Carboxylic acids are found to adsorb weakly to the native oxide surface of aluminum. Under heat exchange conditions, synergistic carboxylate combinations provide superior high-temperature aluminum corrosion protection and show excellent heat-transfer characteristics. The surface films formed under these dynamic heat-transfer conditions are characterized with the use of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) is also used for the study and characterization of the surface films formed. The results are compared with the FT-IR data of the pure Al-carboxylate complexes. The combination of these results reveals that, under heat transfer conditions, carboxylates are chemically bonded to the aluminum surface. This molecular film shows excellent inhibition properties for aluminum.

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