Abstract

Optical measurement of straylight in the human eye is a challenging task. Issues such as illumination geometry, detector sensitivity and dynamic range as well as various inherent artifacts must be addressed. We developed a novel instrument based on the principle of double-pass optical integration adapted for fast measurements in a clinical setting. The experimental setup was validated using four different diffusers introduced in front of the eyes of ten subjects. Measurement limitations and future implications of rapid optical measurement of straylight in ophthalmic diagnosis are discussed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. L. Holladay, “The fundamentals of glare and visibility,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12(4), 271–319 (1926).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. J. Vos, “Disability glare - a state of the art report,” CIEJ 3(2), 39–53 (1984).
  3. L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(2), 768–776 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Santamaría, P. Artal, and J. Bescós, “Determination of the point-spread function of human eyes using a hybrid optical-digital method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(6), 1109–1114 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and D. R. Williams, “Odd aberrations and double-pass measurements of retinal image quality,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12(2), 195–201 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. S. Ginis, G. M. Pérez, J. M. Bueno, and P. Artal, “The wide-angle point spread function of the human eye reconstructed by a new optical method,” J. Vis. 12(3), 20 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. W. S. Stiles, “The effect of glare on the brightness difference threshold,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B 104(731), 322 (1929).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. J. Vos and T. J. van den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” CIE Collection 135, 1–9 (1999).
  9. J. E. Coppens, L. Franssen, and T. J. van den Berg, “Wavelength dependence of intraocular straylight,” Exp. Eye Res. 82(4), 688–692 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(2), 294–300 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Pérez, J. M. Bueno, and P. Artal, “The wide-angle point spread function of the human eye reconstructed by a new optical method,” J. Vis. 12(3), 20 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(2), 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(2), 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Coppens, L. Franssen, and T. J. van den Berg, “Wavelength dependence of intraocular straylight,” Exp. Eye Res. 82(4), 688–692 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. J. Vos and T. J. van den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” CIE Collection 135, 1–9 (1999).

1995 (1)

1987 (1)

1984 (1)

J. J. Vos, “Disability glare - a state of the art report,” CIEJ 3(2), 39–53 (1984).

1929 (1)

W. S. Stiles, “The effect of glare on the brightness difference threshold,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B 104(731), 322 (1929).
[Crossref]

1926 (1)

Artal, P.

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Pérez, J. M. Bueno, and P. Artal, “The wide-angle point spread function of the human eye reconstructed by a new optical method,” J. Vis. 12(3), 20 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and D. R. Williams, “Odd aberrations and double-pass measurements of retinal image quality,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12(2), 195–201 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Santamaría, P. Artal, and J. Bescós, “Determination of the point-spread function of human eyes using a hybrid optical-digital method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(6), 1109–1114 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bescós, J.

Bueno, J. M.

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Pérez, J. M. Bueno, and P. Artal, “The wide-angle point spread function of the human eye reconstructed by a new optical method,” J. Vis. 12(3), 20 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coppens, J. E.

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(2), 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Coppens, L. Franssen, and T. J. van den Berg, “Wavelength dependence of intraocular straylight,” Exp. Eye Res. 82(4), 688–692 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(2), 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Wit, G. C.

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(2), 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franssen, L.

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(2), 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Coppens, L. Franssen, and T. J. van den Berg, “Wavelength dependence of intraocular straylight,” Exp. Eye Res. 82(4), 688–692 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(2), 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ginis, H. S.

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Pérez, J. M. Bueno, and P. Artal, “The wide-angle point spread function of the human eye reconstructed by a new optical method,” J. Vis. 12(3), 20 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holladay, L. L.

Marcos, S.

Navarro, R.

Pennos, A.

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perez, G. M.

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pérez, G. M.

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Pérez, J. M. Bueno, and P. Artal, “The wide-angle point spread function of the human eye reconstructed by a new optical method,” J. Vis. 12(3), 20 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santamaría, J.

Stiles, W. S.

W. S. Stiles, “The effect of glare on the brightness difference threshold,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B 104(731), 322 (1929).
[Crossref]

van den Berg, T. J.

J. E. Coppens, L. Franssen, and T. J. van den Berg, “Wavelength dependence of intraocular straylight,” Exp. Eye Res. 82(4), 688–692 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(2), 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(2), 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Vos and T. J. van den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” CIE Collection 135, 1–9 (1999).

Vos, J. J.

J. J. Vos and T. J. van den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” CIE Collection 135, 1–9 (1999).

J. J. Vos, “Disability glare - a state of the art report,” CIEJ 3(2), 39–53 (1984).

Williams, D. R.

CIE Collection (1)

J. J. Vos and T. J. van den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” CIE Collection 135, 1–9 (1999).

CIEJ (1)

J. J. Vos, “Disability glare - a state of the art report,” CIEJ 3(2), 39–53 (1984).

Exp. Eye Res. (1)

J. E. Coppens, L. Franssen, and T. J. van den Berg, “Wavelength dependence of intraocular straylight,” Exp. Eye Res. 82(4), 688–692 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2)

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Perez, J. M. Bueno, A. Pennos, and P. Artal, “Wavelength dependence of the ocular straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 54(5), 3702–3708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 47(2), 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (1)

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32(2), 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Vis. (1)

H. S. Ginis, G. M. Pérez, J. M. Bueno, and P. Artal, “The wide-angle point spread function of the human eye reconstructed by a new optical method,” J. Vis. 12(3), 20 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B (1)

W. S. Stiles, “The effect of glare on the brightness difference threshold,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B 104(731), 322 (1929).
[Crossref]

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