As one of the important thiazole derivatives, 2-aminobenzothiazole (2-ABT) has been widely used as a structural unit in the synthesis of anti-oxidants, anti-inflammatories, herbicides, antibiotics, and thermoplastic polymers. In this study, the interaction of 2-ABT with human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated in vitro under simulated physiological conditions, using multi-spectroscopic techniques and a molecular modeling study. The binding constant and binding sites were determined through fluorescence quenching spectra. The site-competitive replacement experiments revealed that the precise binding site of 2-ABT on HSA was site II (subdomain IIIA). Moreover, molecular docking results illustrated the electrostatic interaction between Glu 450 and 2-ABT, in accordance with the conclusions from the calculated thermodynamic parameters and the effect of ionic strength. The effect of 2-ABT on the conformational changes of HSA were evaluated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption, three-dimensional (3D) fluorescence, synchronous fluorescence, and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. This work facilitates comprehensive understanding of the binding of 2-ABT with HSA, contributing to evaluate the molecular transportation mechanism and biotoxicity of 2-aminobenzothiazole derivatives in vivo.
You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.
Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access OSA Member Subscription