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Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for
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W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence
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H. Dehghani, S. C. Davis, and B. W. Pogue, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography using
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Zhao, D. Chen, X. Qu, X. Chen, X. He, W. Li, Z. Hu, J. Liu, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Source sparsity based primal-dual interior-point method
for three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
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[CrossRef]

X. He, Y. Hou, D. Chen, Y. Jiang, M. Shen, J. Liu, Q. Zhang, and J. Tian, “Sparse regularization-based reconstruction for
bioluminescence tomography using a multilevel adaptive finite element
method,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging2011, 203537 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Huang, X. Qu, J. Liang, X. He, X. Chen, D. Yang, and J. Tian, “A multi-phase level set framework for source
reconstruction in bioluminescence tomography,” J. Comput.
Phys.229(13), 5246–5256
(2010).

[CrossRef]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Wang, J. Yu, X. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Hou, D. Chen, F. Liu, and J. Tian, “Sparse reconstruction for quantitative bioluminescence
tomography based on the incomplete variables truncated conjugate gradient
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(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Qu, H. Huang, Y. Hou, and J. Tian, “Truncated total least squares method with a practical
truncation parameter choice scheme for bioluminescence tomography inverse
problem,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging2010, 291874 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, H. Shen, X. Qian, M. Henry, and Y. Wang, “Overview of bioluminescence tomography--a new molecular
imaging modality,” Front. Biosci.13(13), 1281–1293
(2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence
tomography,” Opt. Express14(17), 7801–7809
(2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. T. Delpy, “The finite element method for the propagation of light
in scattering media: boundary and source conditions,” Med.
Phys.22(11), 1779–1792
(1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, K. Durairaj, X. Qian, H. Shen, P. Sinn, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, and M. Henry, “In vivo mouse studies with bioluminescence
tomography,” Opt. Express14(17), 7801–7809
(2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Wang, J. Yu, X. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Hou, D. Chen, F. Liu, and J. Tian, “Sparse reconstruction for quantitative bioluminescence
tomography based on the incomplete variables truncated conjugate gradient
method,” Opt. Express18(24), 24825–24841
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Qu, H. Huang, Y. Hou, and J. Tian, “Truncated total least squares method with a practical
truncation parameter choice scheme for bioluminescence tomography inverse
problem,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging2010, 291874 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Han, J. Liang, X. Qu, Y. Hou, N. Ren, J. Mao, and J. Tian, “A source reconstruction algorithm based on adaptive
hp-FEM for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express17(17), 14481–14494
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Zhao, D. Chen, X. Qu, X. Chen, X. He, W. Li, Z. Hu, J. Liu, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Source sparsity based primal-dual interior-point method
for three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Commun.284(24), 5871–5876
(2011).

[CrossRef]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Qu, H. Huang, Y. Hou, and J. Tian, “Truncated total least squares method with a practical
truncation parameter choice scheme for bioluminescence tomography inverse
problem,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging2010, 291874 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Huang, X. Qu, J. Liang, X. He, X. Chen, D. Yang, and J. Tian, “A multi-phase level set framework for source
reconstruction in bioluminescence tomography,” J. Comput.
Phys.229(13), 5246–5256
(2010).

[CrossRef]

M. Wei, W. Scott, J. James, H. McClellan, and G. Larson, “Estimation of the discrete spectrum of relaxations for
electromagnetic induction responses using lp-regularized least squares for 0
≤ p ≤ 1,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens.
Lett.8(2), 233–237
(2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on
Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express17(19), 16834–16848
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for
multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express16(20), 15640–15654
(2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence
tomography,” Opt. Express13(18), 6756–6771
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
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X. He, Y. Hou, D. Chen, Y. Jiang, M. Shen, J. Liu, Q. Zhang, and J. Tian, “Sparse regularization-based reconstruction for
bioluminescence tomography using a multilevel adaptive finite element
method,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging2011, 203537 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Chu, K. Vishwanath, A. D. Klose, and H. Dehghani, “Light transport in biological tissue using
three-dimensional frequency-domain simplified spherical harmonics
equations,” Phys. Med. Biol.54(8), 2493–2509
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence
tomography,” Opt. Express13(18), 6756–6771
(2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Wei, W. Scott, J. James, H. McClellan, and G. Larson, “Estimation of the discrete spectrum of relaxations for
electromagnetic induction responses using lp-regularized least squares for 0
≤ p ≤ 1,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens.
Lett.8(2), 233–237
(2011).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical
tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol.50(23), 5421–5441
(2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Zhao, D. Chen, X. Qu, X. Chen, X. He, W. Li, Z. Hu, J. Liu, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Source sparsity based primal-dual interior-point method
for three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Commun.284(24), 5871–5876
(2011).

[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express18(7), 6477–6491
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, “Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence
tomography,” Med. Phys.31(8), 2289–2299
(2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, X. Qu, D. Chen, X. Chen, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Experimental three-dimensional bioluminescence
tomography reconstruction using the lp
regularization,” Adv. Sci. Lett.16(1), 125–129
(2012).

[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, H. Zhao, D. Chen, X. Qu, X. Chen, X. He, W. Li, Z. Hu, J. Liu, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Source sparsity based primal-dual interior-point method
for three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Commun.284(24), 5871–5876
(2011).

[CrossRef]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Qu, H. Huang, Y. Hou, and J. Tian, “Truncated total least squares method with a practical
truncation parameter choice scheme for bioluminescence tomography inverse
problem,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging2010, 291874 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Wang, J. Yu, X. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Hou, D. Chen, F. Liu, and J. Tian, “Sparse reconstruction for quantitative bioluminescence
tomography based on the incomplete variables truncated conjugate gradient
method,” Opt. Express18(24), 24825–24841
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Huang, X. Qu, J. Liang, X. He, X. Chen, D. Yang, and J. Tian, “A multi-phase level set framework for source
reconstruction in bioluminescence tomography,” J. Comput.
Phys.229(13), 5246–5256
(2010).

[CrossRef]

R. Han, J. Liang, X. Qu, Y. Hou, N. Ren, J. Mao, and J. Tian, “A source reconstruction algorithm based on adaptive
hp-FEM for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express17(17), 14481–14494
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express18(7), 6477–6491
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Wang, J. Yu, X. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Hou, D. Chen, F. Liu, and J. Tian, “Sparse reconstruction for quantitative bioluminescence
tomography based on the incomplete variables truncated conjugate gradient
method,” Opt. Express18(24), 24825–24841
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Zhao, D. Chen, X. Qu, X. Chen, X. He, W. Li, Z. Hu, J. Liu, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Source sparsity based primal-dual interior-point method
for three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Commun.284(24), 5871–5876
(2011).

[CrossRef]

X. He, Y. Hou, D. Chen, Y. Jiang, M. Shen, J. Liu, Q. Zhang, and J. Tian, “Sparse regularization-based reconstruction for
bioluminescence tomography using a multilevel adaptive finite element
method,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging2011, 203537 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for
quasi- or multi-spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express17(24), 21925–21934
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on
Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express17(19), 16834–16848
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
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(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based
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[CrossRef]
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C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for
quasi- or multi-spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express17(24), 21925–21934
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence
tomography,” Opt. Express13(18), 6756–6771
(2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based
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[CrossRef]
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Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source reconstruction for spectrally-resolved
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for
multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express16(20), 15640–15654
(2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with
adaptive finite element analysis: methodology and simulation,”
Phys. Med. Biol.52(15), 4497–4512
(2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for
bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express14(18), 8211–8223
(2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express18(7), 6477–6491
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Wei, W. Scott, J. James, H. McClellan, and G. Larson, “Estimation of the discrete spectrum of relaxations for
electromagnetic induction responses using lp-regularized least squares for 0
≤ p ≤ 1,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens.
Lett.8(2), 233–237
(2011).

[CrossRef]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence
tomography,” Opt. Express13(18), 6756–6771
(2005).

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[CrossRef]

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B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
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J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Wang, J. Yu, X. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Hou, D. Chen, F. Liu, and J. Tian, “Sparse reconstruction for quantitative bioluminescence
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imaging modality,” Front. Biosci.13(13), 1281–1293
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Wei, W. Scott, J. James, H. McClellan, and G. Larson, “Estimation of the discrete spectrum of relaxations for
electromagnetic induction responses using lp-regularized least squares for 0
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
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quasi- or multi-spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express17(24), 21925–21934
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with
adaptive finite element analysis: methodology and simulation,”
Phys. Med. Biol.52(15), 4497–4512
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Xu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Chang, and L. Yong, “L1/2 regularization,”
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[CrossRef]

C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for
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Express17(24), 21925–21934
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on
Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express17(19), 16834–16848
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, G. Yan, S. Zhu, C. Qin, Y. Lv, and J. Tian, “An optimal permissible source region strategy for
multispectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express16(20), 15640–15654
(2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Huang, X. Qu, J. Liang, X. He, X. Chen, D. Yang, and J. Tian, “A multi-phase level set framework for source
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lv, J. Tian, W. Cong, G. Wang, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
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(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Liu, J. Tian, Y. Lu, C. Qin, X. Yang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based
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Express18(4), 3732–3745
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, J. Feng, K. Liu, J. Liu, G. Yan, S. Zhu, and M. Xu, “Adaptive improved element free Galerkin method for
quasi- or multi-spectral bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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l2-lp minimization,” SIAM J. Sci.
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[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Chang, and L. Yong, “L1/2 regularization,”
Sci. China Inform. Sci.53(6), 1159–1169
(2010).

[CrossRef]

X. He, J. Liang, X. Wang, J. Yu, X. Qu, X. Wang, Y. Hou, D. Chen, F. Liu, and J. Tian, “Sparse reconstruction for quantitative bioluminescence
tomography based on the incomplete variables truncated conjugate gradient
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(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. B. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence
tomography,” Opt. Express13(18), 6756–6771
(2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express18(7), 6477–6491
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Xu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Chang, and L. Yong, “L1/2 regularization,”
Sci. China Inform. Sci.53(6), 1159–1169
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[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, X. Qu, D. Chen, X. Chen, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Experimental three-dimensional bioluminescence
tomography reconstruction using the lp
regularization,” Adv. Sci. Lett.16(1), 125–129
(2012).

[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, H. Zhao, D. Chen, X. Qu, X. Chen, X. He, W. Li, Z. Hu, J. Liu, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Source sparsity based primal-dual interior-point method
for three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
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(2011).

[CrossRef]

X. He, Y. Hou, D. Chen, Y. Jiang, M. Shen, J. Liu, Q. Zhang, and J. Tian, “Sparse regularization-based reconstruction for
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zhang, X. Yang, C. Qin, D. Liu, S. Zhu, J. Feng, L. Sun, K. Liu, D. Han, X. Ma, X. Zhang, J. Zhong, X. Li, X. Yang, and J. Tian, “A trust region method in adaptive finite element
framework for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt.
Express18(7), 6477–6491
(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Feng, K. Jia, C. Qin, G. Yan, S. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on
Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express17(19), 16834–16848
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Zhang, A. Douraghy, D. Stout, J. Tian, T. F. Chan, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Source reconstruction for spectrally-resolved
bioluminescence tomography with sparse a priori information,”
Opt. Express17(10), 8062–8080
(2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Zhao, D. Chen, X. Qu, X. Chen, X. He, W. Li, Z. Hu, J. Liu, J. Liang, and J. Tian, “Source sparsity based primal-dual interior-point method
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