Abstract

Laser-based Fourier phase microscopy (FPM) works on the principle of decomposition of an image field in two spatial components that can be controllably shifted in phase with respect to each other. However, due to the coherent illumination, the contrast in phase images is degraded by speckles. In this paper we present FPM with spatially coherent white light (wFPM), which offers high spatial phase sensitivity due to the low temporal coherence and high temporal phase stability due to common path geometry. Further, by using a fast spatial light modulator (SLM) and a fast scientific-grade complementary metal oxide semiconductor (sCMOS) camera, we report imaging at a maximum rate of 12.5 quantitative phase frames per second with 5.5 mega pixels image size. We illustrate the utility of wFPM as a contrast enhancement as well as dynamic phase measurement method by imaging section of benign colonic glands and red blood cell membrane fluctuation.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (1)

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (5)

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mir, H. Ding, Z. Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, “Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(2), 027016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. T. Shaked, J. D. Finan, F. Guilak, and A. Wax, “Quantitative phase microscopy of articular chondrocyte dynamics by wide-field digital interferometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 010505 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

D. Zicha, E. Genot, G. A. Dunn, and I. M. Kramer, “TGFbeta1 induces a cell-cycle-dependent increase in motility of epithelial cells,” J. Cell Sci.112(Pt 4), 447–454 (1999).
[PubMed]

1873 (1)

E. Abbe, “Beiträge zur Theorie des Mikroskops und der mikroskopischen Wahrnehmung,” Archiv Für Mikroskopische Anatomie9, 431–468 (1873).

Abbe, E.

E. Abbe, “Beiträge zur Theorie des Mikroskops und der mikroskopischen Wahrnehmung,” Archiv Für Mikroskopische Anatomie9, 431–468 (1873).

Appelbaum, J.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auth, T.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badizadegan, K.

Balicki, J.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bashir, R.

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Best, C. A.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhaduri, B.

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bhaduri, H. Pham, M. Mir, and G. Popescu, “Diffraction phase microscopy with white light,” Opt. Lett.37(6), 1094–1096 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bon, P.

Chan, V.

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, W.

Chu, K. K.

Colomb, T.

Creath, K.

Cuche, E.

Dasari, R. R.

Deflores, L. P.

Depeursinge, C.

Ding, H.

M. Mir, H. Ding, Z. Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, “Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(2), 027016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, H. F.

Do, H.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunn, G. A.

D. Zicha, E. Genot, G. A. Dunn, and I. M. Kramer, “TGFbeta1 induces a cell-cycle-dependent increase in motility of epithelial cells,” J. Cell Sci.112(Pt 4), 447–454 (1999).
[PubMed]

Emery, Y.

Feld, M. S.

Finan, J. D.

N. T. Shaked, J. D. Finan, F. Guilak, and A. Wax, “Quantitative phase microscopy of articular chondrocyte dynamics by wide-field digital interferometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 010505 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ford, T. N.

Fowler, B.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genot, E.

D. Zicha, E. Genot, G. A. Dunn, and I. M. Kramer, “TGFbeta1 induces a cell-cycle-dependent increase in motility of epithelial cells,” J. Cell Sci.112(Pt 4), 447–454 (1999).
[PubMed]

Gillette, M. U.

Goldstein, G.

Gov, N. S.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guilak, F.

N. T. Shaked, J. D. Finan, F. Guilak, and A. Wax, “Quantitative phase microscopy of articular chondrocyte dynamics by wide-field digital interferometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 010505 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henle, M. L.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikeda, T.

Iwai, H.

Kim, M. K.

Kramer, I. M.

D. Zicha, E. Genot, G. A. Dunn, and I. M. Kramer, “TGFbeta1 induces a cell-cycle-dependent increase in motility of epithelial cells,” J. Cell Sci.112(Pt 4), 447–454 (1999).
[PubMed]

Kuriabova, T.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levine, A. J.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, W.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lo, C.-M.

Lue, N.

Magistretti, P. J.

Mann, C. J.

Marquet, P.

Maucort, G.

Mertz, J.

Millet, L.

Mims, S.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mir, M.

Monneret, S.

Park, Y. K.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parthasarathy, A. B.

Pham, H.

Popescu, G.

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bhaduri, H. Pham, M. Mir, and G. Popescu, “Diffraction phase microscopy with white light,” Opt. Lett.37(6), 1094–1096 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, L. Millet, M. Mir, H. F. Ding, S. Unarunotai, J. A. Rogers, M. U. Gillette, and G. Popescu, “Spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM),” Opt. Express19(2), 1016–1026 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mir, H. Ding, Z. Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, “Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(2), 027016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Lue, W. Choi, G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Quantitative phase imaging of live cells using fast Fourier phase microscopy,” Appl. Opt.46(10), 1836–1842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Diffraction phase microscopy for quantifying cell structure and dynamics,” Opt. Lett.31(6), 775–777 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ikeda, G. Popescu, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Hilbert phase microscopy for investigating fast dynamics in transparent systems,” Opt. Lett.30(10), 1165–1167 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, L. P. Deflores, J. C. Vaughan, K. Badizadegan, H. Iwai, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Fourier phase microscopy for investigation of biological structures and dynamics,” Opt. Lett.29(21), 2503–2505 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rappaz, B.

Reedy, J.

M. Mir, H. Ding, Z. Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, “Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(2), 027016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rogers, J. A.

Safran, S. A.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaked, N. T.

N. T. Shaked, J. D. Finan, F. Guilak, and A. Wax, “Quantitative phase microscopy of articular chondrocyte dynamics by wide-field digital interferometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 010505 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suresh, S.

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tangella, K.

M. Mir, H. Ding, Z. Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, “Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(2), 027016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Unarunotai, S.

Vaughan, J. C.

Vu, P.

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, R.

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, L. Millet, M. Mir, H. F. Ding, S. Unarunotai, J. A. Rogers, M. U. Gillette, and G. Popescu, “Spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM),” Opt. Express19(2), 1016–1026 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mir, H. Ding, Z. Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, “Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(2), 027016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wattellier, B.

Wax, A.

N. T. Shaked, J. D. Finan, F. Guilak, and A. Wax, “Quantitative phase microscopy of articular chondrocyte dynamics by wide-field digital interferometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 010505 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wickland, D.

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, L.

Zicha, D.

D. Zicha, E. Genot, G. A. Dunn, and I. M. Kramer, “TGFbeta1 induces a cell-cycle-dependent increase in motility of epithelial cells,” J. Cell Sci.112(Pt 4), 447–454 (1999).
[PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Archiv Für Mikroskopische Anatomie (1)

E. Abbe, “Beiträge zur Theorie des Mikroskops und der mikroskopischen Wahrnehmung,” Archiv Für Mikroskopische Anatomie9, 431–468 (1873).

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

N. T. Shaked, J. D. Finan, F. Guilak, and A. Wax, “Quantitative phase microscopy of articular chondrocyte dynamics by wide-field digital interferometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(1), 010505 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mir, H. Ding, Z. Wang, J. Reedy, K. Tangella, and G. Popescu, “Blood screening using diffraction phase cytometry,” J. Biomed. Opt.15(2), 027016 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Cell Sci. (1)

D. Zicha, E. Genot, G. A. Dunn, and I. M. Kramer, “TGFbeta1 induces a cell-cycle-dependent increase in motility of epithelial cells,” J. Cell Sci.112(Pt 4), 447–454 (1999).
[PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

PLoS ONE (1)

B. Bhaduri, D. Wickland, R. Wang, V. Chan, R. Bashir, and G. Popescu, “Cardiomyocyte Imaging Using Real-Time Spatial Light Interference Microscopy (SLIM),” PLoS ONE8(2), e56930 (2013), http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0056930 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2)

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, M. S. Feld, T. Kuriabova, M. L. Henle, A. J. Levine, and G. Popescu, “Measurement of red blood cell mechanics during morphological changes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(15), 6731–6736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Park, C. A. Best, T. Auth, N. S. Gov, S. A. Safran, G. Popescu, S. Suresh, and M. S. Feld, “Metabolic remodeling of the human red blood cell membrane,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(4), 1289–1294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Fowler, C. Liu, S. Mims, J. Balicki, W. Li, H. Do, J. Appelbaum, and P. Vu, “A 5.5Mpixel 100 Frames/sec wide dynamic range low noise CMOS Image sensor for scientific applications,” Proc. SPIE7536, 753607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

http://refractiveindex.info

G. Popescu, Quantitative phase imaging of cells and tissues (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2011).

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