Abstract

Intravital imaging has provided molecular, cellular and anatomical insight into the study of tumor. Early detection and treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases can be enhanced with specific molecular markers and endoscopic imaging modalities. We present a wide-field multi-channel fluorescence endoscope to screen GI tract for colon cancer using multiple molecular probes targeting matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) conjugated with quantum dots (QD) in AOM/DSS mouse model. MMP9 and MMP14 antibody (Ab)-QD conjugates demonstrate specific binding to colonic adenoma. The average target-to-background (T/B) ratios are 2.10 ± 0.28 and 1.78 ± 0.18 for MMP14 Ab-QD and MMP9 Ab-QD, respectively. The overlap between the two molecular probes is 67.7 ± 8.4%. The presence of false negative indicates that even more number of targeting could increase the sensitivity of overall detection given heterogeneous molecular expression in tumors. Our approach indicates potential for the screening of small or flat lesions that are precancerous.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Oh, E. Chung, and S. H. Yun, “Optical fibers for high-resolution in vivo microendoscopic fluorescence imaging,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 760–771 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. S. F. Elahi, S. J. Miller, B. Joshi, and T. D. Wang, “Targeted imaging of colorectal dysplasia in living mice with fluorescence microendoscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 981–986 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. P. B. Garcia-Allende, J. Glatz, M. Koch, J. J. Tjalma, E. Hartmans, A. G. Terwisscha van Scheltinga, P. Symvoulidis, G. M. van Dam, W. B. Nagengast, and V. Ntziachristos, “Towards clinically translatable NIR fluorescence molecular guidance for colonoscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(1), 78–92 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in GI endoscopy,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 76(6), 1207–1209 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. Li and T. D. Wang, “Targeted endoscopic imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am. 19(2), 283–298 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
    [PubMed]
  15. J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. C. Bremer, C.-H. Tung, and R. Weissleder, “In vivo molecular target assessment of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition,” Nat. Med. 7(6), 743–748 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. E. Koblinski, M. Ahram, and B. F. Sloane, “Unraveling the role of proteases in cancer,” Clin. Chim. Acta 291(2), 113–135 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. E. Stearns and M. Wang, “Type IV collagenase (Mr 72,000) expression in human prostate: benign and malignant tissue,” Cancer Res. 53(4), 878–883 (1993).
    [PubMed]
  19. G. H. Heppner, “Tumor heterogeneity,” Cancer Res. 44(6), 2259–2265 (1984).
    [PubMed]
  20. P. L. Bedard, A. R. Hansen, M. J. Ratain, and L. L. Siu, “Tumour heterogeneity in the clinic,” Nature 501(7467), 355–364 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. G. Lanza, L. Messerini, R. Gafà, M. Risio, and Gruppo Italiano Patologi Apparato Digerente (GIPAD)Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica e Citopatologia Diagnostica/International Academy of Pathology, Italian division (SIAPEC/IAP), “Colorectal tumors: the histology report,” Dig. Liver Dis. 43(Suppl 4), S344–S355 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. R. Upadhyay, R. A. Sheth, R. Weissleder, and U. Mahmood, “Quantitative real-time catheter-based fluorescence molecular imaging in mice,” Radiology 245(2), 523–531 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. R. Atreya and M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in gastroenterology,” Nat Rev. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 10(12), 704–712 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.
  39. Y. Urano, M. Sakabe, N. Kosaka, M. Ogawa, M. Mitsunaga, D. Asanuma, M. Kamiya, M.R. Young, T. Nagano, and P.L. Choyke, Rapid cancer detection by topically spraying a γ-glutamyltranspeptidase–activated fluorescent probe. Sci Transl Med, 2011. 3(110): p. 110ra119–110ra119.
  40. Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (7)

P. L. Bedard, A. R. Hansen, M. J. Ratain, and L. L. Siu, “Tumour heterogeneity in the clinic,” Nature 501(7467), 355–364 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Atreya and M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in gastroenterology,” Nat Rev. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 10(12), 704–712 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Oh, E. Chung, and S. H. Yun, “Optical fibers for high-resolution in vivo microendoscopic fluorescence imaging,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 760–771 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in GI endoscopy,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 76(6), 1207–1209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. F. Elahi, S. J. Miller, B. Joshi, and T. D. Wang, “Targeted imaging of colorectal dysplasia in living mice with fluorescence microendoscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(4), 981–986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Lanza, L. Messerini, R. Gafà, M. Risio, and Gruppo Italiano Patologi Apparato Digerente (GIPAD)Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica e Citopatologia Diagnostica/International Academy of Pathology, Italian division (SIAPEC/IAP), “Colorectal tumors: the histology report,” Dig. Liver Dis. 43(Suppl 4), S344–S355 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

M. Li and T. D. Wang, “Targeted endoscopic imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am. 19(2), 283–298 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

R. Upadhyay, R. A. Sheth, R. Weissleder, and U. Mahmood, “Quantitative real-time catheter-based fluorescence molecular imaging in mice,” Radiology 245(2), 523–531 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Bremer, C.-H. Tung, and R. Weissleder, “In vivo molecular target assessment of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition,” Nat. Med. 7(6), 743–748 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. E. Koblinski, M. Ahram, and B. F. Sloane, “Unraveling the role of proteases in cancer,” Clin. Chim. Acta 291(2), 113–135 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

1993 (1)

M. E. Stearns and M. Wang, “Type IV collagenase (Mr 72,000) expression in human prostate: benign and malignant tissue,” Cancer Res. 53(4), 878–883 (1993).
[PubMed]

1984 (1)

G. H. Heppner, “Tumor heterogeneity,” Cancer Res. 44(6), 2259–2265 (1984).
[PubMed]

Abulafi, A. M.

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahram, M.

J. E. Koblinski, M. Ahram, and B. F. Sloane, “Unraveling the role of proteases in cancer,” Clin. Chim. Acta 291(2), 113–135 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anandasabapathy, S.

M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asanuma, D.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atreya, R.

R. Atreya and M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in gastroenterology,” Nat Rev. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 10(12), 704–712 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baek, Y.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Bajbouj, M.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barault, L.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basché, T.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baugh, M. D.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bedard, P. L.

P. L. Bedard, A. R. Hansen, M. J. Ratain, and L. L. Siu, “Tumour heterogeneity in the clinic,” Nature 501(7467), 355–364 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Begum, S.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Besselsen, D. G.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boivin, G. P.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bossuyt, P. M.

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouvier, A. M.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bremer, C.

C. Bremer, C.-H. Tung, and R. Weissleder, “In vivo molecular target assessment of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition,” Nat. Med. 7(6), 743–748 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruchez, M. P.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buchner, A. M.

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burton, S.

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butler, A.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byeon, J. S.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Callaway, E. S.

M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campo, E.

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Chapkin, R. S.

M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapusot, C.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chauhan, V. P.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, O.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, S. H.

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choyke, P. L.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chumanevich, A. A.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, E.

G. Oh, E. Chung, and S. H. Yun, “Optical fibers for high-resolution in vivo microendoscopic fluorescence imaging,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 760–771 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Clark, G.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cline, R. W.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coffey, R. J.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colburn, N. H.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Copland, A.

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cortet, M.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cross, S. S.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, X.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davies, D. R.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davis, T.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dekker, E.

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dextras, C. R.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dinchuk, J. E.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Do, M. Y.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doetschman, T.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dove, W. F.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Downward, J.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eccles, S. A.

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eklund, A. C.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elahi, S. F.

Emmert-Buck, M. R.

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Endesfelder, D.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eser, S.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Evans, G. S.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Evans, J. F.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faivre, J.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faust, A.

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferraz, J. M.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friedland, S.

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fritsch, J.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fukumura, D.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Futreal, P. A.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gafà, R.

G. Lanza, L. Messerini, R. Gafà, M. Risio, and Gruppo Italiano Patologi Apparato Digerente (GIPAD)Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica e Citopatologia Diagnostica/International Academy of Pathology, Italian division (SIAPEC/IAP), “Colorectal tumors: the histology report,” Dig. Liver Dis. 43(Suppl 4), S344–S355 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galle, P. R.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia-Allende, P. B.

Ge, N.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

George, M. L.

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerlinger, M.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glatz, J.

Godfrey, V. L.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goerge, T.

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goetz, M.

R. Atreya and M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in gastroenterology,” Nat Rev. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 10(12), 704–712 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in GI endoscopy,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 76(6), 1207–1209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gore, M.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greytak, A. B.

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Groden, J.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gronroos, E.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Habiger, J.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halberg, R. B.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haley, K. N.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hancock, B.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hansen, A. R.

P. L. Bedard, A. R. Hansen, M. J. Ratain, and L. L. Siu, “Tumour heterogeneity in the clinic,” Nature 501(7467), 355–364 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haringsma, J.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartmans, E.

Heckman, M. G.

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heppner, G. H.

G. H. Heppner, “Tumor heterogeneity,” Cancer Res. 44(6), 2259–2265 (1984).
[PubMed]

Hofseth, A.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofseth, L.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollander, A. P.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holtmann, M.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horswell, S.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hung, K. E.

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hwang, S.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Iishi, H.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Insin, N.

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itzkowitz, S. H.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacobs, A. H.

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jain, R. K.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, H.

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, D.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jooste, V.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joshi, B.

Jung, M.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, S.

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Kaltenbach, T.

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamoun, W. S.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanzler, S.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kargman, S. L.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiesslich, R.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, I.-W.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Kim, J. H.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.H.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Kim, P.

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Kim, S.-Y.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Kind, A. J.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, H.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koblinski, J. E.

J. E. Koblinski, M. Ahram, and B. F. Sloane, “Unraveling the role of proteases in cancer,” Clin. Chim. Acta 291(2), 113–135 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, M.

Koehler, H. H.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kolb, U.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kosaka, N.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krishna, M.

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kucherlapati, R.

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwon, I. C.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwong, E.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lang, R.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lanza, G.

G. Lanza, L. Messerini, R. Gafà, M. Risio, and Gruppo Italiano Patologi Apparato Digerente (GIPAD)Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica e Citopatologia Diagnostica/International Academy of Pathology, Italian division (SIAPEC/IAP), “Colorectal tumors: the histology report,” Dig. Liver Dis. 43(Suppl 4), S344–S355 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larkin, J.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larson, J. P.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Latimer, C.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laurent-Puig, P.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lecorre, D.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, N. G.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, P.

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

M. Li and T. D. Wang, “Targeted endoscopic imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am. 19(2), 283–298 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lièvre, A.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liotta, L. A.

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Liu, F.

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lobo, A. J.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mages, J.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahmood, U.

R. Upadhyay, R. A. Sheth, R. Weissleder, and U. Mahmood, “Quantitative real-time catheter-based fluorescence molecular imaging in mice,” Radiology 245(2), 523–531 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maitland, K. C.

M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marcon, N.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, J. D.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinez, P.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matthews, N.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McDonald, N. Q.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meining, A.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Messerini, L.

G. Lanza, L. Messerini, R. Gafà, M. Risio, and Gruppo Italiano Patologi Apparato Digerente (GIPAD)Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica e Citopatologia Diagnostica/International Academy of Pathology, Italian division (SIAPEC/IAP), “Colorectal tumors: the histology report,” Dig. Liver Dis. 43(Suppl 4), S344–S355 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mews, A.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, S. J.

Mitsunaga, M.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mizoguchi, A.

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moon, D. H.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munroe, C. A.

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myung, S.-J.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Nafe, B.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagano, T.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagarkatti, M.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagarkatti, P. S.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagengast, W. B.

Nam, J.

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Neurath, M. F.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nocera, D. G.

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nohadani, M.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ntziachristos, V.

Ogihara, T.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, G.

G. Oh, E. Chung, and S. H. Yun, “Optical fibers for high-resolution in vivo microendoscopic fluorescence imaging,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 760–771 (2013).
[Crossref]

Olsovsky, C. A.

M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oshima, H.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oshima, M.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, C. S.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Park, K.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, Y.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Park, Y. S.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peale, F.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pena, E.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perry, M. J.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phillimore, B.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piard, F.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pickering, L.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pierce, M. C.

M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pitot, H. C.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polydorides, A. D.

M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popovic, Z.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poudyal, D.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pretlow, T. P.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raimondo, M.

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raine, K.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rat, P.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ratain, M. J.

P. L. Bedard, A. R. Hansen, M. J. Ratain, and L. L. Siu, “Tumour heterogeneity in the clinic,” Nature 501(7467), 355–364 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reitsma, J. B.

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richards-Kortum, R.

M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Risio, M.

G. Lanza, L. Messerini, R. Gafà, M. Risio, and Gruppo Italiano Patologi Apparato Digerente (GIPAD)Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica e Citopatologia Diagnostica/International Academy of Pathology, Italian division (SIAPEC/IAP), “Colorectal tumors: the histology report,” Dig. Liver Dis. 43(Suppl 4), S344–S355 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roignot, P.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roth, M. J.

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Rowan, A. J.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rozhin, J.

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Russell, R.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryu, Y. M.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryu, Y.-M.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Sakabe, M.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saldua, M. A.

M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sang, M.B.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Santos, C. R.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sato, N.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saud, S. M.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saur, D.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schäfers, M.

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schelhaas, S.

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmid, R. M.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schneider, G.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnieke, A. E.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seidler, B.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shahid, M. W.

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheth, R. A.

R. Upadhyay, R. A. Sheth, R. Weissleder, and U. Mahmood, “Quantitative real-time catheter-based fluorescence molecular imaging in mice,” Radiology 245(2), 523–531 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, D.

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siu, L. L.

P. L. Bedard, A. R. Hansen, M. J. Ratain, and L. L. Siu, “Tumour heterogeneity in the clinic,” Nature 501(7467), 355–364 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sloane, B. F.

J. E. Koblinski, M. Ahram, and B. F. Sloane, “Unraveling the role of proteases in cancer,” Clin. Chim. Acta 291(2), 113–135 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Soetikno, R. M.

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spencer-Dene, B.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stamp, G.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stearns, M. E.

M. E. Stearns and M. Wang, “Type IV collagenase (Mr 72,000) expression in human prostate: benign and malignant tissue,” Cancer Res. 53(4), 878–883 (1993).
[PubMed]

Steingräber, A. K.

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stetler-Stevenson, W. G.

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Stewart, A.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoker, J.

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolte, M.

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stylianopoulos, T.

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swanton, C.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swift, R. I.

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Symvoulidis, P.

Szallasi, Z.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taketo, M. M.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tarpey, P.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tatsuta, M.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, C. J.

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Terwisscha van Scheltinga, A. G.

Tjalma, J. J.

Treadway, J. A.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trzaskos, J. M.

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tung, C.-H.

C. Bremer, C.-H. Tung, and R. Weissleder, “In vivo molecular target assessment of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition,” Nat. Med. 7(6), 743–748 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tutton, M. G.

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tytgat, G. N.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Upadhyay, R.

R. Upadhyay, R. A. Sheth, R. Weissleder, and U. Mahmood, “Quantitative real-time catheter-based fluorescence molecular imaging in mice,” Radiology 245(2), 523–531 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urano, Y.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Dam, G. M.

van Deventer, S. J.

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Rijn, J. C.

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Varela, I.

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veyrie, N.

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vila, P. M.

M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Burstin, J.

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wallace, M. B.

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

M. E. Stearns and M. Wang, “Type IV collagenase (Mr 72,000) expression in human prostate: benign and malignant tissue,” Cancer Res. 53(4), 878–883 (1993).
[PubMed]

Wang, T.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Wang, T. D.

Wang, X.

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ward, J. M.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Washington, K.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, H.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weissleder, R.

R. Upadhyay, R. A. Sheth, R. Weissleder, and U. Mahmood, “Quantitative real-time catheter-based fluorescence molecular imaging in mice,” Radiology 245(2), 523–531 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Bremer, C.-H. Tung, and R. Weissleder, “In vivo molecular target assessment of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition,” Nat. Med. 7(6), 743–748 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, B. C.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Windust, A.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Won, N.

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, C.

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wood, P.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woodward, T.

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, K. K.

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, W.

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, R.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamashita, H.

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, K.

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S. K.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yano, H.

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, B. D.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, S. M.

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, Y.

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Young, M. R.

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yun, S. H.

G. Oh, E. Chung, and S. H. Yun, “Optical fibers for high-resolution in vivo microendoscopic fluorescence imaging,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 760–771 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhuang, Z.

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

J. Park, J. Nam, N. Won, H. Jin, S. Jung, S. Jung, S. H. Cho, and S. Kim, “Compact and Stable Quantum Dots with Positive, Negative, or Zwitterionic Surface: Specific Cell Interactions and Non‐Specific Adsorptions by the Surface Charges,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(9), 1558–1566 (2011).
[Crossref]

Am. J. Gastroenterol. (3)

J. C. van Rijn, J. B. Reitsma, J. Stoker, P. M. Bossuyt, S. J. van Deventer, and E. Dekker, “Polyp miss rate determined by tandem colonoscopy: a systematic review,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 101(2), 343–350 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Shahid, A. M. Buchner, M. G. Heckman, M. Krishna, M. Raimondo, T. Woodward, and M. B. Wallace, “Diagnostic accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy and narrow band imaging for small colorectal polyps: a feasibility study,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 107(2), 231–239 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, P. M. Vila, A. D. Polydorides, R. Richards-Kortum, and S. Anandasabapathy, “Low-cost endomicroscopy in the esophagus and colon,” Am. J. Gastroenterol. 106(9), 1722–1724 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Pathol. (1)

M. R. Emmert-Buck, M. J. Roth, Z. Zhuang, E. Campo, J. Rozhin, B. F. Sloane, L. A. Liotta, and W. G. Stetler-Stevenson, “Increased gelatinase A (MMP-2) and cathepsin B activity in invasive tumor regions of human colon cancer samples,” Am. J. Pathol. 145(6), 1285–1290 (1994).
[PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

Z. Popović, W. Liu, V. P. Chauhan, J. Lee, C. Wong, A. B. Greytak, N. Insin, D. G. Nocera, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and M. G. Bawendi, “A nanoparticle size series for in vivo fluorescence imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(46), 8649–8652 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

Cancer Res. (2)

M. E. Stearns and M. Wang, “Type IV collagenase (Mr 72,000) expression in human prostate: benign and malignant tissue,” Cancer Res. 53(4), 878–883 (1993).
[PubMed]

G. H. Heppner, “Tumor heterogeneity,” Cancer Res. 44(6), 2259–2265 (1984).
[PubMed]

Carcinogenesis (1)

X. Cui, Y. Jin, D. Poudyal, A. A. Chumanevich, T. Davis, A. Windust, A. Hofseth, W. Wu, J. Habiger, E. Pena, P. Wood, M. Nagarkatti, P. S. Nagarkatti, and L. Hofseth, “Mechanistic insight into the ability of American ginseng to suppress colon cancer associated with colitis,” Carcinogenesis 31(10), 1734–1741 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cell (1)

M. Oshima, J. E. Dinchuk, S. L. Kargman, H. Oshima, B. Hancock, E. Kwong, J. M. Trzaskos, J. F. Evans, and M. M. Taketo, “Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice By Inhibition Of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2),” Cell 87(5), 803–809 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clin. Chim. Acta (1)

J. E. Koblinski, M. Ahram, and B. F. Sloane, “Unraveling the role of proteases in cancer,” Clin. Chim. Acta 291(2), 113–135 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dig. Liver Dis. (1)

G. Lanza, L. Messerini, R. Gafà, M. Risio, and Gruppo Italiano Patologi Apparato Digerente (GIPAD)Società Italiana di Anatomia Patologica e Citopatologia Diagnostica/International Academy of Pathology, Italian division (SIAPEC/IAP), “Colorectal tumors: the histology report,” Dig. Liver Dis. 43(Suppl 4), S344–S355 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Exp. Dermatol. (2)

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Steingräber, S. Schelhaas, A. Faust, A. H. Jacobs, M. Schäfers, and T. Goerge, “Molecular imaging reveals time course of matrix metalloproteinase activity in acute cutaneous vasculitis in vivo,” Exp. Dermatol. 22(11), 730–735 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gastroenterology (3)

M. D. Baugh, M. J. Perry, A. P. Hollander, D. R. Davies, S. S. Cross, A. J. Lobo, C. J. Taylor, and G. S. Evans, “Matrix metalloproteinase levels are elevated in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology 117(4), 814–822 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kiesslich, J. Fritsch, M. Holtmann, H. H. Koehler, M. Stolte, S. Kanzler, B. Nafe, M. Jung, P. R. Galle, and M. F. Neurath, “Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis,” Gastroenterology 124(4), 880–888 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. P. Boivin, K. Washington, K. Yang, J. M. Ward, T. P. Pretlow, R. Russell, D. G. Besselsen, V. L. Godfrey, T. Doetschman, W. F. Dove, H. C. Pitot, R. B. Halberg, S. H. Itzkowitz, J. Groden, and R. J. Coffey, “Pathology of mouse models of intestinal cancer: consensus report and recommendations,” Gastroenterology 124(3), 762–777 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gastrointest. Endosc. (3)

M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in GI endoscopy,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 76(6), 1207–1209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Haringsma, G. N. Tytgat, H. Yano, H. Iishi, M. Tatsuta, T. Ogihara, H. Watanabe, N. Sato, N. Marcon, B. C. Wilson, and R. W. Cline, “Autofluorescence endoscopy: feasibility of detection of GI neoplasms unapparent to white light endoscopy with an evolving technology,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 53(6), 642–650 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Munroe, P. Lee, A. Copland, K. K. Wu, T. Kaltenbach, R. M. Soetikno, and S. Friedland, “A tandem colonoscopy study of adenoma miss rates during endoscopic training: a venture into uncharted territory,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 75(3), 561–567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am. (1)

M. Li and T. D. Wang, “Targeted endoscopic imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am. 19(2), 283–298 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gut (2)

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga, N. Kosaka, P. L. Choyke, M. R. Young, C. R. Dextras, S. M. Saud, N. H. Colburn, M. Sakabe, T. Nagano, D. Asanuma, Y. Urano, and H. Kobayashi, “Fluorescence endoscopic detection of murine colitis-associated colon cancer by topically applied enzymatically rapid-activatable probe,” Gut 62(8), 1179–1186 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gut Liver (1)

S. M. Yoon, S.-J. Myung, B. D. Ye, I.-W. Kim, N. G. Lee, Y. M. Ryu, K. Park, K. Kim, I. C. Kwon, Y. S. Park, C. S. Park, D. H. Moon, H. Kim, M. Y. Do, J. S. Byeon, S. K. Yang, and J. H. Kim, “Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using a protease-specific probe for the detection of colon tumors,” Gut Liver 4(4), 488–497 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Int. J. Cancer (3)

J. von Burstin, S. Eser, B. Seidler, A. Meining, M. Bajbouj, J. Mages, R. Lang, A. J. Kind, A. E. Schnieke, R. M. Schmid, G. Schneider, and D. Saur, “Highly sensitive detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer by multimodal near-infrared molecular imaging in living mice,” Int. J. Cancer 123(9), 2138–2147 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Tutton, M. L. George, S. A. Eccles, S. Burton, R. I. Swift, and A. M. Abulafi, “Use of plasma MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels as a surrogate for tumour expression in colorectal cancer patients,” Int. J. Cancer 107(4), 541–550 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Barault, N. Veyrie, V. Jooste, D. Lecorre, C. Chapusot, J. M. Ferraz, A. Lièvre, M. Cortet, A. M. Bouvier, P. Rat, P. Roignot, J. Faivre, P. Laurent-Puig, and F. Piard, “Mutations in the RAS-MAPK, PI(3)K (phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase) signaling network correlate with poor survival in a population-based series of colon cancers,” Int. J. Cancer 122(10), 2255–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

M. A. Saldua, C. A. Olsovsky, E. S. Callaway, R. S. Chapkin, and K. C. Maitland, “Imaging inflammation in mouse colon using a rapid stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1), 016006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Engl. J. Med. (1)

M. Gerlinger, A. J. Rowan, S. Horswell, J. Larkin, D. Endesfelder, E. Gronroos, P. Martinez, N. Matthews, A. Stewart, P. Tarpey, I. Varela, B. Phillimore, S. Begum, N. Q. McDonald, A. Butler, D. Jones, K. Raine, C. Latimer, C. R. Santos, M. Nohadani, A. C. Eklund, B. Spencer-Dene, G. Clark, L. Pickering, G. Stamp, M. Gore, Z. Szallasi, J. Downward, P. A. Futreal, and C. Swanton, “Intratumor heterogeneity and branched evolution revealed by multiregion sequencing,” N. Engl. J. Med. 366(10), 883–892 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat Rev. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. (1)

R. Atreya and M. Goetz, “Molecular imaging in gastroenterology,” Nat Rev. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 10(12), 704–712 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Biotechnol. (1)

X. Wu, H. Liu, J. Liu, K. N. Haley, J. A. Treadway, J. P. Larson, N. Ge, F. Peale, and M. P. Bruchez, “Immunofluorescent labeling of cancer marker Her2 and other cellular targets with semiconductor quantum dots,” Nat. Biotechnol. 21(1), 41–46 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Med. (1)

C. Bremer, C.-H. Tung, and R. Weissleder, “In vivo molecular target assessment of matrix metalloproteinase inhibition,” Nat. Med. 7(6), 743–748 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Methods (1)

P. Kim, E. Chung, H. Yamashita, K. E. Hung, A. Mizoguchi, R. Kucherlapati, D. Fukumura, R. K. Jain, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo wide-area cellular imaging by side-view endomicroscopy,” Nat. Methods 7(4), 303–305 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

V. P. Chauhan, T. Stylianopoulos, J. D. Martin, Z. Popović, O. Chen, W. S. Kamoun, M. G. Bawendi, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Normalization of tumour blood vessels improves the delivery of nanomedicines in a size-dependent manner,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(6), 383–388 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

P. L. Bedard, A. R. Hansen, M. J. Ratain, and L. L. Siu, “Tumour heterogeneity in the clinic,” Nature 501(7467), 355–364 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

G. Oh, E. Chung, and S. H. Yun, “Optical fibers for high-resolution in vivo microendoscopic fluorescence imaging,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 760–771 (2013).
[Crossref]

Radiology (1)

R. Upadhyay, R. A. Sheth, R. Weissleder, and U. Mahmood, “Quantitative real-time catheter-based fluorescence molecular imaging in mice,” Radiology 245(2), 523–531 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Theranostics (1)

Y. Li, Z. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, Y. Cheng, B. Zhang, and D. Shi, “In vivo cancer targeting and imaging-guided surgery with near infrared-emitting quantum dot bioconjugates,” Theranostics 2(8), 769–776 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Y. Park, Y.-M. Ryu, Y. Jung, T. Wang, Y. Baek, Y. Yoon, M.B. Sang, J. Park, S. Hwang, J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, E. Chung, K.H. Kim, S. Kim, and S.-J. Myung, Raid and Multiplexed Quantum Dot Conjugate Spraying Probes for Colonoscopic Cancer Diagonosis.

Y. Urano, M. Sakabe, N. Kosaka, M. Ogawa, M. Mitsunaga, D. Asanuma, M. Kamiya, M.R. Young, T. Nagano, and P.L. Choyke, Rapid cancer detection by topically spraying a γ-glutamyltranspeptidase–activated fluorescent probe. Sci Transl Med, 2011. 3(110): p. 110ra119–110ra119.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Characteristics of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) antibody (Ab) -quantum dot (QD) probes. (A) Absorbance and photoluminescence (PL) spectra of MMP9 Ab-Red QD and MMP14 Ab-Yellow QD. (B) Scheme for Ab-QD conjugation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Multi-channel fluorescence endoscopy system. (A) Scheme of the system. Excitation laser beams (473 nm) are delivered into illumination fibers. Reflected- and emitted light from the colonic tissues is detected by endoscope. Collected lights are focused on charge coupled device (CCD) camera with additional fluorescence light filtering through proper emission filters. (B) Photograph of system and close-up view of imaging scope.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Specific binding of molecular probe in vivo. Tumor lesions (white arrows) are showed in white light images (A, D). These lesions are well-localized on fluorescence images by MMP14 Ab-Yellow QD (B, white arrow) and MMP9-AbRed QD (E, white arrows). Blue-and green-dotted circles on images are representative region of tumor and normal tissues, respectively. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining (C, F) showed adenomatous features including distorted crypt architecture, and normal appearing adjacent colonic mucosa. Colonic adenomas were localized on fluorescence images with two molecular probes. However, in mouse which has no tumoral lesion (G), there is no significant accumulation of MMP14 Ab-Yellow QD (H) and MMP9 Ab-Red QD (I). H&E staining from normal mouse (J) shows normal crypt. Scale bar: 200 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Early detection of colonic tumor in vivo. (A) White light image of early tumoral lesion of colon (white arrow). (B) MMP14 Ab-Yellow QD is accumulated in tumoral lesion (white arrow) molecular probe. Blue-and green-dotted circles on images are representative region of tumor and normal tissues, respectively. (C) Histologic evaluation of this lesion shows features of high-grades of adenoma. Scale bar: 200 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Multi-color fluorescence imaging by molecular probes. White light image (A) showed suspicious tumor lesion (white arrows). (B) MMP14 Ab-Yellow QD, (C) MMP9 Ab-Red QD and (D) Merged image (B) and (C) images showed similar accumulation pattern to tumor lesion. Blue-and green-dotted circles on images are representative region of tumor and normal tissues, respectively. (E) Histologic evaluation of this lesion shows features of high-grades of adenomas, magnification 4x and (I) enlarged image of (E), magnification 20x. (F-H) Quantitative fluorescence image. (F) MMP14-Yellow QD and (G) MMP9-Red QD. (H) Overlaid image of (F) and (G). Scale bar (E) 200 μm and (I) 50μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Tissue-selective binding of molecular probes. White light images from colonic adenomas (A, B) showed several tumoral lesions. Sequential i.v. injection of MMP14-Yellow QD (C) and MMP9 Ab-Red QD (D) results in similar patterns of binding to colonic dysplasia. Overlaid image (E) results shows colocalization of two probes. Some tumor is not bounded with MMP9 and MMP14 molecular probes (red dotted line). Ex vivo colon tissue imaging with (F) White light, (G) MMP14 Ab-Red QD and (H) MMP14 Ab-Yellow QD using IVIS Spectrum. Dotted lines in the white light image (inset of F) indicate tumors.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Quantitative analysis of tumor specific molecular probes from intravital endoscopic imaging. (A) Comparison of fluorescence intensity between tumor and normal mucosa in 3 mice. Fluorescence signals at tumor is higher than normal tissue by MMP9 and MMP14 molecular probes (n = 3). (B) Comparison of T/B ratios of two molecular probes.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The changes of fluorescence intensity from tumor over time with two different molecular probes. Change of fluorescence intensity by (A) MMP14 Ab-Yellow QD and (C) MMP9 Ab-Red QD probes over each time point. B and D: comparison of T/B ratios at 12 or 24 hour time points.

Metrics