Abstract

A permanent development of hybrid materials based on the highly absorptive or opaque materials has prompted a need of analytical tools, which are able to overcome obstacles connected with their physicochemical features. Iron oxide (II, III) (Fe3O4) nanoparticles gained a huge attention as supporters, as they are not only easily accessible using various synthetic approaches, but they also exhibit homogeneity and paramagnetic properties, which make them easily separable materials. Nevertheless, the classic infrared spectroscopic studies might meet several problems with characterization of such systems. Therefore, infrared spectroscopy in photoacoustic mode using Fourier transform infrared–photoacoustic infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR PAS) can be an extremely sensitive and exact analytical tool for investigation of the magnetite-based hybrid material surface. Herein, we present a synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles using co-precipitation method with their subsequent encapsulation within silica matrix decorated with different silanes containing various terminal functional groups. The proper syntheses of core/shell structures were confirmed using the FT-IR PAS method. Each spectrum exhibited specific bands corresponding to vibrations of magnetite particles, silica lattice, and particular surface functional groups, which strictly indicated successful grafting of silanes onto Fe3O4 surface.

© 2020 The Author(s)

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