Abstract

In order to promote the development of the portal, low-cost and in vivo cancer diagnosis instrument, a miniature laser Raman spectrometer was employed to acquire the conventional Raman spectra for breast cancer detection in this paper. But it is difficult to achieve high discrimination accuracy. Then a novel method of adaptive weight k-local hyperplane (AWKH) is proposed to increase the classification accuracy. AWKH is an extension and improvement of K-local hyperplane distance nearest-neighbor (HKNN). It considers the features weights of the training data in the nearest neighbor selection and local hyperplane construction stage, which resolve the basic shortcoming of HKNN works well only for small values of the nearest-neighbor. Experimental results on Raman spectra of breast tissues in vitro show the proposed method can realize high classification accuracy.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

D. Carter, “New Global Survey Shows an Increasing Cancer Burden,” Am. J. Nurs.114(3), 17–18 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

Y. Pu, W. B. Wang, Y. L. Yang, and R. R. Alfano, “Native fluorescence spectra of human cancerous and normal breast tissues analyzed with non-negative constraint methods,” Appl. Opt.52(6), 1293–1301 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

2011 (2)

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Zoladek, F. C. Pascut, P. Patel, and I. Notingher, “Non-invasive time-course imaging of apoptotic cells by confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.42(3), 251–258 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

2006 (4)

O. G. Okun, “K-local hyperplane distance nearest-neighbor algorithm and protein fold recognition,” Pattern Recognit. Image Anal.16(1), 19–22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Yu, E. Gestl, K. Eckert, D. Allara, and J. Irudayaraj, “Characterization of human breast epithelial cells by confocal Raman microspectroscopy,” Cancer Detect. Prev.30(6), 515–522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. K. Kumar, J. Kurien, S. Mathew, and C. M. Krishna, “Discrimination of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues by Raman spectroscopy,” Biopolymers83(5), 556–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

1987 (1)

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Akins, D. L.

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Alfano, R. R.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Y. Pu, W. B. Wang, Y. L. Yang, and R. R. Alfano, “Native fluorescence spectra of human cancerous and normal breast tissues analyzed with non-negative constraint methods,” Appl. Opt.52(6), 1293–1301 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Alimova, A.

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

Allara, D.

C. Yu, E. Gestl, K. Eckert, D. Allara, and J. Irudayaraj, “Characterization of human breast epithelial cells by confocal Raman microspectroscopy,” Cancer Detect. Prev.30(6), 515–522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bitar, R. A.

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boydston-White, S.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Brennan, J. F.

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Canevari, R. A.

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Carter, D.

D. Carter, “New Global Survey Shows an Increasing Cancer Burden,” Am. J. Nurs.114(3), 17–18 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chowdary, M. V. P.

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. K. Kumar, J. Kurien, S. Mathew, and C. M. Krishna, “Discrimination of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues by Raman spectroscopy,” Biopolymers83(5), 556–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choy, D.

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cleary, J.

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Clemer, E.

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Crowe, J.

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Crowe, J. P.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dasari, R. R.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eckert, K.

C. Yu, E. Gestl, K. Eckert, D. Allara, and J. Irudayaraj, “Characterization of human breast epithelial cells by confocal Raman microspectroscopy,” Cancer Detect. Prev.30(6), 515–522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feld, M. S.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fitzmaurice, M.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

García-Flores, A. F.

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gardecki, J. A.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gestl, E.

C. Yu, E. Gestl, K. Eckert, D. Allara, and J. Irudayaraj, “Characterization of human breast epithelial cells by confocal Raman microspectroscopy,” Cancer Detect. Prev.30(6), 515–522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haka, A. S.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hicks, D.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, K. Y.

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Irudayaraj, J.

C. Yu, E. Gestl, K. Eckert, D. Allara, and J. Irudayaraj, “Characterization of human breast epithelial cells by confocal Raman microspectroscopy,” Cancer Detect. Prev.30(6), 515–522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalkanen, K. J.

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kalyan Kumar, K.

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kartazayev, V.

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

Krishna, C. M.

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. K. Kumar, J. Kurien, S. Mathew, and C. M. Krishna, “Discrimination of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues by Raman spectroscopy,” Biopolymers83(5), 556–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, K. K.

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. K. Kumar, J. Kurien, S. Mathew, and C. M. Krishna, “Discrimination of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues by Raman spectroscopy,” Biopolymers83(5), 556–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurien, J.

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. K. Kumar, J. Kurien, S. Mathew, and C. M. Krishna, “Discrimination of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues by Raman spectroscopy,” Biopolymers83(5), 556–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lam, W.

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

G. Li, “Removing Background of Raman Spectrum Based on Wavelet Transform,” International Conference on Future Computer and Communication (IEEE, 2009), pp. 198–200.

Li, J. Y.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Li, Q. B.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C. H.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Lyons, J.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manoharan, R.

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Martin, A. A.

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martinho, H. S.

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Masilamani, V.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Mathew, S.

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. K. Kumar, J. Kurien, S. Mathew, and C. M. Krishna, “Discrimination of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues by Raman spectroscopy,” Biopolymers83(5), 556–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nazemi, J.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notingher, I.

A. Zoladek, F. C. Pascut, P. Patel, and I. Notingher, “Non-invasive time-course imaging of apoptotic cells by confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.42(3), 251–258 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okun, O. G.

O. G. Okun, “K-local hyperplane distance nearest-neighbor algorithm and protein fold recognition,” Pattern Recognit. Image Anal.16(1), 19–22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opher, E.

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein-Carndona, J.

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pascut, F. C.

A. Zoladek, F. C. Pascut, P. Patel, and I. Notingher, “Non-invasive time-course imaging of apoptotic cells by confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.42(3), 251–258 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Patel, P.

A. Zoladek, F. C. Pascut, P. Patel, and I. Notingher, “Non-invasive time-course imaging of apoptotic cells by confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.42(3), 251–258 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, A.

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Prudente, R.

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Pu, Y.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Y. Pu, W. B. Wang, Y. L. Yang, and R. R. Alfano, “Native fluorescence spectra of human cancerous and normal breast tissues analyzed with non-negative constraint methods,” Appl. Opt.52(6), 1293–1301 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raniero, L.

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rao, L.

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roemer, T. J.

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Salenius, J.

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sha, W. L.

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Shafer-Peltier, K. E.

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shenk, R.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, J. S.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sriramoju, V.

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

Sun, X. J.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Tang, G. C.

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Teh, M.

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teh, S. K.

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volynskaya, Z.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, N.

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, W. B.

Y. Pu, W. B. Wang, Y. L. Yang, and R. R. Alfano, “Native fluorescence spectra of human cancerous and normal breast tissues analyzed with non-negative constraint methods,” Appl. Opt.52(6), 1293–1301 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

Wang, Y.

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weng, S. F.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, J. G.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Y. Z.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, L. M.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. L.

Yeoh, K. G.

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C.

C. Yu, E. Gestl, K. Eckert, D. Allara, and J. Irudayaraj, “Characterization of human breast epithelial cells by confocal Raman microspectroscopy,” Cancer Detect. Prev.30(6), 515–522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. F.

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, W.

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, L. X.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zhu, H. R.

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Zhu, K.

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zoladek, A.

A. Zoladek, F. C. Pascut, P. Patel, and I. Notingher, “Non-invasive time-course imaging of apoptotic cells by confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.42(3), 251–258 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Nurs. (1)

D. Carter, “New Global Survey Shows an Increasing Cancer Burden,” Am. J. Nurs.114(3), 17–18 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biopolymers (2)

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. K. Kumar, J. Kurien, S. Mathew, and C. M. Krishna, “Discrimination of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues by Raman spectroscopy,” Biopolymers83(5), 556–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. P. Chowdary, K. Kalyan Kumar, S. Mathew, L. Rao, C. M. Krishna, and J. Kurien, “Biochemical correlation of Raman spectra of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues: a spectral deconvolution study,” Biopolymers91(7), 539–546 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Br. J. Surg. (1)

S. K. Teh, W. Zheng, K. Y. Ho, M. Teh, K. G. Yeoh, and Z. Huang, “Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy for early diagnosis and typing of adenocarcinoma in the stomach,” Br. J. Surg.97(4), 550–557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cancer Detect. Prev. (1)

C. Yu, E. Gestl, K. Eckert, D. Allara, and J. Irudayaraj, “Characterization of human breast epithelial cells by confocal Raman microspectroscopy,” Cancer Detect. Prev.30(6), 515–522 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cancer Res. (1)

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, J. Lyons, D. Hicks, M. Fitzmaurice, R. R. Dasari, J. P. Crowe, and M. S. Feld, “In vivo Margin Assessment during Partial Mastectomy Breast Surgery Using Raman Spectroscopy,” Cancer Res.66(6), 3317–3322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clin. Chem. (1)

Q. B. Li, X. J. Sun, Y. Z. Xu, L. M. Yang, Y. F. Zhang, S. F. Weng, J. S. Shi, and J. G. Wu, “Diagnosis of gastric inflammation and malignancy in endoscopic biopsies based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,” Clin. Chem.51(2), 346–350 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. R. Alfano, G. C. Tang, A. Pradhan, W. Lam, D. Choy, and E. Opher, “Fluorescence spectra from cancerous and normal human breast and lung tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.23(10), 1806–1811 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

A. S. Haka, Z. Volynskaya, J. A. Gardecki, J. Nazemi, R. Shenk, N. Wang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fitzmaurice, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosing breast cancer using Raman spectroscopy: prospective analysis,” J. Biomed. Opt.14(5), 054023 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

A. Zoladek, F. C. Pascut, P. Patel, and I. Notingher, “Non-invasive time-course imaging of apoptotic cells by confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc.42(3), 251–258 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectroscopy (1)

K. E. Shafer-Peltier, A. S. Haka, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Raman microspectroscopic model of human breast tissue: implications for breast cancer diagnosis in vivo,” J. Raman Spectroscopy33(7), 552–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Life Sci. (1)

R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, and E. Clemer, “Human breast tissues studied by IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy,” Lasers Life Sci.4(1), 23–28 (1991).

Pattern Recognit. Image Anal. (1)

O. G. Okun, “K-local hyperplane distance nearest-neighbor algorithm and protein fold recognition,” Pattern Recognit. Image Anal.16(1), 19–22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

A. S. Haka, K. E. Shafer-Peltier, M. Fitzmaurice, J. Crowe, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diagnosising breast cancer by using Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA102(35), 12371–12376 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. S. Feld, R. Manoharan, J. Salenius, J. Orenstein-Carndona, T. J. Roemer, J. F. Brennan, and Y. Wang, “Detection and characterization of human tissue lesions with near-infrared Raman spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE2388, 99–104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Liu, W. B. Wang, A. Alimova, V. Sriramoju, V. Kartazayev, and R. R. Alfano, “Monitoring changes of proteins and lipids in laser welded aorta tissue using Raman spectroscopy and basis biochemical component analyses,” Proc. SPIE7175, 717504 (2009).

Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. (1)

C. H. Liu, Y. Zhou, Y. Sun, J. Y. Li, L. X. Zhou, S. Boydston-White, V. Masilamani, K. Zhu, Y. Pu, and R. R. Alfano, “Resonance Raman and Raman Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Detection,” Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.12(4), 371–382 (2013).
[PubMed]

Theor. Chem. Acc. (1)

A. F. García-Flores, L. Raniero, R. A. Canevari, K. J. Jalkanen, R. A. Bitar, H. S. Martinho, and A. A. Martin, “High-wavenumber FT-Raman spectroscopy for in vivo and ex vivo measurements of breast cancer,” Theor. Chem. Acc.130(4–6), 1231–1238 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. Li, “Removing Background of Raman Spectrum Based on Wavelet Transform,” International Conference on Future Computer and Communication (IEEE, 2009), pp. 198–200.

P. Vincent, Y. Bengio, “K-local hyperplane and convex distance nearest neighbor algorithms,” NIPS, 985–992 (2001).

R. Siegel, J. Ma, Z. Zou, and J. Ahmedin, “Cancer statistics, 2014,” CA. 64(1), 9–29 (2014).

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