Raman spectroscopy was applied to study β-haematin, normal erythrocytes, parasite-infected erythrocytes, and lysed samples of the parasite-infected erythrocytes. Differences were observed between spectra excited by the Ar<sup>+</sup> laser and those excited by the HeNe laser. The significant difference lies in the fact that with the HeNe laser excitation at 632.8 nm, band absorption is a result of the charge transfer, while laser excitation in Q<sub>v</sub>-absorption bands of the active site of the haem occurs for the Ar<sup>+</sup> laser. Similarity in the spectra of β-haematin and parasite-infected erythrocyte was observed with the HeNe laser. The differences between the normal erythrocyte and the parasite-infected erythrocyte may still be distinguished by the band at 754 cm<sup>-1</sup> for the parasite-infected erythrocyte. In addition, with the HeNe laser, the band at 1080 cm<sup>-1</sup> may also be used as a reference to whether the erythrocyte has been infected.
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