The thermal degradation behavior of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-<i>co</i>-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (P(HB-<i>co</i>-HHx), HHx = 12 mol%) has been studied under different environmental conditions by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. It is reported that at higher temperature (>400 °C) carbon dioxide and propene are formed from the decomposition product crotonic acid in a nitrogen atmosphere, whereas in an oxygen atmosphere propene oxidizes in a further step to carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen. It was also found that PHB and P(HB-<i>co</i>-HHx) have a similar thermal degradation mechanism. The analysis of the FT-IR-spectroscopic data was performed with 2D and perturbation-correlation moving-window 2D (PCMW2D) correlation spectroscopy.
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