Abstract

Dynamic infrared spectra of uniaxially drawn poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) under a sinusoidal strain were examined. A very intense dynamic band at 973 cm<sup>-1</sup> assigned to the <i>trans</i> C-O stretching mode indicated stress-induced high mobility around the C-O bond in the ethylene glycol units. It was supposed that derivative-like skeletal bands observed in the dynamic spectra originated from the stress-induced frequency shift. Two-dimensional correlation analyses of the dynamic spectra were also carried out and revealed that the phenyl ring 18a band at 1018 cm<sup>-1</sup> and the phenyl ring 19b band at 1410 cm<sup>-1</sup> were composed of three and two independent components, respectively. The correlation peaks between the phenyl ring and CH<sub>2</sub> vibrational modes showed that orientation of the methylene group in the ethylene glycol unit, induced by mechanical stretching, is faster than that of the phenyl ring in the terephthalate unit.

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