A novel transflectance technique using an infrared microscope was employed for spectral acquisition of loose and mounted faceted diamonds. The observed transflectance spectrum shows the same spectral features as those of the well-accepted diffuse reflectance spectrum. Unlike the diffuse reflectance spectrum, the transflectance spectrum was not affected by the diamond arrangements. The technique can be employed for direct spectra acquisition of mounted diamonds without taking the diamonds out of the jewelry bodies. Moreover, an individual diamond on a complex jewelry setting can be selectively measured. Infrared absorption bands unique to the chemical compositions, impurities, and treatment processes of the diamonds are discussed. The observed transflectance spectra can be exploited for diamond classification.
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