Abstract

The development of effective multi-modality imaging methods typically requires an efficient information fusion model, particularly when combining structural images with a complementary imaging modality that provides functional information. We propose a composition-based image segmentation method for X-ray digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and a structural-prior-guided image reconstruction for a combined DBT and diffuse optical tomography (DOT) breast imaging system. Using the 3D DBT images from 31 clinically measured healthy breasts, we create an empirical relationship between the X-ray intensities for adipose and fibroglandular tissue. We use this relationship to then segment another 58 healthy breast DBT images from 29 subjects into compositional maps of different tissue types. For each breast, we build a weighted-graph in the compositional space and construct a regularization matrix to incorporate the structural priors into a finite-element-based DOT image reconstruction. Use of the compositional priors enables us to fuse tissue anatomy into optical images with less restriction than when using a binary segmentation. This allows us to recover the image contrast captured by DOT but not by DBT. We show that it is possible to fine-tune the strength of the structural priors by changing a single regularization parameter. By estimating the optical properties for adipose and fibroglandular tissue using the proposed algorithm, we found the results are comparable or superior to those estimated with expert-segmentations, but does not involve the time-consuming manual selection of regions-of-interest.

© 2010 OSA

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2009 (3)

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hiltunen, S. J. D. Prince, and S. Arridge, “A combined reconstruction-classification method for diffuse optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54(21), 6457–6476 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fang and D. Boas, “Tetrahedral mesh generation from volumetric binary and gray-scale images,” Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging 2009, 1142–1145 (2009).

2008 (4)

P. K. Yalavarthy, D. R. Lynch, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Implementation of a computationally efficient least-squares algorithm for highly under-determined three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography problems,” Med. Phys. 35(5), 1682–1697 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Carpenter, S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, and K. D. Paulsen, “Methodology development for three-dimensional MR-guided near infrared spectroscopy of breast tumors,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17903–17914 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(2), 024007 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. C. Enfield, A. P. Gibson, N. L. Everdell, D. T. Delpy, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, C. Richardson, M. Keshtgar, M. Douek, and J. C. Hebden, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical mammography of the uncompressed breast,” Appl. Opt. 46(17), 3628–3638 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Yalavarthy, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, C. M. Carpenter, S. Jiang, and K. D. Paulsen, “Structural information within regularization matrices improves near infrared diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8043–8058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (7)

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(4), R1–R43 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guven, B. Yazici, X. Intes, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with a priori anatomical information,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(12), 2837–2858 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

Q. Fang, P. M. Meaney, S. D. Geimer, A. V. Streltsov, and K. D. Paulsen, “Microwave image reconstruction from 3-D fields coupled to 2-D parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23(4), 475–484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Doubrovin, I. Serganova, P. Mayer-Kuckuk, V. Ponomarev, and R. G. Blasberg, “Multimodality in vivo molecular-genetic imaging,” Bioconjug. Chem. 15(6), 1376–1388 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

V. Ntziachristos, A. G. Yodh, M. D. Schnall, and B. Chance, “MRI-guided diffuse optical spectroscopy of malignant and benign breast lesions,” Neoplasia 4(4), 347–354 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

D. W. Townsend and S. R. Cherry, “Combining anatomy and function: the path to true image fusion,” Eur. Radiol. 11(10), 1968–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Chung and K. Oden, “Weighted graph Laplacians and isoperimetric inequalities,” Pac. J. Math. 192(2), 257–273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inverse Probl. 15(2), R41–R93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. D. Paulsen, P. M. Meaney, M. J. Moskowitz, and J. R. Sullivan., “A dual mesh scheme for finite element based reconstruction algorithms,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 14(3), 504–514 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arpaia, F.

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arridge, S.

P. Hiltunen, S. J. D. Prince, and S. Arridge, “A combined reconstruction-classification method for diffuse optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54(21), 6457–6476 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arridge, S. R.

L. C. Enfield, A. P. Gibson, N. L. Everdell, D. T. Delpy, M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, C. Richardson, M. Keshtgar, M. Douek, and J. C. Hebden, “Three-dimensional time-resolved optical mammography of the uncompressed breast,” Appl. Opt. 46(17), 3628–3638 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(4), R1–R43 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inverse Probl. 15(2), R41–R93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berger, A. J.

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bevilacqua, F.

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beyer, T.

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blasberg, R. G.

M. Doubrovin, I. Serganova, P. Mayer-Kuckuk, V. Ponomarev, and R. G. Blasberg, “Multimodality in vivo molecular-genetic imaging,” Bioconjug. Chem. 15(6), 1376–1388 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boas, D.

Q. Fang and D. Boas, “Tetrahedral mesh generation from volumetric binary and gray-scale images,” Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging 2009, 1142–1145 (2009).

Boas, D. A.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bohnen, N. N.

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boverman, G.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brooks, D. H.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brooksby, B.

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brukilacchio, T. J.

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
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A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
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A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, J. Selb, and S. A. Carp, “G. Boverman G, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, D. A. Boas, “Combined optical and x-ray tomosynthesis breast imaging,” Radiology . in press.

Carpenter, C. M.

Catana, C.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
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A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Guven, B. Yazici, X. Intes, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with a priori anatomical information,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(12), 2837–2858 (2005).
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V. Ntziachristos, A. G. Yodh, M. D. Schnall, and B. Chance, “MRI-guided diffuse optical spectroscopy of malignant and benign breast lesions,” Neoplasia 4(4), 347–354 (2002).
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M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
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Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, N. G.

Cherry, S. R.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
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D. W. Townsend and S. R. Cherry, “Combining anatomy and function: the path to true image fusion,” Eur. Radiol. 11(10), 1968–1974 (2001).
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Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
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F. Chung and K. Oden, “Weighted graph Laplacians and isoperimetric inequalities,” Pac. J. Math. 192(2), 257–273 (2000).
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M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coquoz, O.

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(2), 024007 (2007).
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Cubeddu, R.

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
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Dachille, M.

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
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Danesini, G.

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
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Davis, S. K.

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
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P. K. Yalavarthy, D. R. Lynch, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Implementation of a computationally efficient least-squares algorithm for highly under-determined three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography problems,” Med. Phys. 35(5), 1682–1697 (2008).
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P. K. Yalavarthy, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, C. M. Carpenter, S. Jiang, and K. D. Paulsen, “Structural information within regularization matrices improves near infrared diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8043–8058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delpy, D. T.

DiMarzio, C. A.

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
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M. Doubrovin, I. Serganova, P. Mayer-Kuckuk, V. Ponomarev, and R. G. Blasberg, “Multimodality in vivo molecular-genetic imaging,” Bioconjug. Chem. 15(6), 1376–1388 (2004).
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Douek, M.

Eichner, M.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enfield, L. C.

Everdell, N. L.

Fang, Q.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
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Q. Fang and D. Boas, “Tetrahedral mesh generation from volumetric binary and gray-scale images,” Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging 2009, 1142–1145 (2009).

Q. Fang, P. M. Meaney, S. D. Geimer, A. V. Streltsov, and K. D. Paulsen, “Microwave image reconstruction from 3-D fields coupled to 2-D parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23(4), 475–484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, J. Selb, and S. A. Carp, “G. Boverman G, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, D. A. Boas, “Combined optical and x-ray tomosynthesis breast imaging,” Radiology . in press.

Gaudette, R. J.

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
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Gee, J. C.

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
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Geimer, S. D.

Q. Fang, P. M. Meaney, S. D. Geimer, A. V. Streltsov, and K. D. Paulsen, “Microwave image reconstruction from 3-D fields coupled to 2-D parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23(4), 475–484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerig, G.

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, A. P.

Gibson, J. J.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grosenick, D.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guven, M.

M. Guven, B. Yazici, X. Intes, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with a priori anatomical information,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(12), 2837–2858 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagness, S. C.

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartov, A.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hazlett, H. C.

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hebden, J. C.

Hillman, E.

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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P. Hiltunen, S. J. D. Prince, and S. Arridge, “A combined reconstruction-classification method for diffuse optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54(21), 6457–6476 (2009).
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Ho, S.

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holcombe, R. F.

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Intes, X.

M. Guven, B. Yazici, X. Intes, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with a priori anatomical information,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(12), 2837–2858 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Israel, O.

Z. Keidar, O. Israel, and Y. Krausz, “SPECT/CT in tumor imaging: technical aspects and clinical applications,” Semin. Nucl. Med. 33(3Issue 3), 205–218 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jakubowski, D.

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jerin, J.

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, S.

P. K. Yalavarthy, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, C. M. Carpenter, S. Jiang, and K. D. Paulsen, “Structural information within regularization matrices improves near infrared diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8043–8058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Judenhofer, M. S.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keidar, Z.

Z. Keidar, O. Israel, and Y. Krausz, “SPECT/CT in tumor imaging: technical aspects and clinical applications,” Semin. Nucl. Med. 33(3Issue 3), 205–218 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelcz, F.

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keshtgar, M.

Kilmer, M.

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kilmer, M. E.

Kinahan, P. E.

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klingel, K.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kneilling, M.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kogel, C.

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kogel, C. A.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopans, D. B.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, Y.

Z. Keidar, O. Israel, and Y. Krausz, “SPECT/CT in tumor imaging: technical aspects and clinical applications,” Semin. Nucl. Med. 33(3Issue 3), 205–218 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuo, C.

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(2), 024007 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Lazebnik, M.

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
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Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
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A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
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M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
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P. K. Yalavarthy, D. R. Lynch, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Implementation of a computationally efficient least-squares algorithm for highly under-determined three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography problems,” Med. Phys. 35(5), 1682–1697 (2008).
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M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mayer-Kuckuk, P.

M. Doubrovin, I. Serganova, P. Mayer-Kuckuk, V. Ponomarev, and R. G. Blasberg, “Multimodality in vivo molecular-genetic imaging,” Bioconjug. Chem. 15(6), 1376–1388 (2004).
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S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
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Q. Fang, P. M. Meaney, S. D. Geimer, A. V. Streltsov, and K. D. Paulsen, “Microwave image reconstruction from 3-D fields coupled to 2-D parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23(4), 475–484 (2004).
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K. D. Paulsen, P. M. Meaney, M. J. Moskowitz, and J. R. Sullivan., “A dual mesh scheme for finite element based reconstruction algorithms,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 14(3), 504–514 (1995).
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M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
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Miller, E. L.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
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D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
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D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Möller, M.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, R. H.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moskowitz, M. J.

K. D. Paulsen, P. M. Meaney, M. J. Moskowitz, and J. R. Sullivan., “A dual mesh scheme for finite element based reconstruction algorithms,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 14(3), 504–514 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mucke, J.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ntziachristos, V.

V. Ntziachristos, A. G. Yodh, M. D. Schnall, and B. Chance, “MRI-guided diffuse optical spectroscopy of malignant and benign breast lesions,” Neoplasia 4(4), 347–354 (2002).
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M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nutt, R. E.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
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P. K. Yalavarthy, D. R. Lynch, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Implementation of a computationally efficient least-squares algorithm for highly under-determined three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography problems,” Med. Phys. 35(5), 1682–1697 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Carpenter, S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, and K. D. Paulsen, “Methodology development for three-dimensional MR-guided near infrared spectroscopy of breast tumors,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17903–17914 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Yalavarthy, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, C. M. Carpenter, S. Jiang, and K. D. Paulsen, “Structural information within regularization matrices improves near infrared diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8043–8058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
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S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, P. M. Meaney, S. D. Geimer, A. V. Streltsov, and K. D. Paulsen, “Microwave image reconstruction from 3-D fields coupled to 2-D parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23(4), 475–484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. D. Paulsen, P. M. Meaney, M. J. Moskowitz, and J. R. Sullivan., “A dual mesh scheme for finite element based reconstruction algorithms,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 14(3), 504–514 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pichler, B. J.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
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P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
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P. K. Yalavarthy, D. R. Lynch, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Implementation of a computationally efficient least-squares algorithm for highly under-determined three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography problems,” Med. Phys. 35(5), 1682–1697 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Carpenter, S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, and K. D. Paulsen, “Methodology development for three-dimensional MR-guided near infrared spectroscopy of breast tumors,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17903–17914 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Yalavarthy, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, C. M. Carpenter, S. Jiang, and K. D. Paulsen, “Structural information within regularization matrices improves near infrared diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8043–8058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Srinivasan, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Spectrally constrained chromophore and scattering near-infrared tomography provides quantitative and robust reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 44(10), 1858–1869 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ponomarev, V.

M. Doubrovin, I. Serganova, P. Mayer-Kuckuk, V. Ponomarev, and R. G. Blasberg, “Multimodality in vivo molecular-genetic imaging,” Bioconjug. Chem. 15(6), 1376–1388 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poplack, S. P.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
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Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reischl, G.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rice, B. W.

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(2), 024007 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, C.

Rinneberg, H.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Röcken, M.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlag, P. M.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schnall, M. D.

V. Ntziachristos, A. G. Yodh, M. D. Schnall, and B. Chance, “MRI-guided diffuse optical spectroscopy of malignant and benign breast lesions,” Neoplasia 4(4), 347–354 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schweiger, M.

Selb, J.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, J. Selb, and S. A. Carp, “G. Boverman G, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, D. A. Boas, “Combined optical and x-ray tomosynthesis breast imaging,” Radiology . in press.

Serganova, I.

M. Doubrovin, I. Serganova, P. Mayer-Kuckuk, V. Ponomarev, and R. G. Blasberg, “Multimodality in vivo molecular-genetic imaging,” Bioconjug. Chem. 15(6), 1376–1388 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, N.

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
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Siegel, S. B.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, R. G.

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soho, S. K.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spinelli, L.

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, S.

Stott, J.

Stott, J. J.

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streltsov, A. V.

Q. Fang, P. M. Meaney, S. D. Geimer, A. V. Streltsov, and K. D. Paulsen, “Microwave image reconstruction from 3-D fields coupled to 2-D parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23(4), 475–484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stroszczynski, C.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sullivan, J. R.

K. D. Paulsen, P. M. Meaney, M. J. Moskowitz, and J. R. Sullivan., “A dual mesh scheme for finite element based reconstruction algorithms,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 14(3), 504–514 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taroni, P.

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thielscher, A.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torricelli, A.

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tosteson, T. D.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townsend, D. W.

D. W. Townsend and S. R. Cherry, “Combining anatomy and function: the path to true image fusion,” Eur. Radiol. 11(10), 1968–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tromberg, B. J.

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Troy, T. L.

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(2), 024007 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uludag, K.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Veen, B. D.

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villemagne, V.

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wabnitz, H.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wassermann, B.

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weaver, J.

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wehrl, H. F.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wells, W. A.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Widmaier, S.

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, T.

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(2), 024007 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yalavarthy, P. K.

P. K. Yalavarthy, D. R. Lynch, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Implementation of a computationally efficient least-squares algorithm for highly under-determined three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography problems,” Med. Phys. 35(5), 1682–1697 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Yalavarthy, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, C. M. Carpenter, S. Jiang, and K. D. Paulsen, “Structural information within regularization matrices improves near infrared diffuse optical tomography,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8043–8058 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yazici, B.

M. Guven, B. Yazici, X. Intes, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with a priori anatomical information,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(12), 2837–2858 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yodh, A. G.

V. Ntziachristos, A. G. Yodh, M. D. Schnall, and B. Chance, “MRI-guided diffuse optical spectroscopy of malignant and benign breast lesions,” Neoplasia 4(4), 347–354 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yushkevich, P. A.

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zastrow, E.

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Li, E. L. Miller, M. E. Kilmer, T. J. Brukilacchio, T. Chaves, J. Stott, Q. Zhang, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three-dimensional mammography,” Appl. Opt. 42(25), 5181–5190 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Q.

Acad. Radiol. (1)

A. E. Cerussi, A. J. Berger, F. Bevilacqua, N. Shah, D. Jakubowski, J. Butler, R. F. Holcombe, and B. J. Tromberg, “Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near-infrared optical mammography,” Acad. Radiol. 8(3), 209–210 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Bioconjug. Chem. (1)

M. Doubrovin, I. Serganova, P. Mayer-Kuckuk, V. Ponomarev, and R. G. Blasberg, “Multimodality in vivo molecular-genetic imaging,” Bioconjug. Chem. 15(6), 1376–1388 (2004).
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Clin. Nucl. Med. (1)

M. Charron, T. Beyer, N. N. Bohnen, P. E. Kinahan, M. Dachille, J. Jerin, R. Nutt, C. C. Meltzer, V. Villemagne, and D. W. Townsend, “Image analysis in patients with cancer studied with a combined PET and CT scanner,” Clin. Nucl. Med. 25(11), 905–910 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eur. Radiol. (1)

D. W. Townsend and S. R. Cherry, “Combining anatomy and function: the path to true image fusion,” Eur. Radiol. 11(10), 1968–1974 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (1)

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. DiMarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, “Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 18(6), 57–75 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. (1)

E. Zastrow, S. K. Davis, M. Lazebnik, F. Kelcz, B. D. Van Veen, and S. C. Hagness, “Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55(12), 2792–2800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging (3)

K. D. Paulsen, P. M. Meaney, M. J. Moskowitz, and J. R. Sullivan., “A dual mesh scheme for finite element based reconstruction algorithms,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 14(3), 504–514 (1995).
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Q. Fang, P. M. Meaney, S. D. Geimer, A. V. Streltsov, and K. D. Paulsen, “Microwave image reconstruction from 3-D fields coupled to 2-D parameter estimation,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23(4), 475–484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fang, S. A. Carp, J. Selb, G. Boverman, Q. Zhang, D. B. Kopans, R. H. Moore, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, and D. A. Boas, “Combined optical imaging and mammography of the healthy breast: optical contrast derived from breast structure and compression,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 28(1issue 1), 30–42 (2009).
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Inverse Probl. (1)

S. R. Arridge, “Optical tomography in medical imaging,” Inverse Probl. 15(2), R41–R93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (3)

Q. Zhang, T. J. Brukilacchio, A. Li, J. J. Stott, T. Chaves, E. Hillman, T. Wu, M. Chorlton, E. Rafferty, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, and D. A. Boas, “Coregistered tomographic x-ray and optical breast imaging: initial results,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(2), 024033 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brooksby, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, B. W. Pogue, K. D. Paulsen, J. Weaver, C. Kogel, and S. P. Poplack, “Combining near-infrared tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to study in vivo breast tissue: implementation of a Laplacian-type regularization to incorporate magnetic resonance structure,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10(5), 051504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(2), 024007 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Med. Phys. (1)

P. K. Yalavarthy, D. R. Lynch, B. W. Pogue, H. Dehghani, and K. D. Paulsen, “Implementation of a computationally efficient least-squares algorithm for highly under-determined three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography problems,” Med. Phys. 35(5), 1682–1697 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Med. (1)

M. S. Judenhofer, H. F. Wehrl, D. F. Newport, C. Catana, S. B. Siegel, M. Becker, A. Thielscher, M. Kneilling, M. P. Lichy, M. Eichner, K. Klingel, G. Reischl, S. Widmaier, M. Röcken, R. E. Nutt, H.-J. Machulla, K. Uludag, S. R. Cherry, C. D. Claussen, and B. J. Pichler, “Simultaneous PET-MRI: a new approach for functional and morphological imaging,” Nat. Med. 14(4), 459–465 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neoplasia (1)

V. Ntziachristos, A. G. Yodh, M. D. Schnall, and B. Chance, “MRI-guided diffuse optical spectroscopy of malignant and benign breast lesions,” Neoplasia 4(4), 347–354 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neuroimage (1)

P. A. Yushkevich, J. Piven, H. C. Hazlett, R. G. Smith, S. Ho, J. C. Gee, and G. Gerig, “User-guided 3D active contour segmentation of anatomical structures: significantly improved efficiency and reliability,” Neuroimage 31(3), 1116–1128 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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F. Chung and K. Oden, “Weighted graph Laplacians and isoperimetric inequalities,” Pac. J. Math. 192(2), 257–273 (2000).
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Phys. Med. Biol. (5)

P. Hiltunen, S. J. D. Prince, and S. Arridge, “A combined reconstruction-classification method for diffuse optical tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54(21), 6457–6476 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guven, B. Yazici, X. Intes, and B. Chance, “Diffuse optical tomography with a priori anatomical information,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(12), 2837–2858 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Grosenick, K. T. Moesta, M. Möller, J. Mucke, H. Wabnitz, B. Gebauer, C. Stroszczynski, B. Wassermann, P. M. Schlag, and H. Rinneberg, “Time-domain scanning optical mammography: I. Recording and assessment of mammograms of 154 patients,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2429–2449 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, L. Spinelli, A. Pifferi, F. Arpaia, G. Danesini, and R. Cubeddu, “Time-resolved optical mammography between 637 and 985 nm: clinical study on the detection and identification of breast lesions,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(11), 2469–2488 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50(4), R1–R43 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

B. Brooksby, B. W. Pogue, S. Jiang, H. Dehghani, S. Srinivasan, C. Kogel, T. D. Tosteson, J. Weaver, S. P. Poplack, and K. D. Paulsen, “Imaging breast adipose and fibroglandular tissue molecular signatures by using hybrid MRI-guided near-infrared spectral tomography,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(23), 8828–8833 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (1)

Q. Fang and D. Boas, “Tetrahedral mesh generation from volumetric binary and gray-scale images,” Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging 2009, 1142–1145 (2009).

Radiology (2)

Q. Fang, J. Selb, and S. A. Carp, “G. Boverman G, E. L. Miller, D. H. Brooks, R. H. Moore, D. B. Kopans, D. A. Boas, “Combined optical and x-ray tomosynthesis breast imaging,” Radiology . in press.

S. P. Poplack, T. D. Tosteson, W. A. Wells, B. W. Pogue, P. M. Meaney, A. Hartov, C. A. Kogel, S. K. Soho, J. J. Gibson, and K. D. Paulsen, “Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms,” Radiology 243(2), 350–359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semin. Nucl. Med. (1)

Z. Keidar, O. Israel, and Y. Krausz, “SPECT/CT in tumor imaging: technical aspects and clinical applications,” Semin. Nucl. Med. 33(3Issue 3), 205–218 (2003).
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Other (3)

F. S. Azar, and X. Intes, eds., Translational multimodality Optical Imaging, Artech House, Norwood (2008)

J. Czernin, and H. R. Schelbert, eds., PET/CT in cancer patient management. The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 48 (2007)

A. Gelman, J. B. Carlin, H. S. Stern, and D. B. Rubin, Bayesian Data Analysis, Boca Raton, FL, Chapman and Hall/CRC (2004)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Weighted graph representation of the target domain in the compositional space. Each solid dot is a node in the parameter mesh and ui,j is the weight of the edge between nodes i and j.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

X-ray intensity values (0-255) for “pure” adipose, f(P a), and fibroglandular tissue, f(Pf ), extracted from 31 DBT healthy breast images. The red-line denotes the linear regression line with the equation labeled in the figure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sample reconstructed images for a healthy breast: (a) the DBT image, (b) the fibroglandular composition map (C f ), and the reconstructed HbT image slices using (c) binary “soft-prior”, (d) prior-free and (g)-(j) compositional-prior-guided recon. with different regularizations. We also show reconstructed SO2 images (e) without and (k) with the priors, similarly for μs at 830nm (f) without and (l) with priors. The thin lines are segmentations using ITK-SNAP [37].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sample reconstructed images from 4 additional healthy breasts: the DBT images, the reconstructed HbT images using compositional-priors and prior-free reconstructions are shown in the 1st to the 3rd columns, respectively. The corresponding SO2 and μs (830nm) images reconstructed using the priors are shown as the 4th and 5th columns for each case. The dashed vertical lines mark the extent of the optical source/detector coverage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Bilateral correlations between the adipose tissue for left and right breasts from 29 healthy subjects: (a) HbT, (b) SO2 and (c) scattering coefficients μ s’.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Correlation coefficients and the corresponding P-values between the bilateral adipose tissue properties extracted from 29 pairs of bilateral measurements are reported in columns entitled “R (P)”. We also summarize the means and standard deviations of the adipose physiological parameters estimated from all 58 breasts.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

C ( r ) = { C i ( r ) } , i = 1 , 2 , ... , N c , r Ω
I s ( r ) = i C i ( r ) f ( P i )
C f = I s f ( P a ) / [ f ( P f ) f ( P a ) ] C a = 1 C f
{ μ i } i = 1 , ... , N c = H + μ
Δ μ k = ( J k T J k + λ L T L ) 1 J k T ( y A μ k 1 )
Δ μ k = Θ 1 J T [ J k Θ 1 J k T + λ I ] 1 ( y A μ k 1 )
Θ 1 = [ ( L T L ) 1 ( L T L ) 1 ] J k Θ 1 J k T = i = 1 S J i , k ( L T L ) 1 J i , k T
l i , j = { 1 if  i = j u i , j d i d j if  i  and  j  are connected 0 otherwise
l i , j = { 1 if  i = j u i , j β d i d j if  i  and  j  are connected 0 otherwise
f ( P f ) = a f ( P a ) + b

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