Abstract

A linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating (LCFBG) has been used as a temperature sensor for online monitoring of radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA). The LCFBG acts as a distributed sensor, with spatial resolution of 75 μm. A white-light setup that records the LCFBG spectrum estimates the temperature profile in real time. Three RFTA experiments have been performed ex-vivo on porcine liver measuring the radial temperature distribution during the heating process. The analysis of thermal maps quantifies the spatial heat distribution along the measurement axis and determines the ablation efficiency.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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F. Taffoni, D. Formica, P. Saccomandi, G. Di Pino, and E. Schena, “Optical fiber-based MR-compatible sensors for medical applications: an overview,” Sensors (Basel)13(10), 14105–14120 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Saccomandi, E. Schena, and S. Silvestri, “Techniques for temperature monitoring during laser-induced thermotherapy: an overview,” Int. J. Hyperthermia29(7), 609–619 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Micco, G. Quero, A. Crescitelli, A. Ricciardi, and A. Cusano, “Ultracompact optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer based on in-line integrated sub-micron film,” Proc. SPIE8794, 87940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

V. Mishra, N. Singh, U. Tiwari, and P. Kapur, “Fiber grating sensors in medicine: current and emerging applications,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.167(2), 279–290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S. Padma, J. B. Martinie, and D. A. Iannitti, “Liver tumor ablation: percutaneous and open approaches,” J. Surg. Oncol.100(8), 619–634 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

P. L. Pereira, “Actual role of radiofrequency ablation of liver metastases,” Eur. Radiol.17(8), 2062–2070 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okabe, R. Tsuji, and N. Takeda, “Application of chiped fiber Bragg grating sensors for identification of crack location in composites,” Compos., Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.35(1), 59–65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. A. Curley, “Radiofrequency ablation of malignant liver tumors,” Ann. Surg. Oncol.10(4), 338–347 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

B. J. Wood, J. R. Ramkaransingh, T. Fojo, M. M. Walther, and S. K. Libutti, “Percutaneous tumor ablation with radiofrequency,” Cancer94(2), 443–451 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

J. P. McGhana and G. D. Dodd, “Radiofrequency ablation of the liver: current status,” Am. J. Roentgenol.176(1), 3–16 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, “On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 165–173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. N. Goldberg, G. S. Gazelle, and P. R. Mueller, “Thermal ablation therapy for focal malignancy: A unified approach to underlying principles, techniques, and diagnostic imaging guidance,” Am. J. Roentgenol.174(2), 323–331 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bonnell, L.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cadeddu, J. A.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.-W.

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cova, L.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crescitelli, A.

A. Micco, G. Quero, A. Crescitelli, A. Ricciardi, and A. Cusano, “Ultracompact optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer based on in-line integrated sub-micron film,” Proc. SPIE8794, 87940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

Curley, S. A.

S. A. Curley, “Radiofrequency ablation of malignant liver tumors,” Ann. Surg. Oncol.10(4), 338–347 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cusano, A.

A. Micco, G. Quero, A. Crescitelli, A. Ricciardi, and A. Cusano, “Ultracompact optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer based on in-line integrated sub-micron film,” Proc. SPIE8794, 87940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dellanoce, M.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Pino, G.

F. Taffoni, D. Formica, P. Saccomandi, G. Di Pino, and E. Schena, “Optical fiber-based MR-compatible sensors for medical applications: an overview,” Sensors (Basel)13(10), 14105–14120 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dodd, G. D.

J. P. McGhana and G. D. Dodd, “Radiofrequency ablation of the liver: current status,” Am. J. Roentgenol.176(1), 3–16 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erdogan, T.

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, “On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 165–173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fojo, T.

B. J. Wood, J. R. Ramkaransingh, T. Fojo, M. M. Walther, and S. K. Libutti, “Percutaneous tumor ablation with radiofrequency,” Cancer94(2), 443–451 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Formica, D.

F. Taffoni, D. Formica, P. Saccomandi, G. Di Pino, and E. Schena, “Optical fiber-based MR-compatible sensors for medical applications: an overview,” Sensors (Basel)13(10), 14105–14120 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gazelle, G. S.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Goldberg, G. S. Gazelle, and P. R. Mueller, “Thermal ablation therapy for focal malignancy: A unified approach to underlying principles, techniques, and diagnostic imaging guidance,” Am. J. Roentgenol.174(2), 323–331 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldberg, S. N.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Goldberg, G. S. Gazelle, and P. R. Mueller, “Thermal ablation therapy for focal malignancy: A unified approach to underlying principles, techniques, and diagnostic imaging guidance,” Am. J. Roentgenol.174(2), 323–331 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halpern, E. F.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iannitti, D. A.

S. Padma, J. B. Martinie, and D. A. Iannitti, “Liver tumor ablation: percutaneous and open approaches,” J. Surg. Oncol.100(8), 619–634 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ierace, T.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapur, P.

V. Mishra, N. Singh, U. Tiwari, and P. Kapur, “Fiber grating sensors in medicine: current and emerging applications,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.167(2), 279–290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kavoussi, L. R.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leiner, D.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Libutti, S. K.

B. J. Wood, J. R. Ramkaransingh, T. Fojo, M. M. Walther, and S. K. Libutti, “Percutaneous tumor ablation with radiofrequency,” Cancer94(2), 443–451 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindberg, G.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, G.-J.

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Livraghi, T.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, M.-D.

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinie, J. B.

S. Padma, J. B. Martinie, and D. A. Iannitti, “Liver tumor ablation: percutaneous and open approaches,” J. Surg. Oncol.100(8), 619–634 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGhana, J. P.

J. P. McGhana and G. D. Dodd, “Radiofrequency ablation of the liver: current status,” Am. J. Roentgenol.176(1), 3–16 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meloni, F.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Micco, A.

A. Micco, G. Quero, A. Crescitelli, A. Ricciardi, and A. Cusano, “Ultracompact optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer based on in-line integrated sub-micron film,” Proc. SPIE8794, 87940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, V.

V. Mishra, N. Singh, U. Tiwari, and P. Kapur, “Fiber grating sensors in medicine: current and emerging applications,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.167(2), 279–290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, P. R.

S. N. Goldberg, G. S. Gazelle, and P. R. Mueller, “Thermal ablation therapy for focal malignancy: A unified approach to underlying principles, techniques, and diagnostic imaging guidance,” Am. J. Roentgenol.174(2), 323–331 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogan, K.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okabe, Y.

Y. Okabe, R. Tsuji, and N. Takeda, “Application of chiped fiber Bragg grating sensors for identification of crack location in composites,” Compos., Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.35(1), 59–65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Padma, S.

S. Padma, J. B. Martinie, and D. A. Iannitti, “Liver tumor ablation: percutaneous and open approaches,” J. Surg. Oncol.100(8), 619–634 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pereira, P. L.

P. L. Pereira, “Actual role of radiofrequency ablation of liver metastases,” Eur. Radiol.17(8), 2062–2070 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quero, G.

A. Micco, G. Quero, A. Crescitelli, A. Ricciardi, and A. Cusano, “Ultracompact optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer based on in-line integrated sub-micron film,” Proc. SPIE8794, 87940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ramkaransingh, J. R.

B. J. Wood, J. R. Ramkaransingh, T. Fojo, M. M. Walther, and S. K. Libutti, “Percutaneous tumor ablation with radiofrequency,” Cancer94(2), 443–451 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ricciardi, A.

A. Micco, G. Quero, A. Crescitelli, A. Ricciardi, and A. Cusano, “Ultracompact optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer based on in-line integrated sub-micron film,” Proc. SPIE8794, 87940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, W. W.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saccomandi, P.

F. Taffoni, D. Formica, P. Saccomandi, G. Di Pino, and E. Schena, “Optical fiber-based MR-compatible sensors for medical applications: an overview,” Sensors (Basel)13(10), 14105–14120 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Saccomandi, E. Schena, and S. Silvestri, “Techniques for temperature monitoring during laser-induced thermotherapy: an overview,” Int. J. Hyperthermia29(7), 609–619 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schena, E.

P. Saccomandi, E. Schena, and S. Silvestri, “Techniques for temperature monitoring during laser-induced thermotherapy: an overview,” Int. J. Hyperthermia29(7), 609–619 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Taffoni, D. Formica, P. Saccomandi, G. Di Pino, and E. Schena, “Optical fiber-based MR-compatible sensors for medical applications: an overview,” Sensors (Basel)13(10), 14105–14120 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silvestri, S.

P. Saccomandi, E. Schena, and S. Silvestri, “Techniques for temperature monitoring during laser-induced thermotherapy: an overview,” Int. J. Hyperthermia29(7), 609–619 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, N.

V. Mishra, N. Singh, U. Tiwari, and P. Kapur, “Fiber grating sensors in medicine: current and emerging applications,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.167(2), 279–290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Skaar, J.

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, “On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 165–173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solbiati, L.

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taffoni, F.

F. Taffoni, D. Formica, P. Saccomandi, G. Di Pino, and E. Schena, “Optical fiber-based MR-compatible sensors for medical applications: an overview,” Sensors (Basel)13(10), 14105–14120 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeda, N.

Y. Okabe, R. Tsuji, and N. Takeda, “Application of chiped fiber Bragg grating sensors for identification of crack location in composites,” Compos., Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.35(1), 59–65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tiwari, U.

V. Mishra, N. Singh, U. Tiwari, and P. Kapur, “Fiber grating sensors in medicine: current and emerging applications,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.167(2), 279–290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, R.

Y. Okabe, R. Tsuji, and N. Takeda, “Application of chiped fiber Bragg grating sensors for identification of crack location in composites,” Compos., Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.35(1), 59–65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walther, M. M.

B. J. Wood, J. R. Ramkaransingh, T. Fojo, M. M. Walther, and S. K. Libutti, “Percutaneous tumor ablation with radiofrequency,” Cancer94(2), 443–451 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, “On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 165–173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, D. M.

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, B. J.

B. J. Wood, J. R. Ramkaransingh, T. Fojo, M. M. Walther, and S. K. Libutti, “Percutaneous tumor ablation with radiofrequency,” Cancer94(2), 443–451 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, X.-Y.

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.-X.

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.-F.

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, X.-Y.

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Am. J. Roentgenol. (2)

S. N. Goldberg, G. S. Gazelle, and P. R. Mueller, “Thermal ablation therapy for focal malignancy: A unified approach to underlying principles, techniques, and diagnostic imaging guidance,” Am. J. Roentgenol.174(2), 323–331 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. McGhana and G. D. Dodd, “Radiofrequency ablation of the liver: current status,” Am. J. Roentgenol.176(1), 3–16 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ann. Surg. Oncol. (1)

S. A. Curley, “Radiofrequency ablation of malignant liver tumors,” Ann. Surg. Oncol.10(4), 338–347 (2003).
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Cancer (1)

B. J. Wood, J. R. Ramkaransingh, T. Fojo, M. M. Walther, and S. K. Libutti, “Percutaneous tumor ablation with radiofrequency,” Cancer94(2), 443–451 (2002).
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Clin. Radiol. (1)

H.-X. Xu, X.-Y. Xie, M.-D. Lu, J.-W. Chen, X.-Y. Yin, Z.-F. Xu, and G.-J. Liu, “Ultrasound-guided percutaneous thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma using microwave and radiofrequency ablation,” Clin. Radiol.59(1), 53–61 (2004).
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Compos., Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf. (1)

Y. Okabe, R. Tsuji, and N. Takeda, “Application of chiped fiber Bragg grating sensors for identification of crack location in composites,” Compos., Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf.35(1), 59–65 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Radiol. (1)

P. L. Pereira, “Actual role of radiofrequency ablation of liver metastases,” Eur. Radiol.17(8), 2062–2070 (2007).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Skaar, L. Wang, and T. Erdogan, “On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 165–173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Hyperthermia (1)

P. Saccomandi, E. Schena, and S. Silvestri, “Techniques for temperature monitoring during laser-induced thermotherapy: an overview,” Int. J. Hyperthermia29(7), 609–619 (2013).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Surg. Oncol. (1)

S. Padma, J. B. Martinie, and D. A. Iannitti, “Liver tumor ablation: percutaneous and open approaches,” J. Surg. Oncol.100(8), 619–634 (2009).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Micco, G. Quero, A. Crescitelli, A. Ricciardi, and A. Cusano, “Ultracompact optical fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer based on in-line integrated sub-micron film,” Proc. SPIE8794, 87940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

Radiology (1)

L. Solbiati, T. Livraghi, S. N. Goldberg, T. Ierace, F. Meloni, M. Dellanoce, L. Cova, E. F. Halpern, and G. S. Gazelle, “Percutaneous radio-frequency ablation of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer: long-term results in 117 patients,” Radiology221(1), 159–166 (2001).
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Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

V. Mishra, N. Singh, U. Tiwari, and P. Kapur, “Fiber grating sensors in medicine: current and emerging applications,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.167(2), 279–290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (Basel) (1)

F. Taffoni, D. Formica, P. Saccomandi, G. Di Pino, and E. Schena, “Optical fiber-based MR-compatible sensors for medical applications: an overview,” Sensors (Basel)13(10), 14105–14120 (2013).
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Urology (1)

K. Ogan, W. W. Roberts, D. M. Wilhelm, L. Bonnell, D. Leiner, G. Lindberg, L. R. Kavoussi, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Infrared thermography and thermocouple mapping of radiofrequency renal ablation to assess treatment adequacy and ablation margins,” Urology62(1), 146–151 (2003).
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Other (3)

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A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications (Artech House, 1999).

Luna Inc, http://lunainc.com/obr4600ts .

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