Abstract

The detection of refractive corneal surgery by LASIK, during the storage of corneas in Eye Banks will become a challenge when the numerous operated patients will arrive at the age of cornea donation. The subtle changes of corneal structure and refraction are highly suspected to negatively influence clinical results in recipients of such corneas. In order to detect LASIK cornea interfaces we developed a low coherence interferometry technique using a broadband continuum source. Real time signal recording, without moving any optical elements and without need of a Fourier Transform operation, combined with good measurement resolution is the main asset of this interferometer. The associated numerical processing is based on a method initially used in astronomy and offers an optimal correlation signal without the necessity to image the whole cornea that is time consuming. The detection of corneal interfaces - both outer and inner surface and the buried interface corresponding to the surgical wound – is then achieved directly by the innovative combination of interferometry and this original numerical process.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rosales, A. de Castro, I. Jiménez-Alfaro, and S. Marcos, “Intraocular lens alignment from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 93(6), 400–408 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Latour, G. Georges, L. S. Lamoine, C. Deumié, J. Conrath, and L. Hoffart, “Human graft cornea and laser incisions imaging with micrometer scale resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Froehly and R. Leitgeb, “Scan-free optical correlations techniques: history and applications to optical coherence tomography,” J. Opt. 12(8), 084001 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

C. Wirbelauer, H. Aurich, and D. T. Pham, “Online optical coherence pachymetry to evaluate intraoperative ablation parameters in LASIK,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 245(6), 775–781 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, D. I. Bouzoukis, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Fifteen-year follow-up after LASIK: case report,” J. Refract. Surg. 23(9), 937–940 (2007).
[PubMed]

Y. Park, T. J. Ahn, J. C. Kieffer, and J. Azaña, “Optical frequency domain reflectometry based on real-time Fourier transformation,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4597–4616 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Dawson, I. Schmack, G. P. Holley, G. O. Waring, H. E. Grossniklaus, and H. F. Edelhauser, “Interface fluid syndrome in human eye bank corneas after LASIK: causes and pathogenesis,” Ophthalmology 114(10), 1848–1859 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

H. P. Sandoval, L. E. de Castro, D. T. Vroman, and K. D. Solomon, “Refractive Surgery Survey 2004,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31(1), 221–233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Farias, A. Parolim, and L. B. Sousa, “[Corneal transplant utilizing a corneal graft that had undergone laser surgery--case report],” Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. 68(2), 266–269 (2005).
[PubMed]

V. Tombelaine, C. Lesvigne, P. Leproux, L. Grossard, V. Couderc, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Huss, and P. H. Pioger, “Ultra wide band supercontinuum generation in air-silica holey fibers by SHG-induced modulation instabilities,” Opt. Express 13(19), 7399–7404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, M. J. Thiel, C. A. May, and U. C. Welge-Lüssen, “Sterile structural imaging of donor cornea by optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 21(5), 490–494 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Michaeli-Cohen, A. C. Lambert, F. Coloma, and D. S. Rootman, “Two cases of a penetrating keratoplasty with tissue from a donor who had undergone LASIK surgery,” Cornea 21(1), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Povazay, K. Bizheva, A. Unterhuber, B. Hermann, H. Sattmann, A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, A. Apolonski, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, M. Vetterlein, and E. Scherzer, “Submicrometer axial resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 27(20), 1800–1802 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

R. Leitgeb, M. Wojtkowski, A. Kowalczyk, C. K. Hitzenberger, M. Sticker, and A. F. Fercher, “Spectral measurement of absorption by spectroscopic frequency-domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 820–822 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Maldonado, L. Ruiz-Oblitas, J. M. Munuera, D. Aliseda, A. García-Layana, and J. Moreno-Montañés, “Optical coherence tomography evaluation of the corneal cap and stromal bed features after laser in situ keratomileusis for high myopia and astigmatism,” Ophthalmology 107(1), 81–87, discussion 88 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vesaluoma, J. Pérez-Santonja, W. M. Petroll, T. Linna, J. Alió, and T. Tervo, “Corneal stromal changes induced by myopic LASIK,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41(2), 369–376 (2000).
[PubMed]

M. J. Doughty and M. L. Zaman, “Human corneal thickness and its impact on intraocular pressure measures: a review and meta-analysis approach,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 44(5), 367–408 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

J. M. Schmitt, “Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): A review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(4), 1205–1215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1991

I. G. Pallikaris, M. E. Papatzanaki, D. S. Siganos, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “A corneal flap technique for laser in situ keratomileusis. Human studies,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 109(12), 1699–1702 (1991).
[PubMed]

Ahn, T. J.

Alge, C. S.

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alió, J.

M. Vesaluoma, J. Pérez-Santonja, W. M. Petroll, T. Linna, J. Alió, and T. Tervo, “Corneal stromal changes induced by myopic LASIK,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41(2), 369–376 (2000).
[PubMed]

Aliseda, D.

M. J. Maldonado, L. Ruiz-Oblitas, J. M. Munuera, D. Aliseda, A. García-Layana, and J. Moreno-Montañés, “Optical coherence tomography evaluation of the corneal cap and stromal bed features after laser in situ keratomileusis for high myopia and astigmatism,” Ophthalmology 107(1), 81–87, discussion 88 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

Auguste, J. L.

Aurich, H.

C. Wirbelauer, H. Aurich, and D. T. Pham, “Online optical coherence pachymetry to evaluate intraoperative ablation parameters in LASIK,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 245(6), 775–781 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azaña, J.

Ben Houcine, K.

Bizheva, K.

Blondy, J. M.

Bouma, B. E.

Bouzoukis, D. I.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, D. I. Bouzoukis, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Fifteen-year follow-up after LASIK: case report,” J. Refract. Surg. 23(9), 937–940 (2007).
[PubMed]

Brun, G.

Cense, B.

Chen, C.

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, T. C.

Coloma, F.

A. Michaeli-Cohen, A. C. Lambert, F. Coloma, and D. S. Rootman, “Two cases of a penetrating keratoplasty with tissue from a donor who had undergone LASIK surgery,” Cornea 21(1), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Conrath, J.

G. Latour, G. Georges, L. S. Lamoine, C. Deumié, J. Conrath, and L. Hoffart, “Human graft cornea and laser incisions imaging with micrometer scale resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couderc, V.

Dawson, D. G.

D. G. Dawson, I. Schmack, G. P. Holley, G. O. Waring, H. E. Grossniklaus, and H. F. Edelhauser, “Interface fluid syndrome in human eye bank corneas after LASIK: causes and pathogenesis,” Ophthalmology 114(10), 1848–1859 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Boer, J. F.

de Castro, A.

P. Rosales, A. de Castro, I. Jiménez-Alfaro, and S. Marcos, “Intraocular lens alignment from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 93(6), 400–408 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Castro, L. E.

H. P. Sandoval, L. E. de Castro, D. T. Vroman, and K. D. Solomon, “Refractive Surgery Survey 2004,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31(1), 221–233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deumié, C.

G. Latour, G. Georges, L. S. Lamoine, C. Deumié, J. Conrath, and L. Hoffart, “Human graft cornea and laser incisions imaging with micrometer scale resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diakonis, V.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doughty, M. J.

M. J. Doughty and M. L. Zaman, “Human corneal thickness and its impact on intraocular pressure measures: a review and meta-analysis approach,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 44(5), 367–408 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

Edelhauser, H. F.

D. G. Dawson, I. Schmack, G. P. Holley, G. O. Waring, H. E. Grossniklaus, and H. F. Edelhauser, “Interface fluid syndrome in human eye bank corneas after LASIK: causes and pathogenesis,” Ophthalmology 114(10), 1848–1859 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farias, R. J.

R. J. Farias, A. Parolim, and L. B. Sousa, “[Corneal transplant utilizing a corneal graft that had undergone laser surgery--case report],” Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. 68(2), 266–269 (2005).
[PubMed]

Fercher, A. F.

Froehly, L.

L. Froehly and R. Leitgeb, “Scan-free optical correlations techniques: history and applications to optical coherence tomography,” J. Opt. 12(8), 084001 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

García-Layana, A.

M. J. Maldonado, L. Ruiz-Oblitas, J. M. Munuera, D. Aliseda, A. García-Layana, and J. Moreno-Montañés, “Optical coherence tomography evaluation of the corneal cap and stromal bed features after laser in situ keratomileusis for high myopia and astigmatism,” Ophthalmology 107(1), 81–87, discussion 88 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Georges, G.

G. Latour, G. Georges, L. S. Lamoine, C. Deumié, J. Conrath, and L. Hoffart, “Human graft cornea and laser incisions imaging with micrometer scale resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goure, J. P.

Grossard, L.

Grossniklaus, H. E.

D. G. Dawson, I. Schmack, G. P. Holley, G. O. Waring, H. E. Grossniklaus, and H. F. Edelhauser, “Interface fluid syndrome in human eye bank corneas after LASIK: causes and pathogenesis,” Ophthalmology 114(10), 1848–1859 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guthoff, R. F.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hatzithanasis, G.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, M.

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hermann, B.

Hitzenberger, C. K.

Hoffart, L.

G. Latour, G. Georges, L. S. Lamoine, C. Deumié, J. Conrath, and L. Hoffart, “Human graft cornea and laser incisions imaging with micrometer scale resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holley, G. P.

D. G. Dawson, I. Schmack, G. P. Holley, G. O. Waring, H. E. Grossniklaus, and H. F. Edelhauser, “Interface fluid syndrome in human eye bank corneas after LASIK: causes and pathogenesis,” Ophthalmology 114(10), 1848–1859 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosten, N.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

Huss, G.

Iftimia, N.

Izatt, J. A.

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

Jacquot, M.

Jankov, M.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiménez-Alfaro, I.

P. Rosales, A. de Castro, I. Jiménez-Alfaro, and S. Marcos, “Intraocular lens alignment from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 93(6), 400–408 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kampik, A.

A. H. Wolf, A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, A. Kampik, and U. C. Welge-Luessen, “Detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in a postmortem eye using optical coherence tomography,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30(2), 491–495 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kavroulaki, D.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J. C.

Knight, J. C.

Koopmans, S. A.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kowalczyk, A.

Krüger, P. C.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kymionis, G. D.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, D. I. Bouzoukis, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Fifteen-year follow-up after LASIK: case report,” J. Refract. Surg. 23(9), 937–940 (2007).
[PubMed]

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lambert, A. C.

A. Michaeli-Cohen, A. C. Lambert, F. Coloma, and D. S. Rootman, “Two cases of a penetrating keratoplasty with tissue from a donor who had undergone LASIK surgery,” Cornea 21(1), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamoine, L. S.

G. Latour, G. Georges, L. S. Lamoine, C. Deumié, J. Conrath, and L. Hoffart, “Human graft cornea and laser incisions imaging with micrometer scale resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langner, S.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Latour, G.

G. Latour, G. Georges, L. S. Lamoine, C. Deumié, J. Conrath, and L. Hoffart, “Human graft cornea and laser incisions imaging with micrometer scale resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056006 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitgeb, R.

Lépine, T.

Leproux, P.

Lesvigne, C.

Li, Y.

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

Lin, R. C.

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

Linna, T.

M. Vesaluoma, J. Pérez-Santonja, W. M. Petroll, T. Linna, J. Alió, and T. Tervo, “Corneal stromal changes induced by myopic LASIK,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41(2), 369–376 (2000).
[PubMed]

Liu, X.

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, M.

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludwig, K.

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maldonado, M. J.

M. J. Maldonado, L. Ruiz-Oblitas, J. M. Munuera, D. Aliseda, A. García-Layana, and J. Moreno-Montañés, “Optical coherence tomography evaluation of the corneal cap and stromal bed features after laser in situ keratomileusis for high myopia and astigmatism,” Ophthalmology 107(1), 81–87, discussion 88 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcos, S.

P. Rosales, A. de Castro, I. Jiménez-Alfaro, and S. Marcos, “Intraocular lens alignment from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 93(6), 400–408 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, H.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

May, C. A.

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, M. J. Thiel, C. A. May, and U. C. Welge-Lüssen, “Sterile structural imaging of donor cornea by optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 21(5), 490–494 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McLain, M.

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

Michaeli-Cohen, A.

A. Michaeli-Cohen, A. C. Lambert, F. Coloma, and D. S. Rootman, “Two cases of a penetrating keratoplasty with tissue from a donor who had undergone LASIK surgery,” Cornea 21(1), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno-Montañés, J.

M. J. Maldonado, L. Ruiz-Oblitas, J. M. Munuera, D. Aliseda, A. García-Layana, and J. Moreno-Montañés, “Optical coherence tomography evaluation of the corneal cap and stromal bed features after laser in situ keratomileusis for high myopia and astigmatism,” Ophthalmology 107(1), 81–87, discussion 88 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mueller, A.

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munuera, J. M.

M. J. Maldonado, L. Ruiz-Oblitas, J. M. Munuera, D. Aliseda, A. García-Layana, and J. Moreno-Montañés, “Optical coherence tomography evaluation of the corneal cap and stromal bed features after laser in situ keratomileusis for high myopia and astigmatism,” Ophthalmology 107(1), 81–87, discussion 88 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nassif, N. A.

Neubauer, A. S.

A. H. Wolf, A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, A. Kampik, and U. C. Welge-Luessen, “Detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in a postmortem eye using optical coherence tomography,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30(2), 491–495 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, M. J. Thiel, C. A. May, and U. C. Welge-Lüssen, “Sterile structural imaging of donor cornea by optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 21(5), 490–494 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, W. Y.

Pallikaris, A. I.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, D. I. Bouzoukis, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Fifteen-year follow-up after LASIK: case report,” J. Refract. Surg. 23(9), 937–940 (2007).
[PubMed]

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pallikaris, I. G.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, D. I. Bouzoukis, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Fifteen-year follow-up after LASIK: case report,” J. Refract. Surg. 23(9), 937–940 (2007).
[PubMed]

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. G. Pallikaris, M. E. Papatzanaki, D. S. Siganos, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “A corneal flap technique for laser in situ keratomileusis. Human studies,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 109(12), 1699–1702 (1991).
[PubMed]

Papatzanaki, M. E.

I. G. Pallikaris, M. E. Papatzanaki, D. S. Siganos, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “A corneal flap technique for laser in situ keratomileusis. Human studies,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 109(12), 1699–1702 (1991).
[PubMed]

Park, B. H.

Park, Y.

Parolim, A.

R. J. Farias, A. Parolim, and L. B. Sousa, “[Corneal transplant utilizing a corneal graft that had undergone laser surgery--case report],” Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. 68(2), 266–269 (2005).
[PubMed]

Pérez-Santonja, J.

M. Vesaluoma, J. Pérez-Santonja, W. M. Petroll, T. Linna, J. Alió, and T. Tervo, “Corneal stromal changes induced by myopic LASIK,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41(2), 369–376 (2000).
[PubMed]

Petroll, W. M.

M. Vesaluoma, J. Pérez-Santonja, W. M. Petroll, T. Linna, J. Alió, and T. Tervo, “Corneal stromal changes induced by myopic LASIK,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41(2), 369–376 (2000).
[PubMed]

Pham, D. T.

C. Wirbelauer, H. Aurich, and D. T. Pham, “Online optical coherence pachymetry to evaluate intraoperative ablation parameters in LASIK,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 245(6), 775–781 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pierce, M. C.

Pioger, P. H.

Povazay, B.

Priglinger, S. G.

A. H. Wolf, A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, A. Kampik, and U. C. Welge-Luessen, “Detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in a postmortem eye using optical coherence tomography,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30(2), 491–495 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, M. J. Thiel, C. A. May, and U. C. Welge-Lüssen, “Sterile structural imaging of donor cornea by optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 21(5), 490–494 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rollins, A. M.

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

Rootman, D. S.

A. Michaeli-Cohen, A. C. Lambert, F. Coloma, and D. S. Rootman, “Two cases of a penetrating keratoplasty with tissue from a donor who had undergone LASIK surgery,” Cornea 21(1), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosales, P.

P. Rosales, A. de Castro, I. Jiménez-Alfaro, and S. Marcos, “Intraocular lens alignment from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 93(6), 400–408 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruiz-Oblitas, L.

M. J. Maldonado, L. Ruiz-Oblitas, J. M. Munuera, D. Aliseda, A. García-Layana, and J. Moreno-Montañés, “Optical coherence tomography evaluation of the corneal cap and stromal bed features after laser in situ keratomileusis for high myopia and astigmatism,” Ophthalmology 107(1), 81–87, discussion 88 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S.

Sandoval, H. P.

H. P. Sandoval, L. E. de Castro, D. T. Vroman, and K. D. Solomon, “Refractive Surgery Survey 2004,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31(1), 221–233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sato, M.

Sattmann, H.

Scherzer, E.

Schmack, I.

D. G. Dawson, I. Schmack, G. P. Holley, G. O. Waring, H. E. Grossniklaus, and H. F. Edelhauser, “Interface fluid syndrome in human eye bank corneas after LASIK: causes and pathogenesis,” Ophthalmology 114(10), 1848–1859 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, J. M.

J. M. Schmitt, “Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): A review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(4), 1205–1215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, K. P.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siganos, D. S.

I. G. Pallikaris, M. E. Papatzanaki, D. S. Siganos, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “A corneal flap technique for laser in situ keratomileusis. Human studies,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 109(12), 1699–1702 (1991).
[PubMed]

Solomon, K. D.

H. P. Sandoval, L. E. de Castro, D. T. Vroman, and K. D. Solomon, “Refractive Surgery Survey 2004,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31(1), 221–233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sousa, L. B.

R. J. Farias, A. Parolim, and L. B. Sousa, “[Corneal transplant utilizing a corneal graft that had undergone laser surgery--case report],” Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. 68(2), 266–269 (2005).
[PubMed]

Stachs, O.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sticker, M.

Tang, M.

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

Tearney, G. J.

Tervo, T.

M. Vesaluoma, J. Pérez-Santonja, W. M. Petroll, T. Linna, J. Alió, and T. Tervo, “Corneal stromal changes induced by myopic LASIK,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41(2), 369–376 (2000).
[PubMed]

Terwee, T.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thiel, M. J.

A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, M. J. Thiel, C. A. May, and U. C. Welge-Lüssen, “Sterile structural imaging of donor cornea by optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 21(5), 490–494 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tombelaine, V.

Tsiklis, N.

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, D. I. Bouzoukis, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Fifteen-year follow-up after LASIK: case report,” J. Refract. Surg. 23(9), 937–940 (2007).
[PubMed]

G. D. Kymionis, N. Tsiklis, A. I. Pallikaris, V. Diakonis, G. Hatzithanasis, D. Kavroulaki, M. Jankov, and I. G. Pallikaris, “Long-term results of superficial laser in situ keratomileusis after ultrathin flap creation,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(8), 1276–1280 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsilimbaris, M. K.

I. G. Pallikaris, M. E. Papatzanaki, D. S. Siganos, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “A corneal flap technique for laser in situ keratomileusis. Human studies,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 109(12), 1699–1702 (1991).
[PubMed]

Unterhuber, A.

Veillas, C.

Verrier, I.

Vesaluoma, M.

M. Vesaluoma, J. Pérez-Santonja, W. M. Petroll, T. Linna, J. Alió, and T. Tervo, “Corneal stromal changes induced by myopic LASIK,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41(2), 369–376 (2000).
[PubMed]

Vetterlein, M.

Vroman, D. T.

H. P. Sandoval, L. E. de Castro, D. T. Vroman, and K. D. Solomon, “Refractive Surgery Survey 2004,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 31(1), 221–233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Waring, G. O.

D. G. Dawson, I. Schmack, G. P. Holley, G. O. Waring, H. E. Grossniklaus, and H. F. Edelhauser, “Interface fluid syndrome in human eye bank corneas after LASIK: causes and pathogenesis,” Ophthalmology 114(10), 1848–1859 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, Y.

Welge-Luessen, U.

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welge-Luessen, U. C.

A. H. Wolf, A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, A. Kampik, and U. C. Welge-Luessen, “Detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in a postmortem eye using optical coherence tomography,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30(2), 491–495 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welge-Lüssen, U. C.

A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, M. J. Thiel, C. A. May, and U. C. Welge-Lüssen, “Sterile structural imaging of donor cornea by optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 21(5), 490–494 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wirbelauer, C.

C. Wirbelauer, H. Aurich, and D. T. Pham, “Online optical coherence pachymetry to evaluate intraoperative ablation parameters in LASIK,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 245(6), 775–781 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wojtkowski, M.

Wolf, A. H.

A. H. Wolf, A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, A. Kampik, and U. C. Welge-Luessen, “Detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in a postmortem eye using optical coherence tomography,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 30(2), 491–495 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y.

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, K.

Yelin, R.

Yun, S. H.

Zaman, M. L.

M. J. Doughty and M. L. Zaman, “Human corneal thickness and its impact on intraocular pressure measures: a review and meta-analysis approach,” Surv. Ophthalmol. 44(5), 367–408 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, Y.

Y. Zeng, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. Chen, Y. Xia, M. Lu, and M. He, “Comparison of lens thickness measurements using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and A-scan ultrasonography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50(1), 290–294 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Arch. Ophthalmol.

I. G. Pallikaris, M. E. Papatzanaki, D. S. Siganos, and M. K. Tsilimbaris, “A corneal flap technique for laser in situ keratomileusis. Human studies,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 109(12), 1699–1702 (1991).
[PubMed]

Arq. Bras. Oftalmol.

R. J. Farias, A. Parolim, and L. B. Sousa, “[Corneal transplant utilizing a corneal graft that had undergone laser surgery--case report],” Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. 68(2), 266–269 (2005).
[PubMed]

Clin. Exp. Optom.

P. Rosales, A. de Castro, I. Jiménez-Alfaro, and S. Marcos, “Intraocular lens alignment from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging,” Clin. Exp. Optom. 93(6), 400–408 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cornea

A. S. Neubauer, S. G. Priglinger, M. J. Thiel, C. A. May, and U. C. Welge-Lüssen, “Sterile structural imaging of donor cornea by optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 21(5), 490–494 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Lin, Y. Li, M. Tang, M. McLain, A. M. Rollins, J. A. Izatt, and D. Huang, “Screening for previous refractive surgery in eye bank corneas by using optical coherence tomography,” Cornea 26(5), 594–599 (2007).
[PubMed]

A. Michaeli-Cohen, A. C. Lambert, F. Coloma, and D. S. Rootman, “Two cases of a penetrating keratoplasty with tissue from a donor who had undergone LASIK surgery,” Cornea 21(1), 111–113 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Priglinger, A. S. Neubauer, C. A. May, C. S. Alge, A. H. Wolf, A. Mueller, K. Ludwig, A. Kampik, and U. Welge-Luessen, “Optical coherence tomography for the detection of laser in situ keratomileusis in donor corneas,” Cornea 22(1), 46–50 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.

C. Wirbelauer, H. Aurich, and D. T. Pham, “Online optical coherence pachymetry to evaluate intraoperative ablation parameters in LASIK,” Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 245(6), 775–781 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. M. Schmitt, “Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): A review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(4), 1205–1215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.

S. Langner, H. Martin, T. Terwee, S. A. Koopmans, P. C. Krüger, N. Hosten, K. P. Schmitz, R. F. Guthoff, and O. Stachs, “7.1T MRI to Assess the Anterior Segment of the Eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 4, (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Set-up. S: Source; L1,2: Lenses; BS: Beam-splitter; MO: Microscope objective; M: Mirror; G1,2: Gratings; ODL: Optical Delay Line; D: Detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Model interfaces and amplitudes of the light echoes. T and R: transmission and reflection intensity coefficients for each interface.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Correlation signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Prewitt filter applied to the signal of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Signal obtained after ex vivo flap dissection on a rabbit cornea.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Signal obtained after in vivo LASIK on a rabbit eye, followed by a 1-month wound healing (red squares corresponds to detected peaks).

Equations (3)

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S R ( r , ν ) = α R S s ( r ) Γ ( ν ) exp ( j 2 π ν c l R ) S T ( r , ν ) = α T S s ( r ) Γ ( ν ) R exp ( j 2 π ν c l T ) [ 1 + T ( 1 + T ) exp ( j 4 π ν n e 1 c ) + T 3 exp ( j 4 π ν n ( e 1 + e 2 ) c ) ]
E c ( X ) = E 0 + E 1 ( X ) sin c ( π Δ ν ( Δ l c + Q X ) ) + E 2 ( X ) sin c ( π Δ ν ( Δ l + 2 n e 1 c + Q X ) ) + E 3 ( X ) sin c ( π Δ ν ( Δ l + 2 n ( e 1 + e 2 ) c + Q X ) )
E 1 ( X ) = 2 S S 2 Γ 0 2 α R α T R cos ( 4 π ν 0 c X sin ( θ p θ 0 ) + 2 π ν 0 Δ l c ) , E 2 ( X ) = 2 S S 2 Γ 0 2 α R α T R T ( 1 + T ) cos ( 4 π ν 0 c X sin ( θ p θ 0 ) + 2 π ν 0 Δ l + 2 n e 1 c ) , E 3 ( X ) = 2 S S 2 Γ 0 2 α R α T R T 3 cos ( 4 π ν 0 c X sin ( θ p θ 0 ) + 2 π ν 0 Δ l + 2 n ( e 1 + e 2 ) c )

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