In this paper we report two new developments in two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy; one is the combination of the moving window concept with 2D spectroscopy to facilitate the analysis of complex data sets, and the other is the definition of the noise level in synchronous/asynchronous maps. A graphical criterion for the latter is also proposed. The combination of the moving window concept with correlation spectra allows one to split a large data matrix into smaller and simpler subsets and to analyze them instead of computing overall correlation. A three-component system that mimics a consecutive chemical reaction is used as a model for the illustration of the two ideas. Both types of correlation matrices, variable-variable and sample–sample, are analyzed, and a very good agreement between the two is met. The proposed innovations enable one to comprehend the complexity of the data to be analyzed by 2D spectroscopy and thus to avoid the risks of over-interpretation, liable to occur whenever improper caution about the number of coexisting species in the system is taken.

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