Abstract

We have designed an intraocular telescope for the posterior chamber of the human eye of patients with age related macular degeneration. The basic design is composed of two decentered high optical power lenses ( + 66D and −66D) inducing a 3° prismatic effect to project a magnified central field of view into a healthier location off the central fovea. Aspheric surfaces were used to ensure a compromise between good optical quality and high tolerance to the final axial position of both lenses after surgery. With this particular design, the telescope affords an extended range of depth of focus, high tolerance to different axial lengths of the eye and robustness against typical values of astigmatism and higher order aberrations. The final design has been manufactured in a foldable material and is compact enough to facilitate surgical implantation. This telescope is a simple but promising intraocular visual aid for AMD patients.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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  1. E. Peli, “Vision multiplexing: an engineering approach to vision rehabilitation device development,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 78(5), 304–315 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. L. A. Spitzberg, R. T. Jose, and C. L. Kuether, “Behind the lens telescope: a new concept in bioptics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 66(9), 616–620 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. Nguyen, A. T. Nguyen, R. P. Hemenger, and D. R. Williams, “Resolution, field of view, and retinal illuminance of minituarized bioptics telescopes and their clinical significance,” J. Vis. Rehab. 7, 5–9 (1993).
  4. I. L. Bailey, “Critical view of an ocular telephoto system,” CLAO J. 13(4), 217–221 (1987).
    [PubMed]
  5. J. Dallos, “Contact glasses, the invisible eye glasses,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 15(4), 617–623 (1936).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
    [PubMed]
  7. I. Lipshitz, A. Loewenstein, M. Reingewirtz, and M. Lazar, “An intraocular telescopic lens for macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers 28(6), 513–517 (1997).
    [PubMed]
  8. E. Peli, “The optical functional advantages of an intraocular low-vision telescope,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 79(4), 225–233 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. N. Orzalesi, C. O. Pierrottet, S. Zenoni, and C. Savaresi, “The IOL-Vip System: a double intraocular lens implant for visual rehabilitation of patients with macular disease,” Ophthalmology 114(5), 860–865 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. H. L. Liou and N. A. Brennan, “Anatomically accurate, finite model eye for optical modeling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(8), 1684–1695 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. M. A. Qureshi, S. J. Robbie, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “A novel, injectable intraocular telescope: a pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (2015).

2010 (1)

A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

N. Orzalesi, C. O. Pierrottet, S. Zenoni, and C. Savaresi, “The IOL-Vip System: a double intraocular lens implant for visual rehabilitation of patients with macular disease,” Ophthalmology 114(5), 860–865 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peli, “The optical functional advantages of an intraocular low-vision telescope,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 79(4), 225–233 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

E. Peli, “Vision multiplexing: an engineering approach to vision rehabilitation device development,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 78(5), 304–315 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

I. Lipshitz, A. Loewenstein, M. Reingewirtz, and M. Lazar, “An intraocular telescopic lens for macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers 28(6), 513–517 (1997).
[PubMed]

H. L. Liou and N. A. Brennan, “Anatomically accurate, finite model eye for optical modeling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(8), 1684–1695 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

1993 (1)

A. Nguyen, A. T. Nguyen, R. P. Hemenger, and D. R. Williams, “Resolution, field of view, and retinal illuminance of minituarized bioptics telescopes and their clinical significance,” J. Vis. Rehab. 7, 5–9 (1993).

1989 (1)

L. A. Spitzberg, R. T. Jose, and C. L. Kuether, “Behind the lens telescope: a new concept in bioptics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 66(9), 616–620 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

I. L. Bailey, “Critical view of an ocular telephoto system,” CLAO J. 13(4), 217–221 (1987).
[PubMed]

1936 (1)

J. Dallos, “Contact glasses, the invisible eye glasses,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 15(4), 617–623 (1936).
[Crossref]

Agarwal, A.

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amselem, L.

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Artal, P.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Qureshi, S. J. Robbie, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “A novel, injectable intraocular telescope: a pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (2015).

Artigas, J. M.

A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bailey, I. L.

I. L. Bailey, “Critical view of an ocular telephoto system,” CLAO J. 13(4), 217–221 (1987).
[PubMed]

Benito, A.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brennan, N. A.

Chang, D. F.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chou, J. S.

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Cionni, R.

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Dallos, J.

J. Dallos, “Contact glasses, the invisible eye glasses,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 15(4), 617–623 (1936).
[Crossref]

Diaz-Llopis, M.

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Díaz-Llopis, M.

A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

Felipe, A.

A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García-Delpech, S.

A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geraghty, E.

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gómez-Chova, J.

A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guirao, A.

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heier, J. S.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemenger, R. P.

A. Nguyen, A. T. Nguyen, R. P. Hemenger, and D. R. Williams, “Resolution, field of view, and retinal illuminance of minituarized bioptics telescopes and their clinical significance,” J. Vis. Rehab. 7, 5–9 (1993).

Hudson, H. L.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacob, S.

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jose, R. T.

L. A. Spitzberg, R. T. Jose, and C. L. Kuether, “Behind the lens telescope: a new concept in bioptics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 66(9), 616–620 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koziol, J. E.

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Kuether, C. L.

L. A. Spitzberg, R. T. Jose, and C. L. Kuether, “Behind the lens telescope: a new concept in bioptics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 66(9), 616–620 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, D. A.

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lamba, M.

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lane, S. S.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lazar, M.

I. Lipshitz, A. Loewenstein, M. Reingewirtz, and M. Lazar, “An intraocular telescopic lens for macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers 28(6), 513–517 (1997).
[PubMed]

Lichter, P. R.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liou, H. L.

Lipshitz, I.

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Lipshitz, A. Loewenstein, M. Reingewirtz, and M. Lazar, “An intraocular telescopic lens for macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers 28(6), 513–517 (1997).
[PubMed]

Loewenstein, A.

I. Lipshitz, A. Loewenstein, M. Reingewirtz, and M. Lazar, “An intraocular telescopic lens for macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers 28(6), 513–517 (1997).
[PubMed]

Navea, A.

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nguyen, A.

A. Nguyen, A. T. Nguyen, R. P. Hemenger, and D. R. Williams, “Resolution, field of view, and retinal illuminance of minituarized bioptics telescopes and their clinical significance,” J. Vis. Rehab. 7, 5–9 (1993).

Nguyen, A. T.

A. Nguyen, A. T. Nguyen, R. P. Hemenger, and D. R. Williams, “Resolution, field of view, and retinal illuminance of minituarized bioptics telescopes and their clinical significance,” J. Vis. Rehab. 7, 5–9 (1993).

Norrby, S.

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orzalesi, N.

N. Orzalesi, C. O. Pierrottet, S. Zenoni, and C. Savaresi, “The IOL-Vip System: a double intraocular lens implant for visual rehabilitation of patients with macular disease,” Ophthalmology 114(5), 860–865 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peli, E.

E. Peli, “The optical functional advantages of an intraocular low-vision telescope,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 79(4), 225–233 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peli, “Vision multiplexing: an engineering approach to vision rehabilitation device development,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 78(5), 304–315 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peyman, G. A.

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Pierrottet, C. O.

N. Orzalesi, C. O. Pierrottet, S. Zenoni, and C. Savaresi, “The IOL-Vip System: a double intraocular lens implant for visual rehabilitation of patients with macular disease,” Ophthalmology 114(5), 860–865 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piers, P.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Portney, V.

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Qureshi, M. A.

M. A. Qureshi, S. J. Robbie, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “A novel, injectable intraocular telescope: a pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (2015).

Redondo, M.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reingewirtz, M.

I. Lipshitz, A. Loewenstein, M. Reingewirtz, and M. Lazar, “An intraocular telescopic lens for macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers 28(6), 513–517 (1997).
[PubMed]

Robbie, S. J.

M. A. Qureshi, S. J. Robbie, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “A novel, injectable intraocular telescope: a pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (2015).

Savaresi, C.

N. Orzalesi, C. O. Pierrottet, S. Zenoni, and C. Savaresi, “The IOL-Vip System: a double intraocular lens implant for visual rehabilitation of patients with macular disease,” Ophthalmology 114(5), 860–865 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singerman, L.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spitzberg, L. A.

L. A. Spitzberg, R. T. Jose, and C. L. Kuether, “Behind the lens telescope: a new concept in bioptics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 66(9), 616–620 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sternberg, P.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stulting, R. D.

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, R.

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Tabernero, J.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Qureshi, S. J. Robbie, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “A novel, injectable intraocular telescope: a pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (2015).

Tiwari, R.

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trentacost, D.

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Williams, D. R.

A. Nguyen, A. T. Nguyen, R. P. Hemenger, and D. R. Williams, “Resolution, field of view, and retinal illuminance of minituarized bioptics telescopes and their clinical significance,” J. Vis. Rehab. 7, 5–9 (1993).

Zenoni, S.

N. Orzalesi, C. O. Pierrottet, S. Zenoni, and C. Savaresi, “The IOL-Vip System: a double intraocular lens implant for visual rehabilitation of patients with macular disease,” Ophthalmology 114(5), 860–865 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arch. Ophthalmol. (2)

J. Dallos, “Contact glasses, the invisible eye glasses,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 15(4), 617–623 (1936).
[Crossref]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, “Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 120(9), 1143–1151 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

CLAO J. (1)

I. L. Bailey, “Critical view of an ocular telephoto system,” CLAO J. 13(4), 217–221 (1987).
[PubMed]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1)

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benito, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(10), 4651–4658 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (2)

L. Amselem, M. Diaz-Llopis, A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, A. Navea, and S. García-Delpech, “Clinical magnification and residual refraction after implantation of a double intraocular lens system in patients with macular degeneration,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(9), 1571–1577 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Agarwal, I. Lipshitz, S. Jacob, M. Lamba, R. Tiwari, D. A. Kumar, and A. Agarwal, “Mirror telescopic intraocular lens for age-related macular degeneration: design and preliminary clinical results of the Lipshitz macular implant,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 34(1), 87–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. Felipe, J. M. Artigas, J. Gómez-Chova, S. García-Delpech, and M. Díaz-Llopis, “Magnification of the retinal image through an intraocular Galilean telescope,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Vis. Rehab. (1)

A. Nguyen, A. T. Nguyen, R. P. Hemenger, and D. R. Williams, “Resolution, field of view, and retinal illuminance of minituarized bioptics telescopes and their clinical significance,” J. Vis. Rehab. 7, 5–9 (1993).

Ophthalmic Surg. (1)

J. E. Koziol, G. A. Peyman, R. Cionni, J. S. Chou, V. Portney, R. Sun, and D. Trentacost, “Evaluation and implantation of a teledioptric lens system for cataract and age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. 25(10), 675–684 (1994).
[PubMed]

Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers (1)

I. Lipshitz, A. Loewenstein, M. Reingewirtz, and M. Lazar, “An intraocular telescopic lens for macular degeneration,” Ophthalmic Surg. Lasers 28(6), 513–517 (1997).
[PubMed]

Ophthalmology (2)

N. Orzalesi, C. O. Pierrottet, S. Zenoni, and C. Savaresi, “The IOL-Vip System: a double intraocular lens implant for visual rehabilitation of patients with macular disease,” Ophthalmology 114(5), 860–865 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Hudson, S. S. Lane, J. S. Heier, R. D. Stulting, L. Singerman, P. R. Lichter, P. Sternberg, D. F. Chang, and IMT-002 Study Group, “Implantable miniature telescope for the treatment of visual acuity loss resulting from end-stage age-related macular degeneration: 1-Year Results,” Ophthalmology 113(11), 1987–2001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optom. Vis. Sci. (3)

E. Peli, “The optical functional advantages of an intraocular low-vision telescope,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 79(4), 225–233 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peli, “Vision multiplexing: an engineering approach to vision rehabilitation device development,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 78(5), 304–315 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Spitzberg, R. T. Jose, and C. L. Kuether, “Behind the lens telescope: a new concept in bioptics,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 66(9), 616–620 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. A. Qureshi, S. J. Robbie, J. Tabernero, and P. Artal, “A novel, injectable intraocular telescope: a pilot study,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (2015).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic paraxial model to calculate dioptric power of the lenses of the telescope (upper figure) and the ray tracing model used as a reference to calculate relative magnification (lower figure).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Possible combinations of objective (positive lens) and ocular (negative lens) lens powers that are able to form a posterior chamber intraocular telescope (left) with their corresponding magnification values (right).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Displacing the positive lens of the telescope (left) induces a shift in the location of the image on the retina by 3.5° per mm of lens decentration (right).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 PSFs and MTFs (dashed red lines) before (left) and after (right) optimization of the telescope system that includes a 0.85 mm decentration value of the positive lens. Solid black lines represent the diffracted limit MTFs (MTFs are plotted here as the averaged of the horizontal and vertical profiles of the 2D MTFs).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Tolerance to the relative position of the lenses. Changing the location of the negative lens with respect to the positive lens from 1.3 mm (dmin) to 1.9 (dmax) (diagram on the left) induces refractive errors in the retinal image (right) of 0.5 D per 0.1 mm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Snellen E optotype (decimal visual acuity 0.4) convolved with the PSF for different lens distances (1.3 mm to 1.9 mm; nominal is 1.7 mm) and different hyperbolic conic constants k of the negative lens posterior surface (the effect of this conic constant is to add positive spherical aberration).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Snellen E optotype (decimal visual acuity 0.4) convolved with the PSF placed at different distances from the eye (Infinity to 2D) for the telescope without spherical aberration (k = 0 upper row) and the hyperbolic profile of the negative lens posterior surface (lower row, k = −10).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (Upper) A snellen E optotype (0.4 visual acuity) was convolved with the PSF of the eye model plus additional astigmatism (up to 1.5 D of vertical cylinder). The contrast was estimated from the brightness through the dark and bright branches of the E´s (lower).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The 0.4 decimal visual acuity Snellen E optotype in an eye with different axial lengths (from shorter to longer eyes in a range of ± 0.4 mm).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 MTFs of 10 eye models implanted with the telescope that include all real aberrations (thin black lines) compared to an eye model with only spherically symmetrical aberrations (red) and to the mean measured MTF of a group of pseudophakic eyes implanted with monofocal IOLs.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 A 0.4 decimal acuity Snellen E optotype imaged through a model eye implanted with a monofocal IOL (right), implanted with the telescope with a 1.7 mm nominal distance between lenses (center) and with a 0.8 mm distance between lenses and corrected with a 4.5 D lens (left).

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