In this paper, we investigate the effect of dual-pulse timing on material ablation, plasma temperature, and plasma size for pre-ablation spark dual-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Although the plasma temperature increases for dual-pulse excitation, the signal enhancement is most easily attributed to increased sample ablation. Plasma images show that the magnitude of the enhancement can be affected by the collection optic and by the collection geometry. Enhancements calculated using the total integrated intensity of the plasma are comparable to those measured using fiber-optic collection.

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