnen, O. K. Klaproth, and J. Bühren, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on quality of vision after cataract removal: an intraindividual comparison,” Ophthalmology116(9), 1697–1706 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koranyi, G.

J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
[PubMed]

Langenbucher, A.

Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
[PubMed]

A. Langenbucher, T. Eppig, B. Seitz, and E. Janunts, “Customized aspheric IOL design by raytracing through the eye containing quadric surfaces,” Curr. Eye Res.36(7), 637–646 (2011).
[PubMed]

B. Seitz and A. Langenbucher, “Intraocular lens power calculation in eyes after corneal refractive surgery,” J. Refract. Surg.16(3), 349–361 (2000).
[PubMed]

Latkany, R. A.

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. J.

F. Rao, Z. Q. Wang, Y. J. Liu, and Y. Wang, “A novel approach to design intraocular lenses with extended depth of focus in a pseudophakic eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)122(11), 991–995 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Llorente, L.

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Change in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with 2 types of aspherical intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(2), 217–226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luben, R.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Majzoub, S.

Y. Nochez, A. Favard, S. Majzoub, and P. J. Pisella, “Measurement of corneal aberrations for customisation of intraocular lens asphericity: impact on quality of vision after micro-incision cataract surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(4), 440–444 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manns, F.

A. Ho, F. Manns, T. Pham, and J. M. Parel, “Predicting the performance of accommodating intraocular lenses using ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.32(1), 129–136 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcos, S.

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Montejo, and C. Dorronsoro, “Design of isoplanatic aspheric monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express19(7), 6215–6230 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Change in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with 2 types of aspherical intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(2), 217–226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Barbero and S. Marcos, “Analytical tools for customized design of monofocal intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(14), 8576–8591 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rosales and S. Marcos, “Customized computer models of eyes with intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(5), 2204–2218 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Markwell, E. L.

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marshall, J.

M. A. Nanavaty, D. J. Spalton, and J. Marshall, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on vertical coma aberration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(2), 215–221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mester, U.

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, “Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(4), 652–660 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montejo, J.

Morselli, S.

R. Bellucci and S. Morselli, “Optimizing higher-order aberrations with intraocular lens technology,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol.18(1), 67–73 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanavaty, M. A.

M. A. Nanavaty, D. J. Spalton, and J. Marshall, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on vertical coma aberration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(2), 215–221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nochez, Y.

Y. Nochez, A. Favard, S. Majzoub, and P. J. Pisella, “Measurement of corneal aberrations for customisation of intraocular lens asphericity: impact on quality of vision after micro-incision cataract surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(4), 440–444 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norrby, N. E.

J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
[PubMed]

Norrby, S.

S. Norrby, “Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.34(3), 368–376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

Nowak, J.

D. Siedlecki, M. Zajac, and J. Nowak, “Retinal images in a model of a pseudophakic eye with classic and hybrid intraocular lenses,” J. Mod. Opt.55(4-5), 653–669 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oltrup, T.

J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Packer, M.

M. Packer, I. H. Fine, and R. S. Hoffman, “Aspheric intraocular lens selection based on corneal wavefront,” J. Refract. Surg.25(1), 12–20 (2009).
[PubMed]

Parel, J. M.

A. Ho, F. Manns, T. Pham, and J. M. Parel, “Predicting the performance of accommodating intraocular lenses using ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.32(1), 129–136 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pham, T.

A. Ho, F. Manns, T. Pham, and J. M. Parel, “Predicting the performance of accommodating intraocular lenses using ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.32(1), 129–136 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piers, P.

Piers, P. A.

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
[PubMed]

Pisella, P. J.

Y. Nochez, A. Favard, S. Majzoub, and P. J. Pisella, “Measurement of corneal aberrations for customisation of intraocular lens asphericity: impact on quality of vision after micro-incision cataract surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(4), 440–444 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pope, J. M.

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Preussner, P. R.

P. R. Preussner, J. Wahl, and D. Weitzel, “Topography-based intraocular lens power selection,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 525–533 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, N.

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, F.

F. Rao, Z. Q. Wang, Y. J. Liu, and Y. Wang, “A novel approach to design intraocular lenses with extended depth of focus in a pseudophakic eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)122(11), 991–995 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Q. S.

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosales, P.

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rosales and S. Marcos, “Customized computer models of eyes with intraocular lenses,” Opt. Express15(5), 2204–2218 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Change in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with 2 types of aspherical intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(2), 217–226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruhswurm, I.

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauer, T.

Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
[PubMed]

Schmid, K. L.

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scholz, U.

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scott, D. H.

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seitz, B.

A. Langenbucher, T. Eppig, B. Seitz, and E. Janunts, “Customized aspheric IOL design by raytracing through the eye containing quadric surfaces,” Curr. Eye Res.36(7), 637–646 (2011).
[PubMed]

B. Seitz and A. Langenbucher, “Intraocular lens power calculation in eyes after corneal refractive surgery,” J. Refract. Surg.16(3), 349–361 (2000).
[PubMed]

Sicam, V. A.

M. Dubbelman, V. A. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, “The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea,” Vision Res.46(6-7), 993–1001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siedlecki, D.

D. Siedlecki, M. Zajac, and J. Nowak, “Retinal images in a model of a pseudophakic eye with classic and hybrid intraocular lenses,” J. Mod. Opt.55(4-5), 653–669 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Skorpik, C.

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, G.

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soloway, B. D.

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spalton, D. J.

M. A. Nanavaty, D. J. Spalton, and J. Marshall, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on vertical coma aberration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(2), 215–221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Speaker, M. G.

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, R.

H. V. Gimbel and R. Sun, “Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(4), 571–576 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swann, P. G.

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tabernero, J.

E. Berrio, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations and alignment of the eye with age,” J. Vis.10(14), 34 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, and P. Artal, “Intraocular lens to correct corneal coma,” Opt. Lett.32(4), 406–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tejedor, J.

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, “Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(12), 4312–4319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thibos, L. N.

L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” J. Vis.4(4), 9 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van der Heijde, G. L.

M. Dubbelman, V. A. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, “The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea,” Vision Res.46(6-7), 993–1001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Mooren, M.

J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
[PubMed]

Vass, C.

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wahl, J.

P. R. Preussner, J. Wahl, and D. Weitzel, “Topography-based intraocular lens power selection,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 525–533 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Custom optimization of intraocular lens asphericity,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(10), 1713–1720 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Effect of decentration of wavefront-corrected intraocular lenses on the higher-order aberrations of the eye,” Arch. Ophthalmol.123(9), 1226–1230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

F. Rao, Z. Q. Wang, Y. J. Liu, and Y. Wang, “A novel approach to design intraocular lenses with extended depth of focus in a pseudophakic eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)122(11), 991–995 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zuo, “Intraocular lens design for treating high myopia based on individual eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)118(2), 88–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zuo, “Intraocular lens design for treating high myopia based on individual eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)118(2), 88–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Q.

F. Rao, Z. Q. Wang, Y. J. Liu, and Y. Wang, “A novel approach to design intraocular lenses with extended depth of focus in a pseudophakic eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)122(11), 991–995 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zuo, “Intraocular lens design for treating high myopia based on individual eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)118(2), 88–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wareham, N. J.

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, H. A.

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

Weitzel, D.

P. R. Preussner, J. Wahl, and D. Weitzel, “Topography-based intraocular lens power selection,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 525–533 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, G. P.

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, L.

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zajac, M.

D. Siedlecki, M. Zajac, and J. Nowak, “Retinal images in a model of a pseudophakic eye with classic and hybrid intraocular lenses,” J. Mod. Opt.55(4-5), 653–669 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zehetmayer, M.

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. X.

Zhao, H.

Zhou, C. Q.

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z. X.

Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
[PubMed]

Zuo, T.

Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zuo, “Intraocular lens design for treating high myopia based on individual eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)118(2), 88–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Effect of decentration of wavefront-corrected intraocular lenses on the higher-order aberrations of the eye,” Arch. Ophthalmol.123(9), 1226–1230 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Br. J. Ophthalmol. (2)

P. J. Foster, D. C. Broadway, S. Hayat, R. Luben, N. Dalzell, S. Bingham, N. J. Wareham, and K. T. Khaw, “Refractive error, axial length and anterior chamber depth of the eye in British adults: the EPIC-Norfolk Eye Study,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(7), 827–830 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nochez, A. Favard, S. Majzoub, and P. J. Pisella, “Measurement of corneal aberrations for customisation of intraocular lens asphericity: impact on quality of vision after micro-incision cataract surgery,” Br. J. Ophthalmol.94(4), 440–444 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curr. Eye Res. (3)

C. Q. Zhou, X. Y. Chai, L. Yuan, Y. L. He, M. Jin, and Q. S. Ren, “Corneal higher-order aberrations after customized aspheric ablation and conventional ablation for myopic correction,” Curr. Eye Res.32(5), 431–438 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. X. Zhu, E. Janunts, T. Eppig, T. Sauer, and A. Langenbucher, “Tomography-based customized IOL calculation model,” Curr. Eye Res.36(6), 579–589 (2011).
[PubMed]

A. Langenbucher, T. Eppig, B. Seitz, and E. Janunts, “Customized aspheric IOL design by raytracing through the eye containing quadric surfaces,” Curr. Eye Res.36(7), 637–646 (2011).
[PubMed]

Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. (1)

R. Bellucci and S. Morselli, “Optimizing higher-order aberrations with intraocular lens technology,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol.18(1), 67–73 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2)

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, “Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.45(12), 4312–4319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, N. Pritchard, K. L. Schmid, D. H. Scott, C. E. Jones, and J. M. Pope, “Shape of the retinal surface in emmetropia and myopia,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.46(8), 2698–2707 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (12)

S. Norrby, “Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.34(3), 368–376 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Nanavaty, D. J. Spalton, and J. Marshall, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on vertical coma aberration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.36(2), 215–221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, “Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(4), 652–660 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang and D. D. Koch, “Custom optimization of intraocular lens asphericity,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(10), 1713–1720 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Change in corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with 2 types of aspherical intraocular lenses,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.33(2), 217–226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. R. Preussner, J. Wahl, and D. Weitzel, “Topography-based intraocular lens power selection,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 525–533 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ho, F. Manns, T. Pham, and J. M. Parel, “Predicting the performance of accommodating intraocular lenses using ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.32(1), 129–136 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Einighammer, T. Oltrup, E. Feudner, T. Bende, and B. Jean, “Customized aspheric intraocular lenses calculated with real ray tracing,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.35(11), 1984–1994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Ruhswurm, U. Scholz, M. Zehetmayer, G. Hanselmayer, C. Vass, and C. Skorpik, “Astigmatism correction with a foldable toric intraocular lens in cataract patients,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.26(7), 1022–1027 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aramberri, “Intraocular lens power calculation after corneal refractive surgery: double-K method,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.29(11), 2063–2068 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. V. Gimbel and R. Sun, “Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.27(4), 571–576 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Latkany, A. R. Chokshi, M. G. Speaker, J. Abramson, B. D. Soloway, and G. P. Yu, “Intraocular lens calculations after refractive surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg.31(3), 562–570 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. Siedlecki, M. Zajac, and J. Nowak, “Retinal images in a model of a pseudophakic eye with classic and hybrid intraocular lenses,” J. Mod. Opt.55(4-5), 653–669 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Refract. Surg. (6)

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

B. Seitz and A. Langenbucher, “Intraocular lens power calculation in eyes after corneal refractive surgery,” J. Refract. Surg.16(3), 349–361 (2000).
[PubMed]

J. T. Holladay, P. A. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. E. Norrby, “A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes,” J. Refract. Surg.18(6), 683–691 (2002).
[PubMed]

M. Packer, I. H. Fine, and R. S. Hoffman, “Aspheric intraocular lens selection based on corneal wavefront,” J. Refract. Surg.25(1), 12–20 (2009).
[PubMed]

H. H. Dietze and M. J. Cox, “Limitations of correcting spherical aberration with aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.21(5), S541–S546 (2005).
[PubMed]

P. A. Piers, H. A. Weeber, P. Artal, and S. Norrby, “Theoretical comparison of aberration-correcting customized and aspheric intraocular lenses,” J. Refract. Surg.23(4), 374–384 (2007).
[PubMed]

J. Vis. (3)

D. A. Atchison, E. L. Markwell, S. Kasthurirangan, J. M. Pope, G. Smith, and P. G. Swann, “Age-related changes in optical and biometric characteristics of emmetropic eyes,” J. Vis.8(4), 29 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” J. Vis.4(4), 9 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Berrio, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations and alignment of the eye with age,” J. Vis.10(14), 34 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. (2)

H. Guo, A. Goncharov, and C. Dainty, “Intraocular lens implantation position sensitivity as a function of refractive error,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.32(2), 117–124 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, “Design of aspheric intraocular lenses,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt.11(2), 137–146 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ophthalmology (1)

T. Kohnen, O. K. Klaproth, and J. Bühren, “Effect of intraocular lens asphericity on quality of vision after cataract removal: an intraindividual comparison,” Ophthalmology116(9), 1697–1706 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optik (Stuttg.) (2)

Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zuo, “Intraocular lens design for treating high myopia based on individual eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)118(2), 88–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Rao, Z. Q. Wang, Y. J. Liu, and Y. Wang, “A novel approach to design intraocular lenses with extended depth of focus in a pseudophakic eye model,” Optik (Stuttg.)122(11), 991–995 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Optom. Vis. Sci. (2)

D. A. Atchison, “Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance,” Optom. Vis. Sci.66(8), 492–506 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Fiala, “Remarks on WaveFront designed aberration correcting intraocular lenses,” Optom. Vis. Sci.86(5), 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vision Res. (3)

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, S. Barbero, and I. Jiménez-Alfaro, “Balance of corneal horizontal coma by internal optics in eyes with intraocular artificial lenses: evidence of a passive mechanism,” Vision Res.48(1), 70–79 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dubbelman, V. A. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, “The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea,” Vision Res.46(6-7), 993–1001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Atchison, “Optical models for human myopic eyes,” Vision Res.46(14), 2236–2250 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. Shammas, ed., Intraocular lens power calculation (SLACK Incoporated, 2004).

International Organization for Standardization, “Ophthalmic implants - intraocular lenses - Part 2: Optical properties and test methods,” (1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified working flow chart for designing and evaluating different IOLs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of 10 IOL designs by normalized retinal composite metric

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Retinal RMS spot sizes of individually designed IOLs at varied RMS surface irregularities. The dashed horizontal line shows the equi-spherical IOL design with ±1 µm RMS surface irregularity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

MTF curves comparisons of (a) IOL1, (b) IOL2, (c) IOL3 and (d) IOL10, with only determinant parameters and after variational parameters perturbation. (e) and (f) are direct comparisons of MTF for IOL1, IOL2 and IOL10, before and after variational parameters perturbation respectively. The MTFs are group means and the calculation pupil size is 4mm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Statistics of group 1 determinant parameters of selected 15 eye models

Tables Icon

Table 2 Group 2 variational parameters and their minimum/maximum ranges deviating from their nominal values. The relatively small measurement noises are not listed. Every parameter was randomly selected from the range following Gaussian distribution to be the perturbations for each individual pseudo-phakic eye model.

Metrics