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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, V. Venugopalan, V. V. Krishnamachari, and E. O. Potma, “Amplitude and phase of tightly focused laser beams in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043903 (2009).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

X. Deng, X. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Zhuang, and Z. Guo, “Simulation study of second-harmonic microscopic imaging signals through tissue-like turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024013 (2006).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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C. Liu, C. Capjack, and W. Rozmus, “3-D simulation of light scattering from biological cells and cell differentiation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014007 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Phillips, M. Xu, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, “Time-resolved ring structure of circularly polarized beams backscattered from forward scattering media,” Opt. Express 13(20), 7954–7969 (2005).

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[CrossRef]
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M. J. Booth, M. A. A. Neil, R. Juskaitis, and T. Wilson, “Adaptive aberration correction in a confocal microscope,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99(9), 5788–5792 (2002).

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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

B. C. Wilson and G. Adam, “A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue,” Med. Phys. 10(6), 824–830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Sherman, J. Y. Ye, O. Albert, and T. B. Norris, “Adaptive correction of depth-induced aberrations in multiphoton scanning microscopy using a deformable mirror,” J. Microsc. 206(1), 65–71 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Leray, C. Odin, E. Huguet, F. Amblard, and Y. Le Grand, “Spatially distributed two-photon excitation fluorescence in scattering media: Experiments and time-resolved Monte Carlo simulations,” Opt. Commun. 272(1), 269–278 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Balu, T. Baldacchini, J. Carter, T. B. Krasieva, R. Zadoyan, and B. J. Tromberg, “Effect of excitation wavelength on penetration depth in nonlinear optical microscopy of turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(1), 010508 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Balu, T. Baldacchini, J. Carter, T. B. Krasieva, R. Zadoyan, and B. J. Tromberg, “Effect of excitation wavelength on penetration depth in nonlinear optical microscopy of turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(1), 010508 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Wilson and A. R. Carlini, “Aberrations in confocal imaging systems,” J. Microsc. 154, 243–256 (1998).

M. Balu, T. Baldacchini, J. Carter, T. B. Krasieva, R. Zadoyan, and B. J. Tromberg, “Effect of excitation wavelength on penetration depth in nonlinear optical microscopy of turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(1), 010508 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
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X. Deng, X. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Zhuang, and Z. Guo, “Simulation study of second-harmonic microscopic imaging signals through tissue-like turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024013 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Deng, X. Gan, and M. Gu, “Monte Carlo simulation of multiphoton fluorescence microscopic imaging through inhomogeneous tissuelike turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8(3), 440–449 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Deng and M. Gu, “Penetration depth of single-, two-, and three-photon fluorescence microscopic imaging through human cortex structures: Monte Carlo simulation,” Appl. Opt. 42(16), 3321–3329 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Tung, Y. Sun, W. Lo, S. J. Lin, S. H. Jee, and C. Y. Dong, “Effects of objective numerical apertures on achievable imaging depths in multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech. 65(6), 308–314 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Y. Dong, K. Koenig, and P. So, “Characterizing point spread functions of two-photon fluorescence microscopy in turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8(3), 450–459 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. S. Starosta and A. K. Dunn, “Three-dimensional computation of focused beam propagation through multiple biological cells,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12455–12469 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, J. Spanier, F. Bevilacqua, A. K. Dunn, J. S. You, B. J. Tromberg, and V. Venugopalan, “Perturbation Monte Carlo methods to solve inverse photon migration problems in heterogeneous tissues,” Opt. Lett. 26(17), 1335–1337 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. K. Dunn, V. P. Wallace, M. Coleno, M. W. Berns, and B. J. Tromberg, “Influence of optical properties on two-photon fluorescence imaging in turbid samples,” Appl. Opt. 39(7), 1194–1201 (2000).

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[CrossRef]

X. Deng, X. Gan, and M. Gu, “Monte Carlo simulation of multiphoton fluorescence microscopic imaging through inhomogeneous tissuelike turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8(3), 440–449 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Deng and M. Gu, “Penetration depth of single-, two-, and three-photon fluorescence microscopic imaging through human cortex structures: Monte Carlo simulation,” Appl. Opt. 42(16), 3321–3329 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Deng, X. Gan, and M. Gu, “Monte Carlo simulation of multiphoton fluorescence microscopic imaging through inhomogeneous tissuelike turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8(3), 440–449 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. S. Gan and M. Gu, “Effective point-spread function for fast image modeling and processing in microscopic imaging through turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 24(11), 741–743 (1999).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Deng, X. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Zhuang, and Z. Guo, “Simulation study of second-harmonic microscopic imaging signals through tissue-like turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024013 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, V. Venugopalan, V. V. Krishnamachari, and E. O. Potma, “Amplitude and phase of tightly focused laser beams in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043903 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the δ- P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2), 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, J. Spanier, F. Bevilacqua, A. K. Dunn, J. S. You, B. J. Tromberg, and V. Venugopalan, “Perturbation Monte Carlo methods to solve inverse photon migration problems in heterogeneous tissues,” Opt. Lett. 26(17), 1335–1337 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Leray, C. Odin, E. Huguet, F. Amblard, and Y. Le Grand, “Spatially distributed two-photon excitation fluorescence in scattering media: Experiments and time-resolved Monte Carlo simulations,” Opt. Commun. 272(1), 269–278 (2007).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Tung, Y. Sun, W. Lo, S. J. Lin, S. H. Jee, and C. Y. Dong, “Effects of objective numerical apertures on achievable imaging depths in multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech. 65(6), 308–314 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. J. Booth, M. A. A. Neil, R. Juskaitis, and T. Wilson, “Adaptive aberration correction in a confocal microscope,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99(9), 5788–5792 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Y. Dong, K. Koenig, and P. So, “Characterizing point spread functions of two-photon fluorescence microscopy in turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8(3), 450–459 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Balu, T. Baldacchini, J. Carter, T. B. Krasieva, R. Zadoyan, and B. J. Tromberg, “Effect of excitation wavelength on penetration depth in nonlinear optical microscopy of turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(1), 010508 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, V. Venugopalan, V. V. Krishnamachari, and E. O. Potma, “Amplitude and phase of tightly focused laser beams in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043903 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, A. Lagendijk, and B. A. van Tiggelen, “Resonant point scatterers in multiple scattering of classical waves,” Phys. Lett. A 169(3), 191–194 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. Leray, C. Odin, E. Huguet, F. Amblard, and Y. Le Grand, “Spatially distributed two-photon excitation fluorescence in scattering media: Experiments and time-resolved Monte Carlo simulations,” Opt. Commun. 272(1), 269–278 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. Leray, C. Odin, E. Huguet, F. Amblard, and Y. Le Grand, “Spatially distributed two-photon excitation fluorescence in scattering media: Experiments and time-resolved Monte Carlo simulations,” Opt. Commun. 272(1), 269–278 (2007).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Tung, Y. Sun, W. Lo, S. J. Lin, S. H. Jee, and C. Y. Dong, “Effects of objective numerical apertures on achievable imaging depths in multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech. 65(6), 308–314 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Smithies, T. Lindmo, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, and T. E. Milner, “Signal attenuation and localization in optical coherence tomography studied by Monte Carlo simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43(10), 3025–3044 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Liu, C. Capjack, and W. Rozmus, “3-D simulation of light scattering from biological cells and cell differentiation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014007 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Deng, X. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Zhuang, and Z. Guo, “Simulation study of second-harmonic microscopic imaging signals through tissue-like turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024013 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Tung, Y. Sun, W. Lo, S. J. Lin, S. H. Jee, and C. Y. Dong, “Effects of objective numerical apertures on achievable imaging depths in multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech. 65(6), 308–314 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Smithies, T. Lindmo, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, and T. E. Milner, “Signal attenuation and localization in optical coherence tomography studied by Monte Carlo simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43(10), 3025–3044 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. J. Booth, M. A. A. Neil, R. Juskaitis, and T. Wilson, “Adaptive aberration correction in a confocal microscope,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99(9), 5788–5792 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Smithies, T. Lindmo, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, and T. E. Milner, “Signal attenuation and localization in optical coherence tomography studied by Monte Carlo simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43(10), 3025–3044 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, A. Lagendijk, and B. A. van Tiggelen, “Resonant point scatterers in multiple scattering of classical waves,” Phys. Lett. A 169(3), 191–194 (1992).

[CrossRef]

B. R. A. Nijboer, “The diffraction theory of optical aberrations. Part I: General discussion of the geometrical aberrations,” Physica 10(8), 679–692 (1943).

[CrossRef]

L. Sherman, J. Y. Ye, O. Albert, and T. B. Norris, “Adaptive correction of depth-induced aberrations in multiphoton scanning microscopy using a deformable mirror,” J. Microsc. 206(1), 65–71 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Leray, C. Odin, E. Huguet, F. Amblard, and Y. Le Grand, “Spatially distributed two-photon excitation fluorescence in scattering media: Experiments and time-resolved Monte Carlo simulations,” Opt. Commun. 272(1), 269–278 (2007).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Hayakawa, V. Venugopalan, V. V. Krishnamachari, and E. O. Potma, “Amplitude and phase of tightly focused laser beams in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043903 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Richards and E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems 2: structure of the image field in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 253(1274), 358–379 (1959).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, C. Capjack, and W. Rozmus, “3-D simulation of light scattering from biological cells and cell differentiation,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(1), 014007 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Sherman, J. Y. Ye, O. Albert, and T. B. Norris, “Adaptive correction of depth-induced aberrations in multiphoton scanning microscopy using a deformable mirror,” J. Microsc. 206(1), 65–71 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. J. Smithies, T. Lindmo, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, and T. E. Milner, “Signal attenuation and localization in optical coherence tomography studied by Monte Carlo simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43(10), 3025–3044 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Y. Dong, K. Koenig, and P. So, “Characterizing point spread functions of two-photon fluorescence microscopy in turbid medium,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8(3), 450–459 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Tung, Y. Sun, W. Lo, S. J. Lin, S. H. Jee, and C. Y. Dong, “Effects of objective numerical apertures on achievable imaging depths in multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech. 65(6), 308–314 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. L. Troy and S. N. Thennadil, “Optical properties of human skin in the near infrared wavelength range of 1000 to 2200 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 6(2), 167–176 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Balu, T. Baldacchini, J. Carter, T. B. Krasieva, R. Zadoyan, and B. J. Tromberg, “Effect of excitation wavelength on penetration depth in nonlinear optical microscopy of turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14(1), 010508 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, J. Spanier, F. Bevilacqua, A. K. Dunn, J. S. You, B. J. Tromberg, and V. Venugopalan, “Perturbation Monte Carlo methods to solve inverse photon migration problems in heterogeneous tissues,” Opt. Lett. 26(17), 1335–1337 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. K. Dunn, V. P. Wallace, M. Coleno, M. W. Berns, and B. J. Tromberg, “Influence of optical properties on two-photon fluorescence imaging in turbid samples,” Appl. Opt. 39(7), 1194–1201 (2000).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. L. Troy and S. N. Thennadil, “Optical properties of human skin in the near infrared wavelength range of 1000 to 2200 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 6(2), 167–176 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Tung, Y. Sun, W. Lo, S. J. Lin, S. H. Jee, and C. Y. Dong, “Effects of objective numerical apertures on achievable imaging depths in multiphoton microscopy,” Microsc. Res. Tech. 65(6), 308–314 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, A. Lagendijk, and B. A. van Tiggelen, “Resonant point scatterers in multiple scattering of classical waves,” Phys. Lett. A 169(3), 191–194 (1992).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Hayakawa, V. Venugopalan, V. V. Krishnamachari, and E. O. Potma, “Amplitude and phase of tightly focused laser beams in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043903 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the δ- P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2), 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hayakawa, J. Spanier, F. Bevilacqua, A. K. Dunn, J. S. You, B. J. Tromberg, and V. Venugopalan, “Perturbation Monte Carlo methods to solve inverse photon migration problems in heterogeneous tissues,” Opt. Lett. 26(17), 1335–1337 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Deng, X. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Zhuang, and Z. Guo, “Simulation study of second-harmonic microscopic imaging signals through tissue-like turbid media,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024013 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Wang and L. V. Wang, “Propagation of polarized light in birefringent turbid media: a Monte Carlo study,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7(3), 279–290 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. C. Wilson and G. Adam, “A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue,” Med. Phys. 10(6), 824–830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. J. Booth, M. A. A. Neil, R. Juskaitis, and T. Wilson, “Adaptive aberration correction in a confocal microscope,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99(9), 5788–5792 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Wilson and A. R. Carlini, “Aberrations in confocal imaging systems,” J. Microsc. 154, 243–256 (1998).

B. Richards and E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems 2: structure of the image field in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 253(1274), 358–379 (1959).

[CrossRef]

J. Sawicki, N. Kastor, and M. Xu, “Electric field Monte Carlo simulation of coherent backscattering of polarized light by a turbid medium containing Mie scatterers,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5728–5738 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Phillips, M. Xu, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, “Time-resolved ring structure of circularly polarized beams backscattered from forward scattering media,” Opt. Express 13(20), 7954–7969 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Xu, “Electric field Monte Carlo simulation of polarized light propagation in turbid media,” Opt. Express 12(26), 6530–6539 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Sherman, J. Y. Ye, O. Albert, and T. B. Norris, “Adaptive correction of depth-induced aberrations in multiphoton scanning microscopy using a deformable mirror,” J. Microsc. 206(1), 65–71 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. S. You, C. K. Hayakawa, and V. Venugopalan, “Frequency domain photon migration in the δ- P1 approximation: analysis of ballistic, transport, and diffuse regimes,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2), 021903 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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