Abstract

Raman and resonance Raman spectroscopy with ultraviolet excitation were performed on several sample types of oilsands-derived bitumen, highly heterogeneous mixtures of hydrocarbons, and commercial gasoline samples. Only excitation wavelengths below ~240 nm successfully yielded fluorescence-free Raman spectra on all of the samples tested. The spectra were surprisingly simple in the 800-1800 cm<sup>-1</sup> region, with most of the samples yielding spectra containing only 2 bands. The results presented here tentatively suggest that ultraviolet (UV) Raman spectroscopy in the "fingerprint" spectral regions will be useful for the qualitative identification of saturate, mono-, bi-, tri-, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Tentative marker bands for total aromatic, saturate, mono-, and bicyclic (or higher) aromatic hydrocarbons are clearly observed at ~1600, <900, 1036, and ~1380 cm<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Observed relative intensities vary with the excitation wavelength from 220 to 234 nm, suggesting that some selectivity is achievable by wavelength tuning. Preliminary investigations of commercial gasoline samples indicate that UV Raman spectroscopy can be used for refinery/vendor identification of unknown gasoline samples.

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